Author Guidelines


Manuscript should be written in Microsoft Word 2003, DIN-A4 pages, letter «Times New Roman» size 12, with double line spacing, 2.5 cm margins on each side, page and line numbers.
Tables, graphs, and other material should be arranged separately in the text. Word editor should be used to create tables, for tables each item should be placed into a separate cell. Dimensions of tables must be maximum 16 × 20 cm and minimum 8 cm wide. Tables are to be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order in which they are referred to in the text and have a brief, but self-explanatory title. Abbreviations or symbols used in the tables must be explained either in the table title or as a footnote.
Figures should be submitted in TIFF or JPG format and dimensions of figures must be maximum 16 × 20 cm and minimum 8 cm wide. All photos, graphs, illustrations and diagrams should be referred to as a figure and numbered, continually according to the order in which they are included in the text, using Arabic numerals.
If any abbreviations are used in a paper, they shall be explained appropriately when they are used in the text for the first time. It is not advisable to use any abbreviations in the paper title or in the abstract. Then use the abbreviation throughout the entire article. The SI international system of measurement units should be used. Genus and species are always italicized. Do not italicize "spp." or "sensu stricto" or "sensu lato" that may follow genus and species.


The title should be short and clear, and usually cover less than two printed lines. It should not include chemical formulas or arbitrary abbreviations. Authors name and address should follow the title.


The Abstract (preferably less than 200 words) should state concisely the scope of the work and give the principal findings. The abstract is an important part of the paper because it is published and cited in world databases. Keywords (a maximum of 6 in alphabetical order) should differ from words mentioned in the title. No references are to be cited in the abstract.


Keywords should be arranged in alphabetical order.
The main text of scientific paper must be developed under the following headings: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion. Results and Discussion can be presented under one heading.


Introduction should outline the main reasons why the research was conducted; describe a brief review of literature consisting of refereed periodicals, journals and books, and the goal of the authors. It is recommended to include references to papers from peer reviewed periodicals only.


All material, experiments conducted, their extent, conditions and course should be described in detail in this section. All original procedures that were used for the processing of experimental material and all analytical methods used for evaluation should also be detailed. Data verifying the quality of acquired data should be indicated for the used methods. Methods of statistical processing including the software used should also be listed in this section.


It should be a single section as "Results and Discussion" or if necessary, can be split into separate "Results" and "Discussion" sections. Discussion should be logical and results must be discussed in the light of previous literature justifying your findings. Acknowledgments, if any, should follow the text and precede the references.


We strongly recommend that authors cite papers written by other authors published in previous issues of Turkish Journal of Field Crops. Citations of relevant published work in the text, from Introduction to Discussion, including tables and figures, should read Demir and Yuce (1987) or (Demir and Yuce, 1987). When a paper cited has three or more authors, use the style Chung et al. (1989) or (Chung et al., 1989). Use (Park 1983a) and (Park 1983b) when citing more than one paper by the same author(s) published in the same year. For example, "This is observed both in vivo and in vitro (Gordon et al. 1980; Lee, 1989a, 1989b; Smith and Jones, 1984)."


Please do not use Turkish letter in Literature Cited. Only published papers or papers in press can be mentioned in the manuscript. Papers in preparation or in review can be mentioned within the text as unpublished data, but should not be included in the References section. References should be listed alphabetically at the end of the text without numbering. The manuscript should be checked carefully to ensure that the spellings of the authors' names and year of publication are exactly the same in the text as in the litrature cited list. The Chicago manual of style 16th Edition Author-Date System or Turabian style Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertiation reference list style are used in citation. References to journal articles, books, proceedings, chapters in books, etc. should be listed as given below (please note the punctuation and capitalisation):
Journal articles: Riday, H. and E.C. Brummer. 2002a. Forage yield heterosis in alfalfa. Crop Sci. 42:716-723. Riday, H. and E.C. Brummer, 2002b. Heterosis of agronomic traits in alfalfa. Crop Sci. 42:1081-1087.
Berdahl, J.D., A.C. Wilton and A.B. Frank. 1989. Survival and agronomic performance of 25 alfalfa cultivars and strains interseeded into rangeland. J. Range Manage. 42:312-316.
Books: Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2. ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Publ. Company.
Chapter in Books: Ouyang, J. 1986. Induction of pollen plants in Triticum aestivum. In: Haploids of Higher Plant in Vitro, ed. Hu, M. and Yang, M., 26-41, Academic Press, Beijing.
Online References: Holsinger, K. 2008. The genetics of natural selections, lecture-notes/selection/selection.html, (Accessed January 20, 2010)
If a manuscript does not fit to the style, form and regulations of this journal it will not be accepted to the evaluation stage.
Please do not send research results older than six years.
Please do not send manuscript authorized by Ph.D. students before thesis defence.