Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation is the official journal of the Turkish Physiotherapy Association and is published in Turkish and English, three times per year (April, August, and December). The manuscripts submitted in English will be given priority in the publication process.



The journal welcomes original articles, invited reviews, interesting case presentations, and letters to the editor that are relevant to the science or practice of physiotherapy and rehabilitation. Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation stipulates that its published articles comply with the highest ethical and scientific standards, and are free from commercial concerns. Submission guidelines for the journal are based on the document entitled “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals,” issued by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ( and standards of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( If the submitted article complies with the formal principles, an “Ethics Committee Approval Document” has to be uploaded. “Copyright Agreement Form” is downloaded from the DergiPark system, and e-signature or wet signature must be provided and scanned then must be submitted by the corresponding author. If the submitted article complies with the formal principles, and Ethics Committee Approval Document” and “Copyright Agreement Form” are loaded, at least two reviewers are examine the manuscript; if necessary, the changes performed by the author(s) are re-evaluated. By the beginning of the scientific assessment process, the name(s) and order of author(s) that were specified in the “Copyright Agreement Form” will be relevant. After this stage, no author names can be added to the manuscript, except the ones who have signatures in the “Copyright Agreement Form,” and no changes of author(s) name(s) order can be made. To delete an author name, written permission from all authors, including the justifications, should be obtained. The corresponding author is the one who carries out all correspondence of the manuscript from submission to the publishing process. Authors whose names are mentioned in the “Copyright Agreement Form” should directly contribute to the submitted article. “Author Contribution Form” should be filled and uploaded to the system. The authors, whose names were specified in the Copyright Agreement Form, should have had a direct contribution to the manuscript submitted. Authorship requires all three of the following: • Substantial contributions to conception and design of the study, and acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data; • Contributions to drafting or revising the manuscript critically for important intellectual content, and • Final approval of the version to be submitted and published. If the manuscript includes extracted quotations, tables, figures, questionnaire and scale from previously published journals or books, the authors should specify in the manuscript that they have obtained the written permission from the copyright owner and the authors of the related publications. Editor, reviewer, and author perform the process based on COPE standards.


Reviewers are responsible for the confidentially of the information related to manuscript. Reviewers inform Turkish Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation related to any conflict of interest.


The scientific content of the manuscripts and its accordance with the ethical principles are under the responsibility of the author(s). The journal accepts manuscripts which; have been approved by the relevant Ethical Committees and are by ethical principles stated in the Declaration of Helsinki. In studies involving “animals,” the author(s) should state in the “Methods” section that they have protected the rights of the animals by the principles of “Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals” (; and obtained approval from the relevant Ethical Committees. In the study done with the “human” element, it must be uploaded the relevant ethical approval document with the article. The Ethics Approval document from the Ethics Committee of Clinical Research has to be uploaded to the system for case report. When the ethics committee approval is not required, an exemption letter obtained from the Ethics Committee of Clinical Research has to be uploaded to the system with the case report. The author(s) should state in their manuscript that they have obtained written informed consent from the participants of the study, and also should be able to present signed informed consent forms, if required. “Ethics Committee Approval Document” and “Copyright Agreement Form” should be uploaded with the article uploading process to the “DergiPark” system. The manuscript without “Ethics Committee Approval Document” and “Copyright Agreement Form” uploaded in the system will not be evaluated.

Instructions for Authors

Turkish dictionary of Turkish Language Institution should be considered in Turkish manuscripts. A linguistic specialist should edit the manuscripts and abstracts in English before being submitted to the journal. All text should be prepared by a PC compatible Microsoft Word program, double-spaced, with 2.5 cm margins on both sides of an A4 page, using 12-point type in ‘Times New Roman’ font. The pages and lines should be numbered consecutively. The main headings of the article (Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References) should be written in capital letters and bold. Subheadings must be written in such a way that the initials are capital and bold. The numeric values with decimals must be given two more digits either a comma (Turkish) or after the period (English) (for example 13,31 or 15.21, respectively), p and r values should be given three digits after comma or period. Original research articles should not exceed 3000 words, reviews 5000 words, case reports 1000 words, and letters to the editor 500 words.

Title Page

The title of the manuscript should be brief but descriptive for the content and compatible with the purpose. Abbreviations should not be used in the title of the manuscript. Both Turkish and English titles should be written. The Turkish and English title should be written in bold with capital letters. Besides, a short running title (not exceeding 40 characters) should be specified both in Turkish and English, on the title page. The number of words (excluding title page, references, tables, and figures) of the article should be written. Full names, surnames (written in a capital letter), academic titles, institutions and digital identifiers Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) of the authors, full name and address of the clinic, department, institute, hospital or university which the study was conducted at should be declared using superscript numbers for each author. The communication information of the corresponding author should also be specified. Each author’s the communication information should include; address, updated e-mail address, work phone number. Abstracts Each manuscript should include both Turkish and English abstracts.

Turkish Abstract and Keywords: The Turkish abstract should begin from a separate page and should not exceed 250 words. It should include the aim of the study, the method, major findings, and results. The abstract must be divided into subheadings of “Purpose,” “Methods,” “Results,” and “Conclusion.” The p-value must be specified in the “Results” section. The number of keywords should not be less than 3 and more than 5. Keywords should be selected from “Turkey Science Terms” list ( “Turkey Science Terms” is a keyword index that includes Turkish equivalents of the terms in MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). The out-of-list terms may be used for a new concept that has not taken place in MeSH, yet. Each keyword begins with an uppercase letter; separated by a comma and written in alphabetical order. If the article is in Turkish, the keywords in the English abstract should be written in the alphabetical order of the Turkish keywords. English Abstract and Keywords: The English abstract should begin on a separate page and should not exceed 250 words. It must be divided into subheadings of “Purpose,” “Methods,” “Results,” and “Conclusion.”

The English abstract and keywords should be the same with the Turkish abstract and keywords. Keywords should be selected from “MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)” terms. The out-of-list terms may be used for a new concept that has not taken place in MeSH, yet. Each keyword begins with an uppercase letter; separated by a comma and written in alphabetical order. If the article is in English, the keywords in the Turkish abstract should be sorted according to the alphabetical order of the English keywords.

Sections of the Original Research Articles

The text includes “Introduction”, “Methods”, “Results” and “Discussion” sections. Abbreviations can be used for the expressions, which are repeated more than five times in the manuscript. Abbreviations should be standard expressions.


The introduction should contain the summary of the basic knowledge obtained from previous studies related to the study topic. The rationale and purpose of the study should be described briefly.


The clinical, technique or experimental methods used in the study should be specified clearly. Appropriate references should be given to the methods. “Statistical analysis” should be described as a subheading. If it is used for the statistical analysis, name, and version number and other relevant information for the statistical analysis program must be identified. The methods of statistical analysis should be justified and supported by references if needed.


The findings should be defined without interpretation. It should be avoided to duplicate data by presenting it both in the text and in a table, and the most important data should be emphasized.


This section should not be the repetition of the statements of ‘Introduction’ and ‘Results.’ The results of the study should be interpreted, and the association with the results of previous studies should be provided. The limitations of the study should be provided in this section. The limitations should be consistent with the study aim. The “Discussion” section should also contain the contribution of the study to the literature. Details and repetition of the results provided in the Results section and the tables should be avoided. Data not obtained from the study should not be discussed.

The following headings should be added together with the comments after the discussion; • Sources of Support Supporting organizations should be specified if available. • Conflict of Interest Should be specified if there is a conflict of interest • Ethical Approval Ethics committee name and approval number should be written. • Informed Consent A written informed consent statement must be given. • Peer-Review Externally peer-reviewed. • Author Contribution Contributors should provide a description of contributions made by each of them towards the manuscript. Description should be divided in following categories, as applicable; concept, design, supervision, resources and financial support, materials, data collection and or processing, analysis and or interpretation, literature search, writing manuscript, and critical review. • Acknowledgements The presentations of scientific meetings can be accepted if they had been previously presented and published as an abstract, and if this statement is included in the “Acknowledgement” section. For example, the person who evaluated the manuscript regarding English is not one of the authors of the manuscript, his/her name should be declared in this section. References The references should be presented right after the main text that consists of the Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion sections of the manuscript. The references should be numbered in their order of appearance in the text. The number of references should not over 30 and the percentage of references older than 10 years should be kept 15% of the the total number of references. The references should be shown in Arabic numbers in the text (For example Burtin et al. has been found (21).). If more than one reference is used, this should be in the form of (3,7,15-19). The “15-19” here covers the five references from reference 15 to reference 19. A comma should also be placed between the references, and no spaces should be used before and after the comma (for example 21,34,37). Journal names should be abbreviated as in Index Medicus. The use of “unpublished observations” and “personal conversations” and books (2-3 books can be used at most) as references should be avoided. All authors should be written if the number of authors is six or less in the standard journal. If the number of authors is more than six, only six authors followed by “et al.” should be used. The authors, who use Endnote program, should use “VANCOUVER” style that was shown in Endnote program. In Vancouver style referencing, the following information should be presented: - Author(s) name(s) - Article name - Journal name (According to Medline abbreviations) - Publication year - Journal volume - Journal issue - Page numbers (10-5, etc.) Reference samples are as follows: Journal: Burtin C, Saey D, Saglam M, Langer D, Gosselink R, Janssens W, et al. Effectiveness of exercise training in patients with COPD: the role of muscle fatigue. Eur Respir J.2012;40(2):338-44. Journal Supplement: Hielkema T, Hadders Algra M. Motor and cognitive outcome after specific early lesions of the brain: a systematic review. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016;58(Suppl 4):46-52. Book: Murtagh J. John Murtagh’s general practice. 4th ed. Sydney: McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd; 2007. Book Chapter: Cerulli G. Treatment of athletic injuries: what we have learned in 50 years. In: Doral MN, Tandogan RN, Mann G, Verdonk R, eds. Sports injuries. Prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation. Berlin: Springer-Verlag; 2012: p. 15-9. Published Congress Presentation: Callaghan MJ, Guney H, Bailey D, Reeves N, Kosolovska K, Maganaris K, et al. The effect of a patellar brace on patella position using weight-bearing magnetic resonance imaging. 2014 World Congress of Osteoarthritis Research Society International, April 24-27, 2014, Paris. Osteoartr Cartilage; 2014;22(Suppl):S55.

Tables and Figures

Tables, each at separate pages, should be placed at the end of the manuscript as a Microsoft Word file. The total number of tables and figures should be limited to a maximum of four. A short title should be written in each column. The first letter of each word must be the uppercase letter on the columns of the tables. Table titles should be placed above and must be written in bold, separated by double dots (:).Tables should have horizontal and vertical lines. The p values in the table should be indicated by *, **. Explanations of abbreviations and notes should be written on the bottom of the table. The abbreviation should be written before the description of the abbreviations, and after the double dots “:” and then the abbreviation should be written in the open form. Commas should separate abbreviations. Units of the data used in the table should be indicated in parentheses (for example age (year), body weight (kg), etc.). Intervals should be indicated numerically (for example VAS (0-10 cm)). In the decimal numbers given in tables, Turkish comma (,); English articles should use the period (.). Decimal numbers given into the tables should be written two digits after period or comma (for example 31,12 or 20.10). Values (p, r, etc.), except mean or percent or median values, should be written three digits after period or comma. Figures should be drawn or photographed professionally or must be submitted in photo-quality digital printing. Figure headings should be placed on a separate page after the tables. Figures should be uploaded as a separate file in JPEG, TIFF or PNG format. The photographs used in the manuscript should be clear. Photos, tables, and figures should be numbered consecutively according to the order in which they have been cited in the text. For images containing a human element, measures should be taken to hide the identity of the person; a written permission from the people, whose photo was used, should be sent to the journal with a permission letter. Manuscript Submission Two copies of the manuscript as separate Microsoft Office Word files; one including the author names, and the other not including the author names, and both providing the same content should be uploaded after registering as a user to DergiPark ( system. The establishment and ethical approval of the institution of names should be closed with an “X” in the word file without the names of the authors

Peer Review Process

Manuscripts will be assessed according to the publication criteria of the journal. The editorial and publication process of the journal are shaped in accordance with the guidelines of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), World Association of Medical Journal Editors (WAME), Council of Science Editors (CSE), Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), European Association of Science Editors (EASE), and National Information Standards Organization (NISO). The author(s) will be able to follow the evaluation process of the article from the DergiPark system. If necessary, the corresponding author will be asked to make initial technical revisions, and then, the process of peer review will begin. Manuscripts will be subjected to a double-blind review process by reviewers who are experts in the related fields, and their reports will be sent to the corresponding author.


Copyrights of all published articles will be held by the publisher: Turkish Physiotherapy Association.