Year 2020, Volume 4 , Issue 7, Pages 18 - 24 2020-02-28

ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS
BAĞIMSIZLIK YOLUNDA: THOMAS PAINE’İN COMMON SENSE VE JAMES CHALMERS’IN PLAIN TRUTH YAYINLARI ÜZERİNDEN AMERİKAN DEVRİMİ İLE ALİ KEMAL’İN PEYAM-I SABAH VE FAİK AHMET BARUTÇU’NUN İSTİKBAL GAZETELERİ ÜZERİNDEN TÜRK KURTULUŞ SAVAŞI ARASINDAKİ BENZERLİKLER

Gökçen UZUNKÖPRÜ [1]


America in 1776 and Turkey in 1923 were among those who achieved the impossible declaring independence. Both countries gained independence with a terrific fight against great powers, e.g., People in American colonies resisted the king of their mother country, Britain, and Turkish people struggled severely against the sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the allied powers of World War I which were Britain, France, Russia. In both countries, people went into division: patriots or revolutionaries and loyalists. While revolutionaries were as mad as hell at the authorities, the loyalists were against those opponents and their new system because the patriots would slide their countries into the chaos. Thomas Paine (an American writer) and Faik Ahmet Barutçu (a Turkish journalist) as revolutionaries or patriots and James Chalmers (American pamphleteer) and Ali Kemal Bey (a Turkish journalist) as loyalists tried their best to impress the public by their pens. On the one hand, Thomas Paine and Faik Ahmet Bey aimed to raise people’s awareness against the rulers’ deems, and on the other hand, James Chalmers and Ali Kemal Bey were striving to quiet the spirit, which the patriots had wakened. In spite of the different time and place, their reason for the fight was almost concurrent. Eventually, America and Turkey stepped into a new age in a short time, then the supreme power wasn’t the king or sultan anymore but the people.

America in 1776 and Turkey in 1923 were among those who achieved the impossible declaring independence. Both countries gained independence with a terrific fight against great powers, e.g., People in American colonies resisted the king of their mother country, Britain, and Turkish people struggled severely against the sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the allied powers of World War I which were Britain, France, Russia. In both countries, people went into division: patriots or revolutionaries and loyalists. While revolutionaries were as mad as hell at the authorities, the loyalists were against those opponents and their new system because the patriots would slide their countries into the chaos. Thomas Paine (an American writer) and Faik Ahmet Barutçu (a Turkish journalist) as revolutionaries or patriots and James Chalmers (American pamphleteer) and Ali Kemal Bey (a Turkish journalist) as loyalists tried their best to impress the public by their pens. On the one hand, Thomas Paine and Faik Ahmet Bey aimed to raise people’s awareness against the rulers’ deems, and on the other hand, James Chalmers and Ali Kemal Bey were striving to quiet the spirit, which the patriots had wakened. In spite of the different time and place, their reason for the fight was almost concurrent. Eventually, America and Turkey stepped into a new age in a short time, then the supreme power wasn’t the king or sultan anymore but the people.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-6618-842X
Author: Gökçen UZUNKÖPRÜ (Primary Author)
Institution: BEYKENT UNIVERSITY, ACADEMY OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : February 28, 2020

Bibtex @research article { tjsosci650780, journal = {The Journal of Social Science}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-0807}, address = {thejournalofsocialscience@gmail.com}, publisher = {Cenk AKSOY}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {18 - 24}, doi = {10.30520/tjsosci.650780}, title = {ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS}, key = {cite}, author = {Uzunköprü, Gökçen} }
APA Uzunköprü, G . (2020). ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS . The Journal of Social Science , 4 (7) , 18-24 . DOI: 10.30520/tjsosci.650780
MLA Uzunköprü, G . "ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS" . The Journal of Social Science 4 (2020 ): 18-24 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/tjsosci/issue/52625/650780>
Chicago Uzunköprü, G . "ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS". The Journal of Social Science 4 (2020 ): 18-24
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS AU - Gökçen Uzunköprü Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.30520/tjsosci.650780 DO - 10.30520/tjsosci.650780 T2 - The Journal of Social Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 18 EP - 24 VL - 4 IS - 7 SN - -2587-0807 M3 - doi: 10.30520/tjsosci.650780 UR - https://doi.org/10.30520/tjsosci.650780 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 The Journal of Social Science ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS %A Gökçen Uzunköprü %T ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS %D 2020 %J The Journal of Social Science %P -2587-0807 %V 4 %N 7 %R doi: 10.30520/tjsosci.650780 %U 10.30520/tjsosci.650780
ISNAD Uzunköprü, Gökçen . "ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS". The Journal of Social Science 4 / 7 (February 2020): 18-24 . https://doi.org/10.30520/tjsosci.650780
AMA Uzunköprü G . ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS. TJSS. 2020; 4(7): 18-24.
Vancouver Uzunköprü G . ON THE WAY TO THE INDEPENDENCE: THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THROUGH THOMAS PAINE’S COMMON SENSE AND JAMES CHALMERS’S PLAIN TRUTH AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE THROUGH ALI KEMAL’S PEYAM-I SABAH AND FAIK AHMET BARUTÇU’S İSTİKBAL NEWSPAPERS. The Journal of Social Science. 2020; 4(7): 18-24.