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An Examination of the Propaganda Posters Prepared by the American Library Association for the US Army During the First World War

Year 2021, Volume 35, Issue 2, 131 - 158, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.24146/tk.910245

Abstract

The USA participated in the First World War by declaring war on Germany on April 6, 1917. With the participation of the USA in the war, mobilization was declared to provide the needs of the US army in the country and in this way that people contributed to the war effort was aimed. On the other hand, a book campaign was organized under the leadership of the American Library Association (ALA) to improve the reading habits of US soldiers during the war. As part of this mobilization, propaganda posters were used effectively to ensure that the US people donated books and the US soldiers gained the habit of reading. In the study, it was aimed to reveal how ALA used propaganda posters in donating books of the masses and encouraging soldiers to read books. With in the scope of the study, propaganda used by ALA in the First World War was analyzed in the light of the semiotics model of Danish linguist Louis Hjelmslev and US linguist William Labov. In the findings obtained in the study, it was concluded that the messages that reading books is a good leisure activity for the US soldiers and that the donated books are used efficiently in the US army were given.

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Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda Amerikan Kütüphane Derneği’nin ABD Ordusuna Yönelik Hazırladığı Propaganda Posterleri Üzerine İnceleme

Year 2021, Volume 35, Issue 2, 131 - 158, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.24146/tk.910245

Abstract

ABD, 6 Nisan 1917 tarihinde Almanya’ya savaş ilan ederek Birinci Dünya Savaşı’na dahil olmuştur. ABD’nin savaşa katılmasıyla birlikte ülkede ABD ordusunun ihtiyaçlarının karşılanması için seferberlik ilan edilmiş ve bu şekilde halkın savaş çabalarına katkı sağlaması amaçlanmıştır. Diğer yandan savaş sırasında ABD askerlerinin okuma alışkanlıklarının geliştirilmesine yönelik de Amerikan Kütüphane Derneği (American Library Association, ALA) liderliğinde kitap seferberliği düzenlenmiştir. Bu seferberlik kapsamında hem ABD halkının kitap bağışı yapmalarının hem de ABD askerlerinin kitap okuma alışkanlığı kazanmalarının sağlanması için propaganda posterleri etkin bir şekilde kullanılmıştır. Çalışmada ALA’nın kitlelerin kitap bağışı yapmalarında ve askerlerin kitap okumalarının teşvik edilmesinde propaganda posterlerini ne şekilde kullandığının ortaya konulması amaçlanmıştır. Çalışma kapsamında Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda ALA tarafından kullanılan propaganda posterleri Danimarkalı dilbilimci Louis Hjelmslev ve ABD dilbilimci William Labov’un göstergebilim modeli ışığında analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmada elde edilen bulgularda kitap okumanın ABD askerleri için iyi bir boş zaman aktivitesi olduğuna ve bağışlanan kitapların ABD ordusunda verimli bir şekilde kullanıldığına yönelik mesajların verildiği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

References

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  • Donnelly, F. P. (2014). The geographic distribution of United States public libraries: An analysis of locations and service areas. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 46(2), 110-129.
  • Duhon, L., & Jameson, J. (2013). Health information out reach: a survey of US academic libraries, highlighting a midwestern university's experience. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 30(2), 121-137.
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  • Fiske, J. (2017). İletişim Çalışmalarına Giriş. Çev: Süleyman İrvan. 5. Basım. Ankara: Bilim ve Sanat Yayınları.
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  • Gazi, M. A., Çakı, C., Gülada, M. O., Çakı, G. (2020). Çin Halk Cumhuriyeti Kültür Devrimi Sürecinde Okuma Alışkanlığının Propaganda Posterlerinde Sunumu. Türk Kütüphaneciliği, 34(3), 406-431. doi: 10.24146/tk.778685
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Information Science and Library Science
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Metin IŞIK>
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-7431-4091
Türkiye


Mehmet Ali GAZİ> (Primary Author)
MALATYA TURGUT ÖZAL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9239-4187
Türkiye


Caner ÇAKI>
İNÖNÜ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1523-4649
Türkiye


Gül ÇAKI>
MALTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0001-5501-0191
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2021
Application Date April 5, 2021
Acceptance Date May 27, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 35, Issue 2

Cite

APA Işık, M. , Gazi, M. A. , Çakı, C. & Çakı, G. (2021). Birinci Dünya Savaşı’nda Amerikan Kütüphane Derneği’nin ABD Ordusuna Yönelik Hazırladığı Propaganda Posterleri Üzerine İnceleme . Türk Kütüphaneciliği , 35 (2) , 131-158 . DOI: 10.24146/tk.910245