Year 2020, Volume 21 , Issue 4, Pages 160 - 172 2020-10-01


Carles DULSAT [1] , Isabel ALVAREZ [2]

The study is aimed at training sports technicians in the Spanish state. Currently, most of them are in transitory period. For research, the Theory of Resistance in Innovation has been considered. This theory proposes a functional dimension and a psychological dimension with five factors: (Use, value of the product and risks involved) and (elements associated with traditional beliefs and those related to the image). The context studied was the courses taken by the Royal Spanish Skating Federation. The methodology followed in this research is empirical-analytical with a non-experimental approach. It will be basically a descriptive investigation. For this, an ad-hoc instrument was constructed with quantitative and qualitative response items. Among the results, it is worth highlighting the significant differences existing in students with experience in distance learning in the variable of acceptance of new technologies. In the qualitative part, it is recognized that the online mode allows to apply the knowledge immediately although there are difficulties during the first weeks. The creation of the figure of a tutor is proposed, which will catalyze the introduction to students’ courses, facilitating the use of the platform before the start of the course.
e-learning, innovation, technicians training, platform, functional factors
  • Anderson, C. M. & Stewart, S. (1988). Para dominar la resistencia. Guia practica de terapia familiar. Buenos Aires: Amorrortu editores.
  • Area, M. & Gonzalez, C. S. (2015). De la ensenanza con libros de texto al aprendizaje en espacios online gamificados. Educatio Siglo XXI, 33(3), 15-38.
  • Bagozzi, R. P. & Lee, K. H. (1999). Consumer resistance to, and acceptance of, innovations. Advances in Consumer Research, 26, 218-225.
  • Barbera, E., Gomez, P. & Fernandez, F. (2016). A cross-national study of teacher’s perceptions of online learning success. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-learning, 31(1), 25-41. http://
  • Bertot, J., Jaeger, P. & Hansen, D. (2012). The impact of polices on government social media usage: Issues, challenges, and recommendations. Government Information Quarterly, 29(1), 30-40. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.giq.2011.04.004.
  • Black, N., Lockett, A., Ennew, C., Winklhofer, H. & McKechnie, S. (2002). Modelling consumer choice of distribution channels: an illustration from financial services. International Journal Of Bank Marketing, 20(4), 161-173.
  • Bozkurt, A. (2019). Intellectual roots of distance education: a progressive knowledge domain analysis. Distance Education, 40(4), 497-514.
  • Callary, B., Culver, D., Werthner, P. & Bales, J. (2014). An Overview of Seven National High Performance Coach Education Programs. International Sport Coaching Journal, 1(3), 152-164. http://dx.doi. org/10.1123/iscj.2014-0094
  • Caruth, G. D & Caruth, D. L. (2013). Understanding resistance to change: A challenge for Universities. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 14(2), 12-21.
  • Chang, H. & Chuang, S. (2011). Social capital and individual motivations on knowledge sharing: Participant involvement as a moderator. Information & Management, 48(1), 9-18.
  • Chaouali, W., Souiden, N. & Ladhari, R. (2017). Explaining adoption of mobile banking with the theory of trying, general self-confidence and cynicism. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 35, 57-67.
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Orcid: 0000-0003-1351-8506
Author: Carles DULSAT (Primary Author)
Institution: Faculty of Humanirties and Social Science University Isabel I Burgos, SPAIN
Country: Spain

Orcid: 0000-0001-9488-9960
Author: Isabel ALVAREZ
Institution: Autonomous University of Barcelona Bellaterra, San Cugat del Valles, SPAIN
Country: Spain


Application Date : December 4, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 22, 2020
Publication Date : October 1, 2020

APA Dulsat, C , Alvarez, I . (2020). CHANGE AT DISTANCE EDUCATION, WHAT KIND OF RESISTANCE? WHAT IMPROVEMENTS? . Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 21 (4) , 160-172 . DOI: 10.17718/tojde.803394