Year 2020, Volume 21 , Issue 4, Pages 195 - 205 2020-10-01

UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF MOOCs OFFERING: A CROSS-COUNTRY STUDY

Fernanda Francielle De Oliveira MALAQUIAS [1] , Romes Jorge Da Silva JUNIOR [2]


Massive Open Online Courses, also known as MOOCs, figure as the main trend in the international educational market in recent years, characterized by the offer of free, open access and global courses. Although many current studies address issues like design, quality and acceptance of these courses, little attention has been given regarding cultural aspects that could influence this global open learning movement. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate cultural determinants of MOOCs offering, through a cross-country analysis. To this end, four cultural factors proposed by Hofstede were considered. Through the multivariate regression analysis, we evaluated the relation between these factors and the number of MOOCs offered in each country. The results show that Individualism presents a significant and positive effect on MOOCs offering. Power Distance, Uncertainty Avoidance and Masculinity dimensions of culture do not present significant effect on MOOCs offering. This means that although individuals from countries with higher rates of Masculinity and lower levels of Uncertainty Avoidance and Power Distance are more likely to attend online courses, universities in these countries are not necessarily the ones offering more MOOCs. The results of the study may be useful to support the implementation of strategies for the diffusion and internationalization of MOOCs.
MOOCs, e-learning, culture, distance education, global courses
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Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0001-7997-530X
Author: Fernanda Francielle De Oliveira MALAQUIAS (Primary Author)
Institution: Universidade Federal de Uberlandia Uberlandia, BRAZIL
Country: Brazil


Orcid: 0000-0003-1560-9794
Author: Romes Jorge Da Silva JUNIOR
Institution: Universidade Federal de Uberlandia Uberlandia, BRAZIL
Country: Brazil


Dates

Application Date : September 16, 2019
Acceptance Date : October 22, 2020
Publication Date : October 1, 2020

APA Malaquıas, F , Junıor, R . (2020). UNDERSTANDING CULTURAL DETERMINANTS OF MOOCs OFFERING: A CROSS-COUNTRY STUDY . Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 21 (4) , 195-205 . DOI: 10.17718/tojde.803405