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OBSTACLES TO DISTANCE EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES AND WAYS TO FACE THEM: FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF FEMALE TEACHERS

Year 2023, Volume 24, Issue 1, 200 - 219, 01.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1076073

Abstract

Distance education for students with learning disabilities has been used as an official practice in Saudi Arabia since COVID-19’s outbreak. This study’s aim was to explore the obstacles to DE for these students and ways to face them based on teachers’ opinions. In Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province, 111 female LDs teachers working in public elementary schools were randomly selected. The researchers collected data using online surveys and analyzed the data with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences software. The teachers rated obstacles to DE related to (1) students with LDs, (2) teachers, and (3) DE system infrastructure. There were no statistically significant differences in the mean scores of the teachers’ views based on educational level or number of DE training courses attended, but there were statistically significant differences between the views of teachers with more than 10 years of experience and those of other teachers. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the average scores of teachers’ views on ways to face DE obstacles associated with any of the studied variables. The teachers provided recommendations to support students with LDs, enhance family engagement in making instructional decisions, and provide DE training to students with LDs and their teachers.

References

  • Al-Ahmari, A. S. (2019). Virtual classes between theory and practice: A study of the experience of the Saudi Virtual School. The Arab Journal of Literature and the Father of Human Studies, 6, 311-338. https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-890295
  • Al-Aqaly, A. A. M. (2018). Obstacles to employing virtual reality technology in teaching mathematics from the point of view of teachers in the light of some variables. Journal of Scientific Research in Education: Ain Shams University–Girls’ College of Arts, Sciences and Education, 19(14), 437 – 470. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/958593/
  • Al-Badawi, S. A. (2017). Obstacles to using e-learning from the point of view of faculty members at Qassim University in the light of some variables. The Scientific Journal of the Faculty of Education, Assiut University, 33(1) 379-445. search.shamaa.org
  • Al-Harbi, S. & Tayeb, A. A. (2020). The reality of employing virtual classrooms in general education schools in the Makkah region in light of some variables. Journal of Education: Al-Azhar University–College of Education, 3(186) 415 - 447. Retrieved from http://search.mandumah.com/Record 1085794
  • Aljaraideh, Y. & Al Bataineh, K. (2019). Jordanian students’ barriers of utilizing online learning: A survey study. International Education Studies, 12(5), 99-108.
  • Al-Jarh, F. S. F. (2020). The reality of e-learning in the distance learning program in light of the emerging Corona pandemic “Covid 19” from the point of view of students in Jordan between theory and practice. Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences, 4(44), 101-113. https://doi.org/10.26389/AJSRP.C310520
  • Al-Khamisi, M. S. (2020). Education in the time of COVID-19: Bridging the gap between home and school. International Journal of Research in Educational Sciences: Future Horizons International, 3(4), 51-73. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1070613
  • Al-Maliki, M. K. H., and Shaaban, M. M. H. (2020). The reality of employing e-learning in the educational process for students with intellectual disabilities from the point of view of teachers. The Arab Journal of Disability and Gifted Sciences: The Arab Foundation for Education, Science and Arts, 11, 51–86. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1037106/
  • Allam, A. H. (2021). A statistical study to compare the pros and cons of the two traditional education styles. Journal of Music Sciences and Arts, 44(1), 56-1. https://jfma.journals.ekb.eg/article_136877_d37fd18cda897a42075cf0b588a49dde.pdf
  • Al-Salami, A. S, & Irons, I. K. A. (2020). The challenges of distance education for students with hearing disabilities and ways to confront them in light of the pandemic: The emerging Corona virus, Covid-19, as a model. Arab Studies in Education and Psychology, 124, 253–308.
  • Alsarawi, A. A. (2021). Views of teachers of students with learning disabilities regarding distance education during COVID-19: A case from Saudi Arabia. Multicultural education, 11, 1-1. 10.5281/zenodo.5644256
  • Alshwiah, A. A. (2021). Barriers to online learning: adjusting to the ‘new normal’ in the time of covid-19. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 22(4) , 212-228 . http://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1002858
  • Assareh, A. & Bidokht, M. H. (2011). Barriers to e-teaching and e-learning. Procedia Computer Science, 3, 791-795. Ayda, N. K., Bastas, M., Altinay, F., Altinay, Z., & Dagli, G. (2020). Distance education for students with special needs in primary schools in the period of the COVID-19 epidemic. Propósitos y Representaciones, 8(3), 1-8.https://doi.org/10.20511/pyr2020.v8n3.587
  • Ferri, F., Grifoni, P., & Guzzo, T. (2020). Online learning and emergency remote teaching: Opportunities and challenges in emergency situations. Societies 10(4), 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040086
  • Lassoued, Z., Alhendawi, M., & Bashitialshaaer, R. (2020). An exploratory study of the obstacles to achieving quality in distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 10(9), 232. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10090232
  • Muilenburg, L. Y. & Berge, Z. L. (2005). Student barriers to online learning: A factor analytic study. Distance Education, 26(1), 29-48.
  • Shehata, M. F., (2021). Attitudes of special education teachers towards distance education in light of the Corona pandemic. Journal of the College of Education, Port Said University, (33), 470-489. Retrieved from http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1114874
  • Al-Ahmadi, N. (2009). Teachers' perspectives and attitudes towards integrating students with learning disabilities in regular Saudi public schools (Order No. 3371476). Available from ProQuest Central; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304975397). Retrieved from https://library.iau.edu.sa/dissertations-theses/teachers-perspectives-attitudes-towards/docview/304975397/se-2?accountid=136546
  • Murders, M. R. (2017). A phenomenological study of the online education experiences of college students with learning disabilities (Order No. 10635327). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global (1964264271). https://library.iau.edu.sa/dissertations-theses/phenomenological-study-online-education/docview/1964264271/se-2?accountid=136546
  • Al-Kasji, P. M. (2012). Quality in distance learning (1st ed.). Dar Osama.
  • Al-Rubaie, A. M., et al., (2004). Distance education and its technologies in the third millennium (1st ed.). Al-Humaidhi Press.
  • Al-Thaher, Q. A., (2010). Learning disabilities (3rd Ed). Dar Wael.
  • Al-Waqfi, A. A. (2015). Theoretical and applied learning disabilities. Dar Al Masirah.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publications.
  • Shuaib, A. M; Mohammad, A. A., (2014). Contemporary issues in learning disabilities: Theory and practice (1st ed.). Dar Joanna.
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2020). Education disorder due to the new coronavirus and overcoming it. https://ar.unesco.org/news/dtrb-ltlym-bsbb-fyrws-kwrwn-ljdyd-wltsdy-lh Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia. (2020). A teacher’s guide to learning difficulties in the primary stage. https://www.moe.gov.sa/ar/Pages/default.aspx
  • Department of Planning and Development of the Eastern Province. (2021). Statistics of students with learning disabilities in the Eastern Province. Statistics and Information Unit, Planning and Development Department in the Eastern Province.pdf

Year 2023, Volume 24, Issue 1, 200 - 219, 01.01.2023
https://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1076073

Abstract

References

  • Al-Ahmari, A. S. (2019). Virtual classes between theory and practice: A study of the experience of the Saudi Virtual School. The Arab Journal of Literature and the Father of Human Studies, 6, 311-338. https://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-890295
  • Al-Aqaly, A. A. M. (2018). Obstacles to employing virtual reality technology in teaching mathematics from the point of view of teachers in the light of some variables. Journal of Scientific Research in Education: Ain Shams University–Girls’ College of Arts, Sciences and Education, 19(14), 437 – 470. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/958593/
  • Al-Badawi, S. A. (2017). Obstacles to using e-learning from the point of view of faculty members at Qassim University in the light of some variables. The Scientific Journal of the Faculty of Education, Assiut University, 33(1) 379-445. search.shamaa.org
  • Al-Harbi, S. & Tayeb, A. A. (2020). The reality of employing virtual classrooms in general education schools in the Makkah region in light of some variables. Journal of Education: Al-Azhar University–College of Education, 3(186) 415 - 447. Retrieved from http://search.mandumah.com/Record 1085794
  • Aljaraideh, Y. & Al Bataineh, K. (2019). Jordanian students’ barriers of utilizing online learning: A survey study. International Education Studies, 12(5), 99-108.
  • Al-Jarh, F. S. F. (2020). The reality of e-learning in the distance learning program in light of the emerging Corona pandemic “Covid 19” from the point of view of students in Jordan between theory and practice. Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences, 4(44), 101-113. https://doi.org/10.26389/AJSRP.C310520
  • Al-Khamisi, M. S. (2020). Education in the time of COVID-19: Bridging the gap between home and school. International Journal of Research in Educational Sciences: Future Horizons International, 3(4), 51-73. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1070613
  • Al-Maliki, M. K. H., and Shaaban, M. M. H. (2020). The reality of employing e-learning in the educational process for students with intellectual disabilities from the point of view of teachers. The Arab Journal of Disability and Gifted Sciences: The Arab Foundation for Education, Science and Arts, 11, 51–86. http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1037106/
  • Allam, A. H. (2021). A statistical study to compare the pros and cons of the two traditional education styles. Journal of Music Sciences and Arts, 44(1), 56-1. https://jfma.journals.ekb.eg/article_136877_d37fd18cda897a42075cf0b588a49dde.pdf
  • Al-Salami, A. S, & Irons, I. K. A. (2020). The challenges of distance education for students with hearing disabilities and ways to confront them in light of the pandemic: The emerging Corona virus, Covid-19, as a model. Arab Studies in Education and Psychology, 124, 253–308.
  • Alsarawi, A. A. (2021). Views of teachers of students with learning disabilities regarding distance education during COVID-19: A case from Saudi Arabia. Multicultural education, 11, 1-1. 10.5281/zenodo.5644256
  • Alshwiah, A. A. (2021). Barriers to online learning: adjusting to the ‘new normal’ in the time of covid-19. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 22(4) , 212-228 . http://doi.org/10.17718/tojde.1002858
  • Assareh, A. & Bidokht, M. H. (2011). Barriers to e-teaching and e-learning. Procedia Computer Science, 3, 791-795. Ayda, N. K., Bastas, M., Altinay, F., Altinay, Z., & Dagli, G. (2020). Distance education for students with special needs in primary schools in the period of the COVID-19 epidemic. Propósitos y Representaciones, 8(3), 1-8.https://doi.org/10.20511/pyr2020.v8n3.587
  • Ferri, F., Grifoni, P., & Guzzo, T. (2020). Online learning and emergency remote teaching: Opportunities and challenges in emergency situations. Societies 10(4), 86. https://doi.org/10.3390/soc10040086
  • Lassoued, Z., Alhendawi, M., & Bashitialshaaer, R. (2020). An exploratory study of the obstacles to achieving quality in distance learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education Sciences, 10(9), 232. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10090232
  • Muilenburg, L. Y. & Berge, Z. L. (2005). Student barriers to online learning: A factor analytic study. Distance Education, 26(1), 29-48.
  • Shehata, M. F., (2021). Attitudes of special education teachers towards distance education in light of the Corona pandemic. Journal of the College of Education, Port Said University, (33), 470-489. Retrieved from http://search.mandumah.com/Record/1114874
  • Al-Ahmadi, N. (2009). Teachers' perspectives and attitudes towards integrating students with learning disabilities in regular Saudi public schools (Order No. 3371476). Available from ProQuest Central; ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global. (304975397). Retrieved from https://library.iau.edu.sa/dissertations-theses/teachers-perspectives-attitudes-towards/docview/304975397/se-2?accountid=136546
  • Murders, M. R. (2017). A phenomenological study of the online education experiences of college students with learning disabilities (Order No. 10635327). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global (1964264271). https://library.iau.edu.sa/dissertations-theses/phenomenological-study-online-education/docview/1964264271/se-2?accountid=136546
  • Al-Kasji, P. M. (2012). Quality in distance learning (1st ed.). Dar Osama.
  • Al-Rubaie, A. M., et al., (2004). Distance education and its technologies in the third millennium (1st ed.). Al-Humaidhi Press.
  • Al-Thaher, Q. A., (2010). Learning disabilities (3rd Ed). Dar Wael.
  • Al-Waqfi, A. A. (2015). Theoretical and applied learning disabilities. Dar Al Masirah.
  • Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publications.
  • Shuaib, A. M; Mohammad, A. A., (2014). Contemporary issues in learning disabilities: Theory and practice (1st ed.). Dar Joanna.
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. (2020). Education disorder due to the new coronavirus and overcoming it. https://ar.unesco.org/news/dtrb-ltlym-bsbb-fyrws-kwrwn-ljdyd-wltsdy-lh Ministry of Education, Saudi Arabia. (2020). A teacher’s guide to learning difficulties in the primary stage. https://www.moe.gov.sa/ar/Pages/default.aspx
  • Department of Planning and Development of the Eastern Province. (2021). Statistics of students with learning disabilities in the Eastern Province. Statistics and Information Unit, Planning and Development Department in the Eastern Province.pdf

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Nisrin ALNAIM This is me
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0001-8314-033X
Saudi Arabia


Aeshah ALSARAWI This is me
Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University
0000-0001-8314-033X
Saudi Arabia

Publication Date January 1, 2023
Submission Date February 19, 2022
Acceptance Date April 11, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2023, Volume 24, Issue 1

Cite

APA Alnaım, N. & Alsarawı, A. (2023). OBSTACLES TO DISTANCE EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES AND WAYS TO FACE THEM: FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF FEMALE TEACHERS . Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 24 (1) , 200-219 . DOI: 10.17718/tojde.1076073