Due to the necessity to continue learning even during the pandemic, schools opened utilizing distance learning modalities. However, there is a dearth of evidence on the effectivity of this modalities in physics. In this study, we investigated the effects of three physics distance learning modes; the module-only (MO), virtual lab plus module (VLM), and the physical lab plus module (PLM) classes in physics achievement and metacognition employing the pretest-posttest and repeated measures research designs. All learning modules used were in digital formats sent through free messaging platforms. Analysis of data includes paired samples t-test, one-way ANOVA, repeated measures ANOVA, and independent samples t-test. Results revealed that all three distance learning modes have significantly higher post-test than pre-test scores. Further analysis showed, however, that only VLM had significantly higher gain scores than MO. Initially, at pre-MO and post-MO administrations, male students had significantly higher metacognition but this diminished after they perform both virtual and physical labs. It was in post-PLM where students have significantly better metacognition than pre-MO and post-MO. This study showed that not only do physical and virtual labs supplement distance modular learning, they are also complementary that both must be used in distance learning.
Distance learning, distance physical lab, distance virtual lab, distance physics lab, modular distance learning, metacognition, physics achievement.
|Publication Date||April 1, 2023|
|Submission Date||March 12, 2022|
|Acceptance Date||August 4, 2022|
|Published in Issue||Year 2023 Volume: 24 Issue: 2|