Research Article
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Bibliometric analysis of international studies using outdoor recreation and sustainability concepts together

Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 1, 42 - 49, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.53601/tourismandrecreation.1130460

Abstract

Though outdoor leisure has become a significant topic, particularly in the aftermath of the pandemic, it is referred to in international literature as “outdoor recreation” in English. It is feasible to reduce the negative impacts caused by the organization of these activities by encouraging sustainable outdoor recreation and the wise use of natural resources. The study’s main goal is to investigate research that combines the ideas of open space leisure and sustainability in the worldwide literature using the bibliometric analysis approach. For this purpose, the studies conducted between 1986 and 2022 in the Scopus database on April 15, 2022 were examined in order to present a summary view by using the limitation of title, abstract and keywords. In the studies carried out, “publication year, authors, subject areas, institutions, countries, keywords and sources” were examined and evaluated. The Scopus data were imported to the VOSviewer bibliographic analysis application, and “co-authorship” and “co-occurrence” analyses were performed. As a result of the bibliographic analysis, it was determined that the most studies on the subject were published in 2020 (28 articles) and the “Sustainability Switzerland” journal was the source that included the most (19) studies on this subject. In addition while the United States and the United Kingdom are seen as prominent countries, it has been determined that Turkey is in the 18th place with 5 studies. The evolution of studies in the worldwide literature on open space recreation and sustainability concerns was appraised based on the findings of the bibliographic analysis, and it was attempted to give light on future research.

References

  • Al, U. (2008). Türkiye’nin bilimsel yayın politikası: atıf dizinlerine dayalı bibliyometrik bir yaklaşım, Doktora Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Balmford, A., Green, J. M., Anderson, M., Beresford, J., Huang, C., Naidoo, R., & Manica, A. (2015). Walk on the wild side: estimating the global magnitude of visits to protected areas. PLoS biology, 13(2), 1-6.
  • Barton, J., Hine, R., & Pretty, J. (2009). The health benefits of walking in greenspaces of high natural and heritage value. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 6(4), 261-278.
  • Baur, J.W., Tynon, J.F. & Gomez, E. (2013). Attitudes about urban nature parks: A case study of users and nonusers in Portland Oregon. Landsc. Urban Plan. 117(1), 100–111.
  • Bell, S. (2010). Forest Recreation and Nature Tourism. COST Action E33 (FORREC), European Forum on Urban Forestry, Hameenlinna, Finland, June 2008. Urban forestry & urban greening, 9(2), 69-112.
  • Bell, S., Tyrväinen, L., Sievänen, T., Pröbstl, U., & Simpson, M. (2007). Outdoor recreation and nature tourism: A European perspective. Living Reviews in Landscape Research, 1(2), 1-46.
  • Berdejo‐Espinola, V., Suárez‐Castro, A. F., Amano, T., Fielding, K. S., Oh, R. R. Y., & Fuller, R. A. (2021). Urban green space use during a time of stress: A case study during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Brisbane, Australia. People and Nature, 3(3), 597-609.
  • Bornmann, L., & Leydesdorff, L. (2014). Scientometrics in a changing research landscape: bibliometrics has become an integral part of research quality evaluation and has been changing the practice of research. EMBO reports, 15(12), 1228-1232.
  • Bratman, G. N., Anderson, C. B., Berman, M. G., Cochran, B., De Vries, S., Flanders, J., & Daily, G. C. (2019). Nature and mental health: An ecosystem service perspective. Science advances, 5(7), 1-14.
  • Brown, D. K., Barton, J. L., & Gladwell, V. F. (2013). Viewing nature scenes positively affects recovery of autonomic function following acute-mental stress. Environmental science & technology, 47(11), 5562-5569.
  • Bulut, Z., Başar, B. & Kement, Ü. (2022). Uluslararası alanyazında yayımlanmış boş zaman ve serbest zaman kavramlarına ilişkin çalışmaların bibliyometrik analizi. Future trends in leisure&recreation congress:Digital Recreation, 20-21 Ocak 2022, ss. 62-65, Ankara.
  • Cartwright, K. S. & Mitten, D. (2017). Examining the influence of outdoor recreation, employment, and demographic variables on the human-nature relationship. Journal of Sustainability Education12, 1-20.
  • Council of Europe (CO), (2001). European sport charter. [Avrupa spor şartı]. https://rm. coe. int/16804c9dbb. Erişim Tarihi: 15 Mayıs 2022.
  • Çıvak, B., & Oktay, E. M. İ. R. (2021). Boş Zaman ve Rekreasyon Konulu Lisansüstü Tezlerde Araştırma Paradigması Eğilimi. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 9(3), 2186-2202.
  • Donthu, N., Kumar, S., Mukherjee, D., Pandey, N. & Lim, W. M. (2021). How to conduct a bibliometric analysis: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 133(20), 285-296.
  • Evans, G. W., Otto, S., & Kaiser, F. G. (2018). Childhood origins of young adult environmental behavior. Psychological science, 29(5), 679-687.
  • Frumkin, H., Bratman, G. N., Breslow, S. J., Cochran, B., Kahn Jr, P. H., Lawler, J. J. & Wood, S. A. (2017). Nature contact and human health: A research agenda. Environmental health perspectives, 125(7), 1-18.
  • Gözen, E. (2020). Rekreasyon bilim dalının geçmişten günümüze bibliyometrik analizi. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 19(2), 572-588.
  • Hartig, T., Mitchell, R., De Vries, S. & Frumkin, H. (2014). Nature and health. Annual review of public health, 35(5), 207-228.
  • Koçak, F. & Balcı, V. (2010). Doğada yapılan sportif etkinliklerde çevresel sürdürülebilirlik. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi, 2(2), 213-222.
  • Mallen, C., Stevens, J. & Adams, L. J. (2011). A content analysis of environmental sustainability research in a sport-related journal sample. Journal of Sport Management, 25(3), 240-256.
  • Morelli, J. (2011). Environmental sustainability: A definition for environmental professionals. Journal of environmental sustainability, 1(1), 2.
  • Olive, R., & Wheaton, B. (2021). Understanding blue spaces: Sport, bodies, wellbeing, and the sea. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 45(1), 3-19.
  • Otto, S. & Pensini, P. (2017). Nature-based environmental education of children: Environmental knowledge and connectedness to nature, together, are related to ecological behaviour. Global Environmental Change, 47(6), 88-94.
  • Pickering, C., Rossi, S. D., Hernando, A. & Barros, A. (2018). Current knowledge and future research directions for the monitoring and management of visitors in recreational and protected areas. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 21(3), 10-18.
  • Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Sellens, M. & Griffin, M. (2005). The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise. International journal of environmental health research, 15(5), 319-337.
  • Ramos-Rodríguez, A.& JoséRuíz-Navarro. (2004). Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research: A bibliometric study of the strategic management journal, 1980-2000. Strategic Management Journal, 25(10), 981.
  • Saadi, D., Schnell, I., Tirosh, E., Basagaña, X. & Agay-Shay, K. (2020). There's no place like home? The psychological, physiological, and cognitive effects of short visits to outdoor urban environments compared to staying in the indoor home environment, a field experiment on women from two ethnic groups. Environmental research, 187(20), 109.
  • Schnell, I., Harel, N. & Mishori, D. (2019). The Benefits of Discrete Visits in Urban parks. Urban forestry & urban greening,41(41), 179–184.
  • Shawahna, R. (2021). Scoping and bibliometric analysis of promoters of therapeutic inertia in hypertension. American Journal of Managed Care, 27(11), 386-394.
  • Smith, N., Georgiou, M., King, A. C., Tieges, Z., Webb, S. & Chastin, S. (2021). Urban Blue Spaces and Human Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Quantitative Studies. Cities 119(20), 1-12.
  • Steg, L. & Vlek, C. (2009). Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of environmental psychology, 29(3), 309-317.
  • The World Health Report (WHR), (2002). Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, Geneva: World Health Organization, http://www.who. int/whr/2002/en/index.html, Erişim Tarihi: 22.04.2022.
  • Thomas, S. L. & Reed, S. E. (2019). Entrenched ties between outdoor recreation and conservation pose challenges for sustainable land management. Environmental Research Letters, 14(11), 2-8.
  • Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a methodology for developing evidence‐informed management knowledge by means of systematic review. British journal of management, 14(3), 207-222.
  • United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC), (1992). https://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/background_publications_htmlpdf/application /pdf/conveng.pdf, Erişim Tarihi: 13.05.2022.
  • United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), (2005). Making Tourism More Sustainable—A Guide for Policy Makers; United Nations Environment Programme and World Tourism Organization: Paris, France; Madrid, Spain, ss.11–12.
  • Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2011). Text mining and visualization using VOSviewer. Newslett. 7(3), 50–54.
  • Van Raan, A. F. J. (2003). The use of bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments. TATuP-Zeitschrift Für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie Und Praxis, 12(1), 20–29.
  • Wolsko, C., Lindberg, K. & Reese, R. (2019). Nature-based physical recreation leads to psychological well-being: Evidence from five studies. Ecopsychology, 11(4), 222-235.
  • Wood E. (2019). Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and wellbeing. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-11.
  • World Health Organization (WHO), (2011). Global health and aging, http://www.who. int/ageing/publications/global_health/en/, Erişim Tarihi: 10 Mayıs 2022.
  • Yaylı, A., Gül, T., Karaçar, E., Kement, Ü., Paslı, M., Yayla, M., Erol, E., & Göker, G. (2014). Rekreasyona Giriş. Yaylı, A., (Editör). Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Yersüren, S., & Özel, Ç. H. (2020). Boş zaman ve rekreasyon konulu tezler üzerine bibliyometrik bir çalışma. Türk Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 4(2), 1139-1159.

Açık alan rekreasyonu ve sürdürülebilirlik kavramlarını bir arada kullanan uluslararası çalışmaların bibliyometrik analizi

Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 1, 42 - 49, 30.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.53601/tourismandrecreation.1130460

Abstract

Açık alan rekreasyonu özellikle pandemi sonrası önemli bir konu haline gelirken, İngilizce karşılığı “outdoor recreation” olarak literatürde yer almaktadır. Sürdürülebilir açık alan rekreasyonunu ile doğal kaynakların bilinçli kullanımının yaygınlaştırılması sayesinde bu faaliyetlerinin yapısından kaynaklanan istenmeyen etkilerin minimize edilmesi mümkün olmaktadır. Çalışmada temel olarak, uluslararası yazında açık alan rekreasyonu ve sürdürülebilirlik kavramlarını bir arada kullanan çalışmaların bibliyometrik analiz yöntemine göre incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla 15 Nisan 2022 tarihinde Scopus veri tabanında 1986-2022 yılları arasında yapılmış çalışmalar başlık, özet ve anahtar kelimeler sınırlaması kullanılarak özet bir görünüm ortaya koyabilmek için incelenmiştir. Yapılan çalışmalarda, “yayın yılı, yazarlar, konu alanları, kurumlar, ülkeler, anahtar kelimeler ve kaynaklar” incelenerek değerlendirilmiştir. Scopus veri tabanından elde edilen veriler VOSviewer bibliyografik analiz programına aktarılarak “ortak yazarlılık” ve “birlikte bulunma” analizleri yapılmıştır. Gerçekleştirilen bibliyografik analiz sonucunda, konu ile ilgili en fazla çalışmanın 2020 yılında (28 makale) yayınlanmış olduğu ve “Sustainability Switzerland” dergisinin bu konuda en fazla (19) çalışmaya yer veren kaynak olduğu saptanmıştır. Ayrıca Birleşik Devletler ve Birleşik Krallık ön plana çıkan ülkeler olarak görülürken, Türkiye’nin 5 çalışma ile 18. sırada yer aldığı tespit edilmiştir. Gerçekleştirilen bibliyografik analiz sonucunda elde edilen bulgulardan, açık alan rekreasyonu ve sürdürülebilirlik konularına ilişkin uluslararası literatürdeki çalışmaların gelişimi değerlendirilerek, gelecekte yapılacak çalışmalara ışık tutulmaya çalışılmıştır.

References

  • Al, U. (2008). Türkiye’nin bilimsel yayın politikası: atıf dizinlerine dayalı bibliyometrik bir yaklaşım, Doktora Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi, Ankara.
  • Balmford, A., Green, J. M., Anderson, M., Beresford, J., Huang, C., Naidoo, R., & Manica, A. (2015). Walk on the wild side: estimating the global magnitude of visits to protected areas. PLoS biology, 13(2), 1-6.
  • Barton, J., Hine, R., & Pretty, J. (2009). The health benefits of walking in greenspaces of high natural and heritage value. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences, 6(4), 261-278.
  • Baur, J.W., Tynon, J.F. & Gomez, E. (2013). Attitudes about urban nature parks: A case study of users and nonusers in Portland Oregon. Landsc. Urban Plan. 117(1), 100–111.
  • Bell, S. (2010). Forest Recreation and Nature Tourism. COST Action E33 (FORREC), European Forum on Urban Forestry, Hameenlinna, Finland, June 2008. Urban forestry & urban greening, 9(2), 69-112.
  • Bell, S., Tyrväinen, L., Sievänen, T., Pröbstl, U., & Simpson, M. (2007). Outdoor recreation and nature tourism: A European perspective. Living Reviews in Landscape Research, 1(2), 1-46.
  • Berdejo‐Espinola, V., Suárez‐Castro, A. F., Amano, T., Fielding, K. S., Oh, R. R. Y., & Fuller, R. A. (2021). Urban green space use during a time of stress: A case study during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Brisbane, Australia. People and Nature, 3(3), 597-609.
  • Bornmann, L., & Leydesdorff, L. (2014). Scientometrics in a changing research landscape: bibliometrics has become an integral part of research quality evaluation and has been changing the practice of research. EMBO reports, 15(12), 1228-1232.
  • Bratman, G. N., Anderson, C. B., Berman, M. G., Cochran, B., De Vries, S., Flanders, J., & Daily, G. C. (2019). Nature and mental health: An ecosystem service perspective. Science advances, 5(7), 1-14.
  • Brown, D. K., Barton, J. L., & Gladwell, V. F. (2013). Viewing nature scenes positively affects recovery of autonomic function following acute-mental stress. Environmental science & technology, 47(11), 5562-5569.
  • Bulut, Z., Başar, B. & Kement, Ü. (2022). Uluslararası alanyazında yayımlanmış boş zaman ve serbest zaman kavramlarına ilişkin çalışmaların bibliyometrik analizi. Future trends in leisure&recreation congress:Digital Recreation, 20-21 Ocak 2022, ss. 62-65, Ankara.
  • Cartwright, K. S. & Mitten, D. (2017). Examining the influence of outdoor recreation, employment, and demographic variables on the human-nature relationship. Journal of Sustainability Education12, 1-20.
  • Council of Europe (CO), (2001). European sport charter. [Avrupa spor şartı]. https://rm. coe. int/16804c9dbb. Erişim Tarihi: 15 Mayıs 2022.
  • Çıvak, B., & Oktay, E. M. İ. R. (2021). Boş Zaman ve Rekreasyon Konulu Lisansüstü Tezlerde Araştırma Paradigması Eğilimi. Journal of Tourism and Gastronomy Studies, 9(3), 2186-2202.
  • Donthu, N., Kumar, S., Mukherjee, D., Pandey, N. & Lim, W. M. (2021). How to conduct a bibliometric analysis: An overview and guidelines. Journal of Business Research, 133(20), 285-296.
  • Evans, G. W., Otto, S., & Kaiser, F. G. (2018). Childhood origins of young adult environmental behavior. Psychological science, 29(5), 679-687.
  • Frumkin, H., Bratman, G. N., Breslow, S. J., Cochran, B., Kahn Jr, P. H., Lawler, J. J. & Wood, S. A. (2017). Nature contact and human health: A research agenda. Environmental health perspectives, 125(7), 1-18.
  • Gözen, E. (2020). Rekreasyon bilim dalının geçmişten günümüze bibliyometrik analizi. Gaziantep University Journal of Social Sciences, 19(2), 572-588.
  • Hartig, T., Mitchell, R., De Vries, S. & Frumkin, H. (2014). Nature and health. Annual review of public health, 35(5), 207-228.
  • Koçak, F. & Balcı, V. (2010). Doğada yapılan sportif etkinliklerde çevresel sürdürülebilirlik. Ankara Üniversitesi Çevrebilimleri Dergisi, 2(2), 213-222.
  • Mallen, C., Stevens, J. & Adams, L. J. (2011). A content analysis of environmental sustainability research in a sport-related journal sample. Journal of Sport Management, 25(3), 240-256.
  • Morelli, J. (2011). Environmental sustainability: A definition for environmental professionals. Journal of environmental sustainability, 1(1), 2.
  • Olive, R., & Wheaton, B. (2021). Understanding blue spaces: Sport, bodies, wellbeing, and the sea. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 45(1), 3-19.
  • Otto, S. & Pensini, P. (2017). Nature-based environmental education of children: Environmental knowledge and connectedness to nature, together, are related to ecological behaviour. Global Environmental Change, 47(6), 88-94.
  • Pickering, C., Rossi, S. D., Hernando, A. & Barros, A. (2018). Current knowledge and future research directions for the monitoring and management of visitors in recreational and protected areas. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 21(3), 10-18.
  • Pretty, J., Peacock, J., Sellens, M. & Griffin, M. (2005). The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise. International journal of environmental health research, 15(5), 319-337.
  • Ramos-Rodríguez, A.& JoséRuíz-Navarro. (2004). Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research: A bibliometric study of the strategic management journal, 1980-2000. Strategic Management Journal, 25(10), 981.
  • Saadi, D., Schnell, I., Tirosh, E., Basagaña, X. & Agay-Shay, K. (2020). There's no place like home? The psychological, physiological, and cognitive effects of short visits to outdoor urban environments compared to staying in the indoor home environment, a field experiment on women from two ethnic groups. Environmental research, 187(20), 109.
  • Schnell, I., Harel, N. & Mishori, D. (2019). The Benefits of Discrete Visits in Urban parks. Urban forestry & urban greening,41(41), 179–184.
  • Shawahna, R. (2021). Scoping and bibliometric analysis of promoters of therapeutic inertia in hypertension. American Journal of Managed Care, 27(11), 386-394.
  • Smith, N., Georgiou, M., King, A. C., Tieges, Z., Webb, S. & Chastin, S. (2021). Urban Blue Spaces and Human Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Quantitative Studies. Cities 119(20), 1-12.
  • Steg, L. & Vlek, C. (2009). Encouraging pro-environmental behaviour: An integrative review and research agenda. Journal of environmental psychology, 29(3), 309-317.
  • The World Health Report (WHR), (2002). Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life, Geneva: World Health Organization, http://www.who. int/whr/2002/en/index.html, Erişim Tarihi: 22.04.2022.
  • Thomas, S. L. & Reed, S. E. (2019). Entrenched ties between outdoor recreation and conservation pose challenges for sustainable land management. Environmental Research Letters, 14(11), 2-8.
  • Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a methodology for developing evidence‐informed management knowledge by means of systematic review. British journal of management, 14(3), 207-222.
  • United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (UNFCCC), (1992). https://unfccc.int/files/essential_background/background_publications_htmlpdf/application /pdf/conveng.pdf, Erişim Tarihi: 13.05.2022.
  • United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), (2005). Making Tourism More Sustainable—A Guide for Policy Makers; United Nations Environment Programme and World Tourism Organization: Paris, France; Madrid, Spain, ss.11–12.
  • Van Eck, N. J., & Waltman, L. (2011). Text mining and visualization using VOSviewer. Newslett. 7(3), 50–54.
  • Van Raan, A. F. J. (2003). The use of bibliometric analysis in research performance assessment and monitoring of interdisciplinary scientific developments. TATuP-Zeitschrift Für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie Und Praxis, 12(1), 20–29.
  • Wolsko, C., Lindberg, K. & Reese, R. (2019). Nature-based physical recreation leads to psychological well-being: Evidence from five studies. Ecopsychology, 11(4), 222-235.
  • Wood E. (2019). Spending at least 120 minutes a week in nature is associated with good health and wellbeing. Scientific reports, 9(1), 1-11.
  • World Health Organization (WHO), (2011). Global health and aging, http://www.who. int/ageing/publications/global_health/en/, Erişim Tarihi: 10 Mayıs 2022.
  • Yaylı, A., Gül, T., Karaçar, E., Kement, Ü., Paslı, M., Yayla, M., Erol, E., & Göker, G. (2014). Rekreasyona Giriş. Yaylı, A., (Editör). Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.
  • Yersüren, S., & Özel, Ç. H. (2020). Boş zaman ve rekreasyon konulu tezler üzerine bibliyometrik bir çalışma. Türk Turizm Araştırmaları Dergisi, 4(2), 1139-1159.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Hospitality Leisure Sport and Tourism
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Neşe GENÇ> (Primary Author)
It is not affiliated with an institution
0000-0002-4824-4771
Türkiye


Zehra BULUT>
ARTVİN ÇORUH ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-8979-4390
Türkiye


Gülsüm YILMAZ>
İstanbul Topkapı Üniversitesi
0000-0003-1707-5204
Türkiye

Publication Date June 30, 2022
Application Date June 14, 2022
Acceptance Date June 26, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 4, Issue 1

Cite

APA Genç, N. , Bulut, Z. & Yılmaz, G. (2022). Açık alan rekreasyonu ve sürdürülebilirlik kavramlarını bir arada kullanan uluslararası çalışmaların bibliyometrik analizi . Tourism and Recreation , 4 (1) , 42-49 . DOI: 10.53601/tourismandrecreation.1130460