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Ebeveyn Davranışları ile Ergenlerin İyi Oluşu Arasındaki İlişkilerin İncelenmesi: Bir Kültürlerarası Karşılaştırma

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63, 487 - 504, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1051417

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Fransa ve Türkiye’deki ergenlerin iyi oluşları ile ebeveynlik davranışları (anne ve baba) arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Ortalama yaşları 20.85 ± 3,18 yıl olan 283 Fransız ve 324 Türk olmak üzere toplam 607 üniversite öğrencisi çalışmaya dahil edilmiştir. Araştırmada algılanan ebeveynlik davranışları (davranışsal kontrol, psikolojik kontrol, özerklik ve duyarlılık) ve iyilik halinin iki göstergesi, olumlu ve olumsuz duygulanım ile psikolojik iyi oluş değişkenlerinin ilişkisi incelenmiştir. Korelasyon ve regresyon analizleri ebeveynlik davranışları ile iyilik hali göstergeleri arasında önemli bir ilişkinin olduğunu ortaya çıkarmıştır. İlk olarak hem anne hem de babaya ait psikolojik kontrol tutumunun iki ülkede olumsuz duygulanımla ilişkisinin yüksek olduğu fakat bu ilişkinin Türk örnekleminde daha yüksek olduğu bulunmuştur. Ayrıca psikolojik kontrol, sadece Türk örnekleminde, ergenlerin psikolojik gelişmesi ile negatif bir ilişkisi olduğu ortaya konulmuştur. İkincisi, Türk grubunda Fransız grubuna göre, anne ve babanın davranışsal kontrolü ile olumsuz duygulanımla arasındaki ilişkinin derecesinin daha düşük; psikolojik iyi oluşla ilişkisinin ise daha yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Ek olarak, Türk anne/baba duyarlılığı ve özerklik desteğinin, düşük olumsuz duygulanımla ve baba özerklik desteğinin ise yüksek olumlu duygulanımla ilişkili olduğu bulunmuştur.

References

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  • Kins, E., Beyers, W., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2009). Patterns of home leaving and subjective well-being in emerging adulthood: The role of motivational processes and parental autonomy support. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1416-1429. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015580.
  • Kocayörük, E. (2007). Lise Öğrencilerinin Yabancılaşmaları ile Anne Baba İlişkileri Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. Eğitim Bilim Toplum, 5(17), 92-111.
  • Kocayörük, E. & Sümer, Z. (2009). Baba katılım eğitiminin aile işlevlerine ve ergenlerin akran ilişkilerine etkisi. Eğitimde Kuram ve Uygulama Dergisi, 5 (1), 3-17.
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An Examination of the Relationships Between Parenting Behaviors and Adolescents Well-being: A Cross-cultural Comparision

Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63, 487 - 504, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.17066/tpdrd.1051417

Abstract

The current study aimed to explore in the adolescent sample the associations between parenting behaviors (maternal and paternal) and well-being in two countries: France and Turkey. A total of 607 undergraduate university students were recruited with a mean age of 20.85 ± 3.18 years: 283 French and 324 Turkish. The data were administrated by the means of the self-report questionnaires for perceived parenting behaviors (Behavioral control, psychological control, autonomy, and responsiveness) and for well-being by using two indicators: positive and negative affect, and psychological flourishing. Correlation and regression analyses revealed significant associations between parenting behaviors and well-being indicators. First, maternal and paternal psychological control in the Turkish and French groups was associated with negative-affect and this association is higher in the Turkish group than the French group. Moreover, psychological control was associated with a decrease in psychological flourishing only in the Turkish group. Second, maternal and paternal behavioral control was associated with lower negative-affect and higher psychological flourishing in the Turkish group than the French group. In addition, Turkish maternal/paternal responsiveness, as well as autonomy-support, was associated with low negative-affect and paternal autonomy-support was associated with high positive-affect. The implications of the findings for future research are discussed.

References

  • Akın, A., & Fidan, M. (2012). The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Flourishing Scale. In 3rd International Conference on New Trends in Education and their Implications (ICONTE-2012), April (pp. 26-28).
  • Ayçiçegi-Dinn, A., & Caldwell-Harris, C.L. (2011). Individualism–collectivism among Americans, Turks, and facilitating Turkish immigrants to the US. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(1), 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2010.11.006
  • Barber, B.K. (1996). Parental psychological control: Revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67(6), 3296-3319. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131780
  • Bean, R.A., Bush, K.R., McKenry, P.C., & Wilson, S.M. (2003). The impact of parental support, behavioral control, and psychological control on the academic achievement and self-esteem of African American and European American adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 18(5), 523-541. https://doi.org/10.1177/0743558403255070
  • Bean, R.A., & Northrup, J.C. (2009). Parental psychological control, psychological autonomy, and acceptance as predictors of self-esteem in Latino adolescents. Journal of Family Issues, 30(11), 1486-1504. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X09339149
  • Beşpınar, F.U. & Aybars, A.İ. (2013). Erken yaşlarda çocuk refahı ve kadın istihdamı politika belgesi [Early childhood welfare and women employment policy document]. Unicef Publications Retrieved from: http://www.sck.gov.tr/oecd/Erken%20Yas%CC%A7larda%20C%CC%A7ocuk%20Refah%C4%B1%20ve%20Kad%C4%B1n%20%C4%B0stihdam%C4%B1%20Politika%20Belgesi.pdf.
  • Bouffard, L., & Lapierre, S. (1997). La mesure du bonheur [The Measurement of Happiness]. Revue Québécoise de Psychologie 18 (2), 271-310. https://doi.org/10.7202/1040067ar
  • Bush, K.R., Peterson, G.W., Cobas, J.A., & Supple, A.J. (2002). Adolescents’ perceptions of parental behaviors as predictors of adolescent self-esteem in Mainland China, Sociological Inquiry, 72(4), 503–526. https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-682X.00031
  • Chao, R.K. (1994). Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: Understanding Chinese parenting through the cultural notion of training. Child Development, 65(4), 1111-1119. https://doi.org/10.2307/1131308
  • Chao, R.K., & Aque, C. (2009). Interpretations of parental control by Asian immigrant and European American youth. Journal of Family Psychology, 23(3), 342-354. https://doi: 10.1037/a0015828.
  • Chen, Y., Kubzansky, L. D., & VanderWeele, T. J. (2019). Parental warmth and flourishing in mid-life. Social science & Medicine (1982), 220, 65–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.10.026
  • Chirkov, V., Ryan, R.M., Kim, Y., & Kaplan, U. (2003). Differentiating autonomy from individualism and independence: A Self-Determination Theory perspective on internalization of cultural orientations and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(1), 97-110. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.84.1.97
  • Delhaye, M., Beyers, W., Klimstra, T., Linkowski, P., & Goossens, L. (2012). The Leuven Adolescent Perceived Parenting Scale (LAPPS): Reliability and validity with French-speaking adolescents in Belgium. Psychologica Belgica, 52(4). 289-305. https://doi.org/10.5334/pb-52-4-289
  • Diener, E., Wirtz, D., Tov, W., Kim-Prieto, C., Choi, D.W., Oishi, S., & Biswas-Diener, R. (2010). New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research, 97(2), 143-156. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-009-9493-y
  • Downie, M., Chua, S.N., Koestner, R. Barrios, M.-F., Rip, B., & M’Birkou, S. (2007). The relations of parental autonomy support to cultural internalization and well-being of immigrants and sojourners. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology,13, 241–249. https://doi.org/10.1037/1099-9809.13.3.241
  • Fletcher, A.C., Walls, J.K., Cook, E.C., Madison, & K.J., Bridges, T.H. (2008). Parenting style as a moderator of associations between maternal disciplinary strategies and child well-being. Journal of Family Issues, 29, 1724-1744. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X08322933
  • Fung, J. & Lau, A.S. (2012). Tough love or hostile domination? Psychological control and relational induction in cultural context. Journal of Family Psychology, 26(6), 966-975. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030457
  • Gençöz, T. (2000). Positive and Negative Affect Schedule: A study of validity and reliability. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 15(46), 19-28.
  • Gök, E., & Kocayörük, E. (2019). Temel psikolojik ihtiyaçlar, aile aidiyeti ve ebeveyn algısı değişkenlerinin öznel iyi oluş üzerindeki etkisi. Aile Psikolojik Danışmanlığı Dergisi, 2(2), 21-51.
  • Grolnick, W. & Rfatery-Helmer, J. (2013). Facilitating autonomy in the family: Supporting intrinsic motivation and self-regulation. In B. Sokol, F. Grouzet, & U. Muller (Eds), Self-regulation and autonomy: Social and developmental dimensions of human conduct (pp. 141-164. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139152198.011
  • Güngör, D. (2008). The meaning of parental control in migrant, sending, and host communities: Adaptation or persistence? Applied Psychology: An International Review, 57, 397-416. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2007.00323.x
  • Helwig, C.C., To, S., Wang, Q., Liu, C., & Yang, S. (2014). Judgments and reasoning about parental discipline involving induction and psychological control in China and Canada. Child Development, 85(3), 1150-1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12183
  • Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations, (2nd Ed.) Sage. Doi: 10.1016/S0005-7967(02)00184-5
  • Kağıtçıbaşı, Ç. (1996). Family and human development across cultures: A view from the other side. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Kındap, Y., Sayıl, M., & Kumru, A. (2008). Anneden algılanan kontrolün niteliği ile ergenin psikososyal uyumu ve arkadaşlıkları Arasındaki İlişkiler: Benlik değerinin aracı rolü [The relationships among type of perceived maternal control, psychological adjustment, and friendship in adolescence: The moderating role of self-esteem]. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 23(61), 92-107.
  • Kins, E., Beyers, W., Soenens, B., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2009). Patterns of home leaving and subjective well-being in emerging adulthood: The role of motivational processes and parental autonomy support. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1416-1429. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015580.
  • Kocayörük, E. (2007). Lise Öğrencilerinin Yabancılaşmaları ile Anne Baba İlişkileri Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi. Eğitim Bilim Toplum, 5(17), 92-111.
  • Kocayörük, E. & Sümer, Z. (2009). Baba katılım eğitiminin aile işlevlerine ve ergenlerin akran ilişkilerine etkisi. Eğitimde Kuram ve Uygulama Dergisi, 5 (1), 3-17.
  • Laird, R.D., Marrero, M.D., & Sentse, M. (2010). Revisiting parental monitoring: Evidence that parental solicitation can be effective when needed most. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 39, 1431-1441. doi: 10.1007/s10964-009-9453-5.
  • Lan, X., Ma, C., & Radin, R. (2019). Parental autonomy support and psychological well-being in Tibetan and Han emerging adults: A serial multiple mediation model, Frontier Psychology, 10, 621. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00621
  • Lau, S., & Cheung, P.C. (1987). Relations between Chinese adolescents’ perception of parental control and organization and their perception of parental warmth. Developmental Psychology, 23(5), 726-729. https://doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.23.5.726
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Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Psychology
Journal Section Makaleler
Authors

Ercan KOCAYÖRÜK This is me
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Tugay TUTKUN This is me
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Hamide GÖZÜ This is me
ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Ömer Faruk ŞİMŞEK This is me
İSTANBUL RUMELİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye


Emin ALTINTAŞ This is me
France

Early Pub Date December 30, 2021
Publication Date December 31, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2021, Volume 11, Issue 63

Cite

APA Kocayörük, E. , Tutkun, T. , Gözü, H. , Şimşek, Ö. F. & Altıntaş, E. (2021). An Examination of the Relationships Between Parenting Behaviors and Adolescents Well-being: A Cross-cultural Comparision . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 11 (63) , 487-504 . DOI: 10.17066/tpdrd.1051417