Research Article
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The Effect of Industry 4.0 Applications on Supply Chain Performance

Year 2024, Volume: 38 Issue: 1, 12 - 23, 26.01.2024

Abstract

Recently, constantly changing and developing technology has brought many applications for individuals and businesses. However, integrating these applications into the supply chain and production process may create additional costs as well as create the need for additional labor. Such reasons may affect the decisions of companies in adopting technology. This study aims to test the effect of Industry 4.0 applications on supply chain performance. In accordance with this purpose, a questionnaire was applied to a total of 103 manufacturers. Data obtained from sur- veys collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Statistics 22.0 (IBM Corp.; Armonk, NY, USA) program. By using factor analysis, the dimensions were obtained. Obtained data was then subjected to tests for percent-frequency analysis and regression analysis and obtained findings. As a result of the regression analyses, it is found that there are positive and significant impacts of artificial intelligence and cloud computing dimensions on the consumer performance dimension and cloud computing dimension on the cost performance dimension.

References

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  • Agrawal, P., & Narain, R. (2021). Analysis of enablers for the digitalization of supply chain using an interpretive structural modelling approach. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 72(2), 410–439. [CrossRef]
  • Akben, İ., & Avşar, İ. (2017). Dijital tedarik zinciri ve Bulut bilişim digital sup- ply chain and cloud computing (pp. 104–113). El-Ruha.
  • Alaloul, W. S., Liew, M. S., Zawawi, N. A. W. A., & Kennedy, I. B. (2020). Indus- trial Revolution 4.0 in the construction industry: Challenges and opportunities for stakeholders. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 11(1), 225–230. [CrossRef]
  • Alicke, K., Rexhausen, D., & Seyfert, A. (2017). Supply Chain 4.0 in consumer goods (pp. 1–11). Mckinsey & Company. https://www.mckinsey.com/~/ media/McKinsey/Industries/Consumer%20Packaged%20Goods/ Our%20Insights/Supply%20Chain%204%200%20in%20consumer% 20goods/Supply-Chain-4-0-in-consumer-goods-vf.pdf
  • Al-Mudimigh, A. S., Zairi, M., & Ahmed, A. M. M. (2004). Extending the con- cept of supply chain: The. International Journal of Production Eco- nomics, 87(3), 309–320. [CrossRef]
  • As, B., & Ramanathan, U. (2021). Yükselen pazarların otomotiv sektörü için tedarik zinciri esnekliğinde dijital teknolojilerin rolü. Tedarik Zinciri Yönetimi. 26(6), 654–671. (doi:1[CrossRef])
  • Bag, S., Yadav, G., Wood, L. C., Dhamija, P., & Joshi, S. (2020a). Industry 4.0 and the circular economy: Resource melioration in logistics. Resources Policy, 68, 101776. [CrossRef]
  • Bag, S., Wood, L. C., Mangla, S. K., & Luthra, S. (2020b). Procurement 4.0 and its implications on business process performance in a circular econ- omy. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 152, 104502. [CrossRef]
  • Beamon, B. M. (1998). Supply chain design and analysis: Models. Interna- tional Journal of Production Economics, 55(3), 281–294. [CrossRef]
  • Bienhaus, F., & Haddud, A. (2018). Procurement 4.0: Factors influencing the digitisation of procurement and supply chains. Business Process Management Journal, 24(4), 965–984. [CrossRef]
  • Burmester, M., Magkos, E., & Chrissikopoulos, V. (2012). Modeling security in cyber–physical systems. International Journal of Critical Infra- structure Protection, 5(3–4), 118–126. [CrossRef]
  • Dengiz, O. (2017). Endüstri 4.0: Üretimde kavram ve algı devrimi. Makina Tasarım ve Imalat Dergisi, 15(1), 38–45.
  • Dilek, A. (2020). Nesnelerin İnterneti ve Akıllı Evler. https://www.elektrik port.com/teknik-kutuphane/nesnelerin-interneti-ve-akilli-evler/22 554#ad-image-0 adresinden erişildi
  • Drath, R., & Horch, A. (2014). Industrie 4.0: Hit or hype? [Industry Forum]. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, 8(2), 56–58. [CrossRef]
  • Duman, M. Ç. (2020). Endüstri 4.0 teknoloji bileşenlerinin örgütsel perfor mansa etkilerini belirlemeye yönelik bir araştırma (Doktora Tezi). İnönü Üniversitesi / Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü / İşletme Ana Bilim Dalı/ Yönetim ve Organizasyon Bilim Dalı
  • Eymen, U. E. (2007). Tedarik zinciri yönetimi (p. 15). Kalite Ofisi Yayınları.
  • Ferraguti, F., Pertosa, A., Secchi, C., Fantuzzi, C., & Bonfè, M. (2019). A methodology for comparative analysis of collaborative robots for Industry 4.0. 2019 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE), 1070–1075. [CrossRef]
  • Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed). Sage Publica- tions Ltd.
  • Fraga-Lamas, P., FernáNdez-CaraméS, T. M., Blanco-Novoa, O., & Vilar- Montesinos, M. A. (2018). A review on industrial augmented reality systems for the Industry 4.0 shipyard. IEEE Access, 6, 13358–13375. [CrossRef]
  • Frederico, G. F., Garza-Reyes, J. A., Anosike, A., & Kumar, V. (2020). Supply Chain 4.0: Concepts, maturity and research agenda. Supply Chain Management, 25(2), 262–282. [CrossRef]
  • Galin, R.,& Meshcheryakov, R. (2019). Automation and robotics in the context of Industry 4.0: The shift to collaborative robots. IOP Con- ference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 537(3), 1–6. [CrossRef]
  • Garay-Rondero, C. L., Martinez-Flores, J. L., Smith, N. R., Caballero Morales, S. O., & Aldrette-Malacara, A. (2019). Digital supply chain model in Industry 4.0. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 31(5), 887–933. [CrossRef]
  • Gaziantep Sanayi Odası (2021). https://gso.org.tr/tr/uye-firmalar.html Gedik, Y. (2021). Endüstri 4.0 Teknolojilerinin ve Endüstri 4.0'ın Üretim ve Tedarik Zinciri Kapsamındaki Etkileri: Teorik Bir Çerçeve. JOEEP: Gelişmekte Olan Ekonomiler ve Politikalar Dergisi, 6(1), 248–264. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/joeep/issue/60112/776278
  • Günel, A. (1970). Basit doğrusal regresyon. Journal of the Faculty of For- estry Istanbul University, Seri B, 20(2), 208–224.
  • Haddud, A., & Khare, A. (2020). Digitalizing supply chains potential ben- efits and impact on lean operations. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 11(4), 731–765. [CrossRef]
  • Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6. Baskı). Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • He, L., Xue, M., & Gu, B. (2020). Internet-of-things enabled supply chain planning and coordination with big data services: Certain theoretic implications. Journal of Management Science and Engineering, 5(1), 1–22. [CrossRef]
  • Hofmann, E., & Rüsch, M. (2017). Industry 4.0 and the current status as well as future prospects on logistics. Computers in Industry, 89, 23–34. [CrossRef]
  • İyigün, İ., & Görçün, Ö. (2019). Endüstri 4.0: Lojistik ve tedarik zinciri Yönetiminde teknoloji kullanımı Eğilimleri. Ekev Akademi Dergisi. ICOAEF özel sayısı, 119–134. http://academicrepository.khas.edu.tr/ handle/20.500.12469/3218
  • Jaskó, S., Skrop, A., Holczinger, T., Chován, T., & Abonyi, J. (2020). Develop- ment of manufacturing execution systems in accordance with Industry 4.0 requirements: A review of standard and ontology-based methodologies and tools, Computers in Industry. Computers in Industry, 123, 103300. [CrossRef]
  • Koşunalp, S., & Arucu, M. (2018). Nesnelerin İnterneti ve akıllı Ulaşım. Akıllı Ulaşım Sistemleri ve Uygulamaları Dergisi, 1(1), 1–7. https://dergipa rk.org.tr/en/pub/jitsa/issue/35759/393470
  • Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H. G., Feld, T.,. & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Endüstri 4.0, İşletme ve bilgi sistemleri mühendisliği. Business and Informa- tion Systems Engineering, 6(4), 239–242. [CrossRef]
  • Lee, J., Bagheri, B., & Kao, H. (2015). A Cyber-Physical Systems architec- ture for Industry 4.0-based manufacturing systems. Manufacturing Letters, 3, 18–23, ISSN 2213-8463. [CrossRef]
  • Malhotra, N. K. (2004). Marketing research an applied orientation, 4. Edi- tion. Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Manavalan, E., & Jayakrishna, K. (2019). A review of Internet of Things (IoT) embedded sustainable supply chain for industry 4.0 requirements. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 127, 925–953, ISSN 0360- 8352. [CrossRef]
  • Mell, P., & Grace, T. (2011). The NIST definition of cloud computing. National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://csrc.nist.gov/publicati ons/nistpubs/800-145/SP800-145.pdf
  • Mohajan, H. (2019). The first Industrial Revolution: Creation of a new global human era. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(4), 377–387. Özdemir, A. İ. (2004). Tedarik zinciri yönetiminin gelişimi, süreçleri ve yararları. Erciyes Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 23, 87–96.
  • Özsoylu, A. (2017). Endüstri 4.0. Çukurova Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bil- imler Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1), 41–64. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ cuiibfd/issue/34826/387693?publisher=cu;?publisher=cu;
  • Özüdoğru, A., Ergün, E., Ammari, D., & Görener, A. (2018). How Industry 4.0 changes Busıness: A Commercıal Perspectıve. International Journal of Commerce and Finance, 4(1), 84–95.
  • Paelke, V. (2014). Augmented reality in the smart factory: Supporting workers in an industry 4.0. environment. Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Emerging Technology and Factory Automation (ETFA), 1–4. [CrossRef]
  • Rota, K., Thierry, C., & Bel, G. (1998). Supply chain management: A supplier perspective. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 31(15), 475–480. [CrossRef]
  • Scott, C., & Westbrook, R. (1991). New strategic tools for supply chain management. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 21(1), 23–33. [CrossRef]
  • Shao, X. F., Liu, W., Li, Y., Chaudhry, H. R., & Yue, X. G. (2021). Multistage implementation framework for smart supply chain management under industry 4.0. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 162, 120354. [CrossRef]
  • Sipsas, K., Alexopoulos, K., Xanthakis, V., & Chryssolouris, G. (2016). Col- laborative Maintenance in flow-line Manufacturing Environments: An Industry 4.0 Approach. Procedia CIRP, 55, 236–241. [CrossRef]
  • Soylu, A. (2018). Endüstri 4.0 ve Girişimcilikte yeni Yaklaşımlar. Pamukkale University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 32, 43–57. [CrossRef] Stevens, G. (1989). Tedarik Zincirini entegre etmek. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Materials Management. 19(8), 3–8. [CrossRef]
  • Stevens, G. C. (1990). Successful supply‐chain management. Manage- ment Decision, 28(8). [CrossRef]
  • Taber, K. S. (2018). The use of Cronbach’s alpha when developing and reporting research instruments in science education. Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273–1296. [CrossRef]
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Endüstri 4.0 Uygulamalarının Tedarik Zinciri Performansına Etkisi

Year 2024, Volume: 38 Issue: 1, 12 - 23, 26.01.2024

Abstract

Günümüzde, sürekli değişen ve gelişen teknoloji, bireyler ve işletmeler için birçok uygulamayı beraberinde getirmektedir. Ancak bu uygulamaları tedarik zinciri ve üretim süreci içerisine entegre etmek, ek maliyet oluşturmanın yanı sıra ek işgücü ihtiyacı da oluşturabilmektedir. Bu gibi nedenler teknolojiyi benimseme konusunda firmaların kararlarını etkileyebilmektedir. Bu bilgilere dayalı olarak çalışmanın amacı, Endüstri 4.0 uygulamalarının tedarik zinciri performansına olan etkisini test etmektir. Bu doğrultuda toplam 103 üretici firmaya anket uygulaması yapılmıştır. Toplanan anketlerin sonuçları, SPSS İstatistik 22.0 (IBM Corp.; Armonk, NY, ABD) programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir. Firmalardan toplanan verilere, açımlayıcı faktör analizi uygulanarak boyutlar elde edilmiştir. Bu veriler daha sonra yüzde – frekans analizi ve regresyon analizi testlerine tabi tutularak bulgular elde edilmiştir. Yapılan Regresyon analizi sonuçlarına göre yapay zekâ ve bulut bilişim boyutlarının maliyet performansı boyutu üzerinde, bulut bilişim boyutunun müşteri performansı boyutu üzerinde anlamlı ve pozitif bir etkisi olduğu sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.

References

  • Abdel-Basset, M., Manogaran, G., & Mohamed, M. (2018). Internet of Things (IoT) and its impact on supply chain: A framework for building smart, secure and efficient systems. Future Generation Computer Systems, 86, 614–628. [CrossRef]
  • Agrawal, P., & Narain, R. (2021). Analysis of enablers for the digitalization of supply chain using an interpretive structural modelling approach. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 72(2), 410–439. [CrossRef]
  • Akben, İ., & Avşar, İ. (2017). Dijital tedarik zinciri ve Bulut bilişim digital sup- ply chain and cloud computing (pp. 104–113). El-Ruha.
  • Alaloul, W. S., Liew, M. S., Zawawi, N. A. W. A., & Kennedy, I. B. (2020). Indus- trial Revolution 4.0 in the construction industry: Challenges and opportunities for stakeholders. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 11(1), 225–230. [CrossRef]
  • Alicke, K., Rexhausen, D., & Seyfert, A. (2017). Supply Chain 4.0 in consumer goods (pp. 1–11). Mckinsey & Company. https://www.mckinsey.com/~/ media/McKinsey/Industries/Consumer%20Packaged%20Goods/ Our%20Insights/Supply%20Chain%204%200%20in%20consumer% 20goods/Supply-Chain-4-0-in-consumer-goods-vf.pdf
  • Al-Mudimigh, A. S., Zairi, M., & Ahmed, A. M. M. (2004). Extending the con- cept of supply chain: The. International Journal of Production Eco- nomics, 87(3), 309–320. [CrossRef]
  • As, B., & Ramanathan, U. (2021). Yükselen pazarların otomotiv sektörü için tedarik zinciri esnekliğinde dijital teknolojilerin rolü. Tedarik Zinciri Yönetimi. 26(6), 654–671. (doi:1[CrossRef])
  • Bag, S., Yadav, G., Wood, L. C., Dhamija, P., & Joshi, S. (2020a). Industry 4.0 and the circular economy: Resource melioration in logistics. Resources Policy, 68, 101776. [CrossRef]
  • Bag, S., Wood, L. C., Mangla, S. K., & Luthra, S. (2020b). Procurement 4.0 and its implications on business process performance in a circular econ- omy. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 152, 104502. [CrossRef]
  • Beamon, B. M. (1998). Supply chain design and analysis: Models. Interna- tional Journal of Production Economics, 55(3), 281–294. [CrossRef]
  • Bienhaus, F., & Haddud, A. (2018). Procurement 4.0: Factors influencing the digitisation of procurement and supply chains. Business Process Management Journal, 24(4), 965–984. [CrossRef]
  • Burmester, M., Magkos, E., & Chrissikopoulos, V. (2012). Modeling security in cyber–physical systems. International Journal of Critical Infra- structure Protection, 5(3–4), 118–126. [CrossRef]
  • Dengiz, O. (2017). Endüstri 4.0: Üretimde kavram ve algı devrimi. Makina Tasarım ve Imalat Dergisi, 15(1), 38–45.
  • Dilek, A. (2020). Nesnelerin İnterneti ve Akıllı Evler. https://www.elektrik port.com/teknik-kutuphane/nesnelerin-interneti-ve-akilli-evler/22 554#ad-image-0 adresinden erişildi
  • Drath, R., & Horch, A. (2014). Industrie 4.0: Hit or hype? [Industry Forum]. IEEE Industrial Electronics Magazine, 8(2), 56–58. [CrossRef]
  • Duman, M. Ç. (2020). Endüstri 4.0 teknoloji bileşenlerinin örgütsel perfor mansa etkilerini belirlemeye yönelik bir araştırma (Doktora Tezi). İnönü Üniversitesi / Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü / İşletme Ana Bilim Dalı/ Yönetim ve Organizasyon Bilim Dalı
  • Eymen, U. E. (2007). Tedarik zinciri yönetimi (p. 15). Kalite Ofisi Yayınları.
  • Ferraguti, F., Pertosa, A., Secchi, C., Fantuzzi, C., & Bonfè, M. (2019). A methodology for comparative analysis of collaborative robots for Industry 4.0. 2019 Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition (DATE), 1070–1075. [CrossRef]
  • Field, A. (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS (3rd ed). Sage Publica- tions Ltd.
  • Fraga-Lamas, P., FernáNdez-CaraméS, T. M., Blanco-Novoa, O., & Vilar- Montesinos, M. A. (2018). A review on industrial augmented reality systems for the Industry 4.0 shipyard. IEEE Access, 6, 13358–13375. [CrossRef]
  • Frederico, G. F., Garza-Reyes, J. A., Anosike, A., & Kumar, V. (2020). Supply Chain 4.0: Concepts, maturity and research agenda. Supply Chain Management, 25(2), 262–282. [CrossRef]
  • Galin, R.,& Meshcheryakov, R. (2019). Automation and robotics in the context of Industry 4.0: The shift to collaborative robots. IOP Con- ference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 537(3), 1–6. [CrossRef]
  • Garay-Rondero, C. L., Martinez-Flores, J. L., Smith, N. R., Caballero Morales, S. O., & Aldrette-Malacara, A. (2019). Digital supply chain model in Industry 4.0. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 31(5), 887–933. [CrossRef]
  • Gaziantep Sanayi Odası (2021). https://gso.org.tr/tr/uye-firmalar.html Gedik, Y. (2021). Endüstri 4.0 Teknolojilerinin ve Endüstri 4.0'ın Üretim ve Tedarik Zinciri Kapsamındaki Etkileri: Teorik Bir Çerçeve. JOEEP: Gelişmekte Olan Ekonomiler ve Politikalar Dergisi, 6(1), 248–264. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/joeep/issue/60112/776278
  • Günel, A. (1970). Basit doğrusal regresyon. Journal of the Faculty of For- estry Istanbul University, Seri B, 20(2), 208–224.
  • Haddud, A., & Khare, A. (2020). Digitalizing supply chains potential ben- efits and impact on lean operations. International Journal of Lean Six Sigma, 11(4), 731–765. [CrossRef]
  • Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6. Baskı). Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • He, L., Xue, M., & Gu, B. (2020). Internet-of-things enabled supply chain planning and coordination with big data services: Certain theoretic implications. Journal of Management Science and Engineering, 5(1), 1–22. [CrossRef]
  • Hofmann, E., & Rüsch, M. (2017). Industry 4.0 and the current status as well as future prospects on logistics. Computers in Industry, 89, 23–34. [CrossRef]
  • İyigün, İ., & Görçün, Ö. (2019). Endüstri 4.0: Lojistik ve tedarik zinciri Yönetiminde teknoloji kullanımı Eğilimleri. Ekev Akademi Dergisi. ICOAEF özel sayısı, 119–134. http://academicrepository.khas.edu.tr/ handle/20.500.12469/3218
  • Jaskó, S., Skrop, A., Holczinger, T., Chován, T., & Abonyi, J. (2020). Develop- ment of manufacturing execution systems in accordance with Industry 4.0 requirements: A review of standard and ontology-based methodologies and tools, Computers in Industry. Computers in Industry, 123, 103300. [CrossRef]
  • Koşunalp, S., & Arucu, M. (2018). Nesnelerin İnterneti ve akıllı Ulaşım. Akıllı Ulaşım Sistemleri ve Uygulamaları Dergisi, 1(1), 1–7. https://dergipa rk.org.tr/en/pub/jitsa/issue/35759/393470
  • Lasi, H., Fettke, P., Kemper, H. G., Feld, T.,. & Hoffmann, M. (2014). Endüstri 4.0, İşletme ve bilgi sistemleri mühendisliği. Business and Informa- tion Systems Engineering, 6(4), 239–242. [CrossRef]
  • Lee, J., Bagheri, B., & Kao, H. (2015). A Cyber-Physical Systems architec- ture for Industry 4.0-based manufacturing systems. Manufacturing Letters, 3, 18–23, ISSN 2213-8463. [CrossRef]
  • Malhotra, N. K. (2004). Marketing research an applied orientation, 4. Edi- tion. Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Manavalan, E., & Jayakrishna, K. (2019). A review of Internet of Things (IoT) embedded sustainable supply chain for industry 4.0 requirements. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 127, 925–953, ISSN 0360- 8352. [CrossRef]
  • Mell, P., & Grace, T. (2011). The NIST definition of cloud computing. National Institute of Standards and Technology. http://csrc.nist.gov/publicati ons/nistpubs/800-145/SP800-145.pdf
  • Mohajan, H. (2019). The first Industrial Revolution: Creation of a new global human era. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(4), 377–387. Özdemir, A. İ. (2004). Tedarik zinciri yönetiminin gelişimi, süreçleri ve yararları. Erciyes Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, 23, 87–96.
  • Özsoylu, A. (2017). Endüstri 4.0. Çukurova Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bil- imler Fakültesi Dergisi, 21(1), 41–64. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ cuiibfd/issue/34826/387693?publisher=cu;?publisher=cu;
  • Özüdoğru, A., Ergün, E., Ammari, D., & Görener, A. (2018). How Industry 4.0 changes Busıness: A Commercıal Perspectıve. International Journal of Commerce and Finance, 4(1), 84–95.
  • Paelke, V. (2014). Augmented reality in the smart factory: Supporting workers in an industry 4.0. environment. Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE Emerging Technology and Factory Automation (ETFA), 1–4. [CrossRef]
  • Rota, K., Thierry, C., & Bel, G. (1998). Supply chain management: A supplier perspective. IFAC Proceedings Volumes, 31(15), 475–480. [CrossRef]
  • Scott, C., & Westbrook, R. (1991). New strategic tools for supply chain management. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 21(1), 23–33. [CrossRef]
  • Shao, X. F., Liu, W., Li, Y., Chaudhry, H. R., & Yue, X. G. (2021). Multistage implementation framework for smart supply chain management under industry 4.0. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 162, 120354. [CrossRef]
  • Sipsas, K., Alexopoulos, K., Xanthakis, V., & Chryssolouris, G. (2016). Col- laborative Maintenance in flow-line Manufacturing Environments: An Industry 4.0 Approach. Procedia CIRP, 55, 236–241. [CrossRef]
  • Soylu, A. (2018). Endüstri 4.0 ve Girişimcilikte yeni Yaklaşımlar. Pamukkale University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 32, 43–57. [CrossRef] Stevens, G. (1989). Tedarik Zincirini entegre etmek. International Journal of Physical Distribution and Materials Management. 19(8), 3–8. [CrossRef]
  • Stevens, G. C. (1990). Successful supply‐chain management. Manage- ment Decision, 28(8). [CrossRef]
  • Taber, K. S. (2018). The use of Cronbach’s alpha when developing and reporting research instruments in science education. Research in Science Education, 48(6), 1273–1296. [CrossRef]
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Business Administration
Journal Section Research Articles
Authors

Fatma Büşra KURT 0000-0003-4528-9381

Taner AKÇACI 0000-0002-5343-0894

Publication Date January 26, 2024
Published in Issue Year 2024 Volume: 38 Issue: 1

Cite

APA KURT, F. B., & AKÇACI, T. (2024). Endüstri 4.0 Uygulamalarının Tedarik Zinciri Performansına Etkisi. Trends in Business and Economics, 38(1), 12-23.

Content of this journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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