The inclusion of history subjects in life studies courses is important in the construction of historical awareness and historical learning at an early age. Teaching of history subjects in primary school is related to pedagogical approach. If the pedagogical approach close to Piaget’s cognitive development theory is effective in the historical learning of a country, like in our country, in this context, the child is in the concrete operational stage until the age of 12, which is a magical year for children’s developmental process. History courses with abstract content can only be learned from this age, that is, in the formal operational stage. If the pedagogical approach close to Egan’s historical thinking approach is effective in the historical learning of a country, it is argued that the child can learn history from the mythic stage (4-9 years). Thus, students encounter history subjects at an earlier age. Elementary school students meet with history subjects in life studies course (Sachunterricht) in Germany. The purpose of this study is to examine what are the topics of history and how history is used in the life studies course textbooks in Germany. A case study of qualitative research techniques was used in this study. The study data were obtained from relevant textbooks by document analysis and the study findings were obtained with descriptive analysis and content analysis. The sample of the study includes two 3rd grade and one 3rd/4th-grade life studies (Sachunterricht) textbooks in Germany. The study results have shown that these life studies textbooks which embrace the understanding of "looking at the past makes possible of learning for the present and the future", include the subjects ranging from the concept of time, the immediate surroundings of children based on change and continuity, to the historical background of the places where children live, as well as from the first people to the medieval life and the shaping of nature and natural elements. Also, it has been understood that the subjects of history are under the themes of ‘local history/ history of place’, ‘history of goods/ objects’, ‘social history/ history of everyday life’, ‘history of Middle Ages’ and history is used to provide awareness of change and continuity and cultural heritage.
|Journal Section||Research & Theoretical Articles|
: March 10, 2020
|APA||Pamuk, İ . (2020). Almanya’da Hayat Bilgisi Ders Kitaplarında Tarihin Kullanımı . Turkish History Education Journal , 9 (1) , 209-231 . DOI: 10.17497/tuhed.701790|