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KASTAMONU İLİ VAHŞİ DEPOLAMA ALANI TOPRAKLARINDA AĞIR METAL KONSANTRASYONLARININ İNCELENMESİ

Year 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1, 26 - 39, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.32328/turkjforsci.703836

Abstract

Bu çalışmanın amacı, Kastomonu ilinde yer alan evsel nitelikli çöp sahası topraklarının bazı kimyasal özellikleri üzerindeki etkileri ortaya konulmaya çalışılmıştır. Şehir çöplüğüne yakınlık-uzaklık mesafesine göre Çok yakın (ÇY), Yakın (Y), Orta (O) Uzak (U) ve Çok uzak (ÇU) şeklinde 5 farklı mesafeden toprak örnekleri toplanmıştır. Sonuçlar topraktaki ağır metal birikiminin mesafelere göre önemli ölçüde değiştiğini göstermiştir. Ağır metal konsantrasyonlarından Co, Cr, Cu (sadece Y ve ÇY), Zn (sadece Y ve ÇY) ile Ni (O hariç) konsantrasyonları, Türkiye değerleri için izin verilen maksimum sınırı (MAL) aşmıştır. Bununla birlikte, Mo, Pb ve Cd konsantrasyonları MAL sınır değerlerinin altındadır. Sonuçlar değerlendirildiğinde, şehir çöplüğü atıkların çevreyi olumsuz yönde etkilediği görülmektedir. Bu nedenle şehir çöplüğü topraklarında biriken ağır metallerin miktarını azaltmak için bu alana boşaltılan atıkların konsantre edilmesi veya geri dönüştürülmesi etkili olacaktır. Ayrıca metalle kirlenmiş topraklar için iyileştirme tekniğinden birisi olan fitoremediasyon en uygun maliyetli, çevre dostu ve kolay bir uygulamadır. Fitoremediasyon tekniği, bu kirletici maddeleri bünyesinde biriktiren bitkiler kullanılarak kirletici maddelerin topraktan uzaklaştırılması, yer değiştirmesi veya azaltılması sağlanabilir.

References

  • Adaikpoh, E. O. (2013), Distribution and enrichment of heavy metals in soils from waste dump sites within Imoru and environs, Southwest, Nigeria. J. Environ. Earth Sci, 3, 45-54.http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.920.2587&rep=rep1&type=pd
  • Adelekan, B. A., & Alawode, A. O. (2011), Contributions of municipal refuse dumps to heavy metals concentrations in soil profile and groundwater in Ibadan Nigeria. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 40, 2727-2737.
  • Adriano, D. C. (1986), Trace elements in the terrestrial environment.-Springer-Verlag. New York, 533. ISBN 978-1-4757-1907-9 (eBook)
  • Akbaş, B., Akdeniz, N., Aksay, A., Altun, İ., Balcı, V., Bilginer, E., et al. (2015), Türkiye Jeoloji Haritası. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü Yayını. Ankara Türkiye. http://yerbilimleri.mta.gov.tr/anasayfa.aspx
  • Ali, N., Oniye, S. J., Balarabe, M. L., & Auta, J. (2005), Concentration of Fe, Cu, Cr, Zn, and Pb in Makera–Drain, Kaduna, Nigeria, ChemClass Journal, 2, 69-73.
  • Anonim (1990), Topraksu Genel Müdürlüğü, Türkiye Geliştirilmiş Toprak Haritası Sınıf ve Haritaları, Ankara. (in Turkish publication)
  • Anonim (2001), Toprak Kirliliğinin Kontrolü Yönetmeligi, 25831 Sayili Resmi Gazetede, Ankara . https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2001/12/20011210.htm#3
  • Anonim (2014), Kastamonu ili 2014 yılı çevre durum raporu. Kastamonu Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü. Kastamonu (in Turkish publication).
  • Artiningsih, A., Zubair, H., Imran, A. M., & Widodo, S. (2018), Distribution of Cu metal on the soil around the landfills of Antang, Makassar City. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 175, No. 1, p. 012021). IOP Publishing. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/175/1/012021
  • Asemave, K., & Anhwange, B. A. (2012), Evaluation of heavy metals in waste dumpsites. Germany, Lambert Academic Publishing; ISBN: 978-3-659-37380-0 Costa, R. D. S., Neto, P. P., Campos, M. C. C., do Nascimento, W. B., Do Nascimento, C.W.A., Silva L. S., Cunha, J. M. (2017), Natural contents of heavy metals in soils of the southern Amazonas state, Brazil. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 38(6), 3499-3514. DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2017v38n6p3499
  • Dara, S.S. (1993), A textbook of environmental chemistry and pollution control. S. Chand &Company Ltd. Ram Nagar, New Delhi 110055. ISBN:8121908833, 9788121908832
  • DMİ (2019), Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Gn. Md., Kastamonu Meteoroloji İl Müdürlüğü, Kastamonu Meteoroloji İstasyonu Verileri, 20082018. Kastamonu.
  • Ebong, G. A., Akpan, M. M., & Mkpenie, V. N. (2008), Heavy metal contents of municipal and rural dumpsite soils and rate of accumulation by Carica papaya and Talinum triangulare in Uyo, Nigeria. Journal of Chemistry, 5(2), 281-290.
  • Jackson, M. L. (1962), Soil chemical analysis. (Constable and Company, Ltd: London).
  • Jafaru, H. M., Dowuona, G. N. N., Adjadeh, T. A., Nartey, E. K., Nude P. M., & Neina D. (2015), Geochemical assessment of heavy metal pollution as impacted by municipal solid waste at Abloradjei waste dump site, Accra-Ghana. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 7(3), 50-59.
  • Jaradat, Q. M., Masadeh, A., Zaitoun, M. A., & Maitah, B. M. (2005), Heavy metal contamination of soil, plant and air of scrapyard of discarded vehicles at Zarqa City, Jordan. Soil & Sediment Contamination, 14 (5), 449-462. DOI: 10.1080/15320380500180507
  • Jung, C. H., Matsuto, T., & Tanaka, N. (2006), Flow analysis of metals in a municipal solid waste management system. Waste Management, 26(12), 1337-1348.
  • Kanmani, S., & Gandhimathi, R. (2013), Assessment of heavy metal contamination in soil due to leachate migration from an open dumping site. Applied Water Science, 3(1), 193-205. DOI 10.1007/s13201-012-0072-z
  • KASMİB (2018), Kastamonu ili 2017 yili çevre durum raporu. Kastamonu Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü. s. 117.
  • Liu, C., Cui, J., Jiang, G., Chen, X., Wang, L., & Fang C. (2013), Soil heavy metal pollution assessment near the largest landfill of China. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal, 22(4), 390-403. DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2013.733447
  • Liu, Y. R., He, Z. Y., Yang, Z. M., Sun, G. X., & He, J. Z. (2016), Variability of heavy metal content in soils of typical Tibetan grasslands. Rsc Advances, 6(107), 105398-105405. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3732/be08dca20094f17bf8cf55835cedbe46e96a.pdf
  • Lu, X., Wang, L., Li, L. Y., Lei, K., Huang, L., & Kang, D. (2010). Multivariate statistical analysis of heavy metals in street dust of Baoji, NW China. Journal of hazardous materials, 173(1-3), 744-749.
  • Madhaven, S., Rosenman, K. D., & Shehata, T. (1989), Lead in soil: maximum permissible levels. Environ. Res. 49, 136-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80028-3
  • Najib, N. W., Mohammed, S. A., Ismail, S. H., & Ahmad, W. A. (2012), Assessment of heavy metal in soil due to human activities in Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia. Int J Civil Environ., 12(6), 28-33.
  • Nwachukwu, M. A., Feng, H., & Alinnor, J. (2011), Urban Environmental Pollution 2010: Trace Metal Dispersion in Soil from Auto-Mechanic Village to Urban Residential Areas in Owerri, Nigeria. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 4, 310-322.
  • Odukoya, O. O., Bamgbose, O., & Arowolo, T. A. (2000), Heavy metals in top soils of Abeokuta dump sites. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(4), 651-653. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjpas.v7i3.16273
  • Öksüz, Ç. (2019), Determination of heavy metal concentration of soil and vegetation the city waste of Kastamonu. MSc Thesis, Kastamonu University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Forest Engineering, s. 90, Turkey.
  • Olafisoye, O. B., Adefioye, T., & Osibote, O. A. (2013), Heavy Metals Contamination of Water, Soil, and Plants around an Electronic Waste Dumpsite. Polish journal of environmental studies, 22(5).
  • Peramaki, L. A., & Decker, J. F. (2000), Lead in soil and sediment in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada and links with human health. Environ. Monitor. and Assess. 63, 329-339.
  • Prechthai, T., Padmasri, M., & Visvanathan, C. (2008), Quality assessment of mined MSW from an open dumpsite for recycling potential. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53(1-2), 70-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.09.002
  • Sakawi, Z., SA, S. M., Jaafar, O., & Mahmud, M. (2017), Community perception of odour pollution from landfills. Geografia-Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 7(3): 18-23. http://ejournal.ukm.my/gmjss/article/view/19840/6283
  • Sulaiman, M. B., Santuraki, A. H., Isa, K. A., & Oluwasola, O. H. (2018), Geo-accumulation and Contamination Status of Heavy Metals in Selected MSW Dumpsites Soil in Gombe, Nigeria. Bima. J. Sci. Techno, 2(2), 31-40.
  • Tatsi, A. A., & Zouboulis, A. I. (2002), A field investigation of the quantity and quality of leachate from a municipal solid waste landfill in a Mediterranean climate (Thessaloniki, Greece). Advances in Environmental Research, 6(3), 207-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(01)00052-1
  • TÜİK (Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu Başkanlığı) (2017), Belediye Atık İstatistikleri, 2016. Haber Bülteni, 29/11/2017, Sayı: 24876 (in Turkish publication).
  • Tumuklu, A., Yalcin, M. G., & Sonmez, M. (2007), Detection of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Soil Caused by Nigde City Garbage Dump. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16(4): 651-658. http://www.pjoes.com/Detection-of-Heavy-Metal-Concentrations-in-Soil-r-nCaused-by-Nigde-City-Garbage-Dump,88034,0,2.html
  • Turekian, K. K., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1961), Distribution of the elements in some major units of the earth's crust. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 72(2): 175-192. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1961)72[175:DOTEIS]2.0.CO;2
  • Turhan, Ş., Garad, A. M. K., Hançerlioğulları, A., Kurnaz, A., Gören, E., Duran, C., Karataşlı, M., Altıkulaç, A., Savacı, G., & Aydın, A. (2020), Ecological assessment of heavy metals in soil around a coal-fired thermal power plant in Turkey. Environmental Earth Sciences, 79(6), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-020-8864-1
  • Uba, S., Uzairu, A., Harrison, G. F. S., Balarabe, M. L., & Okunola, O. J. (2008), Assessment of heavy metals bioavailability in dumpsites of Zaria Metropolis, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(2).
  • Xiao, Z., He, P., & Shao, L. (2005), Effect of the total amount and speciation of heavy metals on its mobility in municipal solid waste landfill. Environmental chemistry-beijing-, 24(3), 269.
  • Xiaoli, C., Shimaoka, T., Xianyan, C., Qiang, G., & Youcai, Z. (2007), Characteristics and mobility of heavy metals in an MSW landfill: Implications in risk assessment and reclamation. Journal of hazardous materials, 144(1-2), 485-491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.056
  • Yalcin, M. G., Battaloglu, R., Ilhan, S., Tümüklü, A., & Topuz, D. (2007), Heavy metal contamination along the Nigde-Adana highway, Turkey. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 19(2), 1506.
  • Yalçın, M., & Çimrin, K. M. (2019), Determination of Molybdenum Contents and Relation of Some Heavy Metals in the Soil of Meadow-Pasture Terraces Between Kırıkhan-Reyhanlı. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 7(1), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v7i1.13-21.1997

INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY

Year 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1, 26 - 39, 30.04.2020
https://doi.org/10.32328/turkjforsci.703836

Abstract

The aim of this study was to reveal the effects of domestic dumpsite on the some soil chemical properties in the surface soils in Kastamonu city. The soil samples were collected from the 5 different distances namely; Very adjacent (VA), Adjacent (A), Middle (M), Far (F) and Very far (VF). The results showed that the accumulation of heavy metal in the soil varied significantly with the distances. Among the heavy metals, the concentrations of Co, Cr, Cu (only A and VA), Zn (only A and VA), Ni (except for M) exceeded the Maximum Allowable Limit (MAL) for Turkey values. However, the concentrations of Mo, Pb and Cd were below the MAL limit values. When all results are considered, it can be stated that the waste dumpsites can negatively affect the environment. Therefore, we make sure that the dumped materials should be concentrated and recycled in order to decrease the amount of heavy metals in the dumpsites and in the soils around the dumpsites. In addition, phytoremediation, which is all the remediation technique available for metal contaminated soils, is the most costly, environmentally friendly and easy to apply. Phytoremediation can be used to remove, displace or reduce contaminants from soil by using plants that hyperaccumulate these contaminants.

References

  • Adaikpoh, E. O. (2013), Distribution and enrichment of heavy metals in soils from waste dump sites within Imoru and environs, Southwest, Nigeria. J. Environ. Earth Sci, 3, 45-54.http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.920.2587&rep=rep1&type=pd
  • Adelekan, B. A., & Alawode, A. O. (2011), Contributions of municipal refuse dumps to heavy metals concentrations in soil profile and groundwater in Ibadan Nigeria. Journal of Applied Biosciences, 40, 2727-2737.
  • Adriano, D. C. (1986), Trace elements in the terrestrial environment.-Springer-Verlag. New York, 533. ISBN 978-1-4757-1907-9 (eBook)
  • Akbaş, B., Akdeniz, N., Aksay, A., Altun, İ., Balcı, V., Bilginer, E., et al. (2015), Türkiye Jeoloji Haritası. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Genel Müdürlüğü Yayını. Ankara Türkiye. http://yerbilimleri.mta.gov.tr/anasayfa.aspx
  • Ali, N., Oniye, S. J., Balarabe, M. L., & Auta, J. (2005), Concentration of Fe, Cu, Cr, Zn, and Pb in Makera–Drain, Kaduna, Nigeria, ChemClass Journal, 2, 69-73.
  • Anonim (1990), Topraksu Genel Müdürlüğü, Türkiye Geliştirilmiş Toprak Haritası Sınıf ve Haritaları, Ankara. (in Turkish publication)
  • Anonim (2001), Toprak Kirliliğinin Kontrolü Yönetmeligi, 25831 Sayili Resmi Gazetede, Ankara . https://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2001/12/20011210.htm#3
  • Anonim (2014), Kastamonu ili 2014 yılı çevre durum raporu. Kastamonu Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü. Kastamonu (in Turkish publication).
  • Artiningsih, A., Zubair, H., Imran, A. M., & Widodo, S. (2018), Distribution of Cu metal on the soil around the landfills of Antang, Makassar City. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 175, No. 1, p. 012021). IOP Publishing. DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/175/1/012021
  • Asemave, K., & Anhwange, B. A. (2012), Evaluation of heavy metals in waste dumpsites. Germany, Lambert Academic Publishing; ISBN: 978-3-659-37380-0 Costa, R. D. S., Neto, P. P., Campos, M. C. C., do Nascimento, W. B., Do Nascimento, C.W.A., Silva L. S., Cunha, J. M. (2017), Natural contents of heavy metals in soils of the southern Amazonas state, Brazil. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, 38(6), 3499-3514. DOI: 10.5433/1679-0359.2017v38n6p3499
  • Dara, S.S. (1993), A textbook of environmental chemistry and pollution control. S. Chand &Company Ltd. Ram Nagar, New Delhi 110055. ISBN:8121908833, 9788121908832
  • DMİ (2019), Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Gn. Md., Kastamonu Meteoroloji İl Müdürlüğü, Kastamonu Meteoroloji İstasyonu Verileri, 20082018. Kastamonu.
  • Ebong, G. A., Akpan, M. M., & Mkpenie, V. N. (2008), Heavy metal contents of municipal and rural dumpsite soils and rate of accumulation by Carica papaya and Talinum triangulare in Uyo, Nigeria. Journal of Chemistry, 5(2), 281-290.
  • Jackson, M. L. (1962), Soil chemical analysis. (Constable and Company, Ltd: London).
  • Jafaru, H. M., Dowuona, G. N. N., Adjadeh, T. A., Nartey, E. K., Nude P. M., & Neina D. (2015), Geochemical assessment of heavy metal pollution as impacted by municipal solid waste at Abloradjei waste dump site, Accra-Ghana. Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences, 7(3), 50-59.
  • Jaradat, Q. M., Masadeh, A., Zaitoun, M. A., & Maitah, B. M. (2005), Heavy metal contamination of soil, plant and air of scrapyard of discarded vehicles at Zarqa City, Jordan. Soil & Sediment Contamination, 14 (5), 449-462. DOI: 10.1080/15320380500180507
  • Jung, C. H., Matsuto, T., & Tanaka, N. (2006), Flow analysis of metals in a municipal solid waste management system. Waste Management, 26(12), 1337-1348.
  • Kanmani, S., & Gandhimathi, R. (2013), Assessment of heavy metal contamination in soil due to leachate migration from an open dumping site. Applied Water Science, 3(1), 193-205. DOI 10.1007/s13201-012-0072-z
  • KASMİB (2018), Kastamonu ili 2017 yili çevre durum raporu. Kastamonu Çevre ve Şehircilik İl Müdürlüğü. s. 117.
  • Liu, C., Cui, J., Jiang, G., Chen, X., Wang, L., & Fang C. (2013), Soil heavy metal pollution assessment near the largest landfill of China. Soil and Sediment Contamination: An International Journal, 22(4), 390-403. DOI: 10.1080/15320383.2013.733447
  • Liu, Y. R., He, Z. Y., Yang, Z. M., Sun, G. X., & He, J. Z. (2016), Variability of heavy metal content in soils of typical Tibetan grasslands. Rsc Advances, 6(107), 105398-105405. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3732/be08dca20094f17bf8cf55835cedbe46e96a.pdf
  • Lu, X., Wang, L., Li, L. Y., Lei, K., Huang, L., & Kang, D. (2010). Multivariate statistical analysis of heavy metals in street dust of Baoji, NW China. Journal of hazardous materials, 173(1-3), 744-749.
  • Madhaven, S., Rosenman, K. D., & Shehata, T. (1989), Lead in soil: maximum permissible levels. Environ. Res. 49, 136-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-9351(89)80028-3
  • Najib, N. W., Mohammed, S. A., Ismail, S. H., & Ahmad, W. A. (2012), Assessment of heavy metal in soil due to human activities in Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia. Int J Civil Environ., 12(6), 28-33.
  • Nwachukwu, M. A., Feng, H., & Alinnor, J. (2011), Urban Environmental Pollution 2010: Trace Metal Dispersion in Soil from Auto-Mechanic Village to Urban Residential Areas in Owerri, Nigeria. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 4, 310-322.
  • Odukoya, O. O., Bamgbose, O., & Arowolo, T. A. (2000), Heavy metals in top soils of Abeokuta dump sites. Global Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(4), 651-653. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjpas.v7i3.16273
  • Öksüz, Ç. (2019), Determination of heavy metal concentration of soil and vegetation the city waste of Kastamonu. MSc Thesis, Kastamonu University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Forest Engineering, s. 90, Turkey.
  • Olafisoye, O. B., Adefioye, T., & Osibote, O. A. (2013), Heavy Metals Contamination of Water, Soil, and Plants around an Electronic Waste Dumpsite. Polish journal of environmental studies, 22(5).
  • Peramaki, L. A., & Decker, J. F. (2000), Lead in soil and sediment in Iqaluit, Nunavut, Canada and links with human health. Environ. Monitor. and Assess. 63, 329-339.
  • Prechthai, T., Padmasri, M., & Visvanathan, C. (2008), Quality assessment of mined MSW from an open dumpsite for recycling potential. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53(1-2), 70-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2008.09.002
  • Sakawi, Z., SA, S. M., Jaafar, O., & Mahmud, M. (2017), Community perception of odour pollution from landfills. Geografia-Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 7(3): 18-23. http://ejournal.ukm.my/gmjss/article/view/19840/6283
  • Sulaiman, M. B., Santuraki, A. H., Isa, K. A., & Oluwasola, O. H. (2018), Geo-accumulation and Contamination Status of Heavy Metals in Selected MSW Dumpsites Soil in Gombe, Nigeria. Bima. J. Sci. Techno, 2(2), 31-40.
  • Tatsi, A. A., & Zouboulis, A. I. (2002), A field investigation of the quantity and quality of leachate from a municipal solid waste landfill in a Mediterranean climate (Thessaloniki, Greece). Advances in Environmental Research, 6(3), 207-219. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1093-0191(01)00052-1
  • TÜİK (Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu Başkanlığı) (2017), Belediye Atık İstatistikleri, 2016. Haber Bülteni, 29/11/2017, Sayı: 24876 (in Turkish publication).
  • Tumuklu, A., Yalcin, M. G., & Sonmez, M. (2007), Detection of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Soil Caused by Nigde City Garbage Dump. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 16(4): 651-658. http://www.pjoes.com/Detection-of-Heavy-Metal-Concentrations-in-Soil-r-nCaused-by-Nigde-City-Garbage-Dump,88034,0,2.html
  • Turekian, K. K., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1961), Distribution of the elements in some major units of the earth's crust. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 72(2): 175-192. https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1961)72[175:DOTEIS]2.0.CO;2
  • Turhan, Ş., Garad, A. M. K., Hançerlioğulları, A., Kurnaz, A., Gören, E., Duran, C., Karataşlı, M., Altıkulaç, A., Savacı, G., & Aydın, A. (2020), Ecological assessment of heavy metals in soil around a coal-fired thermal power plant in Turkey. Environmental Earth Sciences, 79(6), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-020-8864-1
  • Uba, S., Uzairu, A., Harrison, G. F. S., Balarabe, M. L., & Okunola, O. J. (2008), Assessment of heavy metals bioavailability in dumpsites of Zaria Metropolis, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(2).
  • Xiao, Z., He, P., & Shao, L. (2005), Effect of the total amount and speciation of heavy metals on its mobility in municipal solid waste landfill. Environmental chemistry-beijing-, 24(3), 269.
  • Xiaoli, C., Shimaoka, T., Xianyan, C., Qiang, G., & Youcai, Z. (2007), Characteristics and mobility of heavy metals in an MSW landfill: Implications in risk assessment and reclamation. Journal of hazardous materials, 144(1-2), 485-491. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.10.056
  • Yalcin, M. G., Battaloglu, R., Ilhan, S., Tümüklü, A., & Topuz, D. (2007), Heavy metal contamination along the Nigde-Adana highway, Turkey. Asian Journal of Chemistry, 19(2), 1506.
  • Yalçın, M., & Çimrin, K. M. (2019), Determination of Molybdenum Contents and Relation of Some Heavy Metals in the Soil of Meadow-Pasture Terraces Between Kırıkhan-Reyhanlı. Turkish Journal of Agriculture-Food Science and Technology, 7(1), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.24925/turjaf.v7i1.13-21.1997

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Forestry
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Gamze SAVACI (Primary Author)
KASTAMONU ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ORMAN FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0003-4685-2797
Türkiye


Çağatay ÖKSÜZ This is me
KASTAMONU ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4900-8655
Türkiye

Publication Date April 30, 2020
Published in Issue Year 2020, Volume 4, Issue 1

Cite

Bibtex @research article { turkjforsci703836, journal = {Turkish Journal of Forest Science}, issn = {}, eissn = {2618-6616}, address = {KSÜ Orman Fakültesi Avşar Yerleşkesi 46100 Onikişubat/Kahramanmaraş}, publisher = {Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University}, year = {2020}, volume = {4}, pages = {26 - 39}, doi = {10.32328/turkjforsci.703836}, title = {INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY}, key = {cite}, author = {Savacı, Gamze and Öksüz, Çağatay} }
APA Savacı, G. & Öksüz, Ç. (2020). INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY . Turkish Journal of Forest Science , 4 (1) , 26-39 . DOI: 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836
MLA Savacı, G. , Öksüz, Ç. "INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY" . Turkish Journal of Forest Science 4 (2020 ): 26-39 <https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/turkjforsci/issue/54101/703836>
Chicago Savacı, G. , Öksüz, Ç. "INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY". Turkish Journal of Forest Science 4 (2020 ): 26-39
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY AU - Gamze Savacı , Çağatay Öksüz Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836 DO - 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836 T2 - Turkish Journal of Forest Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 26 EP - 39 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2618-6616 M3 - doi: 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836 UR - https://doi.org/10.32328/turkjforsci.703836 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Forest Science INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY %A Gamze Savacı , Çağatay Öksüz %T INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY %D 2020 %J Turkish Journal of Forest Science %P -2618-6616 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836 %U 10.32328/turkjforsci.703836
ISNAD Savacı, Gamze , Öksüz, Çağatay . "INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY". Turkish Journal of Forest Science 4 / 1 (April 2020): 26-39 . https://doi.org/10.32328/turkjforsci.703836
AMA Savacı G. , Öksüz Ç. INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY. Turk J For Sci. 2020; 4(1): 26-39.
Vancouver Savacı G. , Öksüz Ç. INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY. Turkish Journal of Forest Science. 2020; 4(1): 26-39.
IEEE G. Savacı and Ç. Öksüz , "INVESTIGATION OF HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN SOIL CAUSED BY WILD STORAGE DUMPSITE IN KASTAMONU CITY", Turkish Journal of Forest Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 26-39, Apr. 2020, doi:10.32328/turkjforsci.703836