Ethical Principles and Publication Policy

Evaluation Criteria

Preliminary Evaluation

Research articles, translations and book reviews can be sent to the Vakanüvis - International Journal of Historical Researches.

All the articles sent to the journal are subject to preliminary evaluation by the editors. Manuscripts that are not scope of the journal, do not comply with the academic writing format in terms of content and formal conditions are rejected before the refereeing process is started or some changes may be requested. The result of the editorial review is reported to the author. No article can be accepted for publication by editors without a positive referee report.

If the translations of articles published in peer-reviewed academic journals in different languages are considered to be within the scope of the journal, they are checked by the language editors of the journal and published if the translation is found appropriate.

Plagiarism Screening

Plagiarism is a publication ethics violation that has been encountered quite frequently in academic circles. All articles, book reviews and translations sent to Vakanüvis-International Journal of Historical Researches are subject to plagiarism screening through plagiarism detection software in order to combat plagiarism and act in accordance with publication ethics. The software used for this purpose is iThenticate Plagiarism Detection Software. In the screening to be made with the program, if the similarity ratio of the scanned article is over 15%, the article is rejected by the Editorial Board without being put into the referee process. The plagiarism report of the rejected article is also shared with the author. The rejected article is not re-evaluated in any way. Research articles from the articles that are clean as a result of plagiarism screening are accepted to the referee process; translations and book reviews are examined by the editorial board.

Review Policy (Double Blind Peer Review System)

Every article sent to Vakanüvis- International Journal of Historical Researches and passed the preliminary evaluation and plagiarism screening goes through the review process mentioned below.

The double blind peer review system is applied in every stage of the process, in which the names of the referees and authors are kept secret.

The articles that pass the preliminary evaluation stage are sent to the two referees determined by the Editor and / or Editorial Board from different institutions. Considering their areas of expertise, both the members of the journal's editorial and advisory boards and external academics can be designated as referees.

Referees evaluate the texts sent to them in terms of originality, methodology, contribution to the literature, presentation of the findings and supporting the results and benefiting from previous studies.

Referees can accept, reject the article, or ask the authors to make corrections to the format and / or content. In order for an article to be accepted for publication, at least two referees must provide a positive opinion. If one of the referee reports is positive and the other is negative, the article is sent to a third referee.

In case the referee or referees request correction, the author submits the requested corrections within 15 days at the latest considering the criticism and suggestions made by the referees. Referees may request corrections more than once for the same article.

The article, which is not approved for publication by two referees, is not accepted for publication and the articles that are not accepted for publication are returned to their authors.

Referee reports are kept for 5 years by the journal editor.

The authors may object to the negative opinions of the referees, provided that they show evidence against any changes and corrections they wish. This objection is examined by the Editorial Board and, if deemed necessary, a different referee opinion is sought.

In order for their work to be published, the authors must take into consideration the opinions and suggestions of the referees and Editorial Board.

The final evaluation is made by the Editorial Board for all articles that come to the stage of publication by giving a positive opinion by the referees. Articles that are decided to be “published” by the Editorial Board are placed in the publication order and will be published in the next issue.

The authors who submit articles to Vakanüvis- International Journal of Historical Researches, are deemed to have accepted the review conditions and process in question.

Journal Policies

Open Access Policy

Vakanüvis-International Journal of Historical Researches, follows an Open Access Policy relevant to the declaration of Budapest Open Access Initiative on February 14th, 2002 in Budapest, Hungary. In the declaration, open access was described as:

"By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself."

In the frame of the Budapest Open Access Initiative, Vakanüvis, agrees that the only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

For the fulltext of the Budapest Open Access Initiative please click

Copyright Policy

Authors who publish their works in the Vakanüvis-International Journal of Historical Researches have accepted the following conditions:
- All rights of the article belong to the author.
- The author obeyed the academic and ethical rules during the preparation of the article.
- No copyright of a third party is violated in the article submitted.
- In this frame, the author reserves the copyright of the work and leaves the first publication rights of the article to Vakanüvis.
- The work is licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.0, which allows to be shared by others provided its author to be specified and its first publication is published in this journal.
- The author may make separate contract arrangements for the distribution of the published version of the work without authorization (for example, to be sent to a corporate database or to be published in a book).
- Authors are encouraged to share their works on the internet (for example, in the corporate database or on their own websites) before submitting them to the journal or while the submission process is in progress; this can lead to both efficient exchange of ideas and earlier and greater citation of the work (see the Impact of Open Access).
- In case of legal prosecution are initiated due to the information in the article, the responsibility belongs to the author of the article, not the journal staff. In this case, the financial loss, litigation and defense costs are the responsibility of the authors.

Privacy Declaration

Names and e-mail addresses in the website of this journal will be only used for the before determined purposed of the journal and will not be used for another purpose or shared with third parties.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Based on the Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors (Committee on Publication Ethics, 2011) Vakanüvis, defines the responsibilities of editors, reviewers and authors as below:


The editor is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal will be published. The editor will evaluate manuscripts without regard to the authors' race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. The decision will be based on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity, and the study’s validity and its relevance to the journal's scope. Current legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism should also be considered. The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted paper will not be used by the editor or the members of the editorial board for their own research purposes without the author's explicit written consent.


The peer-reviewing process assists the editor and the editorial board in making editorial decisions and may also serve the author in improving the paper. Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and withdraw from the review process. Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be disclosed to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments. Reviewers should identify cases in which relevant published work referred to in the paper has not been cited in the reference section. They should point out whether observations or arguments derived from other publications are accompanied by the respective source. Reviewers will notify the editor of any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions associated with the papers.


Authors of original research reports should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable. Authors will submit only entirely original works, and will appropriately cite or quote the work and/or words of others. Publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work should also be cited. In general, papers describing essentially the same research should not be published in more than one journal. Submitting the same paper to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Manuscripts that have been published as copyrighted material elsewhere cannot be submitted. In addition, manuscripts under review by the journal should not be resubmitted to copyrighted publications. However, by submitting a manuscript, the author(s) retain the rights to the published material. In case of publication, they permit the use of their work under a CC-BY-NC-SA 2.0 license (Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike), which allows others to copy, distribute and transmit the work as well as to adapt the work and to make non-commercial use of it. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author ensures that all contributing co-authors and no uninvolved persons are included in the author list. The corresponding author will also verify that all co-authors have approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. All authors should include a statement disclosing any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that may be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and to cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper in form of an erratum. 

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (2011, March 7). Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. could be accessed from

 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 2.0 (Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike)