Year 2018, Volume 2, Issue 2, Pages 105 - 121 2018-12-31

Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce
Düzce İli’nde Bütünleşik Ekolojik Risklere Karşı Katılımcı Planlama ile Dirençliliğin Sağlanması

Bilge Aydın [1] , Azime Tezer [2] , Zeynep Türkay [3] , Elif Kutay Karaçor [4] , İpek Güler [5] , Osman Uzun [6] , Nilgün Okay [7] , Fatih Terzi [8] , Pınar Köylü [9] , Ebru Satılmış [10] , Didem Kara [11]

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This study aims to develop an integrated spatial planning methodology with a participatory planning approach for building resilient settlements against complex ecological risk factors. Düzce Province is selected as a case study because of its complex ecological characteristics as witnessed many times in past. The methodology consists of four phases. (1) The first phase of the methodology joins the ecological planning aims. In the (2) second phase, ecosystem services (ES) integrated land suitability maps was produced by combining natural hazard risks and landscape vulnerabilities with the risk of degradation of valuable ES. The (3) third phase, is participatory risk governance approach, which consists of three components namely, (a) risk communication, (b) risk assessment, (c) risk management that conducted between the local and regional stakeholders within the multi-scale approach. In the (4) fourth phase, comprehensive outputs for spatial risk mitigation was provided by the integration of ecological risk synthesis and participatory planning findings. Results show that participants prioritized earthquake, landslide, and flood as the highest natural hazard risks and erosion, habitat vulnerability, and water infiltration as the highest ecological vulnerability risks respectively. Results of risk governance analysis show that, at macro-scale, central government institutions have the highest responsibility predominantly for proactive roles. At meso-scale local institutions of central governance have mainly reactive responsibilities. Thus, this integrated ecological risk assessment methodology can contribute to the decision-making process of ecological risk mitigation plans in a more comprehensive way through a multi-spatial and temporal scale approach. Moreover, this method can be applied in other provinces. However, in order to disseminate the results of participatory risk governance at provincial level, participation level and diversity should be increased in future studies.

Bu çalışmanın amacı, kompleks ekolojik risk faktörlerine karşı dayanıklı yerleşimler oluşturmak için, katılımcı bir planlama yaklaşımı ile bütünleşik ekolojik planlama metodolojisi geliştirmektir. Düzce ili, geçmişte birçok kez karşı karşıya kaldığı ekolojik risk özelliklerinden dolayı örnek çalışma alanı olarak seçilmiştir. Metodoloji dört aşamadan oluşmaktadır. Metodolojinin ilk aşamasında (1) kavramsal olarak ekolojik planlama amaçları birleştirilmiştir. İkinci aşamada (2) doğal tehlikeler ve peyzaj hassasiyetlerinden doğan riskler ile değerli ekosistem servislerinin (ES) bozulma riskleri birleştirerek, ES ile bütünleşik yerleşime uygunluk haritaları oluşturulmuştur. Üçüncü aşama (3) olan katılımcı risk yönetişimi yaklaşımı ise; (a) risk iletişimi, (b) risk değerlendirmesi ve (c) risk yönetimi olmak üzere üç bileşenden oluşmaktadır. Dördüncü aşamada ise (4), ekolojik risk analizi ve katılımcı planlama bulgularının çoklu mekânsal ve zamansal ölçek yaklaşımına göre bütünleştirilerek, dayanıklılığın sağlanması için kapsamlı çıktılar elde edilmiştir. Risk değerlendirme sonuçlarına göre, katılımcılar doğal tehlikeler arasından sırasıyla deprem, heyelan ve sel riskini ilk üç sırada değerlendirirken, peyzaj hassasiyetleri arasında erozyon, habitat kırılganlığı ve su geçirgenliği risklerini önceliklendirmiştir. Risk yönetimi analiz sonuçları ise, makro-ölçekte, merkezi yönetim kurumlarının ağırlıklı olarak proaktif rollerde en yüksek sorumluluğa sahip olduğunu göstermektedir. Orta-ölçekte ise merkezi yönetim taşra teşkilatları temel olarak reaktif sorumluluklara sahiptir. Sonuç olarak, geliştirilen bu bütünleşik ekolojik risk azaltma metodolojisi çoklu mekansal ve zamansal ölçek yaklaşımı ile ekolojik risk azaltma planlarının karar verme sürecine daha kapsamlı bir şekilde katkıda bulunabilecektir. Ayrıca bu metot, başka illerde uygulanabilir ve yaygınlaştırılabilir. Ancak, katılımcı risk yönetişimi sonuçlarının il düzeyinde yaygınlaştırılabilmesi için gelecek çalışmalarda katılım düzeyi ve çeşitliliği artırılmalıdır.


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Primary Language en
Subjects Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Published Date 2018-2
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0887-1014
Author: Bilge Aydın (Primary Author)
Institution: İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MİMARLIK FAKÜLTESİ, ŞEHİR VE BÖLGE PLANLAMA BÖLÜMÜ, ŞEHİR VE BÖLGE PLANLAMA PR.

Author: Azime Tezer

Author: Zeynep Türkay
Institution: İSTANBUL TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MİMARLIK FAKÜLTESİ, ŞEHİR VE BÖLGE PLANLAMA BÖLÜMÜ, ŞEHİR VE BÖLGE PLANLAMA PR.

Author: Elif Kutay Karaçor
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF FOREST, DEPARTMENT OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Author: İpek Güler
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF FOREST, DEPARTMENT OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Author: Osman Uzun
Institution: DUZCE UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF FOREST, DEPARTMENT OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE

Author: Nilgün Okay
Country: Turkey


Author: Fatih Terzi

Author: Pınar Köylü

Author: Ebru Satılmış

Author: Didem Kara

Bibtex @research article { resilience484946, journal = {Resilience}, issn = {2602-4667}, address = {İsmail Talih GÜVEN}, year = {2018}, volume = {2}, pages = {105 - 121}, doi = {10.32569/resilience.484946}, title = {Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce}, key = {cite}, author = {Aydın, Bilge and Tezer, Azime and Türkay, Zeynep and Kutay Karaçor, Elif and Güler, İpek and Uzun, Osman and Okay, Nilgün and Terzi, Fatih and Köylü, Pınar and Satılmış, Ebru and Kara, Didem} }
APA Aydın, B , Tezer, A , Türkay, Z , Kutay Karaçor, E , Güler, İ , Uzun, O , Okay, N , Terzi, F , Köylü, P , Satılmış, E , Kara, D . (2018). Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce. Resilience, 2 (2), 105-121. DOI: 10.32569/resilience.484946
MLA Aydın, B , Tezer, A , Türkay, Z , Kutay Karaçor, E , Güler, İ , Uzun, O , Okay, N , Terzi, F , Köylü, P , Satılmış, E , Kara, D . "Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce". Resilience 2 (2018): 105-121 <http://dergipark.org.tr/resilience/issue/41607/484946>
Chicago Aydın, B , Tezer, A , Türkay, Z , Kutay Karaçor, E , Güler, İ , Uzun, O , Okay, N , Terzi, F , Köylü, P , Satılmış, E , Kara, D . "Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce". Resilience 2 (2018): 105-121
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce AU - Bilge Aydın , Azime Tezer , Zeynep Türkay , Elif Kutay Karaçor , İpek Güler , Osman Uzun , Nilgün Okay , Fatih Terzi , Pınar Köylü , Ebru Satılmış , Didem Kara Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.32569/resilience.484946 DO - 10.32569/resilience.484946 T2 - Resilience JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 105 EP - 121 VL - 2 IS - 2 SN - 2602-4667- M3 - doi: 10.32569/resilience.484946 UR - https://doi.org/10.32569/resilience.484946 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Resilience Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce %A Bilge Aydın , Azime Tezer , Zeynep Türkay , Elif Kutay Karaçor , İpek Güler , Osman Uzun , Nilgün Okay , Fatih Terzi , Pınar Köylü , Ebru Satılmış , Didem Kara %T Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce %D 2018 %J Resilience %P 2602-4667- %V 2 %N 2 %R doi: 10.32569/resilience.484946 %U 10.32569/resilience.484946
ISNAD Aydın, Bilge , Tezer, Azime , Türkay, Zeynep , Kutay Karaçor, Elif , Güler, İpek , Uzun, Osman , Okay, Nilgün , Terzi, Fatih , Köylü, Pınar , Satılmış, Ebru , Kara, Didem . "Resilience Through Participatory Planning for the Integrated Ecological Risks in Düzce". Resilience 2 / 2 (December 2019): 105-121. https://doi.org/10.32569/resilience.484946