Year 2014, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 120 - 137 2014-08-31

Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale

Hakan Koç [1] , Selçuk Beşir Demir [2]

29 76

The purpose of the present study is to develop a valid and reliable map literacy scale that is able to determine map literacy of individuals, especially that of high school and university students. The study sample was composed of 518 students studying at various faculties at Cumhuriyet University and high schools in Sivas and its counties. With this aim in mind, an initial item pool for piloting was prepared in line with the literature, and expert opinion was sought on the item pool. After the piloting exercise, the draft scale was administered to the study sample. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was carried out to investigate the factor structure of the scale; confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was carried out to test construct validity of the scale along with other validity analyses. As a result of the exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that the scale was composed of 4 factors. These factors are as follows: reading and interpreting maps, using maps, carrying out procedures in maps, and sketching maps. 

Maps, map skills, map reading and interpretation, map use, sketching maps
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Primary Language en
Journal Section Articles

Author: Hakan Koç (Primary Author)
Country: Turkey

Author: Selçuk Beşir Demir
Country: Turkey


Publication Date: August 31, 2014

Bibtex @research article { rigeo493735, journal = {Review of International Geographical Education Online}, issn = {2146-0353}, eissn = {2146-0353}, address = {Eyüp ARTVİNLİ}, year = {2014}, volume = {4}, pages = {120 - 137}, doi = {}, title = {Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale}, key = {cite}, author = {Koç, Hakan and Demir, Selçuk Beşir} }
APA Koç, H , Demir, S . (2014). Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale. Review of International Geographical Education Online, 4 (2), 120-137. Retrieved from
MLA Koç, H , Demir, S . "Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale". Review of International Geographical Education Online 4 (2014): 120-137 <>
Chicago Koç, H , Demir, S . "Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale". Review of International Geographical Education Online 4 (2014): 120-137
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale AU - Hakan Koç , Selçuk Beşir Demir Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - DO - T2 - Review of International Geographical Education Online JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 120 EP - 137 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0353-2146-0353 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2014 ER -
EndNote %0 Review of International Geographical Education Online Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale %A Hakan Koç , Selçuk Beşir Demir %T Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale %D 2014 %J Review of International Geographical Education Online %P 2146-0353-2146-0353 %V 4 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Koç, Hakan , Demir, Selçuk Beşir . "Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale". Review of International Geographical Education Online 4 / 2 (August 2014): 120-137.
AMA Koç H , Demir S . Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale. Review of International Geographical Education Online. 2014; 4(2): 120-137.
Vancouver Koç H , Demir S . Developing Valid and Reliable Map Literacy Scale. Review of International Geographical Education Online. 2014; 4(2): 137-120.