Year 2018, Volume , Issue , Pages 140 - 150 2018-12-31

Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions
Akdeniz Koşullarında Yetiştirilen Nar’da (Punica granatum) Ölçülen ve Tahmin edilen Evapotranspirasyon Değerlerinin Karşılaştırılması

Cİhan KARACA [1] , Köksal AYDINŞAKİR [2] , Nazmi DİNÇ [3] , Dursun BÜYÜKTAŞ [4] , Ruhi BAŞTUĞ [5] , Begüm POLAT [6]

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Due to the climatic changes and the decreasing water resources, it is very important to determine the correct crop water requirement and schedule an appropriate irrigation. FAO methodology based on reference evapotranspiration (ETo) and crop coefficients (kc) is widely used all over the world to determine crop water requirement. For many of the economically important plants, the kc coefficients have been determined. In contrast, many equations have been developed at different levels of detail to determine ETo. For this reason, it is essential to choose the most suitable ETo equation for a region and a plant. The aim of this study is to determine the crop water requirement (ETc) of the pomegranate using eleven different ETo equations (ASCE-StPM, FAO-56PM, 1972-KPen, 1948-Pen, FAO-24Pn, Prs-Tylr, 1957-Makk, 1961-Turc, FAO-24Rd, FAO-24BC and 1985-Harg) based on climatic data and to compare them with the measured crop evapotranspiration (ETc) value. To determine the best estimation equation of ETo, some performance criteria were used including coefficient of determination (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), relative error (RE), mean bias error (MBE), the Willmott index of agreement (d). According to the obtained results of the study, it was determined that the combination based and temperature based methods overestimated the crop water use. The best results were obtained using radiation-based equations. Makkink model (1957-Makk) was the best ETo equation for pomegranate grown in the Antalya region.

Değişen iklim ve azalan su kaynakları nedeniyle, bitkinin gereksinim duyduğu su miktarını doğru belirleyerek uygun bir sulama programı hazırlamak çok önem arz etmektedir. Bitki su ihtiyacını belirlemek için referans evapotranspirasyon (ETo) ve ürün katsayılarına (kc) dayalı FAO metodolojisi tüm dünyada yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır. Ekonomik açıdan önemli bitkilerin çoğunda, kc katsayıları belirlenmiştir. Buna karşı ETo'yu belirlemek için farklı seviye ve düzeylerde çok sayıda eşitlik bulunmaktadır. Belirli bir bölgede yetişen bir bitki için bu eşitlikler arasından en uygun eşitliği seçmek çok önemlidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, iklimsel verilere dayanan on bir farklı ETo denklemi (ASCE-StPM, FAO-56PM, 1972-KPen, 1948-Pen, FAO-24Pn, Prs-Tylr, 1957, Makk, 1961-Turc, FAO-24Rd, FAO-24BC ve 1985-Harg) kullanarak narın su ihtiyacının (ETc) belirlemek ve bunları ölçülen değerle karşılaştırmaktır. En iyi ETo tahmin eşitliğini belirlemek için, determinasyon katsayısı (R2), tahminin standart hataları (RMSE), göreli hata (RE), ortalama taraflı hata (MBE) ve Willmott indeksini (d) içeren performans kriterleri kullanılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen sonuçlara göre, kombinasyona dayalı ve sıcaklığa dayalı eşitliklerin, bitki su tüketimi değerlerini gereğinden fazla tahmin ettiği belirlenmiştir. En iyi sonuçlar radyasyona dayalı eşitlikler kullanılarak elde edilmiştir Antalya bölgesinde yetişen nar için en iyi ETo denkleminin Makkink eşitliği (1957-Makk) olduğu belirlenmiştir.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Agricultural, Engineering
Journal Section Research
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-3010-9149
Author: Cİhan KARACA (Primary Author)
Institution: Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Ziraat Fakültesi
Country: Turkey


Author: Köksal AYDINŞAKİR

Author: Nazmi DİNÇ

Author: Dursun BÜYÜKTAŞ

Author: Ruhi BAŞTUĞ

Author: Begüm POLAT

Bibtex @conference paper { sduzfd449443, journal = {SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-9984}, address = {Süleyman Demirel University}, year = {2018}, volume = {}, pages = {140 - 150}, doi = {}, title = {Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions}, key = {cite}, author = {KARACA, Cİhan and AYDINŞAKİR, Köksal and DİNÇ, Nazmi and BÜYÜKTAŞ, Dursun and BAŞTUĞ, Ruhi and POLAT, Begüm} }
APA KARACA, C , AYDINŞAKİR, K , DİNÇ, N , BÜYÜKTAŞ, D , BAŞTUĞ, R , POLAT, B . (2018). Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions. SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, (), 140-150. Retrieved from http://dergipark.org.tr/sduzfd/issue/40528/449443
MLA KARACA, C , AYDINŞAKİR, K , DİNÇ, N , BÜYÜKTAŞ, D , BAŞTUĞ, R , POLAT, B . "Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018): 140-150 <http://dergipark.org.tr/sduzfd/issue/40528/449443>
Chicago KARACA, C , AYDINŞAKİR, K , DİNÇ, N , BÜYÜKTAŞ, D , BAŞTUĞ, R , POLAT, B . "Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi (2018): 140-150
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions AU - Cİhan KARACA , Köksal AYDINŞAKİR , Nazmi DİNÇ , Dursun BÜYÜKTAŞ , Ruhi BAŞTUĞ , Begüm POLAT Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 140 EP - 150 VL - IS - SN - 1304-9984- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions %A Cİhan KARACA , Köksal AYDINŞAKİR , Nazmi DİNÇ , Dursun BÜYÜKTAŞ , Ruhi BAŞTUĞ , Begüm POLAT %T Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions %D 2018 %J SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-9984- %V %N %R %U
ISNAD KARACA, Cİhan , AYDINŞAKİR, Köksal , DİNÇ, Nazmi , BÜYÜKTAŞ, Dursun , BAŞTUĞ, Ruhi , POLAT, Begüm . "Comparison of Measured and Estimated Evapotranspiration of Pomegranate Grown Under Mediterranean Conditions". SDÜ Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi / (December 2019): 140-150.