Year 2019, Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 134 - 146 2019-04-01

Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine

Kamal EL GUEMMAT [1] , Sara OUAHABI [2]

8 22

Exploratory learning depends on several e-learning technologies to enable students to direct their learning. However, the educational search engines of e-learning platforms are inspired by exploratory learning approach. Thus, their search is characterized by learning and investigation. The purpose of this paper is to explore what is considered to be deep connection between exploratory search and educational search engine since they are two complementary subjects. This relation remains at the heart of the development of exploratory learning and investigations. The paper concludes by highlighting the importance of the learning and investigation of knowledge in exploratory search for educational search engine and give other perspectives to improve this practice.

Exploratory learning, e-learning, educational search engines, exploratory search, investigation
  • Alhenshiri, A., Watters, C., Shepherd, M., & Duffy, J. (2012). Building support for Web information gathering tasks. Proceedings of the 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS), 1687-1696. Antoniou, G. van Harmelen. and F. (2004). A semantic web primer, The MIT Press chap. no. 1. Aula, A., & Russell, D.M. (2009). Complex and exploratory Web search. In Marchionini, G., et al. (organizers), Information Seeking Support Systems: An Invitational Workshop Sponsored by the National Science Foundation (June 26-27, 2008, Chapel Hill, NC), p23-24. Chapel Hill, NC: School of Information & Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Biletskiy, Y., Baghi, H., Steele, J., & Vovk, R. (2012). A rule-based system for hybrid search and delivery of learning objects to learners. Interactive Technology and Smart Education, 9(4), 263-279. Dabbagh, N. (2007). The online learner: Characteristics and pedagogical implications. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 7(3), 217-226. Dabbagh, N., & Bannan-Ritland, B. (2005). Online learning: Concepts, strategies, and application. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Department of Education, USA. (1993). Technologies for Exploratory Learning. [Online]. Available: [26th September 2001]. Diriye, A., Wilson, M.L., Blandford, A., & Tombros, A. (2010). Revisiting exploratory search from the HCI perspective. HCIR 2010: Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval. cir2010/presentations.html. Du, J.T., & Evans, N. (2011). Academic users' information searching on research topics: Characteristics of research tasks and search strategies. Journal of Academic Librarianship, 37(4), 299-306. El Guemmat, K., & Ouahabi, S. (2018). A Literature Review of Indexing and Searching Techniques Implementation in Educational Search Engines. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education (IJICTE), 14(2), 72-83. El Guemmat, K., Benlahmar, E. H. Talea, M., & Lamrani, E. K. (2015). Implementation and Evaluation of an Indexing Model of Teaching and Learning Resources. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 191, 1266-1274. Furini, M., Mirri, S., & Montangero, M. (2017, July). TagLecture: The gamification of video lecture indexing through quality-based tags. In Computers and Communications (ISCC), 2017 IEEE Symposium on (pp. 122-127). IEEE. Glowacka, D., Ruotsalo, T., Konuyshkova, K., Kaski, S., & Jacucci, G. (2013, March). Directing exploratory search: Reinforcement learning from user interactions with keywords. In Proceedings of the 2013 international conference on Intelligent user interfaces (pp. 117-128). ACM. Gluz, J. C., Silveira, E. L., da Silva, L. R. J., & Barbosa, J. L. V. (2016). Towards a Semantic Repository for Learning Objects: Design and Evaluation of Core Services. Journal of Universal Computer Science, 22(1), 16-36. Hassan, S. AND Mihalcea, R. (2009). Learning to identify educational materials. In Proceedings of the Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP). Ip, A., & Naidu, S. (2001). Reuse of Web-Based Resources in Technology-Enhanced StudentCentered Learning Environments. Campus Wide Information Systems. Ip, A., Morrison, I., Currie, M., & Mason, J. (2000). Managing Online Resources for Teaching and Learning. Paper presented at the AusWeb2K, the Six Australian World Wide Web Conference. Jansen, B.J., Booth, D., & Smith, B. (2009). Using the taxonomy of cognitive learning to model online searching. Information Processing & Management, 45(6), 643-663. Kammerer, Y., Nairn, R., Pirolli, P., & Chi, E. H. (2009, April). Signpost from the masses: learning effects in an exploratory social tag search browser. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on human factors in computing systems (pp. 625-634). ACM. Kim, J., 2009 Describing and predicting information-seeking behavior on the Web. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 60(4): 679-693. Kintsch, W. (1998) Comprehension: A Paradigm for Cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press. Klouche, K., Ruotsalo, T., Cabral, D., Andolina, S., Bellucci, A., & Jacucci, G. (2015, April). Designing for exploratory search on touch devices. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 4189-4198). ACM. Lee, M. C., Tsai, K. H., & Wang, T. I. (2008). A practical ontology query expansion algorithm for semantic-aware learning objects retrieval. Computers & Education, 50(4), 1240-1257. Li, Y. (2009). Exploring the relationships between work task and search task in information search. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 60(2), 275-291. Marchionini, G. 2006. Exploratory Search: From Finding to Understanding. CACM 49(4): 41-46. Marchionini, G., Dwiggins, S., Katz, A., & Lin, X. (1993) Information seeking in full-text end-user-oriented search systems: The roles of domain and search expertise. Library & Information Science Research, 15(1), 35-69. Miwa, M., & Kando, N. (2007). Methodology for capturing exploratory search processes. In Proceeding of the ACM SIGCHI 2007 Workshop on Exploratory Search and HCI: Designing and Evaluating Interfaces to Support Exploratory Search Interaction (ESI2007) (pp. 76-80). Halvey, M., Vallet, D., Hannah, D., M. Jose, J. (2014) Supporting exploratory video retrieval tasks with grouping and recommendation, Information Processing & Management, Volume 50, Issue 6, 2014, Pages 876-898. Niu, Y., & Winter, S. (2006). The effect of task type and information format on Web searching performance. ICIS Proceedings. Paper 52. PIROLLI, P., AND CARD, S. Information foraging in information access environments. In Proc. ACM SIGCHI (New York, NY, USA, 1995), ACM Press/Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., pp. 51–58. Qu, Y., & Furnas, G.W. (2008). Model-driven formative evaluation of exploratory search: A study under a sensemaking framework. Information Processing & Management 44(2): 534-555. Qu, Y., & Furnas, G.W. (2006). What do the attributes of exploratory search tell us about evaluation. Proceedings of the ACM SIGIR 2006 Workshop on Evaluating Exploratory Search Systems (EESS), 51-53. Rahman, M. M., Abdullah, N. A., & Aurangozeb, F. (2017, May). A framework for designing a personalised web-based search assistant tool for eLearning. In Information and Communication Technology (ICoIC7), 2017 5th International Conference on (pp. 1-6). IEEE. Ramdeen, S., & Hemminger, B. (2012). A tale of two interfaces: How facets affect the library catalog search experience. Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 63(4), 702-715. Shneiderman, B. and Plaisant, C. Designing the User Interface 4th Ed. Person/Addison-Wesley, Boston, MA, 2005. Smine, B., Faiz, R., & Desclés, J. P. (2011). A semantic annotation model for indexing and retrieving learning objects. JDIM, 9(4), 159-166. Toms, E.G., O'Brien, H., Mackenzie, T., Jordan, C., Freund, L., Toze, S., Dawe, E., & MacNutt, A. (2008). Task effects on interactive search: The query factor. In Focused Access to XML Documents. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 4862, 359-372. Vakkari, P. (2010). Exploratory searching as conceptual exploration. HCIR 2010: Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval. Valiente, M. C., Sicilia, M. A., Garcia-Barriocanal, E., & Rajabi, E. (2015). Adopting the metadata approach to improve the search and analysis of educational resources for online learning. Computers in Human Behavior. White, R., & Roth, R.A. (2009). Exploratory Search: Beyond the Query-Response Paradigm. Synthesis Lectures on Information Concepts, Retrieval, and Services #3. Morgan & Claypool. WHITE, R. W., KULES, B., DRUCKER, S. M., AND M.C. SCHRAEFEL. Introduction. Commun. ACM 49, 4 (2006a), 36–39. White, R., Muresan, G., & Marchionini, G. (2006b). Proceedings of the ACM SIGIR 2006 Workshop on “Evaluating Exploratory Search Systems.” White, M.D., & Iivonen, M. (2001). Questions as a factor in Web search strategy. Information Processing & Management, 37(5), 721–740. Wildemuth, B. M., & Freund, L. (2012, October). Assigning search tasks designed to elicit exploratory search behaviors. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Human-Computer Interaction and Information Retrieval (p. 4). ACM. Wildemuth, B. M. (2007). Subjectivity: Its Role in Exploratory Search Processes and Evaluation. ESI 2007, 96. Wildemuth, B.M., de Blied, R., Friedman, C.P., and File, D.D. Medical students’ personal knowledge, searching proficiency, and database use in problem solving. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 46 (1995), 590-607. Wilson, M. L. (2007). Bridging the gap: Using IR models for evaluating exploratory search interfaces. Wolfram, D., & Dimitroff, A. (1998). Hypertext vs. Boolean-based searching in a bibliographic database environment: A direct comparison of searcher performance. Information Processing & Management, 34(6), 669-680. Wu, W.-C., Kelly, D., Edwards, A., & Arguello, J. (In press). Grannies, tanning beds, tattoos and NASCAR: Evaluation of search tasks with varying levels of cognitive complexity. Paper accepted for presentation at Information Interaction in Context (IIiX) 2012. Zhao, J., Kan, M. Y., & Theng, Y. L. (2008). Math information retrieval: user requirements and prototype implementation. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries (pp. 187-196).
Primary Language en
Subjects Social
Journal Section Articles

Orcid: 0000-0002-1136-4841
Author: Kamal EL GUEMMAT (Primary Author)

Orcid: 0000-0001-6478-7218
Author: Sara OUAHABI

Bibtex @research article { tojde557857, journal = {Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education}, issn = {1302-6488}, address = {Anadolu University}, year = {2019}, volume = {20}, pages = {134 - 146}, doi = {10.17718/tojde.557857}, title = {Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine}, key = {cite}, author = {EL GUEMMAT, Kamal and OUAHABI, Sara} }
APA EL GUEMMAT, K , OUAHABI, S . (2019). Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 20 (2), 134-146. DOI: 10.17718/tojde.557857
MLA EL GUEMMAT, K , OUAHABI, S . "Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 134-146 <>
Chicago EL GUEMMAT, K , OUAHABI, S . "Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 (2019): 134-146
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine AU - Kamal EL GUEMMAT , Sara OUAHABI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.557857 DO - 10.17718/tojde.557857 T2 - Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 134 EP - 146 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1302-6488- M3 - doi: 10.17718/tojde.557857 UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine %A Kamal EL GUEMMAT , Sara OUAHABI %T Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine %D 2019 %J Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education %P 1302-6488- %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.17718/tojde.557857 %U 10.17718/tojde.557857
ISNAD EL GUEMMAT, Kamal , OUAHABI, Sara . "Understandings of Exploratory Search for Educational Search Engine". Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education 20 / 2 (April 2019): 134-146.