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European Identity and the Myth of the Peace Project

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 18 Sayı: 2, 469 - 492, 17.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.32450/aacd.676543

Öz

The extent to which European identity is accepted by the Europeans in comparison with national identities and what European identity means are topics that are analyzed in the European integration literature. This study uses Eurobarometer data to analyze how much the European identity is endorsed after the Eurozone crisis and how the European institutions aim to define Europeanness. Through critical discourse analysis of the State of the European Union speeches delivered by the President of the European Commission, this study demonstrates that Europe as a peace project myth is central in their attempts to render European identity valuable in the eyes of the Europeans.

Kaynakça

  • Alpan, Başak. "Bir İmkân Olarak Avrupalılık Kimliği: Türkiye-AB İlişkileri Tartışmaların Neresinde?." Marmara Üniversitesi Avrupa Topluluğu Enstitüsü Avrupa Araştırmaları Dergisi 23, no 2 (2015): 5–26.
  • Alvarez, Linda, Boussalis, Constantine, Merolla, Jennifer L. ve Peiffer, Caryn. “Love Thy Neighbour: Social Identity and Public Support for Humanitarian Aid,” Development Policy Review 36 (September 2018): 935-953
  • Åslund, Andus. “Ukraine’s Choice: European Association Agreement or Eurasian Union?”, Peterson Institute for International Economics, September 2013.
  • Bernhard Fouchtner. “Historia Magistra Vitae : Le topos de « l’Histoire comme maître de la vie » dans les controverses publiques sur la représentation de Soi et de l’Autre,” Argumentation & Analyse de Discours 16 (2016), erişim: https://journals.openedition.org/aad/2170
  • Breinlinger, Sara and Kelly, Caroline. “Women’s Responses to Status Inequality,” Psychology of Women Quarterly 18 (1994):1-16.
  • Brewer, Marilynn B. “Multiple Identities and Identity Transition: Implications For Hong Kong,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 12, no. 1 (1999), 187-197.
  • Boukala, Salomi “Rethinking topos in the Discourse Historical Approach: Endoxon Seeking and Argumentation in Greek Media Discourses on ‘Islamist Terrorism’,” Discourse Studies 18, no 3 (2016), 249-268.
  • Della Sala, Vincent. "Political myth, mythology and the European Union." JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010): 1–19.
  • Demirtaş, Andaç. “Sosyal Sınıflandırma, Kişiler arası Beklentiler ve Kendini Doğrulayan Kehanet,” İletişim Araştırmaları 2, no 2 (2004), 33-53.
  • Duchêne, Francois. “The European Community and the Uncertainties of Interdependence’, in Kohnstamm and Hager (eds.), A Nation Writ Large? Foreign-Policy Problems before the European Community, London, Macmillan, 1973.
  • Düzgit, Senem Aydın. “Avrupa Birliği-Türkiye İlişkilerine Postyapısalcı Yaklaşım: Almanya Örneğinde Dış Politika ve Söylem Analizi,” Uluslararası İlişkiler 8, sayı 29 (2011), 49-70.
  • Favell, Adrian. "The new face of East–West migration in Europe." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34, no 5 (2008): 701–716.
  • Fligstein, Neil. “Who Are the Europeans and How Does This Matter for Politics?” İçinde European Identity, editörler Jeffrey T. Checkel ve Peter J. Katzenstein, 132–166. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Fligstein, Neil ve Alina Polyakova. "Is European integration causing Europe to become more nationalist? Evidence from the 2007–9 financial crisis." Journal of European Public Policy 23, no 1 (2016): 60–83.
  • Green, David Michael. "Disintegrating the Dullest Miracle on Earth? The Greek Crisis, Instrumentalism and European Identity." European Review 27, no 1 (2019): 97–114.
  • Hooghe, Liesbet ve Gary Marks. "A postfunctionalist theory of European integration: From permissive consensus to constraining dissensus." British Journal of Political Science 39, no 1 (2009): 1-23.
  • Gustafson, Per.“Transnationalism in retirement migration: the case of North European retirees in Spain,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 31, no 3 (2008), 451-475.
  • Hansen, Lene ve Michael Williams, “The Myths of Europe: Legitimacy, Community and the ‘Crisis’ of the EU,” Journal of Common Market Studies 37, no 2 (1999), 233-249.
  • Hornung, Johanna, Nils C. Bandelow ve Colette S. Vogeler. “Social identities in the policy process,” Policy Sciences 52 (2019), 211-31.
  • Huddy, Leonie. “From Social to Political Identity: A Critical Examination of Social Identity Theory,” Political Psychology 22, no 1 (2001), 127-156.
  • Jetten, Jolanda, Wang, Zhechen, Steffens, Niklas, Mols, Frank, Peters, Kim ve Verkuyten, Maykel. “A Social Identity Analysis of Responses to Economic Inequality,” Current Opinion in Psychology, 18 (2017): 1-5.
  • Jones, Erik. “The Economic Mythology of European Integration,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 89-109.
  • Kaina, Viktoria ve Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski. “EU governance and European identity.” Living Reviews in European Governance 8, no 1 (2013): 1–59. Erişim Tarihi: Mayıs 31, 2019. doi:10.12942/lreg-2013-1.
  • Karp, David, Nobuhito Jin, Toshio Yamagish ve Hiromi Shinotsuk. "Raising the minimum in the minimal group paradigm." The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 32, no 3 (1993): 231–240.
  • Lenschow, Andrea ve Carina Sprungk. “The Myth of a Green Europe,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 133-154.
  • MacRae, Heather. “The EU as a Gender Equal Polity: Myth and Realities,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 155-174.
  • Manners, Ian. “Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms”, Journal of Common Market Studies 40, No 2 (2002), 235-258.
  • Manners, Ian. “Global Europe: Mythology of European Union in World Politics,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 67-87.
  • Maurer, John H. “Arms Control and the Anglo-German Naval Race before World War I: Lessons for Today?” Political Science Quarterly 112, no2 (1997), 285-306.
  • Medrano, Juan Díez. “The public sphere and the European Union’s political identity.” İçinde European Identity, editörler Jeffrey T. Checkel ve Peter J. Katzenstein, 81–107. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Michail, Eugene. “Western Attitudes to War in the Balkans and the Shifting Meanings of Violence, 1912–91,” Journal of Contemporary History 47, no 2 (2012), 219-239.
  • Milward, Alan. The European Rescue of the Nation-State. London: Routledge, 1992.
  • Öner, Selcen. “Avrupa Birliği’nin Ekonomik Krizi ve Kimlik Krizi,” Social Sciences Research Journal, 3, no. 3 (2014): 5-16.
  • Pansardi, Pamela ve Francesco Battegazzore. “The discursive legitimation strategies of the president of the commission: a qualitative content analysis of the State of the Union Addresses (SOTEU),” Journal of European Integration 40, no 7 (2018), 853-871.
  • Risse, Thomas. "A European identity? Europeanization and the evolution of nation-state identities." İçinde Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change, editörler Maria Green Cowles, James Caporaso ve Thomas Risse, 198–216. London: Cornell University Press, 2001.
  • Risse, Thomas. "No demos? Identities and public spheres in the Euro crisis." JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studie 52, no 6 (2014): 1207–1215. Standard Eurobarometer 89 (Spring 2018).
  • Todorova, Maria. Imagining the Balkans. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Torgler, Benno ve Schneider, Friedrich. “What Shapes Attitudes Toward Paying Taxes? Evidence from Multicultural European Countries,” Social Science Quarterly 88, no.2 (2007): 443-469.
  • Turner, John C. Michael A. Hogg, Penelope J. Oakes, Stephen D. Reicher ve Margaret S. Wetherell. Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Cambridge, MA, US: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

AVRUPALILIK KİMLİĞİ VE BARIŞ PROJESİ MİTİ

Yıl 2020, Cilt: 18 Sayı: 2, 469 - 492, 17.01.2020
https://doi.org/10.32450/aacd.676543

Öz

Avrupalılık kimliğinin ulusal kimliklere kıyasla ne kadar kabul gördüğü ve Avrupalılığın anlamı Avrupa çalışmaları yazınında irdelenen konulardır. Bu çalışma, Eurobarometer verisine dayanarak Avro bölgesi krizi sonrasında Avrupalılık kimliğinin ne kadar benimsendiğini ve Avrupa Birliği kurumlarınca Avrupalılığın nasıl tanımlandığını incelemektedir. Eleştirel söylem analizi yoluyla Avrupa barış projesi mitinin Avrupa Komisyonu Başkanı tarafından Avrupa Birliği’nin Durumu demeçlerinde nasıl kullanıldığı incelenerek Avrupalılık kimliğini değerli kılma gayretinde barış projesi mitinin merkezi bir rol oynadığını ortaya koymaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Alpan, Başak. "Bir İmkân Olarak Avrupalılık Kimliği: Türkiye-AB İlişkileri Tartışmaların Neresinde?." Marmara Üniversitesi Avrupa Topluluğu Enstitüsü Avrupa Araştırmaları Dergisi 23, no 2 (2015): 5–26.
  • Alvarez, Linda, Boussalis, Constantine, Merolla, Jennifer L. ve Peiffer, Caryn. “Love Thy Neighbour: Social Identity and Public Support for Humanitarian Aid,” Development Policy Review 36 (September 2018): 935-953
  • Åslund, Andus. “Ukraine’s Choice: European Association Agreement or Eurasian Union?”, Peterson Institute for International Economics, September 2013.
  • Bernhard Fouchtner. “Historia Magistra Vitae : Le topos de « l’Histoire comme maître de la vie » dans les controverses publiques sur la représentation de Soi et de l’Autre,” Argumentation & Analyse de Discours 16 (2016), erişim: https://journals.openedition.org/aad/2170
  • Breinlinger, Sara and Kelly, Caroline. “Women’s Responses to Status Inequality,” Psychology of Women Quarterly 18 (1994):1-16.
  • Brewer, Marilynn B. “Multiple Identities and Identity Transition: Implications For Hong Kong,” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 12, no. 1 (1999), 187-197.
  • Boukala, Salomi “Rethinking topos in the Discourse Historical Approach: Endoxon Seeking and Argumentation in Greek Media Discourses on ‘Islamist Terrorism’,” Discourse Studies 18, no 3 (2016), 249-268.
  • Della Sala, Vincent. "Political myth, mythology and the European Union." JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010): 1–19.
  • Demirtaş, Andaç. “Sosyal Sınıflandırma, Kişiler arası Beklentiler ve Kendini Doğrulayan Kehanet,” İletişim Araştırmaları 2, no 2 (2004), 33-53.
  • Duchêne, Francois. “The European Community and the Uncertainties of Interdependence’, in Kohnstamm and Hager (eds.), A Nation Writ Large? Foreign-Policy Problems before the European Community, London, Macmillan, 1973.
  • Düzgit, Senem Aydın. “Avrupa Birliği-Türkiye İlişkilerine Postyapısalcı Yaklaşım: Almanya Örneğinde Dış Politika ve Söylem Analizi,” Uluslararası İlişkiler 8, sayı 29 (2011), 49-70.
  • Favell, Adrian. "The new face of East–West migration in Europe." Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 34, no 5 (2008): 701–716.
  • Fligstein, Neil. “Who Are the Europeans and How Does This Matter for Politics?” İçinde European Identity, editörler Jeffrey T. Checkel ve Peter J. Katzenstein, 132–166. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Fligstein, Neil ve Alina Polyakova. "Is European integration causing Europe to become more nationalist? Evidence from the 2007–9 financial crisis." Journal of European Public Policy 23, no 1 (2016): 60–83.
  • Green, David Michael. "Disintegrating the Dullest Miracle on Earth? The Greek Crisis, Instrumentalism and European Identity." European Review 27, no 1 (2019): 97–114.
  • Hooghe, Liesbet ve Gary Marks. "A postfunctionalist theory of European integration: From permissive consensus to constraining dissensus." British Journal of Political Science 39, no 1 (2009): 1-23.
  • Gustafson, Per.“Transnationalism in retirement migration: the case of North European retirees in Spain,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 31, no 3 (2008), 451-475.
  • Hansen, Lene ve Michael Williams, “The Myths of Europe: Legitimacy, Community and the ‘Crisis’ of the EU,” Journal of Common Market Studies 37, no 2 (1999), 233-249.
  • Hornung, Johanna, Nils C. Bandelow ve Colette S. Vogeler. “Social identities in the policy process,” Policy Sciences 52 (2019), 211-31.
  • Huddy, Leonie. “From Social to Political Identity: A Critical Examination of Social Identity Theory,” Political Psychology 22, no 1 (2001), 127-156.
  • Jetten, Jolanda, Wang, Zhechen, Steffens, Niklas, Mols, Frank, Peters, Kim ve Verkuyten, Maykel. “A Social Identity Analysis of Responses to Economic Inequality,” Current Opinion in Psychology, 18 (2017): 1-5.
  • Jones, Erik. “The Economic Mythology of European Integration,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 89-109.
  • Kaina, Viktoria ve Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski. “EU governance and European identity.” Living Reviews in European Governance 8, no 1 (2013): 1–59. Erişim Tarihi: Mayıs 31, 2019. doi:10.12942/lreg-2013-1.
  • Karp, David, Nobuhito Jin, Toshio Yamagish ve Hiromi Shinotsuk. "Raising the minimum in the minimal group paradigm." The Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 32, no 3 (1993): 231–240.
  • Lenschow, Andrea ve Carina Sprungk. “The Myth of a Green Europe,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 133-154.
  • MacRae, Heather. “The EU as a Gender Equal Polity: Myth and Realities,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 155-174.
  • Manners, Ian. “Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms”, Journal of Common Market Studies 40, No 2 (2002), 235-258.
  • Manners, Ian. “Global Europe: Mythology of European Union in World Politics,” Journal of Common Market Studies 48, no 1 (2010), 67-87.
  • Maurer, John H. “Arms Control and the Anglo-German Naval Race before World War I: Lessons for Today?” Political Science Quarterly 112, no2 (1997), 285-306.
  • Medrano, Juan Díez. “The public sphere and the European Union’s political identity.” İçinde European Identity, editörler Jeffrey T. Checkel ve Peter J. Katzenstein, 81–107. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  • Michail, Eugene. “Western Attitudes to War in the Balkans and the Shifting Meanings of Violence, 1912–91,” Journal of Contemporary History 47, no 2 (2012), 219-239.
  • Milward, Alan. The European Rescue of the Nation-State. London: Routledge, 1992.
  • Öner, Selcen. “Avrupa Birliği’nin Ekonomik Krizi ve Kimlik Krizi,” Social Sciences Research Journal, 3, no. 3 (2014): 5-16.
  • Pansardi, Pamela ve Francesco Battegazzore. “The discursive legitimation strategies of the president of the commission: a qualitative content analysis of the State of the Union Addresses (SOTEU),” Journal of European Integration 40, no 7 (2018), 853-871.
  • Risse, Thomas. "A European identity? Europeanization and the evolution of nation-state identities." İçinde Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change, editörler Maria Green Cowles, James Caporaso ve Thomas Risse, 198–216. London: Cornell University Press, 2001.
  • Risse, Thomas. "No demos? Identities and public spheres in the Euro crisis." JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studie 52, no 6 (2014): 1207–1215. Standard Eurobarometer 89 (Spring 2018).
  • Todorova, Maria. Imagining the Balkans. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  • Torgler, Benno ve Schneider, Friedrich. “What Shapes Attitudes Toward Paying Taxes? Evidence from Multicultural European Countries,” Social Science Quarterly 88, no.2 (2007): 443-469.
  • Turner, John C. Michael A. Hogg, Penelope J. Oakes, Stephen D. Reicher ve Margaret S. Wetherell. Rediscovering the social group: A self-categorization theory. Cambridge, MA, US: Basil Blackwell, 1987.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Defne GÜNAY Bu kişi benim 0000-0001-7215-1244

Yayımlanma Tarihi 17 Ocak 2020
Gönderilme Tarihi 29 Ağustos 2019
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020 Cilt: 18 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

Chicago GÜNAY, Defne. “AVRUPALILIK KİMLİĞİ VE BARIŞ PROJESİ MİTİ”. Ankara Avrupa Çalışmaları Dergisi 18, sy. 2 (Ocak 2020): 469-92. https://doi.org/10.32450/aacd.676543.