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Biodiversity of TCSG-132 Shipwreck Artificial Reef (Gökçeada, North Aegean Sea)

Yıl 2020, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 313 - 329, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.677175

Öz

In this study, it was aimed to determine the species composition and marine biodiversity on and around the TCSG-132 shipwreck, which was located between 22.4 and 24.8 m depths in the coasts of Gökçeada Island. In this context, aquanauts regularly conducted SCUBA-equipped dives between October 2018 and September 2019. Visual counting techniques (transect and point-count (quadrat)), photo shoots and video recordings were used to obtain the data during the dives. As a result of the study, 12708 individuals from 28 different species belonging to 19 families were recorded. Among these, 15 species were determined to have economic importance. The most commonly observed species were bogue (Boops boops, 44.55%), damselfish (Chromis chromis, 26.44%) and blotched picarel (Spicara maena, 15.50%). In conclusion, TCSG-132 shipwreck has been found to serve as an important artificial reef for marine species and to provide living, sheltering, spawning, feeding and conservation opportunities for marine species.

Kaynakça

  • Acarli, D. & Ayaz, A. (2015). Using concrete artificial reef as a tool to enrich the new marine habitat in Erdek-Ocaklar Bay (Marmara Sea, Turkey). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24(2A), 602-609.
  • Acarlı, D., & Kale, S. (2020). Species-specific artificial reef models for lobster (Homarus gammarus Linnaeus 1758). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 37(1): (In press).
  • Acarli, D., Ayaz, A., Altinağaç, U., Özekinci, U., Bayhan, B., & Kara, A. (2013). Determination of fish fauna at artificial reefs using underwater visual census methods in Erdek-Ocaklar (Marmara Sea/Turkey). In 10th CARAH – International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Aquatic Habitats, (pp 61). İzmir, Turkey.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Çakır, K. (2018). A new maximum length for the garfish, Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) in the coast of Gökçeada Island (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59(4), 385-389.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Kara, A. (2019a). New alternative fishing gear suggestions for trap fisheries from the waste recycle materials: Case study for Muricidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 8(2), 92-97.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Kara, A. (2019b). Can brush parks aggregate species in lagoon systems? A case of Homa Lagoon, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Marine and Life Sciences, 1 (1), 17-24.
  • Akça, N. (2010). Boncuk Koyu’ndaki (Gökova Körfezi) Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827) türünün biyoekolojisi üzerine sualtı gözlemleri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aydın.
  • Altın, A., Ayyıldız, H., Kale, S. & Alver, C. (2015). Length-weight relationships of forty-nine fish species from shallow waters of Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39(5), 971-975.
  • Altinağaç, U., Ayaz, A., Acarli, D., & Özekinci, U. (2013). Determination of the fish species composition of Saroz artificial reefs in İbrice (Saroz Bay, Turkey). 10th CARAH – International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Aquatic Habitats. İzmir, Turkey. 63 pp.
  • Ayaz, A., Ünal, V., Acarlı, D. & Altınağac, U. (2010). Fishing gear losses in the Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA), eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26(3), 416-419.
  • Bektaş, A. (2017). Gökçeada (Kuzey Ege denizi) çevresinde yaşayan sarpa [Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)] balığı populasyonunun biyolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Balıkesir.
  • Bianchi, C.N., & Morri, C. (2000). Marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Situation, problems and prospects for future research. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(5), 367-376.
  • Bodilis, P., Louisy, P., Draman, M., Arceo, H.O., & Francour, P., (2014). Can citizen science survey non-indigenous fish species in the eastern Mediterranean Sea?, Environmental management, 53(1), 172-180.
  • Breannan, M.L., Davis, D., Ballard, R.D., Trembenis, A.C., Vaughn, J.I., Krumholz, J.S., Delgado, J.P., Romon, C.N., Smart, C., Bell, K.L.C., Duman, M., & Duval, C. (2015). Quantification of bottom trawl fishing damage to ancient shipwreck sites. Marine Geology, 371, 82-88.
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  • Bulleri, F., & Airoldi, L. (2005). Artificial marine structures facilitate the spread of a non-indigenous green alga, Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides, in the North Adriatic Sea, Journal of Applied Ecology, 42(6), 1063-1072.
  • Cengiz, Ö., İşmen, A., Özekinci, U., & Öztekin, A. (2011). Saroz Körfezi (Kuzey Ege Denizi) balık faunası üzerine bir araştırma. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 11 (011003), 31-37.
  • Cheung, W.W.L., Lam, V.W.Y., & Pauly, D. (Eds). (2008) Modelling present and climate-shifted distribution of marine fishes and invertebrates. University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre Research Report, 16(3), Vancouver.
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TCSG-132 Gemi Batığı Yapay Resifinin (Gökçeada, Kuzey Ege Denizi) Biyoçeşitliliği

Yıl 2020, Cilt 16, Sayı 3, 313 - 329, 01.09.2019
https://doi.org/10.22392/actaquatr.677175

Öz

Bu çalışmada, Gökçeada kıyılarında 22,4 – 24,8 m derinlikleri arasında bulunan TCSG-132 isimli gemi batığı üzerindeki ve çevresindeki denizel biyolojik çeşitliliğin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu kapsamda Ekim 2018 – Eylül 2019 tarihleri arasında sualtında türleri tanıyabilme yeteneğine sahip dalgıçlar düzenli olarak SCUBA takımları ile dalışlar gerçekleştirmiştir. Dalışlar süresince verilerin elde edilmesinde görsel sayım teknikleri (transekt, nokta sayım, kuadrat), fotoğraf çekimleri ve video kayıtları kullanılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda 19 familyaya ait 28 türden 12708 birey kaydedilmiştir. Bunların içinde 15 türün ekonomik öneme sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir. En çok gözlenen türlerin balıklardan kupes (Boops boops, %44,55), papaz (Chromis chromis, %26,44) ve izmarit (Spicara maena, %15,50) olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, TCSG-132 gemi batığının denizel türler için önemli bir yapay resif olarak hizmet ettiği ve canlılara yaşama, sığınma, yumurtlama, beslenme ve koruma imkanları sağladığı belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Acarli, D. & Ayaz, A. (2015). Using concrete artificial reef as a tool to enrich the new marine habitat in Erdek-Ocaklar Bay (Marmara Sea, Turkey). Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 24(2A), 602-609.
  • Acarlı, D., & Kale, S. (2020). Species-specific artificial reef models for lobster (Homarus gammarus Linnaeus 1758). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 37(1): (In press).
  • Acarli, D., Ayaz, A., Altinağaç, U., Özekinci, U., Bayhan, B., & Kara, A. (2013). Determination of fish fauna at artificial reefs using underwater visual census methods in Erdek-Ocaklar (Marmara Sea/Turkey). In 10th CARAH – International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Aquatic Habitats, (pp 61). İzmir, Turkey.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Çakır, K. (2018). A new maximum length for the garfish, Belone belone (Linnaeus, 1761) in the coast of Gökçeada Island (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 59(4), 385-389.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Kara, A. (2019a). New alternative fishing gear suggestions for trap fisheries from the waste recycle materials: Case study for Muricidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Marine Science and Technology Bulletin, 8(2), 92-97.
  • Acarlı, D., Kale, S., & Kara, A. (2019b). Can brush parks aggregate species in lagoon systems? A case of Homa Lagoon, Aegean Sea, Turkey. Marine and Life Sciences, 1 (1), 17-24.
  • Akça, N. (2010). Boncuk Koyu’ndaki (Gökova Körfezi) Carcharhinus plumbeus (Nardo, 1827) türünün biyoekolojisi üzerine sualtı gözlemleri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Aydın.
  • Altın, A., Ayyıldız, H., Kale, S. & Alver, C. (2015). Length-weight relationships of forty-nine fish species from shallow waters of Gökçeada Island, northern Aegean Sea Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 39(5), 971-975.
  • Altinağaç, U., Ayaz, A., Acarli, D., & Özekinci, U. (2013). Determination of the fish species composition of Saroz artificial reefs in İbrice (Saroz Bay, Turkey). 10th CARAH – International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Aquatic Habitats. İzmir, Turkey. 63 pp.
  • Ayaz, A., Ünal, V., Acarlı, D. & Altınağac, U. (2010). Fishing gear losses in the Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA), eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26(3), 416-419.
  • Bektaş, A. (2017). Gökçeada (Kuzey Ege denizi) çevresinde yaşayan sarpa [Sarpa salpa (Linnaeus, 1758)] balığı populasyonunun biyolojik özelliklerinin incelenmesi. Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Balıkesir.
  • Bianchi, C.N., & Morri, C. (2000). Marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Situation, problems and prospects for future research. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(5), 367-376.
  • Bodilis, P., Louisy, P., Draman, M., Arceo, H.O., & Francour, P., (2014). Can citizen science survey non-indigenous fish species in the eastern Mediterranean Sea?, Environmental management, 53(1), 172-180.
  • Breannan, M.L., Davis, D., Ballard, R.D., Trembenis, A.C., Vaughn, J.I., Krumholz, J.S., Delgado, J.P., Romon, C.N., Smart, C., Bell, K.L.C., Duman, M., & Duval, C. (2015). Quantification of bottom trawl fishing damage to ancient shipwreck sites. Marine Geology, 371, 82-88.
  • Brennan, M.L., Ballard, R.D., Roman, C., Bell, K.L.C., Buxton, B., Coleman, D.F., Inglis, G., Köyağasıoğlu, O., & Turanlı, T. (2011). Evaluation of the modern submarine landscape off southwestern Turkey through the documentation of ancient shipwreck sites. Continental Shelf Research, 43, 55-70.
  • Bulleri, F., & Airoldi, L. (2005). Artificial marine structures facilitate the spread of a non-indigenous green alga, Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides, in the North Adriatic Sea, Journal of Applied Ecology, 42(6), 1063-1072.
  • Cengiz, Ö., İşmen, A., Özekinci, U., & Öztekin, A. (2011). Saroz Körfezi (Kuzey Ege Denizi) balık faunası üzerine bir araştırma. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, 11 (011003), 31-37.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Çevre Bilimleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Deniz ACARLI>
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, Gökçeada Uygulamalı Bilimler Yüksekokulu, Balıkçılık Teknolojisi Bölümü, Çanakkale
0000-0001-8537-9969
Türkiye


Semih KALE> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology, Department of Fishing and Fish Processing Technology, Çanakkale, Turkey
0000-0001-5705-6935
Türkiye


Sinan KOCABAŞ>
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Su Ürünleri Avlama ve İşleme Teknolojisi Bölümü, Çanakkale
0000-0002-0496-5315
Türkiye

Teşekkür ÇOMÜ-3 isimli araştırma gemisinin kaptanı Yılmaz Tokoğlu’na lojistik destek sağladığı için teşekkür ederiz. Bu çalışma Sinan Kocabaş’ın yüksek lisans tezinin bir bölümünü içermektedir.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Eylül 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 16, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Acarlı, D. , Kale, S. & Kocabaş, S. (2019). TCSG-132 Gemi Batığı Yapay Resifinin (Gökçeada, Kuzey Ege Denizi) Biyoçeşitliliği . Acta Aquatica Turcica , 16 (3) , 313-329 . DOI: 10.22392/actaquatr.677175