Yıl 2017, Cilt 14 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 79 - 85 2017-07-04

Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri
Antifungal Activity Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria

Çisem Bulut Albayrak [1]


Küf ve mayalar tüm gıdalarda gelişebilme özelliğine sahip oldukça dirençli mikroorganizmalardır. Küf ve mayaların neden olduğu gıda bozulmaları ve kontrolü insan sağlığı ve gıda güvenliği için önemli bir konudur. Küfler ayrıca, sağlığa zarar veren çeşitli mikotoksinler üretebilirler. Zararlı mikroorganizmaları önlemek için, biyokoruyucu ajanlarının uygulanması ısısal işlem, kurutma ve kimyasal katkıların kullanılması gibi diğer uygulamalar için yeni, alternatif veya tamamlayıcı olarak düşünülebilir. Biyokoruma başka bir deyişle mikroorganizmaların kendisinin ya da metabolitlerinin bozulmaya engel olmada ve raf ömrünü uzatmada kullanımı bu bakımdan önem kazanmıştır. Çeşitli fermente gıdaların geleneksel olarak üretiminde rol oynayan Laktik asit bakterileri (LAB) ve çeşitli metabolitlerinin bazı küf ve mayaları engellediği bilinmekte ve biyokoruyucu olarak kullanılabilmektedir. Son zamanlarda, LAB’nden siklik dipeptitler, proteinli maddeler ve yağ asitleri gibi çok sayıda antifungal metabolit izole edilmiştir. Bu derlemede, antifungal LAB ile ilgili güncel bilgiler bir araya getirilmiştir.


Molds and yeasts are highly resistant microorganisms that have the ability to grow in all food. Food spoilages caused by molds and yeasts are important issue for human health and food safety. Molds may also produce a variety of mycotoxins that damage health.  To prevent harmful microorganisms, application of biopreservative agents can be considered new, alternative or complementary for other applications such as thermal process, drying and using of chemical additives. In this respect, the use of biocontrol or microorganisms or their metabolites to prevent food deterioration and to extend the shelf life of foods is very important. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that play role in traditional production of various fermented foods and their metabolites are known to have inhibition on several yeasts and molds types and can be used as biopreservatives. Recently, a large number of antifungal metabolites such as cyclic dipeptides, proteinaceous substances and fatty acids, have been isolated from the Lactic acid bacteria (LAB). In this review, current information on antifungal LAB is brought up.


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Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Yazar: Çisem Bulut Albayrak
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 4 Temmuz 2017

Bibtex @derleme { aduziraat295740, journal = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7787}, address = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi, Güney Kampüs, Çakmar AYDIN, 09100}, publisher = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {14}, pages = {79 - 85}, doi = {10.25308/aduziraat.295740}, title = {Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri}, key = {cite}, author = {Bulut Albayrak, Çisem} }
APA Bulut Albayrak, Ç . (2017). Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi , 14 (1) , 79-85 . DOI: 10.25308/aduziraat.295740
MLA Bulut Albayrak, Ç . "Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2017 ): 79-85 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aduziraat/issue/30199/295740>
Chicago Bulut Albayrak, Ç . "Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2017 ): 79-85
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri AU - Çisem Bulut Albayrak Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.295740 DO - 10.25308/aduziraat.295740 T2 - Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 79 EP - 85 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 1304-7787- M3 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.295740 UR - https://doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.295740 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri %A Çisem Bulut Albayrak %T Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri %D 2017 %J Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-7787- %V 14 %N 1 %R doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.295740 %U 10.25308/aduziraat.295740
ISNAD Bulut Albayrak, Çisem . "Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 / 1 (Temmuz 2017): 79-85 . https://doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.295740
AMA Bulut Albayrak Ç . Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 14(1): 79-85.
Vancouver Bulut Albayrak Ç . Antifungal Aktivite Üreten Laktik Asit Bakterileri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 14(1): 85-79.