Yıl 2017, Cilt 14 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 59 - 64 2017-07-04

Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri
Fattening Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Beef Quality of Holstein–Friesian, Brown–Swiss and Simmental Bulls

Eray ÇATIKKAŞ [1] , Atakan KOÇ [2]


Bu çalışmada, Siyah–Alaca (SA), Esmer (ES) ve Simmental (SIM) tosunların besi performansı, karkas ve et kalitesi belirlenmiştir. Bu amaçla, ilk grupta 10 SA ve 8 ES ve ikinci grupta 7 SA ve 10 SIM tosun kullanılmıştır. SA ve ES’nin bulunduğu ilk grupta sırasıyla; besi sonu ağırlığı (BSA) 549.20±16.87 ve 512.62±16.86 kg, günlük canlı ağırlık artışı (GCAA) 1.34±0.05 ve 1.35±0.06 kg, karkas randımanı (KR) %52.51±0.59 ve 54.40±0.66, sıcak karkas ağırlığı (SKA) 279.44±3.28 ve 289.40±3.69 kg, göz kası alanı (GKA) 66.82±2.83 ve 82.76±3.17 cm2, sırt yağı kalınlığı (SYK) 0.23±0.03 ve 0.29±0.03 cm, pH24 5.92±0.02 ve 5.94±0.02, pişirme kaybı (PK) %25.10±1.77 ve 25.87±1.98 ve kesme kuvveti (KK) 40.21±7.64 ve 53.54±8.55 N olarak tespit edilmiştir. Diğer yandan, SA ve SIM’in bulunduğu ikinci grupta ise sırasıyla; BSA 579.14±16.60 ve 562.00±13.88 kg, GCAA 1.57±0.05 ve 1.62±0.04 kg, KR %53.47±0.72 ve 54.29±0.60, SKA 304.36±4.14 ve 309.25±3.45 kg, GKA 69.50±4.10 ve 76.50±3.43 cm2, SYK 0.49±0.08 ve 0.36±0.07 cm, pH24 5.74±0.04 ve 5.77±0.04, PK %26.63±1.10 ve 27.09±0.92, ve KK 40.89±4.56 ve 60.67±3.81 N olarak bulunmuştur. Aynı çevre ve besleme şartlar altında, SA ırkı tosunların besi performansı ES ve SIM ırkı ile benzer, ama KR ve GKA ES’den yüksektir. SIM ırkının ise eti SA’dan daha sert bulunmuştur.  


In this study, the fattening performance, carcass characteristics and beef quality of Holstein–Friesian (HF), Brown Swiss (BS) and Simmental (SIM) bulls were determined. For this aim, 10 HF and 8 BS in the first and 7 HF and 10 SIM in the second group were used. The values of HF and BS bulls in the first group were determined 549.20±16.87 and 512.62±16.86 kg for final weight (FW), 1.34±0.05 and 1.35±0.06 kg for average daily gain (ADG), 52.51±0.59 and 54.40±0.66% for dressing percentage (DP), 279.44±3.28 and 289.40±3.69 kg for hot carcass weight (HCW), 66.82±2.83 and 82.76±3.17 cm2 for rib eye area (REA), 0.23±0.03 and 0.29±0.03 cm for subcutaneous fat thickness (SFT), 5.92±0.02 and 5.94±0.02 for pH24, 25.10±1.77 and 25.87±1.98% for cooking loss (CL) and 40.21±7.64 and 53.54±8.55 N for shear force (SF). On the other hand, the averages of HF and SIM bulls in the second group were found 579.14±16.60 and 562.00±13.88 kg for FW, 1.57±0.05 and 1.62±0.04 kg for ADG, 53.47±0.72 and 54.29±0.60% for DP, 304.36±4.14 and 309.25±3.45 kg for HCW, 69.50±4.10 and 76.50±3.43 cm2 for REA, 0.49±0.08 and 0.36±0.07 cm for SFT, 5.74±0.04 and 5.77±0.04 for pH24, 26.63±1.10 and 27.09±0.92% for CL and 40.89±4.56 and 60.67±3.81 N for SF. Under the same managerial and nutritional conditions, fattening performance of HF was similar to BS and SIM breeds, but DP and REA of BS were higher, and beef from SIM was firmer that those of HF. 


  • Akbulut Ö, Tüzemen N (1994) Fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Brown Swiss, Holstein and Simmental young bulls subjected to fattening at 8. and 12. month age. Atatürk Univ. Journal of Faculty of Agriculture 25 (2): 134-144.
  • Alpan O (1972) Fattening performances and carcass characteristics of Brown-Swiss, Holstein and Simmental bulls. Vet. Journal of Ankara Univ. 19 (3): 388-399.
  • Aslan E, Zülkadir U (2009) Comparison of the fattening performance of Holstein-Friesian, Brown-Swiss and Simmental cattle breeds in feedlot under Central Anatolian Conditions. HASAD- Hayvancilik 25 (293): 28-32.
  • Başaran A, Akcan A (1997) The effects of season on fattening performance, slaughter and carcass characteristics and feeding cost of Holstein bulls. Journal of Lalahan Livestock Research Institute 37:20-36
  • Başpınar H, Ogan M, Balcı F (1999) Fattening performance and carcass characteristics of polish Holstein bulls. Journal of Lalahan Livestock Research Institute 39(2):1-6.
  • Boggs DL, Merkel RA (1984) Live Carcass Evaluation and Selection Manuel. Dubuque, Iowa, USA, Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2nd ed.
  • Dannenberger D, Nuernberg K, Nuernberg G, Ender K (2006) Carcass and meat quality of pasture vs. concentrate fed German Simmental and German Holstein bulls. Archiv Tierzucht Dummerstorf 49 (4): 315-328.
  • Hocquette JF, Botreau R, Picard B, Jacquet A, Pethick DW, Scollan ND (2012) Opportunities for predicting and manipulating beef quality. Meat Science 92: 197-209.
  • Honikel KO (1998) Reference methods of the assessment of physical characteristics of meat. Meat Science 49 (4): 447-457.
  • Kahraman T, Bostan K, Bayraktaroğlu AG, Koçak Ö (2011) Effects of electrical stimulation on quality and microstructure of rapid chilled beef carcasses. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 17 (2): 291-295.
  • Karakas E (2002) The production parameters and the economic efficiencies of cattle fattening enterprises in Bursa-Yenişehir district. Uludag University Journal of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 21: 83-88.
  • Koç A, Akman N (2003) Fattening performance and carcass characteristics of imported Holstein bulls at different initial weight. Journal of Animal Production 44(1):26-36.
  • Marencic D, Ivankovic A, Pintic V, Kelava N, Jakopovic T (2012) Effect of slaughter age on meat quality of Simmental bulls and heifers. 47th Croatian and 7th International Symposium on Agriculture, Opatija, Croatia.
  • Önenç A (2003) A comparison of Friesian, Piedmontese x Friesian and Limousine x Friesian young bulls for fleshiness and fatness status. Journal of Animal Production 44 (1): 52-58.
  • Özdoğan M (2007) A Research on some fattening performance parameters of Holstein Friesian and Brown Swiss young bulls under summer season conditions in Aydın Province. Journal of Animal Production 48(2): 1-6.
  • Ozluturk A, Esenbuga N, Yanar M, Unlu N, Macit M, Kopuzlu S (2008) The effect of duration of finishing period on the performance, slaughter, carcass, and beef quality characteristics of Eastern Anatolian Red bulls. Turkish J of Vet. Anim. Sci, 32 (6): 441-448.
  • Pichler WA, Frickh JJ (2000) Investigations about the influence of design, growing period, feeding rations and origin on fattening performance and slaughter value of young Simmental bulls. Bodenkultur 51 (3): 187-205
  • Pogorzelska J, Micinski J, Ostoja H, Kowalski IM, Szarek J, Strzyzewska E (2012) Quality traits of meat from young Limousin, Charolais and Hereford bulls. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 33 (1): 65-68.
  • Sağöz Y, Çoban Ö, Laçin E, Sabuncuoğlu N, Yıldız A (2005) Fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Brown Swiss and Charolaise x Brown Swiss. Atatürk University Journal of Faculty of Agriculture 36 (2): 163-169.
  • Sami AS, Augustini C, Schwarz FJ (2004) Effects of feeding intensity and time on feed on performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Simmental bulls. Meat Science 67 (2): 195-201.
  • SAS (1999) Statistical analysis system for windows (Release 8.2). SAS Institute Inc., Raleigh, NC, USA.
  • Soysal D (2012) Fattening performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Turkish Grey cattle. Doctoral thesis. Thesis (PhD). Namik Kemal University, Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Animal Science, Tekirdağ, Turkey.
  • Tüzemen N, Yanar M, Tellioğlu S, Emsen H (1990) A comparative study on fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Simmental, Holstein-Friesian, Brown Swiss and Norway Red x Brown Swiss crosses. Turkish J of Vet. Anim. Sci 14: 47-54.
  • Valin C, Cross HR, Smith SB (1992) Tissue development in relation to meat quality. In: Beef Cattle Production, World Animal Science C5, Production system approach: Amsterdam, NL.
  • Williams J (2008) Genetic control of meat quality traits. In: Meat Biotechnology: Springer Science-Business-Media, LLC.
  • Yanar M, Tüzemen N, Aksoy A, Vanlı Y (1990) A research on the determination of fattening performance, optimal fattening period and carcass characteristics of Brown-Swiss bulls fattened at two different ages. Turkish J of Vet. Anim. Sci, 14: 239-246.
  • Yüksel S, Yanar M, Turgut L, Özlütürk A, Kopuzlu S, Sezgin E (2009) Effects of rations contained sugar beet pulp wıth different levels on the performance, carcass traits, and beef quality of young Holstein-Friesian bulls. 6th National Animal Science Congress, Erzurum, Turkey.
Konular Mühendislik, Ziraat
Bölüm Araştırma
Yazarlar

Yazar: Eray ÇATIKKAŞ

Yazar: Atakan KOÇ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 4 Temmuz 2017

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { aduziraat296928, journal = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1304-7787}, address = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi, Güney Kampüs, Çakmar AYDIN, 09100}, publisher = {Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {14}, pages = {59 - 64}, doi = {10.25308/aduziraat.296928}, title = {Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇATIKKAŞ, Eray and KOÇ, Atakan} }
APA ÇATIKKAŞ, E , KOÇ, A . (2017). Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi , 14 (1) , 59-64 . DOI: 10.25308/aduziraat.296928
MLA ÇATIKKAŞ, E , KOÇ, A . "Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2017 ): 59-64 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aduziraat/issue/30199/296928>
Chicago ÇATIKKAŞ, E , KOÇ, A . "Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2017 ): 59-64
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri AU - Eray ÇATIKKAŞ , Atakan KOÇ Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.296928 DO - 10.25308/aduziraat.296928 T2 - Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 59 EP - 64 VL - 14 IS - 1 SN - 1304-7787- M3 - doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.296928 UR - https://doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.296928 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri %A Eray ÇATIKKAŞ , Atakan KOÇ %T Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri %D 2017 %J Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1304-7787- %V 14 %N 1 %R doi: 10.25308/aduziraat.296928 %U 10.25308/aduziraat.296928
ISNAD ÇATIKKAŞ, Eray , KOÇ, Atakan . "Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri". Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 14 / 1 (Temmuz 2017): 59-64 . https://doi.org/10.25308/aduziraat.296928
AMA ÇATIKKAŞ E , KOÇ A . Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 14(1): 59-64.
Vancouver ÇATIKKAŞ E , KOÇ A . Siyah–Alaca, Esmer ve Simmental Tosunların Besi Performansı, Karkas ve Et Kalite Özellikleri. Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; 14(1): 64-59.