PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

PSİKOŞİDDETİN İŞ ANLAMINA ETKİSİ

Yıl 2015, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 16 - 26, 23.12.2015

Öz

Bu çalışmanın temel amacı psikoşiddet ile iş anlamı arasındaki ilişkiyi ve psikoşiddetin iş anlamı üzerindeki açıklayıcı rolünü incelemektir. Araştırmanın çalışma grubunu Kütahya ilinde görev yapmakta olan 162 öğretmen, 56 formasyon öğrencisi toplamda 218 katılımcı oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada veri toplama aracı olarak Psikoşiddet/Mobbing Ölçeği, İş ve Anlam Ölçeği ile yaş, cinsiyet, branş gibi demografik bilgilerin yer aldığı Kişisel Bilgi Formu kullanılmıştır. Psikoşiddet ve iş anlamı arasındaki ilişkiyi tespit etmek için Pearson momentler çarpımı korelasyon analizinden; psikoşiddetin iş anlamı üzerindeki etki katsayısını ya da yordama katsayısını tespit etmek için ise çoklu regresyon analizlerden aşamalı regresyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Korelasyon analizi sonucuna göre psikoşiddetin alt boyutları ile iş anlamı arasında ilişki vardır. Çoklu regresyon analizi bulgularında göre psikoşiddetin alt boyutları, iş anlamına negatif etkide bulunmaktadır. Çalışma sonuçları ilgili literatür ışığında tartışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Akın, A., Hamedoğlu, M. A., Kaya, Ç., & Sarıçam, H. (2013). Turkish version of the Work and Meaning Inventory (WAMI): Validity and reliability study. The Journal of European Education, 3(2), 11-16.
  • Andrew, S.S. (2011). S.M.I.L.E.S: The differentiating quotient for happiness at work. 15.02.2015 tarihinde http://www.happiestminds.com adresinden alınmıştır.
  • Ardichvili, A. (2009). The relationship between meaning of working and socioeconomic transformations: The case of post-communist Russia. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 11(2), 218-234.
  • Arnold, K. A., Turner, N., Barling, J., Kelloway, E. K., & McKee, M. C. (2007). Transformational leadership and psychological well-being: The mediating role of meaningful work. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 12, 193-203.
  • Ayers, D. F., Miller-Dyce, C., & Carlone, D. (2008). Security, dignity, caring relationships and meaningful work. Community College Review, 35(4), 257-275.
  • Bhagat, R. S., & Allie, S. M. (1989). Organizational stress, personal life stress, and symptoms of life strains: An examination of the moderating role of sense of competence. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 35, 231-253.
  • Björkqvist, K., Österman, K., & Hjelt-Bäck, M. (1994). Agression among university employees, Agressive Behavior, 20, 173-184.
  • Blase, J., & Blase, J. (2003). The phenomenology of principal mistreatment: Teachers’ perspectives. Journal of Educational, 41(4), 367-422.
  • Branch, S., Sheehan, M., Barker, M., & Ramsay, S. (2004). Perceptions of upwards bullying: An interview study. The Fourth International Conference on Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace. UK: London.
  • Bren, A., & McNamara, P. M. (2004). An investigation into workplace bullying and organisational culture in healthcare within an Irish hospital setting. The Fourth International Conference On Bullying and Harassment in The Workplace. UK: London.
  • Cusanck, S. (2000). Workplace bullying: Iceberg in sight, soundings needed. The Lancet, 356, 9248, 2118. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(00)03489-9
  • Cynthia, D. F. (2010). Happiness at work. International Journal of Management Reviews, 12 (4), 384-412.
  • Davenport, N., Schwartz, R. D., & Elliott, G. P. (2005). Mobbing, emotional abuse in the American workplace. Civil Society Publishing, Ames, IA.
  • Einarsen, S. (1999). The nature and causes of bullying at work. International Journal of Manpower, 20(1-2), 16-27.
  • Einarsen, S., Matthiesen, S., & Skogstad, A. (1998). Bullying, burnout, and well-being among assistant nurses. Journal of Occupational Health and Safety Australia and New Zealand, 14, 563-568.
  • Estes, B., & Wang, J. (2008). Workplace incivility: Impacts on individual and organizational Performance, Human Resource Development Review, 7(2), 218-240.
  • Farber, B. A. (1984). Stress and burnout in suburban teachers. Journal of Educational Research, 77(6), 325-332.
  • Field, T. (1996). Bullying at work. ww.bullyoffline.org/workbully/index.htm adresinden 09.02.2015 tarihinde erişilmiştir.
  • Fineman, S., Sims, D., & Gabriel, Y. (2005). Organizing and organizations. London: Sage Publication.
  • Fredrickson, B. L. (2003). Positive emotions and upward spirals in organizations. In K.S.Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship. Foundations of a new discipline (pp. 163-175). San Francisco: BerettKohler Publishers, Inc.
  • Friesen, D., Prokop, C. M., & Sarros, J. C. (1988). Why teachers burn out. Educational Research Quarterly, 12, 9-19.
  • Golparvar, M., & Abedini, H. (2014). The relationship between spirituality and meaning at work and the job happiness and psychological well-being: A spiritual-affective approach to the psychological wellbeing. International Journal of Management and Sustainability, 3(3), 160-175.
  • Hair, J., Black, W., Babin, B., Anderson, R., & Tatham, R. (2006). Multivariate data analysis (6th edition).Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
  • Hamedoğlu, M. A., Akın, A., Sarıçam, H., Demiriz, N., Demir, T., Uysal, R., & Akbaş, S. (2012, December). The validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Work And Meaning Inventory (WAMI), International Symposium on Chaos, Complexity and Leadership 20-22 December 2012, Ankara-Turkey.
  • Harvey, M.G., Heames, J.T., Richey, R.G. & Leonard, N. (2006). Bullying: From the playground to the boardroom, Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 12(3), 1-11.
  • Jackson, S. E., & Maslach, C. (1982). After-effects of job-related stress: Families as victim. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 3(1), 63-77.
  • Kalaycı, Ş. (2014). SPSS uygulamalı çok değişkenli istatistik teknikleri. Ankara: Asil Yayınevi.
  • Lewis, D. (2004). Bullying at work: The impact of shame among university and college lecturers. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 32(3), 281-299.
  • Leymann, H. (1996). The content and development of mobbing at work. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5(2), 165-184.
  • Lips-Wiersma, M., & Morris, L. (2009). Discriminating between meaningful work and the management of meaning. Journal of Business Ethics, 88(3), 491-511.
  • Long, B. S., & Mills, J. H. (2010). Workplace spirituality, contested meaning, and the culture of organization: A critical sense making account. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 23(3), 325-341.
  • Luthans, F. (2002). The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 695-706.
  • Luthans, F., & Avolio, B. J. (2009). The point of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 30, 291-307.
  • Lutgen-Sandvik, P. (2003). The communicative cycle of employee emotional abuse: Generation and regeneration of workplace mistreatment, Management Communication Quarterly, 16(4), 471-501.
  • Mathisen, G. E., Einarsen, S. & Mykletun, R. (2008). The occurrences and correlates of bullying and harassment in the restaurant sector, Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 49(1), 59-68.
  • Mikkelsen, E. G., & Einarsen, S. (2002). Relationships between exposure to bullying at work and psychological and psychosomatic health complaints: The role of state negative affectivity and generalized self-efficacy. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 43, 397-405.
  • Namie, G., & Namie, R. (2003). The bully at work –what you can do to stop. USA: Sourcebooks Inc.
  • Niedl, K. (1996). Mobbing and well-being: Economic and personnel development implications. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5(2), 239-249. Doi:10.1080/13594329608414857
  • Pratt, M. G., & Ashforth, B. E. (2003). Fostering meaningfulness in working and at work. In K. Cameron, J. E. Dutton, & R. E. Quinn (Eds.), Positive organizational scholarship: Foundations of a new discipline (pp. 308–327). San Francisco: BerrettKoehler
  • Rosso, B. D., Dekas, K. H., & Wrzesniewski, A. (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and review. Research in Organizational Behavior, 30, 91–127. doi:10.1016/j.riob.2010.09.001
  • Starnaman, S. M., & Miller, K. I. (1992). A test of a causal model of communication and burnout in the teaching profession. Communication Education, 41, 40-53.
  • Steger, M. F., Dik, B. J., & Duffy, R.D. (2012). Measuring meaningful work: The work as meaning inventory (WAMI). Journal of Career Assessment, 20(3), 322-337.
  • Steger, M. F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., & Kaler, M. (2006). The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(1), 80-93.
  • Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2001). Using multivariate statistics (4th edition). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Turner, N., Barling, J., & Zacharatos, A. (2002). Positive psychology at work. In C.R.Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 715- 730). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tyler, M. (1998). Stress-managementtraining for teachers: A practical guide. In J. Dunham & V. Varma (Eds.), Stress in teachers. Past, present and future (pp. 160-182). London: Whurr.
  • Van den Heuvel, M., Demerouti, E., Schreurs, B. H. J., Bakker, A. B., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2009). Does meaningmaking help during organizational change?: Development and validation of a new scale. Career Development International, 14(6), 508- 533.
  • Yagil, D. (2004). Mobs and bullies: Collective and individual negative interpersonal behaviors. The Fourth International Conference On Bullying and Harassment in The Workplace, UK: London.
  • Yaman, E. (2007). Üniversitelerde bir eğitim yönetimi sorunu olarak öğretim elemanının maruz kaldığı informal cezalar: Nitel bir araştırma. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İstanbul.
  • Yaman, E. (2008). Üniversiteler ve etik: Baskılar ya da psikolojik şiddet. İş Ahlâkı, 1, 81-97.
  • Yaman, E. (2009a). Yönetim psikolojisi açısından işyerinde psikoşiddet –mobbing. Ankara: Nobel Akademi Yay.
  • Yaman, E. (2009b). The validity and reliability of the Mobbing Scale (MS). Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 9(2), 967-988.
  • Yaman, E. (2010). Perception of faculty members exposed to mobbing about the organizational culture and climate, Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 10(1), 547-578.
  • Yaman, E., Vidinlioğlu, Ö., & Çitemel, N. (2010). İşyerinde psiko-şiddet, motivasyon ve huzur: Öğretmenler çok şey mi bekliyor? Psiko-şiddet mağduru öğretmenler üzerine, Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, 7(1), 1136- 1151.
  • Zapf, D. (1999). Organisational, work group related and personel causes of mobbing/bullying at work. International Journal of Manpower, 20(1-2), 70-85.
  • Zapf, D., Knorz, C., & Kulla, M. (1996). On the relationship between mobbing factors, and job content, social work environment, and health outcomes, European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 5(2), 215-238.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Hakan SARIÇAM>

0000-0002-8723-1199


Erkan YAMAN>

Yayımlanma Tarihi 23 Aralık 2015
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Sarıçam, H. & Yaman, E. (2015). PSİKOŞİDDETİN İŞ ANLAMINA ETKİSİ . Anadolu Eğitim Liderliği ve Öğretim Dergisi , 3 (2) , 16-26 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ajeli/issue/45066/562743

Bu Dergide Yayınlanan İçerikler Atıf 4.0 Uluslararası (CC BY 4.0) Tarafından Lisanslanmıştır.