Araştırma Makalesi
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Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 7 - 16, 07.08.2019

Öz

This study was carried at northern Upper Nile State. The main objective is to study the impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion on Natural Forests and human intervention affecting natural forests in the area; it was focused on vegetation cover, distribution and density. According to the differences in woody cover which include quantity, types, density and the differences of the factors affecting them, the area was subdivided into five strata, for ease of study.

§  First stratum: include the areas of agriculture schemes, (Goz Rom, Goz Fami and ElDola schemes).

§  Second stratum: is the around villages areas, (El Gagier, Renk, Shomidi, Gelhak, Palouge and Melut).

§  Third stratum: Charcoal and Gum production areas (around Gelhak).

§  Fourth stratum: (Manpyok area in southeast Gelhak).

§  Fifth stratum: (Palouge and Adar Yale area).

The method of simple randomized sampling of vegetation cover was specifically directed to the wood strata. A 100 x 100m quadrates were laid at random on selected sites. Also a questionnaire was prepared for data collection and the main target groups were foresters and those who are related to natural forests, such as charcoal makers, fuel wood cutters, nomads, gum producers, farmers, wildlife officers and stockholders, 72 respondents were interviewed.The study found that there were expansion of mechanized rainfed schemes, traditional rainfed (shifting and monocropping), over grazing (cutting, lobbing and bending) of Acacia seyal, illegal cutting of Acacia seyal and other species for firewood and charcoal production, over tapping in traditional ways, setting uncontrolled fires in the natural forests. Also the study found that, there are changes in vegetation cover and trees species. Acacia seyal, Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia senegal disappeared in many areas. They have been replaced by Acacia mellifera which become a dominant species in the study area.The study recommended that to mitigate the effects of these factors and utilize natural forests in a sustainable way, the integration and coordination between sectors involve in natural resources’ planning, implementing, evaluating and utilization in the area, should be activated.

Kaynakça

  • Adam, A. M., 2007. Assessment of Some Environmental Dimensions of Rainfed Agriculture in Upper Nile State – Sudan, A case Study of Goz Roum Area. (Renk). M.Sc. Thesis – College of Forestry and Range Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology.
  • Ajawin, O A., 2006. Soil degradation in Goz Rom Mechanized crop production Scheme in Northern Upper Nile Province (Renk). M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum.
  • Anderson, A., 1990. Alternatives to Deforestation Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. New York.
  • FAO, 1993. The challenge of sustainable forest management, what future for the world’s forest, Rome.
  • Garang, G. D., 1991. Upper Nile State at Present and Future.
  • Joseph, K., 1948. Forest Influences (the effects of woody vegetation on climate, water, soil) USA.
  • Khairalseed, A.R., 2015. Desertification in Sudan, Concept, Causes and Control, Journal of Science and Technology. Vol 5.No 2.
  • Madon, G., 1999. An Assessment of Tropical Dry-land Forest Management in Africa: What Are Its Lessons? France.
  • MFC El Renk, 2007. Reports of Agricultural rianfed schemes in the area.
  • Odara, J., Deng, I., Band, N., 2004. Framework for Rehablitation ad Development of Post War Suoth Sudan, University of Bahr El Gazal, pp143.

Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 1, 7 - 16, 07.08.2019

Öz

This study was carried at northern Upper Nile State. The main objective is to study the impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion on Natural Forests and human intervention affecting natural forests in the area; it was focused on vegetation cover, distribution and density. According to the differences in woody cover which include quantity, types, density and the differences of the factors affecting them, the area was subdivided into five strata, for ease of study.

§  First stratum: include the areas of agriculture schemes, (Goz Rom, Goz Fami and ElDola schemes).

§  Second stratum: is the around villages areas, (El Gagier, Renk, Shomidi, Gelhak, Palouge and Melut).

§  Third stratum: Charcoal and Gum production areas (around Gelhak).

§  Fourth stratum: (Manpyok area in southeast Gelhak).

§  Fifth stratum: (Palouge and Adar Yale area).

The method of simple randomized sampling of vegetation cover was specifically directed to the wood strata. A 100 x 100m quadrates were laid at random on selected sites. Also a questionnaire was prepared for data collection and the main target groups were foresters and those who are related to natural forests, such as charcoal makers, fuel wood cutters, nomads, gum producers, farmers, wildlife officers and stockholders, 72 respondents were interviewed.The study found that there were expansion of mechanized rainfed schemes, traditional rainfed (shifting and monocropping), over grazing (cutting, lobbing and bending) of Acacia seyal, illegal cutting of Acacia seyal and other species for firewood and charcoal production, over tapping in traditional ways, setting uncontrolled fires in the natural forests. Also the study found that, there are changes in vegetation cover and trees species. Acacia seyal, Balanites aegyptiaca and Acacia senegal disappeared in many areas. They have been replaced by Acacia mellifera which become a dominant species in the study area.The study recommended that to mitigate the effects of these factors and utilize natural forests in a sustainable way, the integration and coordination between sectors involve in natural resources’ planning, implementing, evaluating and utilization in the area, should be activated.

Kaynakça

  • Adam, A. M., 2007. Assessment of Some Environmental Dimensions of Rainfed Agriculture in Upper Nile State – Sudan, A case Study of Goz Roum Area. (Renk). M.Sc. Thesis – College of Forestry and Range Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology.
  • Ajawin, O A., 2006. Soil degradation in Goz Rom Mechanized crop production Scheme in Northern Upper Nile Province (Renk). M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Khartoum.
  • Anderson, A., 1990. Alternatives to Deforestation Steps Toward Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rain Forest. New York.
  • FAO, 1993. The challenge of sustainable forest management, what future for the world’s forest, Rome.
  • Garang, G. D., 1991. Upper Nile State at Present and Future.
  • Joseph, K., 1948. Forest Influences (the effects of woody vegetation on climate, water, soil) USA.
  • Khairalseed, A.R., 2015. Desertification in Sudan, Concept, Causes and Control, Journal of Science and Technology. Vol 5.No 2.
  • Madon, G., 1999. An Assessment of Tropical Dry-land Forest Management in Africa: What Are Its Lessons? France.
  • MFC El Renk, 2007. Reports of Agricultural rianfed schemes in the area.
  • Odara, J., Deng, I., Band, N., 2004. Framework for Rehablitation ad Development of Post War Suoth Sudan, University of Bahr El Gazal, pp143.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yasir YOUSİF ABDALLA> (Sorumlu Yazar)
College of Forestry and Range Science, Sudan University of Science and Technology
0000-0002-2755-0921
Sudan


Othwo MAYİK AWET ANONG Bu kişi benim
College of Forestry and Range Science, Upper Nile State, South Sudan
0000-0002-3649-8395
South Sudan

Yayımlanma Tarihi 7 Ağustos 2019
Gönderilme Tarihi 16 Mart 2019
Kabul Tarihi 22 Temmuz 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { ajfr539493, journal = {Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi}, issn = {1309-856X}, eissn = {2564-7660}, address = {}, publisher = {Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, number = {1}, pages = {7 - 16}, title = {Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.}, key = {cite}, author = {Yousif Abdalla, Yasir and Mayik Awet Anong, Othwo} }
APA Yousif Abdalla, Y. & Mayik Awet Anong, O. (2019). Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan. . Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi , 5 (1) , 7-16 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ajfr/issue/47764/539493
MLA Yousif Abdalla, Y. , Mayik Awet Anong, O. "Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan." . Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 7-16 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ajfr/issue/47764/539493>
Chicago Yousif Abdalla, Y. , Mayik Awet Anong, O. "Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.". Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 7-16
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan. AU - YasirYousif Abdalla, OthwoMayik Awet Anong Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 7 EP - 16 VL - 5 IS - 1 SN - 1309-856X-2564-7660 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan. %A Yasir Yousif Abdalla , Othwo Mayik Awet Anong %T Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan. %D 2019 %J Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi %P 1309-856X-2564-7660 %V 5 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Yousif Abdalla, Yasir , Mayik Awet Anong, Othwo . "Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.". Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi 5 / 1 (Ağustos 2019): 7-16 .
AMA Yousif Abdalla Y. , Mayik Awet Anong O. Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.. AOAD. 2019; 5(1): 7-16.
Vancouver Yousif Abdalla Y. , Mayik Awet Anong O. Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.. Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi. 2019; 5(1): 7-16.
IEEE Y. Yousif Abdalla ve O. Mayik Awet Anong , "Impact of Agricultural Mechanizes Rain fed Scheme Expansion and Human Intervention on Natural Forests –Case study Upper Nile State, Southern Sudan.", Anadolu Orman Araştırmaları Dergisi, c. 5, sayı. 1, ss. 7-16, Ağu. 2019