Yıl 2020, Cilt 18 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 96 - 104 2020-04-30

Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and Glycidyl Esters Formed in Vegetable Oils

Kübra EMEKTAR [1] , Meryem Nur KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN [2] , Aziz TEKİN [3]


3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve glisidol, serbest veya esterleşmiş formlarda bulunabilen ısıl işlem kaynaklı gıda bulaşanlarıdır. Uluslararası Kanser Araştırma Ajansı (IARC) 3-MCPD’yi Grup 2B (insanlar için olası karsinojen) glisidolü ise Grup 2A (insanlar için muhtemel karsinojen) olarak sınıflandırmıştır. Toksisitesinden dolayı serbest 3-MCPD için maksimum tolere edilebilir günlük alım (TDI) miktarı JECFA tarafından 2 µg/kg vücut ağırlığı olarak belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca Avrupa Komisyonu’nun 2018 yılında yaptığı son düzenleme ile bitkisel yağlarda glisidil esterleri limit değeri 1 mg/kg olarak belirlenmiştir. Mono ve digliseritler ile klor iyonu gibi prekürsörlerin rafine bitkisel yağlarda 3-MCPD ve glisidil ester bulaşanlarının oluşumundan sorumlu olduğu bildirilmiştir. Bunun yanında bitkisel yağların rafinasyonu sırasında uygulanan sıcaklık ve sürenin de bu bulaşanların oluşumunu önemli ölçüde etkilediği tespit edilmiştir. Bu derlemede, ilgili güncel literatür ışığında bitkisel yağlarda 3-MCPD ve glisidil esterleri oluşumuna sebep olan faktörler ve bu bulaşanların azaltılmasında kullanılan yöntemler incelenmiştir.
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) and glycidol, which can exist in both free or bound forms, are process contaminants that can form during heat processes. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified free 3-MCPD and glycidol under Group 2B (possible carcinogenic to humans) and Group 2A (probably carcinogenic to humans), respectively. Due to its toxicity JECFA recommended a maximum tolerable daily intake (TDI) of 2 µg/kg body weight for free 3-MCPD. Furthermore, the maximum level of glycidyl esters in refined vegetable oil was determined as 1 mg/kg in the regulation of European Commission in 2018. Precursors such as mono-diglycerides and chlorine are responsible for the formation of 3-MCPD and glycidol. Additionally, it has been found that the formation of these contaminants can be significantly influenced by temperature and time applied during the refining processes of vegetable oils. In this review, factors affecting 3-MCPD and glycidyl ester formation and the mitigation strategies of these contaminants are discussed.
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Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Derleme Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3850-5552
Yazar: Kübra EMEKTAR
Kurum: Ankara Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1774-8512
Yazar: Meryem Nur KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN
Kurum: Ankara Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1534-6800
Yazar: Aziz TEKİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ankara Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Gıda Mühendisliği Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Nisan 2020

Bibtex @derleme { akademik-gida730218, journal = {Akademik Gıda}, issn = {1304-7582}, eissn = {2148-015X}, address = {Fevzipaşa Bulv. Çelik İş Merkezi, No: 162, Kat: 3, D:302, Çankaya, İzmir}, publisher = {Sidas Medya Ajans Tanıtım Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2020}, volume = {18}, pages = {96 - 104}, doi = {10.24323/akademik-gida.730218}, title = {Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması}, key = {cite}, author = {EMEKTAR, Kübra and KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN, Meryem Nur and TEKİN, Aziz} }
APA EMEKTAR, K , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN, M , TEKİN, A . (2020). Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması. Akademik Gıda , 18 (1) , 96-104 . DOI: 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218
MLA EMEKTAR, K , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN, M , TEKİN, A . "Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması". Akademik Gıda 18 (2020 ): 96-104 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/akademik-gida/issue/54111/730218>
Chicago EMEKTAR, K , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN, M , TEKİN, A . "Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması". Akademik Gıda 18 (2020 ): 96-104
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması AU - Kübra EMEKTAR , Meryem Nur KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN , Aziz TEKİN Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218 DO - 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218 T2 - Akademik Gıda JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 96 EP - 104 VL - 18 IS - 1 SN - 1304-7582-2148-015X M3 - doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218 UR - https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.730218 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Gıda Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması %A Kübra EMEKTAR , Meryem Nur KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN , Aziz TEKİN %T Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması %D 2020 %J Akademik Gıda %P 1304-7582-2148-015X %V 18 %N 1 %R doi: 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218 %U 10.24323/akademik-gida.730218
ISNAD EMEKTAR, Kübra , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN, Meryem Nur , TEKİN, Aziz . "Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması". Akademik Gıda 18 / 1 (Nisan 2020): 96-104 . https://doi.org/10.24323/akademik-gida.730218
AMA EMEKTAR K , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN M , TEKİN A . Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması. Akademik Gıda. 2020; 18(1): 96-104.
Vancouver EMEKTAR K , KANTEKİN ERDOĞAN M , TEKİN A . Bitkisel Yağlarda 3-Monokloropropan-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) ve Glisidil Esterleri Oluşumu ve Azaltılması. Akademik Gıda. 2020; 18(1): 104-96.