Yıl 2019, Cilt 34 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 188 - 193 2019-12-31

The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei

Hakan ERGİN [1] , Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK [2]


Investigation of pollen biology (i.e. morphology, viability, germination capacity, development of pollen tube and sperm nuclei) of pomegranates, an andromonoecious species, was aimed in this study with the aid of microscopy. Pollens were collected from the Punica granatum L. cv. ‘Caner II’ at different phenological stages. Morphological features showed that the pollen is prolate with smooth exine surface. Viability was higher in the staminate flowers but germination capacity was better in the bisexuals. Pollen germination begins after it leaves the microsporangium. During pollen tube elongation, the pollen cytoplasm, vegetative nucleus and generative cells are transported within the pollen tube. Before entering the pollen tube, the generative cell undergoes mitosis and form two haploid generative cells. Differences in pollen viability and germination ratio of the flower types were found to be insignificant. Polar length was maximum (28.5 μm) in both sexual morphs and minimum (26.8 μm) in the perfect flower. The width of pollen grains ranged from 15.9 μm to 17.1 μm in both types. Perfect and functional male flowers had small pollen (15.9-27.3 μm) with grooves on the surface without perforations. The surface displayed regular continuities where it was between the protrusions. The surface of pollen grains from both of flowers was striate, with more parallel longitudinal ridges in functional male flower. The pollen from both sexes is about the same size. These findings not only provide information on basic features of pomegranate pollen and its pollination biology, but also can help understand breeding and decide strategies to develop better cultivars.
Punica granatum L., Staminate, Pollen biology, Pollen tube formation
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Ziraat
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6897-8708
Yazar: Hakan ERGİN
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0012-9782
Yazar: Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ÇANAKKALE ONSEKİZ MART ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { alinterizbd665999, journal = {Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science}, issn = {2564-7814}, eissn = {2587-2249}, address = {}, publisher = {Adem Yavuz SÖNMEZ}, year = {2019}, volume = {34}, pages = {188 - 193}, doi = {10.28955/alinterizbd.665999}, title = {The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei}, key = {cite}, author = {ERGİN, Hakan and GÖKBAYRAK, Zeliha} }
APA ERGİN, H , GÖKBAYRAK, Z . (2019). The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science , 34 (2) , 188-193 . DOI: 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999
MLA ERGİN, H , GÖKBAYRAK, Z . "The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 34 (2019 ): 188-193 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/alinterizbd/issue/51098/665999>
Chicago ERGİN, H , GÖKBAYRAK, Z . "The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 34 (2019 ): 188-193
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei AU - Hakan ERGİN , Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999 DO - 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999 T2 - Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 188 EP - 193 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 2564-7814-2587-2249 M3 - doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999 UR - https://doi.org/10.28955/alinterizbd.665999 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Alınteri Zirai Bilimler Dergisi The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei %A Hakan ERGİN , Zeliha GÖKBAYRAK %T The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei %D 2019 %J Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science %P 2564-7814-2587-2249 %V 34 %N 2 %R doi: 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999 %U 10.28955/alinterizbd.665999
ISNAD ERGİN, Hakan , GÖKBAYRAK, Zeliha . "The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei". Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science 34 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 188-193 . https://doi.org/10.28955/alinterizbd.665999
AMA ERGİN H , GÖKBAYRAK Z . The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science. 2019; 34(2): 188-193.
Vancouver ERGİN H , GÖKBAYRAK Z . The Biology of Pomegranate Pollen: All about Formation, Morphology, Viability, Germination and Events relating to Sperm Nuclei. Alinteri Journal of Agriculture Science. 2019; 34(2): 193-188.