Yıl 2018, Cilt 6 , Sayı 5, Sayfalar 621 - 631 2018-04-13

Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives
2010 Sonrasında Orta Doğu'da Değişen Bölgesel Düzende Hamas-FKÖ/Fetih Uzlaşısı ve Yakınlaşması: Neo-Realist ve Neo-Klasik Realist Bir Değerlendirme

Philipp O. Amour [1]


This article addresses two main questions. First, how have regional dynamics and domestic pathologies since 2010 affected (i.e., constrained or delimited) Palestinian reconciliation and rapprochement? Second, can the realist theory of international relations (IR) help us understand the differences or similarities observed in Hamas’s and Fatah’s preferences for reconciliation and rapprochement? Since the turn of the decade, dominant states in the Middle East have become reactive (and proactive) toward state and non-state actors; they have become inclined to react to power magnitude and forces of competition beyond their calculations and control. The differential reactions of both non-state actors, Fatah and Hamas, is due in substantial measure to marked differences in the windows of opportunity, and constraints on regional dynamics that have affected their policy preferences and strategies. This article concludes that the interplay of systemic and domestic factors has notably set the two rival movements on distinctly different trajectories of national unity. In this sense, both streams of realism (neorealism and neoclassical realism) seem appropriate as theoretical frameworks, albeit with different explanatory power/opportunities.   
Bu makale iki ana soruya değinmektedir. Birincisi, 2010 yılından itibaren bölgesel dinamikler ve iç tercihler, Filistin uzlaşısını ve yakınlaşmasını nasıl etkiledi (sınırlandırdı ya da zorladı)? İkincisi,  realist teori, Hamas ve El-Fetih’in uzlaşı ve yakınlaşma konusundaki tercihlerinde ortaya çıkan benzerlikleri ve farklılıkları anlamada bize yardımcı olur mu? 2011 yılından beri, Ortadoğudaki baskın devletler, hesapları ve kontrolleri ötesinde rekabet içerisindeki güçler ve büyük güç elde etmeye çalışan devletler ile devlet-dışı aktörlere yönelik tepkisel ve proaktif bir tutum sergilemektedir. Devlet dışı aktörler olan Hamas ve El-Fetih’in tepki gösterdiği anlaşmazlık, kendilerinin politik tercihlerine ve stratejilerine de işaret eden bölgesel dinamiklerin sınırlamaları ve fırsatlarına ilişkin bakış açılarındaki farklılıklara işaret eden önemli tedbirler/önlemler üzerinedir. Bu makale, özellikle sistemik ve iç faktörlerin karşılıklı etkileşiminin, iki rakip hareketi ulusal birliğin sağlanması noktasında oldukça farklı yörüngelere yerleştirdiği sonucuna varmaktadır. Bu bağlamda, her iki realist akım (neo-realizm ve neo-klasik realizm), farklı açıklama kapasitesi/fırsatları ile birlikte teorik çerçeve olarak uygun görünmektedir.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Yayımlanma Tarihi Ekim 2018
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-6287-4625
Yazar: Philipp O. Amour (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Department of International Relations & Middle East Institute, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 13 Nisan 2018

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { anemon384773, journal = {Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-4622}, address = {}, publisher = {Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {621 - 631}, doi = {10.18506/anemon.384773}, title = {Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives}, key = {cite}, author = {Amour, Philipp O.} }
APA Amour, P . (2018). Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 6 (5) , 621-631 . DOI: 10.18506/anemon.384773
MLA Amour, P . "Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 (2018 ): 621-631 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/anemon/issue/36491/384773>
Chicago Amour, P . "Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 (2018 ): 621-631
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives AU - Philipp O. Amour Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.18506/anemon.384773 DO - 10.18506/anemon.384773 T2 - Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 621 EP - 631 VL - 6 IS - 5 SN - -2149-4622 M3 - doi: 10.18506/anemon.384773 UR - https://doi.org/10.18506/anemon.384773 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives %A Philipp O. Amour %T Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives %D 2018 %J Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P -2149-4622 %V 6 %N 5 %R doi: 10.18506/anemon.384773 %U 10.18506/anemon.384773
ISNAD Amour, Philipp O. . "Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 / 5 (Nisan 2018): 621-631 . https://doi.org/10.18506/anemon.384773
AMA Amour P . Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2018; 6(5): 621-631.
Vancouver Amour P . Hamas-PLO/Fatah Reconciliation and Rapprochement within the Unfolding Regional Order in the Middle East since 2010: Neorealist and Neoclassical Realist Perspectives. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2018; 6(5): 631-621.