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SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 108 - 117, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.53569/apjhls.1023523

Öz

Mikotoksinler bazı küfler tarafından üretilen toksik maddelerdir. Aflatoksinler (AF’ler) en sık bilinen mikotoksin gruplarından biridir. Bilinen 20’den fazla AF türü bulunmaktadır ancak en toksik olanı AF B1 olarak bilinir. İnsanlar tarafından tüketildiklerinde akut ya da kronik toksikozlara neden olurlar. Kabuklu yemişler, tahıllar, meyve ve sebzeler, baharatlar süt ve süt ürünleri AF bulaşma riski yüksek olan gıda gruplarıdır. Süt ve süt ürünleri, hayvan dokuları arasında en fazla AF kalıntısı içeren gıda grubudur. Süt ve süt ürünlerinde AF kontaminasyon yollarının bilinmesi ve önleme çalışmalarının yapılması elzemdir. Özellikle gelişim çağındaki çocuklar tarafından da sık tüketilen bir gıda grubu olan süt ve süt ürünlerindeki AF toksisite riskini azaltmak amacıyla sütün işlenmesi sırasında AF degradasyonu için belirli yöntemler geliştirilmeye çalışılmaktadır. Ozon, ışınlama, sülfit, bisülfit ve hidrojen peroksit ekleme, mikroorganizma ekleme gibi çeşitli fiziksel, kimyasal, biyolojik yöntemler mevcuttur ancak her biri için avantaj ve dezavantajların saptanması önemlidir. Süt ve süt ürünlerindeki AF kontaminasyonunun azaltılması için; sütün üretiminden tüketimine kadar geçen aşamaların tümünde iyi tarım uygulamalarının benimsenmesi ve bunun için resmi kontrol ve yaptırım mekanizmalarının sağlıklı ve etkin bir şekilde sürdürülmesi gereklidir. Bu amaçla bu çalışmada süt ve süt ürünlerindeki AF kontaminasyonunun ve olası risklerin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Abdel-Salam, A. M., Badr, A. N., Zaghloul, A. H., & Farrag, A. R. H. (2020). Functional yogurt aims to protect against the aflatoxin B1 toxicity in rats. Toxicology Reports, 7, 1412–1420.
  • Abdulrazzaq, Y. M., Osman, N., Yousif, Z. M., & Trad, O. (2004). Morbidity in neonates of mothers who have ingested aflatoxins. Ann Trop Paediatr, 24(2), 145‐151.
  • Abrar, M., Anjum, F. M., Butt, M. S., Pasha, I., Randhawa, M. A., Saeed, F., & Waqas, K. (2013). Aflatoxins: biosynthesis, occurrence, toxicity and remedies. Critical Review in Food Science, 53, 862-874.
  • Alberts, J. F., Gelderblom, W. C., Botha, A., & van Zyl, W. H. (2009). Degradation of aflatoxin B(1) by fungal laccase enzymes. Int J Food Microbiol, 135, 47–52.
  • Applebaum, R. S., & Marth, E. (1982). Fate of aflatoxin M1 in cottage cheese. Journal of Food Protection, 45, 903–904.
  • Arefin, S., Sarker, M. A. H., Islam, M. A., Harunur Rashid, M., & Islam, M. N. (2017). Islam Use of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) in raw cow's milk preservation. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4 (4), 371-377.
  • Bbosa, G. S., Lubega, A., Kyegombe, D. B., Kitya, D., Ogwal-Okeng, J., & Anokbonggo, W. W. (2013). Review of the biological and health effects of aflatoxins on body organs and body systems. In M. Razzaghi-Abyaneh (Ed.) Aflatoxins - Recent Advances and Future Prospects (p: 239 266). Croatia: INTECH Open Access Publisher.
  • Becker-Algeri, T. A., Castagnaro, D., de Bortoli, K., de Souza, C., Drunkler, D. A., & Badiale-Furlong, E. (2016). Mycotoxins in Bovine Milk and Dairy Products: A Review. J Food Sci, 81, 544−552.
  • Bennett, J. W., & Klich, M. (2003). Mycotoxins. Clin Microbiol Rev, 16, 497–516.
  • Bhat, R., Rai, R.V., & Karim, A.A. (2010). Mycotoxins in Food and Feed: Present Status and Future Concerns. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 9, 57–81. doi:10.1111/j.1541-4337.2009.00094.x
  • Bryden, W. L. (2012). Mycotoxin contamination of the feed supply chain: Implications for animal productivity and feed security. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 173, 134-158.
  • Cavaliere, C., Foglia, P., Guarino, C., Marzioni, F., Nazzari, M., Samperi, R., & Lagana, A. (2006). Aflatoxin M1 determination in cheese by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1135(2), 135-141.
  • Chen, Y.C., Liao, C.D., Lin, H.Y., Chiueh, L.C., & Shih. D.Y.C. (2013). Survey of aflatoxin contamination in peanut products in Taiwan from 1997 to 2011. J Food Drug Anal, 21, 247-252.
  • Creppy, E. (2002). Update of survey, regulation and toxic effects of mycotoxins in Europe. Toxicology Letters, 127, 19-28.
  • da Luz, J. M., Nunes, M. D., Paes, S. A., Torres, D. P., Silva, M. D. C. S. & Kasuya. M. C. M. (2012). Lignocellulolytic enzyme production of Pleurotus ostreatus growth in agroindustrial wastes. Braz J Microbiol, 43, 1508-1515.
  • Delialioğlu, N., Otağ, F., Ocal, N. D., Aslan, G., & Emekda, G. (2010). Mersin ilinde ciğ ve market sütlerinde aflatoksin M1 düzeyinin araştirilmasi [Investigation of aflatoxin M1 levels in raw and market milks in Mersin Province, Turkey]. Mikrobiyol Bul, 44(1), 87-91.
  • Demirer, B. & Özdemir, M. (2021). Gıdalardaki Antibiyotik Kalıntıları. Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle, 3 (1), 17-25 .
  • Demirer, B. & Özdemir, M. (2021). Aflatoksinlerin Anne ve Çocuk Sağlığına Etkileri. Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi, 22(5), 432-438 . doi: 10.18229/kocatepetip.751953.
  • Denning, D. W., Allen, R., Wilkinson, A. P., & Morgan, M. R. (1990). Transplacental transfer of aflatoxin in humans. Carcinogenesis, 11(6), 1033-1035.
  • Deveci, O., & Sezgin, E. (2005). Aflatoxin M1 levels of skim milk powders produced in Turkey. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 13(2), 139-142.
  • Devries, J., Trucksess, L. S., & Jackson (2002). Mycotoxins and Food Safety. http://www.cplbookshop.com/contents/C869.htm. Erişim tarihi: 25-11-2004.
  • Diekman, D. A., & Green, M. L. (1992). Mycotoxins and reproduction in domestic livestock. Journal of Animal Science, 70, 1615-1627.
  • Elkak, A., El Atat, O., Habib, J., & Abbas, M. (2012). Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in cheese processed and marketed in Lebanon. Food Control, 25(1), 140–143.
  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (2004). Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/a y5499e.pdf.
  • Fallah, A. A. (2010). Assessment of aflatoxin M1 contamination in pasteurized and UHT milk marketed in central part of Iran. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 988–991.
  • Fallah, A. A., Jafari, T., Fallah, A., & Rahnama, M. (2009). Determination of aflatoxin M1 levels in Iranian white and cream cheese. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47, 1872-1875.
  • Fernandes, A. M., Corrêa, B., Rosim, R. E., Kobashigaw, E., & Oliveira, C. A. (2012). Distribution and stability of aflatoxin M1 during processing and storage of Minas Frescal cheese. Food Control, 24, 104–108.
  • Ferreira, H., Pittner, E., Sanches, H. F., & Monteiro, M. C. (2006). Aflatoxinas: um risco a saúde humana e animal. Ambiência - Revista do Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, 2, 113-127.
  • Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) (2013). Aflatoxin M1 in Milk and AflatoxinB1 in Feeds (Rapor No: 526). Retrieved from http://www.fsc.go.jp/english/evaluationreports/nm_toxins/aflatoxin_m1_b1_fs526.pdf
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AFLATOXINS IN MILK AND DAIRY PRODUCTS: POSSIBLE RISKS

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 108 - 117, 31.12.2021
https://doi.org/10.53569/apjhls.1023523

Öz

Mycotoxins are toxic substances produced by some molds. Aflatoxins (AFs) are one of the most commonly known groups of mycotoxins. There are more than 20 known types of AF, but the most toxic is known as AF B1. They cause acute or chronic toxicosis when consumed by humans. Nuts, grains, fruits and vegetables, spices, milk and dairy products are food groups with a high risk of AF contamination. Milk and dairy products are the food group containing the most AF residues among animal tissues. It is essential to know the ways of AF contamination in milk and dairy products and to carry out prevention studies. In order to reduce the risk of AF toxicity in milk and dairy products, which is a food group that is especially consumed by children in developmental age, certain methods are being developed for AF degradation during milk processing. There are various physical, chemical and biological methods such as ozone, irradiation, adding sulphite, bisulfite and hydrogen peroxide, adding microorganisms, but it is important to determine the advantages and disadvantages for each. To reduce AF contamination in milk and dairy products; Good agricultural practices should be adopted in all stages from milk production to consumption, and official control and sanction mechanisms should be maintained in a healthy and effective way for this. For this purpose, in this study, it was aimed to evaluate AF contamination and possible risks in milk and dairy products.

Kaynakça

  • Abdel-Salam, A. M., Badr, A. N., Zaghloul, A. H., & Farrag, A. R. H. (2020). Functional yogurt aims to protect against the aflatoxin B1 toxicity in rats. Toxicology Reports, 7, 1412–1420.
  • Abdulrazzaq, Y. M., Osman, N., Yousif, Z. M., & Trad, O. (2004). Morbidity in neonates of mothers who have ingested aflatoxins. Ann Trop Paediatr, 24(2), 145‐151.
  • Abrar, M., Anjum, F. M., Butt, M. S., Pasha, I., Randhawa, M. A., Saeed, F., & Waqas, K. (2013). Aflatoxins: biosynthesis, occurrence, toxicity and remedies. Critical Review in Food Science, 53, 862-874.
  • Alberts, J. F., Gelderblom, W. C., Botha, A., & van Zyl, W. H. (2009). Degradation of aflatoxin B(1) by fungal laccase enzymes. Int J Food Microbiol, 135, 47–52.
  • Applebaum, R. S., & Marth, E. (1982). Fate of aflatoxin M1 in cottage cheese. Journal of Food Protection, 45, 903–904.
  • Arefin, S., Sarker, M. A. H., Islam, M. A., Harunur Rashid, M., & Islam, M. N. (2017). Islam Use of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) in raw cow's milk preservation. Journal of Advanced Veterinary and Animal Research, 4 (4), 371-377.
  • Bbosa, G. S., Lubega, A., Kyegombe, D. B., Kitya, D., Ogwal-Okeng, J., & Anokbonggo, W. W. (2013). Review of the biological and health effects of aflatoxins on body organs and body systems. In M. Razzaghi-Abyaneh (Ed.) Aflatoxins - Recent Advances and Future Prospects (p: 239 266). Croatia: INTECH Open Access Publisher.
  • Becker-Algeri, T. A., Castagnaro, D., de Bortoli, K., de Souza, C., Drunkler, D. A., & Badiale-Furlong, E. (2016). Mycotoxins in Bovine Milk and Dairy Products: A Review. J Food Sci, 81, 544−552.
  • Bennett, J. W., & Klich, M. (2003). Mycotoxins. Clin Microbiol Rev, 16, 497–516.
  • Bhat, R., Rai, R.V., & Karim, A.A. (2010). Mycotoxins in Food and Feed: Present Status and Future Concerns. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 9, 57–81. doi:10.1111/j.1541-4337.2009.00094.x
  • Bryden, W. L. (2012). Mycotoxin contamination of the feed supply chain: Implications for animal productivity and feed security. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 173, 134-158.
  • Cavaliere, C., Foglia, P., Guarino, C., Marzioni, F., Nazzari, M., Samperi, R., & Lagana, A. (2006). Aflatoxin M1 determination in cheese by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 1135(2), 135-141.
  • Chen, Y.C., Liao, C.D., Lin, H.Y., Chiueh, L.C., & Shih. D.Y.C. (2013). Survey of aflatoxin contamination in peanut products in Taiwan from 1997 to 2011. J Food Drug Anal, 21, 247-252.
  • Creppy, E. (2002). Update of survey, regulation and toxic effects of mycotoxins in Europe. Toxicology Letters, 127, 19-28.
  • da Luz, J. M., Nunes, M. D., Paes, S. A., Torres, D. P., Silva, M. D. C. S. & Kasuya. M. C. M. (2012). Lignocellulolytic enzyme production of Pleurotus ostreatus growth in agroindustrial wastes. Braz J Microbiol, 43, 1508-1515.
  • Delialioğlu, N., Otağ, F., Ocal, N. D., Aslan, G., & Emekda, G. (2010). Mersin ilinde ciğ ve market sütlerinde aflatoksin M1 düzeyinin araştirilmasi [Investigation of aflatoxin M1 levels in raw and market milks in Mersin Province, Turkey]. Mikrobiyol Bul, 44(1), 87-91.
  • Demirer, B. & Özdemir, M. (2021). Gıdalardaki Antibiyotik Kalıntıları. Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle, 3 (1), 17-25 .
  • Demirer, B. & Özdemir, M. (2021). Aflatoksinlerin Anne ve Çocuk Sağlığına Etkileri. Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi, 22(5), 432-438 . doi: 10.18229/kocatepetip.751953.
  • Denning, D. W., Allen, R., Wilkinson, A. P., & Morgan, M. R. (1990). Transplacental transfer of aflatoxin in humans. Carcinogenesis, 11(6), 1033-1035.
  • Deveci, O., & Sezgin, E. (2005). Aflatoxin M1 levels of skim milk powders produced in Turkey. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, 13(2), 139-142.
  • Devries, J., Trucksess, L. S., & Jackson (2002). Mycotoxins and Food Safety. http://www.cplbookshop.com/contents/C869.htm. Erişim tarihi: 25-11-2004.
  • Diekman, D. A., & Green, M. L. (1992). Mycotoxins and reproduction in domestic livestock. Journal of Animal Science, 70, 1615-1627.
  • Elkak, A., El Atat, O., Habib, J., & Abbas, M. (2012). Occurrence of aflatoxin M1 in cheese processed and marketed in Lebanon. Food Control, 25(1), 140–143.
  • European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) (2004). Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/a y5499e.pdf.
  • Fallah, A. A. (2010). Assessment of aflatoxin M1 contamination in pasteurized and UHT milk marketed in central part of Iran. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 988–991.
  • Fallah, A. A., Jafari, T., Fallah, A., & Rahnama, M. (2009). Determination of aflatoxin M1 levels in Iranian white and cream cheese. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47, 1872-1875.
  • Fernandes, A. M., Corrêa, B., Rosim, R. E., Kobashigaw, E., & Oliveira, C. A. (2012). Distribution and stability of aflatoxin M1 during processing and storage of Minas Frescal cheese. Food Control, 24, 104–108.
  • Ferreira, H., Pittner, E., Sanches, H. F., & Monteiro, M. C. (2006). Aflatoxinas: um risco a saúde humana e animal. Ambiência - Revista do Centro de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, 2, 113-127.
  • Food Safety Commission of Japan (FSCJ) (2013). Aflatoxin M1 in Milk and AflatoxinB1 in Feeds (Rapor No: 526). Retrieved from http://www.fsc.go.jp/english/evaluationreports/nm_toxins/aflatoxin_m1_b1_fs526.pdf
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Beslenme ve Diyetetik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Büşra DEMİRER (Sorumlu Yazar)
KARABÜK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-1945-0485
Türkiye


Mehmet ÖZDEMİR
KARABÜK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-9506-0131
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @derleme { apjhls1023523, journal = {Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle}, issn = {}, eissn = {2687-2374}, address = {Babalık Mh. Kemerli Cd,. Demirci İş Merk.B Blok, No: 7/705 Selçuklu-Konya}, publisher = {Akademik Perspektif Derneği}, year = {2021}, volume = {3}, pages = {108 - 117}, doi = {10.53569/apjhls.1023523}, title = {SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER}, key = {cite}, author = {Demirer, Büşra and Özdemir, Mehmet} }
APA Demirer, B. & Özdemir, M. (2021). SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER . Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle , 3 (2) , 108-117 . DOI: 10.53569/apjhls.1023523
MLA Demirer, B. , Özdemir, M. "SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER" . Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle 3 (2021 ): 108-117 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/apjhls/issue/67829/1023523>
Chicago Demirer, B. , Özdemir, M. "SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER". Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle 3 (2021 ): 108-117
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER AU - Büşra Demirer , Mehmet Özdemir Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.53569/apjhls.1023523 DO - 10.53569/apjhls.1023523 T2 - Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 108 EP - 117 VL - 3 IS - 2 SN - -2687-2374 M3 - doi: 10.53569/apjhls.1023523 UR - https://doi.org/10.53569/apjhls.1023523 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Akademik Platform Helal Yaşam Dergisi SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER %A Büşra Demirer , Mehmet Özdemir %T SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER %D 2021 %J Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle %P -2687-2374 %V 3 %N 2 %R doi: 10.53569/apjhls.1023523 %U 10.53569/apjhls.1023523
ISNAD Demirer, Büşra , Özdemir, Mehmet . "SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER". Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle 3 / 2 (Aralık 2021): 108-117 . https://doi.org/10.53569/apjhls.1023523
AMA Demirer B. , Özdemir M. SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER. AP Helal Yaşam. 2021; 3(2): 108-117.
Vancouver Demirer B. , Özdemir M. SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER. Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle. 2021; 3(2): 108-117.
IEEE B. Demirer ve M. Özdemir , "SÜT VE SÜT ÜRÜNLERİNDE AFLATOKSİNLER: OLASI RİSKLER", Academic Platform Journal of Halal Lifestyle, c. 3, sayı. 2, ss. 108-117, Ara. 2021, doi:10.53569/apjhls.1023523

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