Yıl 2016, Cilt 2 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 27 - 47 2016-04-15

Demokratikleşme Literatürü Çerçevesinde Rawls’un Anayasal Uzlaşma ve Örtüşen Görüş Birliği Kavramları
Rawls’ Conceptions of Constitutional Consensus and Overlapping Consensus in View of the Democratization Literature

Necip YILDIZ [1]


Bu makalede Rawls’un anayasal uzlaşma ve örtüşen görüş birliği kavramları, demokratikleşme literatürü çerçevesinde analiz edilip değerlendirilmiştir. Rawls bir siyaset düşünürü olarak yazmasına ve demokratikleşme literatürüne açık göndermelerde bulunmamasına ragmen, demokratikleşme literatürü ile Rawls’un örtüşen görüş birliğine ulaşmak için gerektiğini belirttiği aşamalar arasında bir paralellik gözlemlenmektedir. Makalede, demokratikleşme literatürüile Rawls’un anayasal uzlaşma ve örtüşen görüş birliği kavramları arasındaki bağlantılarla ilgili olarak üç temel tespit yapılmıştır. İlk olarak, Rawls’un bahsettiği, demokratik prosedürler üzerinde bir ‘anayasal uzlaşma’nın ilk aşamasının, ki bu yalnızca bir modus vivendi’dir, literatürdeki ‘demokrasiye geçiş’ kavramına karşılık geldiği tespit edilmiştir. İkinci olarak, anayasal uzlaşmanın nihai ve sonlandırılmış halinin ‘minimalist’ ve ‘negatif’ demokratik pekişmeye denk düştüğü; üçüncü olarak ise, ‘örtüşen görüş birliği’ kavramının ‘maksimalist’ ve ‘pozitif’ demokratik pekişmeye karşılık geldiği tespit edilmiştir.
In this article, Rawls’ conceptions of constitutional consensus and overlapping consensus are analyzed and evaluatedin relation to the democratization literature. Although Rawls wrote as a political thinker and didnot make explicit references to the democratization literature in his writings, one can discern a parallel between the democratization literature and Rawls’ depiction of the stages for reaching an overlapping consensus. Regarding the connections between democratization literature and Rawls’ conceptions of constitutional consensus and overlapping consensus, three conclusions are put forth in the article. The first is that Rawls’ conception of the initial stage of constitutional consensus, which is practically a modus vivendi, corresponds to ‘democratic transition.’ The second argument is that Rawls’ conception of (finalized) constitutional consensus corresponds to ‘minimalist’ and ‘negative’ democratic consolidation. And the third argument is that Rawls’ conception of overlapping consensus corresponds to ‘maximalist’ and ‘positive’ democratic consolidation.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Yazar: Necip YILDIZ
Kurum: ARDAHAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Nisan 2016

APA Yıldız, N . (2016). Rawls’ Conceptions of Constitutional Consensus and Overlapping Consensus in View of the Democratization Literature . Ardahan Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 2 (3) , 27-47 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/aruiibfdergisi/issue/60488/887153