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The Effect of Heavy Exercise on Plasma Lipid Levels in Elite Volleyball Male Athletes

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 3, 604 - 612, 28.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.38021/asbid.1154758

Öz

It is known that physical activity plays a cardioprotective role. Various types of physical exercise have positive effects on the plasma lipid panel, which generally indicates the risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study is to examine the plasma lipid levels of elite volleyball players who trained heavily for 10 weeks. Male elite volleyball athletes voluntarily participated in the study, who are healthy and between the ages of 18-35 (n=18). Body mass index (BMI) values were calculated by measuring the weight and height of all athletes participating in the study before and after heavy exercise. Before and after the heavy exercise program, blood plasma samples were taken from the athletes for biochemical and hematological analyzes. When the plasma values of the athletes were compared before and after exercise, no statistically significant difference was found (p>0.05). It was determined that the total cholesterol (TC) value in the plasma lipid panel of the athletes after heavy exercise decreased (p<0.05) and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) value increased (p<0.05) statistically significantly. There was no difference in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglyceride (TG) values (p>0.05). In conclusion, the increase in HDL-C plasma value and decrease in TC plasma value in elite volleyball athletes after heavy exercise in this study shows that heavy volleyball exercises reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Kaynakça

  • Akgun, N (1994). Lipid and cholesterol, exercise physiology. Gokce Offset Printing.
  • Altınışık, Ü., & Çelik, A. (2021). Investigation of service quality perceived by fitness center consumers. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, 10(15), 3225-3229.
  • Altınışık, Ü., İlhan, E. L., & Kurtipek, S. (2021). Awareness of the effects of sport in ındividuals with ıntellectual disabled: a research on sport manager candidates. CBÜ Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 16(2), 79-90.
  • Aydın, Z. (2006). Healthy aging for the individual and society: role of lifestyle factors. Med J SDU, 13(4), 43-46.
  • Daglı, M. N., & Karaca, O. (2017). The effect of sedentary lifestyle and exercise over cardiovascular diseases prevention. Turkiye Klinikleri J Cardiol-Special Topics, 10(4), 248-250.
  • Erdogan, C. S., Er, F., Ipekoglu, G., Colakoglu, T., Zorba, E., & Colakoglu, F. F. (2017). The effects of different type balance exercises on static and dynamic balance performance in volleyball players. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches, 8(1), 11-18.
  • Farsani, P. A., & Davar, R. (2011). The effect of six-week aerobic interval training on some blood lipids and VO2max in female athlete students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2144-2148.
  • Genc, A., & Bilici, M. (2019). Effect of endurance training on some serum lipid levels of female cross country skiing athletes. Research in Sport Education and Sciences, 21(4), 69-74.
  • Goksu, M. (2015). Effects of six-week endurance training method on some haematological values of basketball players. Nigde University Journal of Physical Education and Sport sciences, 9(3), 92-299.
  • Gunay, S. K. M. (2003). The effects of aerobic training program on cardiovascular risk factors of postmenopausal women. GEFAD/GUJGEF, 23(3), 257-273.
  • Gursoy, S. (2008). The effects of exercise on total antioxidant capacity and serum lipid profile in regularly exercising sports students. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Inonu University, Institute of Health Sciences, Malatya.
  • Herbert, P. N., Bernier, D. N., Cullinane, E. M., Edelstein, L., Kantor, M. A., & Thompson, P. D. (1984). High-density lipoprotein metabolism in runners and sedentary men. J Am Med Assoc, 252:1034.
  • Kaynar, O., Kıyıcı, F., Ozturk, N., & Bakan, E. (2019). The effect of acute exercise on plasma lipid levels in elite wrestlers. Research in Sport Education and Sciences, 17 (1), 33-41.
  • Koc, H., & Tamer, K. (2008). The effects of aerobic and anaerobic trainings on lipoprotein levels. Journal of health sciences. 17: 137-143.
  • Kiens, B. (1993). Skeletal muscle substrate utilization during submaximal exercise in man: Effect of endurance training. J Physiol, 469, 459-478.
  • Kiens, B., & Richter, E. A. (1998). Utilization of skeletal muscle triacylglycerol during postexercise recovery in humans. Am J Physiol, 275, 332-337.
  • Lale, B., Muniroglu, S., Coruh, E., & Sunay, H. (2003). The evaluation of somatotype profile of turkish male national volleyball team. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1(1), 53-56.
  • Lilić, L., Stefanović, R., Kocić, M., Ilić, H. S., Nedin-Ranković, G., Trajković, D., & Mitić, D. (2009). Changes in lipid parameters and antropometric indicators of dieting during the period of intensive preparations of top athletes. Acta medica Medianae, 48(4), 5-9.
  • Manna, N., Khanna, G. L., & Dhara, P. C. (2012). Effect of training on anthropometric, physiological and biochemical variables of U-19 volleyball Players. Journal of Human Sport & Exercıse, 7(1).
  • Magkos, F., Wright, D. C., Patterson, B.W., Mohammed, S. B., & Mittendorfer, B.(2006) Lipid metabolism response to a single, prolonged bout of endurance exercise in healthy young men. Am. J.Physiol.Endocrinol.Metab. 290, 355-362.
  • Ipekoglu, G., & Balcı, S. S. (2016). Comparison between continuous and intermittent submaximal exercise at the intensity of maximal fat oxidation. Journal of Human Sciences, 13(3), 4604-4612.
  • Islegen, C. (2007). Revıew: Physical activity and coronary heart disease risk factors. Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(4), 157-180.
  • Powers, S. K., Lennon, S. L., Quindry, J., & Mehta, J. L., (2002). Exercise and cardioprotection. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 7(5), 495-502.
  • Studd, J. (2000). The management of the menopause, the millennium review. Parthenon Publishing.
  • Thompson, P. D., Cullinane, E. M., Sady, S. P., et al. (1988). Modest changes in high-density lipoprotein concentration and metabolism with prolonged exercise training. Circulation, 78:25.
  • Thompson, P. D., Cullinane, E. M., Sady, S. P, Flynn, M. M., Chenevert, C. B., Herbert, P. N. (1991). High density lipoprotein metabolism in endurance athletes and sedentary men. Circulation, 84, 140.
  • Thompson, P. D. (1990). What do muscles have to do with lipoproteins? Circulation, 81, 1428.
  • Thompson, P. D., Tsongalis, G. J., Seip, R. L., Bilbie, C., Miles, M., Zoeller, R. Ç., Visich, P. (2004). Apolipoprotein E Genotyype and changes in serum lipids and maximal oxygen uptake with exercise training. Metabolism, 53(2), 193-202
  • Tran, Z. V., Weltman, A., Glass, G. V., Mood, D. P. (1983). The effects of exercise on blood lipids and lipoproteins: A meta-analysis of studies. Med Sci Sports Exer, 15, 393.
  • Turnagol, H. (1994). Energy systems in volleyball. Volleyball Journal of Science and Technology, 2, 34-37.
  • Uzun, M. (2016). Cardiovascular system and exercise. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 7(2), 48-53.
  • Watt, M. J., Heigenhauser, G. J. F., & Spriet, L. L. (2002) Intramuscular triacylglycerol utilization in human skeletal muscle during exercise: Is there a controversy? J Appl Physiol 93, 1185-1195.
  • Witek, K. (2009). Changes in serum lipid profile of elite volleyball players in the competition period. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 1, 63.
  • Yesil, P., & Altıok, M. (2012). The importance of physical activity in the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(3), 39-48.

ELİT VOLEYBOL ERKEK SPORCULARDA AĞIR EGZERSİZİN PLAZMA LİPİD DÜZEYLERİNE ETKİSİ

Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 3, 604 - 612, 28.09.2022
https://doi.org/10.38021/asbid.1154758

Öz

Fiziksel aktivitenin kardiyoprotektif bir rol oynadığı bilinmektedir. Yapılan çeşitli fiziksel egzersiz türlerinin genel olarak kardiyovasküler hastalık riskini gösteren plazma lipid paneli üzerine olumlu etkileri bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada 10 hafta boyunca ağır antreman yapan elit voleybol sporcularında plazma lipid düzeylerinin incelenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmaya gönüllü ve sağlıklı 18-35 yaş aralığında erkek elit voleybol sporcu katılmıştır (n=18). Tüm deneklerin ağır egzersiz öncesi ve sonrası kilo ve boyu ölçülerek, vücut kitle indeks (BMI) değerleri hesaplanmıştır. Ağır egzersiz programına başlamadan ve egzersiz programı sonrası sporculardan biyokimyasal ve hematolojik analizler için kan plazma örnekleri alınmıştır. Sporcuların egzersiz öncesi ve sonrası plazma hematolojik değerleri karşılaştırıldığında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı fark bulunmamıştır (p>0.05). Sporcuların ağır egzersiz sonrası plazma lipid panelinde total kolesterol (TC) değerinin azaldığı (p<0.05) ve yüksek yoğunluklu lipoprotein kolesterol (HDL-C) değerinin istatistiksel anlamlı arttığı (p<0.05) görülmüştür. Plazma düşük dansiteli lipoprotein kolesterol (LDL-C) ve trigliserid (TG) değerlerinde fark görülmemiştir (p>0.05). Sonuç olarak, bu çalışmada ağır egzersiz sonrası elit voleybol sporcularında HDL-C plazma değerinin artışı ve TC plazma değerinin azalması kardiyovasküler hastalık riskini azalttığını göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Akgun, N (1994). Lipid and cholesterol, exercise physiology. Gokce Offset Printing.
  • Altınışık, Ü., & Çelik, A. (2021). Investigation of service quality perceived by fitness center consumers. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, 10(15), 3225-3229.
  • Altınışık, Ü., İlhan, E. L., & Kurtipek, S. (2021). Awareness of the effects of sport in ındividuals with ıntellectual disabled: a research on sport manager candidates. CBÜ Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 16(2), 79-90.
  • Aydın, Z. (2006). Healthy aging for the individual and society: role of lifestyle factors. Med J SDU, 13(4), 43-46.
  • Daglı, M. N., & Karaca, O. (2017). The effect of sedentary lifestyle and exercise over cardiovascular diseases prevention. Turkiye Klinikleri J Cardiol-Special Topics, 10(4), 248-250.
  • Erdogan, C. S., Er, F., Ipekoglu, G., Colakoglu, T., Zorba, E., & Colakoglu, F. F. (2017). The effects of different type balance exercises on static and dynamic balance performance in volleyball players. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches, 8(1), 11-18.
  • Farsani, P. A., & Davar, R. (2011). The effect of six-week aerobic interval training on some blood lipids and VO2max in female athlete students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2144-2148.
  • Genc, A., & Bilici, M. (2019). Effect of endurance training on some serum lipid levels of female cross country skiing athletes. Research in Sport Education and Sciences, 21(4), 69-74.
  • Goksu, M. (2015). Effects of six-week endurance training method on some haematological values of basketball players. Nigde University Journal of Physical Education and Sport sciences, 9(3), 92-299.
  • Gunay, S. K. M. (2003). The effects of aerobic training program on cardiovascular risk factors of postmenopausal women. GEFAD/GUJGEF, 23(3), 257-273.
  • Gursoy, S. (2008). The effects of exercise on total antioxidant capacity and serum lipid profile in regularly exercising sports students. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Inonu University, Institute of Health Sciences, Malatya.
  • Herbert, P. N., Bernier, D. N., Cullinane, E. M., Edelstein, L., Kantor, M. A., & Thompson, P. D. (1984). High-density lipoprotein metabolism in runners and sedentary men. J Am Med Assoc, 252:1034.
  • Kaynar, O., Kıyıcı, F., Ozturk, N., & Bakan, E. (2019). The effect of acute exercise on plasma lipid levels in elite wrestlers. Research in Sport Education and Sciences, 17 (1), 33-41.
  • Koc, H., & Tamer, K. (2008). The effects of aerobic and anaerobic trainings on lipoprotein levels. Journal of health sciences. 17: 137-143.
  • Kiens, B. (1993). Skeletal muscle substrate utilization during submaximal exercise in man: Effect of endurance training. J Physiol, 469, 459-478.
  • Kiens, B., & Richter, E. A. (1998). Utilization of skeletal muscle triacylglycerol during postexercise recovery in humans. Am J Physiol, 275, 332-337.
  • Lale, B., Muniroglu, S., Coruh, E., & Sunay, H. (2003). The evaluation of somatotype profile of turkish male national volleyball team. Spormetre The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1(1), 53-56.
  • Lilić, L., Stefanović, R., Kocić, M., Ilić, H. S., Nedin-Ranković, G., Trajković, D., & Mitić, D. (2009). Changes in lipid parameters and antropometric indicators of dieting during the period of intensive preparations of top athletes. Acta medica Medianae, 48(4), 5-9.
  • Manna, N., Khanna, G. L., & Dhara, P. C. (2012). Effect of training on anthropometric, physiological and biochemical variables of U-19 volleyball Players. Journal of Human Sport & Exercıse, 7(1).
  • Magkos, F., Wright, D. C., Patterson, B.W., Mohammed, S. B., & Mittendorfer, B.(2006) Lipid metabolism response to a single, prolonged bout of endurance exercise in healthy young men. Am. J.Physiol.Endocrinol.Metab. 290, 355-362.
  • Ipekoglu, G., & Balcı, S. S. (2016). Comparison between continuous and intermittent submaximal exercise at the intensity of maximal fat oxidation. Journal of Human Sciences, 13(3), 4604-4612.
  • Islegen, C. (2007). Revıew: Physical activity and coronary heart disease risk factors. Turkish Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(4), 157-180.
  • Powers, S. K., Lennon, S. L., Quindry, J., & Mehta, J. L., (2002). Exercise and cardioprotection. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 7(5), 495-502.
  • Studd, J. (2000). The management of the menopause, the millennium review. Parthenon Publishing.
  • Thompson, P. D., Cullinane, E. M., Sady, S. P., et al. (1988). Modest changes in high-density lipoprotein concentration and metabolism with prolonged exercise training. Circulation, 78:25.
  • Thompson, P. D., Cullinane, E. M., Sady, S. P, Flynn, M. M., Chenevert, C. B., Herbert, P. N. (1991). High density lipoprotein metabolism in endurance athletes and sedentary men. Circulation, 84, 140.
  • Thompson, P. D. (1990). What do muscles have to do with lipoproteins? Circulation, 81, 1428.
  • Thompson, P. D., Tsongalis, G. J., Seip, R. L., Bilbie, C., Miles, M., Zoeller, R. Ç., Visich, P. (2004). Apolipoprotein E Genotyype and changes in serum lipids and maximal oxygen uptake with exercise training. Metabolism, 53(2), 193-202
  • Tran, Z. V., Weltman, A., Glass, G. V., Mood, D. P. (1983). The effects of exercise on blood lipids and lipoproteins: A meta-analysis of studies. Med Sci Sports Exer, 15, 393.
  • Turnagol, H. (1994). Energy systems in volleyball. Volleyball Journal of Science and Technology, 2, 34-37.
  • Uzun, M. (2016). Cardiovascular system and exercise. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 7(2), 48-53.
  • Watt, M. J., Heigenhauser, G. J. F., & Spriet, L. L. (2002) Intramuscular triacylglycerol utilization in human skeletal muscle during exercise: Is there a controversy? J Appl Physiol 93, 1185-1195.
  • Witek, K. (2009). Changes in serum lipid profile of elite volleyball players in the competition period. Biomedical Human Kinetics, 1, 63.
  • Yesil, P., & Altıok, M. (2012). The importance of physical activity in the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases. Turkish Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 3(3), 39-48.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Antrenman
Bölüm Arşiv
Yazarlar

Alpay BÜLBÜL> (Sorumlu Yazar)
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-9636-4735
Türkiye


Şeyma ÖZSOY>
TOKAT GAZIOSMANPASA UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-1783-3618
Türkiye


Seda OCAKLI>
TOKAT GAZIOSMANPASA UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-3053-281X
Türkiye


Burcin OLCUCU>
AYDIN ADNAN MENDERES UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0140-6451
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 28 Eylül 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 5, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Bülbül, A. , Özsoy, Ş. , Ocaklı, S. & Olcucu, B. (2022). The Effect of Heavy Exercise on Plasma Lipid Levels in Elite Volleyball Male Athletes . Akdeniz Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 5 (3) , 604-612 . DOI: 10.38021/asbid.1154758

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