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Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 103 - 118, 10.08.2015

Öz

Nursing that an applied discipline is a problem solving process using critical thinking skills. In this process there is a need for qualified nurses who have knowledge and skills towards the theoretical and practical dimensions of nursing. However, there is a deficit of qualified nurses in the world and Turkey in recent years. As a solution is used the distance learning technologies instead of formal education or supportive in nursing education. In this study, will be included in based on numerical data the nurse shortage in the world and Turkey, solution suggestions of major health organizations, the importance of nursing and nursing education in terms of provision of health services, nursing education offered by traditional methods, the importance of distance nursing education based on computer and computer networks is presented, the distance education applications in the Turkey and the World

Kaynakça

  • Akça Ay, A. (2007). Temel hemşirelik. kavramlar, ilkeler, uygulamalar. İstanbul: Medikal.
  • Alley, L., & Jansak, K. (2001). The ten keys to quality insurence and assesment in online learning. Journal of Interactive Instruction Development, 13(3), 3-18.
  • American Nurses Association (2002). Scope and standards of practice for nursing professional development. Washington, DC: American Nurses.
  • American Associate of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) (2014). Alliance for nursing accreditation statement distance education policies. http://www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/position/distance-ed-statement
  • Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Aydın, C. H. (2011). Açık ve uzaktan öğrenme: öğrenci adaylarının bakış açısı. Ankara. Pegem Akademi.
  • Atuzem (Atatürk Üniversitesi Uzaktan Eğitim Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi) (2014). Hemşirelik lisans tamamlama. http://atauzem.atauni.edu.tr/index.php/programlar/lisanstamamlama/hemsirelik-lisans- tamamlama/#Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Bates, A. W. (1995). Technology, open learning and distance education. London, UK: Routledge.
  • Benner, P.,Supthen, M., Leonard, V., & Day, V. (2009). Educating nurses. A call for radical transformation. http://www.google.com.tr/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=DE757IzAvFwC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&d q=Educating+nurses:+A+call+for+radical+transformation.&ots=51IXR9L03&sig=96K jpYWL1HkCBGc8L5DmFH_wMUo&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Educating%20nurs es%3A%20A%20call%20for%20radical%20transformation.&f=false
  • Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Birol, L. (2007). Hemşirelik süreci: hemşirelik bakımında sistematik yaklaşım. (8. baskı). İzmir: Etki.
  • Black, A. G. (2010). At a distance: A comparative study of distance delivery modalities for Phd nursing students. Unpublished PhD thesis, Capella University.
  • Broom, M., Lynch, M., & Preece, W. (2009). Using online simulation in child health nurse education. Paediatric Nursing, 21(8), 32-36.
  • Callister, L. C.(2012). Issues in global nursing education. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 37(6),403. http://journals.lww.com/mcnjournal/Citation/2012/11000/Issues_in_Global_Nursing_E ducation.13.aspx Erişim tarihi: 18.12.2014
  • Candela, L., Dalley, K., & Benzel-Lindley, J. (2006). A case for learning-centered curricula. Journal of Nursing Education, 45(2), 59-66.
  • Dutile, C., Wright, N., & Beauchesne, M. (2011). Virtual clinical education: going the full distance in nursing education, Newborn & Infant Nursing Reviews, 11(1), 43-48.
  • Eby, G. (2013). Uzaktan eğitim (uze) ortamlarının tasarımı: Yazılım mühendisliği yaşam döngüsü yaklaşımı. Ankara: Kültür.
  • Edward, K., Hercelinskyj, J., & Munro, I. (2007). Simulation to practice: developing nursing skills in mental health: An Australian perspective. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 10, 60-64.
  • Egerton,. E. L. (2007). Faculty and students’ perceptions of learner-centered ınstruction in online nursing education courses. Unpublished PhD thesis. George Mason University.
  • Elkind, E. C. (2008). Nursing faculty’s training ın ınstructional design for online course development. Unpublished PhD thesis, Capella University.
  • Eyitayo, O. T. (2013). Using adult learning principles as a framework for learning ICT skills needed for research projects. Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice, 12
  • http://www.jite.org/documents/Vol12/JITEv12IIPp073
  • 089Eyitayo1163.pdf Erişim tarihi: 04.01.2015
  • Farrell, G. A., Cubit, K. A., Bobrowski, C. L., & Salmon, P. (2007). Using the WWW to teach undergraduate nurses clinical communication. Nurse Education Today, 27(5), 427-435.
  • Fidishun, D. (2005). Andragogy and technology: ıntegrating adult learning theory as we teach with technology. http://www.lindenwood.edu/education/andragogy/andragogy/2011/Fidishun_2005.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2015
  • Fisher, M. D. (2004). Faculty and student perceptions of community and socially constructed knowledge ın a virtual learning community. Unpublished PhD thesis, Widener University.
  • Foley, M. (2007). The World Bank ınitiative in distance education for development. In M. G. Moore (Ed), Handbook of Distance Education (pp. 621-634). Mahwah, NJ:Erlbaum.
  • Garrett, B., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2010). High-fidelity patient simulation: Considerations for effective learning. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(5), 309-312
  • Guise, V., Chambers, M., & Välimäki, M. (2012). What can virtual patient simulation offer mental health nursing education? Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 19(5), 410-418.
  • Heller, B. R., Oros, M. T., & Durney-Crowley, J. (2014). The future of nursing education: ten trends to watch. http://www.nln.org/nlnjournal/infotrends.htm Erişim Tarihi:27.11.2014
  • Jeffries, P.R. (2005). A framework for designing, implementing and evaluating simulations used as teaching strategies in nursing. Nursing Education Perspectives,26(2), 96-103.
  • Johnson, A. E. (2008). Nursing faculty’s transition to teaching online. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29(1), 17-22.
  • Knowlton, D. S. (2000). A theoretical framework for the online classroom: A defense and delineation of a student centered pedagogy. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 84, 5-14.
  • Lombardi, M. M., Sutphen, M., & Day, L. (2013). Educating nurses the call for transformation of nursing education. In K. H..Frith and D. J. Clark (Eds), Distance Education in Nursing (pp. 29-33). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Mancuso, J. (2009). Perceptions of distance education among nursing faculty members in North America. Nursing and Health Sciences, 11,194-205.
  • Mancuso-Murphy, J. (2007). Distance education in nursing: an integrated review of online nursing students' experiences with technology-delivered instruction. Journal of Nursing Education, 46(6), 252-260.
  • McConnell, E. A. (2000). High-tech learning means more access, more participation-and more nurses. Nursing Management, 31(11),49–50.
  • Michinov, N., Brunot, S., Le Bohec, O., Juhel, J., & Delaval, M. (2011). Procrastination, professional development. Washington, DC: American Nurses.
  • Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2011). Distance education: A systems view of online learning. (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  • Novotny, J. M., & Wyatt, T. H. (2006). An overwiev of distance education and web-based courses. In J. M. Novotny and R. H. Davis (Eds), Distance Education in Nursing (pp. 1-11). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Phillips, B., Shaw, R. J, Sullivan D. T., & Johnson C. (2010). Using virtual environments to enhance nursing distance education, Creative Nursing, 16 (3),132-135.
  • Reinert, B.R. & Fryback, P.B., (1997). Distance learning and nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education, 36 (9),421–427.
  • Rogers, L. (2008). Virtual worlds: a new window to healthcare education. http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/melbourne08/procs/rogers-poster.pdf Erişim Tarihi:10.01.2015
  • Rosenkoetter, M. M., & Nardi, D. A. (2007). American academy of nursing expert panel on global nursing and health: white paper on global nursing and health. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18(4), 305-315 http://tcn.sagepub.com/content/18/4/305.long Erişim Tarihi:18.12.2014
  • Sanchez-Sweatman, O. H. (2001). Using problem based learning ın distance education. transforming nursing education through problem based learning. In E. Rideout (Ed), Transforming Nursing Education through Problem-Based Learning (pp. 311-324). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
  • Schnetter, V. A, Lacy, D., Jones, M. M., Bakrim, K., Allen, P. E., & O'Neal, C. (2014). Course development for web-based nursing education programs. Nurse Education in Practice,1- 6.
  • Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., & Zvacek, S. (2009). Teaching and learning at a distance education. foundations of distance education. 4nd Edition. New York, NY: Pearson.
  • Szucs-Werner, L. J. (2009). Analysis of online learning and community. Unpublished master thesis University of Nevada.
  • Titterington, L. C. (2007). Case studies in Pathophysiology: The development and evaluation of an interactive online learning environment to develop higher order thinking and argumentation. Unpublished PhD thesis, The Ohio StateUniversity.
  • TUIK (2013). http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1095 Erişim Tarihi:01.01.2015
  • White, L. H. (2006). Canfield learning style inventory as a predictor of success in Distance learning program versus traditional learning program in an associate degree nursing program. Unpublished PhD thesis, Touro University International.
  • Yu, S., & Yang, K. .F. (2006) Attitudes toward web-based distance learning among public health nurses in Taiwan: A questionnaire survey, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43(6), 767-774. Yazar Hakkında
  • Öğr. Gr. Dr. Belgin BOZ-YÜKSEKDAĞ
  • Yazar, Anadolu Üniversitesi Açıköğretim Fakültesi Test Araştırma Birimi’nde öğretim
  • görevlisi doktor olarak çalışmaktadır. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu’ndan
  • 1990 yılında mezun oldu. 1995 yılında İstanbul Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü İç
  • Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Ana Bilim Dalı’nda; 2008 yılında Anadolu Üniversitesi Sosyal
  • Bilimler Enstitüsü Uzaktan Eğitim Anabilim Dalı’nda iki ayrı yüksek lisans derecesine
  • sahiptir. 2013 yılında Marmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Psikiyatri Hemşireliği
  • Ana Bilim Dalı’nda doktora derecesi kazanan yazar, bilgisayar teknolojilerine dayalı uzaktan
  • hemşirelik eğitimi üzerine çalışmalar yapmaktadır. Posta Adresi:
  • Anadolu Üniversitesi Test Araştırma Birimi
  • Yunusemre Kampüsü, Eskişehir, Türkiye 26470 Tel (İş):
  • +90 222 3350580-2713 GSM:
  • +90 554 514 0122 Eposta: bboz@anadolu.edu.tr

Hemşirelik eğitiminde bilgisayar teknolojisinin kullanımı

Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 103 - 118, 10.08.2015

Öz

Uygulamalı bir disiplin olan hemşirelik, eleştirel düşünme becerilerinin kullanıldığı bir problem çözme sürecidir. Bu süreçte hemşireliğin kuramsal ve uygulama boyutuna yönelik bilgi ve becerilere sahip nitelikli hemşirelere gereksinim vardır. Ancak son yıllarda dünyada ve Türkiye’de nitelikli hemşire açığı yaşanmaktadır. Buna çözüm olarak hemşirelik eğitiminde uzaktan öğrenme teknolojileri, destekleyici olarak ya da tamamen örgün eğitim yerine kullanılmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, sayısal verilere dayalı olarak dünyada ve Türkiye’de yaşanan hemşire açığına ve önemli sağlık kuruluşlarının çözüm önerilerine, hemşirelik ve hemşirelik eğitiminin sağlık hizmetlerinin sunumu açısından önemine, geleneksel yollarla sunulan hemşirelik eğitimine ve bilgisayar ve bilgisayar ağlarına dayalı teknolojilerin kullanıldığı uzaktan hemşirelik eğitiminin önemine, Türkiye ve dünyadaki uzaktan hemşirelik eğitimi uygulamalarına yer verilecektir.

Kaynakça

  • Akça Ay, A. (2007). Temel hemşirelik. kavramlar, ilkeler, uygulamalar. İstanbul: Medikal.
  • Alley, L., & Jansak, K. (2001). The ten keys to quality insurence and assesment in online learning. Journal of Interactive Instruction Development, 13(3), 3-18.
  • American Nurses Association (2002). Scope and standards of practice for nursing professional development. Washington, DC: American Nurses.
  • American Associate of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) (2014). Alliance for nursing accreditation statement distance education policies. http://www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/position/distance-ed-statement
  • Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Aydın, C. H. (2011). Açık ve uzaktan öğrenme: öğrenci adaylarının bakış açısı. Ankara. Pegem Akademi.
  • Atuzem (Atatürk Üniversitesi Uzaktan Eğitim Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi) (2014). Hemşirelik lisans tamamlama. http://atauzem.atauni.edu.tr/index.php/programlar/lisanstamamlama/hemsirelik-lisans- tamamlama/#Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Bates, A. W. (1995). Technology, open learning and distance education. London, UK: Routledge.
  • Benner, P.,Supthen, M., Leonard, V., & Day, V. (2009). Educating nurses. A call for radical transformation. http://www.google.com.tr/books?hl=tr&lr=&id=DE757IzAvFwC&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&d q=Educating+nurses:+A+call+for+radical+transformation.&ots=51IXR9L03&sig=96K jpYWL1HkCBGc8L5DmFH_wMUo&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Educating%20nurs es%3A%20A%20call%20for%20radical%20transformation.&f=false
  • Erişim tarihi: 15.12.2014
  • Birol, L. (2007). Hemşirelik süreci: hemşirelik bakımında sistematik yaklaşım. (8. baskı). İzmir: Etki.
  • Black, A. G. (2010). At a distance: A comparative study of distance delivery modalities for Phd nursing students. Unpublished PhD thesis, Capella University.
  • Broom, M., Lynch, M., & Preece, W. (2009). Using online simulation in child health nurse education. Paediatric Nursing, 21(8), 32-36.
  • Callister, L. C.(2012). Issues in global nursing education. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 37(6),403. http://journals.lww.com/mcnjournal/Citation/2012/11000/Issues_in_Global_Nursing_E ducation.13.aspx Erişim tarihi: 18.12.2014
  • Candela, L., Dalley, K., & Benzel-Lindley, J. (2006). A case for learning-centered curricula. Journal of Nursing Education, 45(2), 59-66.
  • Dutile, C., Wright, N., & Beauchesne, M. (2011). Virtual clinical education: going the full distance in nursing education, Newborn & Infant Nursing Reviews, 11(1), 43-48.
  • Eby, G. (2013). Uzaktan eğitim (uze) ortamlarının tasarımı: Yazılım mühendisliği yaşam döngüsü yaklaşımı. Ankara: Kültür.
  • Edward, K., Hercelinskyj, J., & Munro, I. (2007). Simulation to practice: developing nursing skills in mental health: An Australian perspective. International Electronic Journal of Health Education, 10, 60-64.
  • Egerton,. E. L. (2007). Faculty and students’ perceptions of learner-centered ınstruction in online nursing education courses. Unpublished PhD thesis. George Mason University.
  • Elkind, E. C. (2008). Nursing faculty’s training ın ınstructional design for online course development. Unpublished PhD thesis, Capella University.
  • Eyitayo, O. T. (2013). Using adult learning principles as a framework for learning ICT skills needed for research projects. Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice, 12
  • http://www.jite.org/documents/Vol12/JITEv12IIPp073
  • 089Eyitayo1163.pdf Erişim tarihi: 04.01.2015
  • Farrell, G. A., Cubit, K. A., Bobrowski, C. L., & Salmon, P. (2007). Using the WWW to teach undergraduate nurses clinical communication. Nurse Education Today, 27(5), 427-435.
  • Fidishun, D. (2005). Andragogy and technology: ıntegrating adult learning theory as we teach with technology. http://www.lindenwood.edu/education/andragogy/andragogy/2011/Fidishun_2005.pdf Erişim Tarihi: 03.01.2015
  • Fisher, M. D. (2004). Faculty and student perceptions of community and socially constructed knowledge ın a virtual learning community. Unpublished PhD thesis, Widener University.
  • Foley, M. (2007). The World Bank ınitiative in distance education for development. In M. G. Moore (Ed), Handbook of Distance Education (pp. 621-634). Mahwah, NJ:Erlbaum.
  • Garrett, B., MacPhee, M., & Jackson, C. (2010). High-fidelity patient simulation: Considerations for effective learning. Nursing Education Perspectives, 31(5), 309-312
  • Guise, V., Chambers, M., & Välimäki, M. (2012). What can virtual patient simulation offer mental health nursing education? Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 19(5), 410-418.
  • Heller, B. R., Oros, M. T., & Durney-Crowley, J. (2014). The future of nursing education: ten trends to watch. http://www.nln.org/nlnjournal/infotrends.htm Erişim Tarihi:27.11.2014
  • Jeffries, P.R. (2005). A framework for designing, implementing and evaluating simulations used as teaching strategies in nursing. Nursing Education Perspectives,26(2), 96-103.
  • Johnson, A. E. (2008). Nursing faculty’s transition to teaching online. Nursing Education Perspectives, 29(1), 17-22.
  • Knowlton, D. S. (2000). A theoretical framework for the online classroom: A defense and delineation of a student centered pedagogy. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 84, 5-14.
  • Lombardi, M. M., Sutphen, M., & Day, L. (2013). Educating nurses the call for transformation of nursing education. In K. H..Frith and D. J. Clark (Eds), Distance Education in Nursing (pp. 29-33). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Mancuso, J. (2009). Perceptions of distance education among nursing faculty members in North America. Nursing and Health Sciences, 11,194-205.
  • Mancuso-Murphy, J. (2007). Distance education in nursing: an integrated review of online nursing students' experiences with technology-delivered instruction. Journal of Nursing Education, 46(6), 252-260.
  • McConnell, E. A. (2000). High-tech learning means more access, more participation-and more nurses. Nursing Management, 31(11),49–50.
  • Michinov, N., Brunot, S., Le Bohec, O., Juhel, J., & Delaval, M. (2011). Procrastination, professional development. Washington, DC: American Nurses.
  • Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (2011). Distance education: A systems view of online learning. (3rd ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
  • Novotny, J. M., & Wyatt, T. H. (2006). An overwiev of distance education and web-based courses. In J. M. Novotny and R. H. Davis (Eds), Distance Education in Nursing (pp. 1-11). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Phillips, B., Shaw, R. J, Sullivan D. T., & Johnson C. (2010). Using virtual environments to enhance nursing distance education, Creative Nursing, 16 (3),132-135.
  • Reinert, B.R. & Fryback, P.B., (1997). Distance learning and nursing education. Journal of Nursing Education, 36 (9),421–427.
  • Rogers, L. (2008). Virtual worlds: a new window to healthcare education. http://www.ascilite.org.au/conferences/melbourne08/procs/rogers-poster.pdf Erişim Tarihi:10.01.2015
  • Rosenkoetter, M. M., & Nardi, D. A. (2007). American academy of nursing expert panel on global nursing and health: white paper on global nursing and health. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 18(4), 305-315 http://tcn.sagepub.com/content/18/4/305.long Erişim Tarihi:18.12.2014
  • Sanchez-Sweatman, O. H. (2001). Using problem based learning ın distance education. transforming nursing education through problem based learning. In E. Rideout (Ed), Transforming Nursing Education through Problem-Based Learning (pp. 311-324). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
  • Schnetter, V. A, Lacy, D., Jones, M. M., Bakrim, K., Allen, P. E., & O'Neal, C. (2014). Course development for web-based nursing education programs. Nurse Education in Practice,1- 6.
  • Simonson, M., Smaldino, S., Albright, M., & Zvacek, S. (2009). Teaching and learning at a distance education. foundations of distance education. 4nd Edition. New York, NY: Pearson.
  • Szucs-Werner, L. J. (2009). Analysis of online learning and community. Unpublished master thesis University of Nevada.
  • Titterington, L. C. (2007). Case studies in Pathophysiology: The development and evaluation of an interactive online learning environment to develop higher order thinking and argumentation. Unpublished PhD thesis, The Ohio StateUniversity.
  • TUIK (2013). http://www.tuik.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1095 Erişim Tarihi:01.01.2015
  • White, L. H. (2006). Canfield learning style inventory as a predictor of success in Distance learning program versus traditional learning program in an associate degree nursing program. Unpublished PhD thesis, Touro University International.
  • Yu, S., & Yang, K. .F. (2006) Attitudes toward web-based distance learning among public health nurses in Taiwan: A questionnaire survey, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43(6), 767-774. Yazar Hakkında
  • Öğr. Gr. Dr. Belgin BOZ-YÜKSEKDAĞ
  • Yazar, Anadolu Üniversitesi Açıköğretim Fakültesi Test Araştırma Birimi’nde öğretim
  • görevlisi doktor olarak çalışmaktadır. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu’ndan
  • 1990 yılında mezun oldu. 1995 yılında İstanbul Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü İç
  • Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Ana Bilim Dalı’nda; 2008 yılında Anadolu Üniversitesi Sosyal
  • Bilimler Enstitüsü Uzaktan Eğitim Anabilim Dalı’nda iki ayrı yüksek lisans derecesine
  • sahiptir. 2013 yılında Marmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Psikiyatri Hemşireliği
  • Ana Bilim Dalı’nda doktora derecesi kazanan yazar, bilgisayar teknolojilerine dayalı uzaktan
  • hemşirelik eğitimi üzerine çalışmalar yapmaktadır. Posta Adresi:
  • Anadolu Üniversitesi Test Araştırma Birimi
  • Yunusemre Kampüsü, Eskişehir, Türkiye 26470 Tel (İş):
  • +90 222 3350580-2713 GSM:
  • +90 554 514 0122 Eposta: bboz@anadolu.edu.tr

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Öğr. Gör. Dr. Belgin BOZ-YÜKSEKDAĞ
0000-0003-2862-3544

Yayımlanma Tarihi 10 Ağustos 2015
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Boz-yüksekdağ, Ö. G. D. B. (2015). Hemşirelik eğitiminde bilgisayar teknolojisinin kullanımı . Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi , 1 (1) , 103-118 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/auad/issue/3030/42092