Yıl 2020, Cilt 8 , Sayı 21, Sayfalar 315 - 346 2020-03-15

19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ

Mehmet ÇETİN [1]


19. yüzyıl Osmanlı Devleti’nin en uzun yüzyılı olarak nitelenmektedir. Özellikle de yüzyılın ikinci yarısında meydana gelen eko-politik olayların yoğunluğu ve önemi, devletin iktisadi ve siyasi kaderini tayin etmesi açısından oldukça dikkat çekicidir. Kırım Savaşı’nın akabinde başlayan borçlanma furyasının kapitalizmin ilk küresel bunalımı olan 1873-96 Bunalımı ile birlikte mali bir iflasla sonuçlanması, Osmanlı Devleti’nin en büyük toprak parçasını kaybettiği savaş olan 1877/78 Osmanlı - Rus Harbi ve Duyun-u Umumiye ve benzeri ekonomi üzerindeki yabancı denetimini temsil eden örgütler, bu dönemin belirleyici unsurlarıdır. 19. yüzyılda aynı zamanda Osmanlı Devleti’nin dış ticareti de yapısal bir dönüşüm geçirmiştir. O döneme kadar Osmanlı dış ticaretinde sınırlı bir paya sahip olan Batılı ülkeler, Sanayi Devrimi’nin de etkisiyle birlikte kapitalizmin çevre ülkelere yayılması sürecinde ikili ticari anlaşmalar vasıtasıyla Osmanlı dış ticaretindeki paylarını artırmışlar ve Osmanlı Devleti ile hammadde ve mamul mal değiş tokuşuna dayalı yeni bir ticari düzen oluşturmuşlardır. Bu çalışmada söz konusu süreçlerin ve eko-politik gelişmelerin Osmanlı dış ticaretinde önemli role sahip olan İzmir, Trabzon, Selanik ve Beyrut limanlarındaki iktisadi ve ticari faaliyetlere olan etkisi ve bu bağlamda ilgili limanlarda ticari hayatın nasıl bir gelişim seyri izlediği İngiliz konsül raporları üzerinden ele alınacaktır. Böylelikle bu dönemde meydana gelen olayların Osmanlı ticareti üzerindeki etkisinin mikro düzeyde incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır.      

Osmanlı Devleti, 19. Yüzyıl, Dış ticaret
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Birincil Dil tr
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Orcid: 0000-0002-6954-0908
Yazar: Mehmet ÇETİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DOKUZ EYLÜL ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Mart 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { avrasyad650139, journal = {Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {2147-2610}, address = {}, publisher = {Ayla KAŞOĞLU}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {315 - 346}, doi = {10.33692/avrasyad.650139}, title = {19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ}, key = {cite}, author = {ÇETİN, Mehmet} }
APA ÇETİN, M . (2020). 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ. Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi , 8 (21) , 315-346 . DOI: 10.33692/avrasyad.650139
MLA ÇETİN, M . "19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ". Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 315-346 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/avrasyad/issue/53065/650139>
Chicago ÇETİN, M . "19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ". Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 315-346
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ AU - Mehmet ÇETİN Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33692/avrasyad.650139 DO - 10.33692/avrasyad.650139 T2 - Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 315 EP - 346 VL - 8 IS - 21 SN - 2147-2610- M3 - doi: 10.33692/avrasyad.650139 UR - https://doi.org/10.33692/avrasyad.650139 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ %A Mehmet ÇETİN %T 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ %D 2020 %J Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 2147-2610- %V 8 %N 21 %R doi: 10.33692/avrasyad.650139 %U 10.33692/avrasyad.650139
ISNAD ÇETİN, Mehmet . "19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ". Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi 8 / 21 (Mart 2020): 315-346 . https://doi.org/10.33692/avrasyad.650139
AMA ÇETİN M . 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ. Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 8(21): 315-346.
Vancouver ÇETİN M . 19. YÜZYILIN SONUNDA OSMANLI LİMANLARINDA TİCARİ HAYATIN BELİRLEYENLERİ. Avrasya Uluslararası Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2020; 8(21): 346-315.