Sanat ve Edebiyat
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Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 111 - 125, 23.02.2021
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.782194

Öz

The movie “Prozac Nation” discusses Elizabeth Wurtzel’s, a freshman student of the department of journalism, experience of depression, and how its process continued in different circumstances such as love, family, school, and friendship. Her parents divorced before she was 2 years old; therefore, she has already been in the psychotherapy process for long years. What she has experienced at Harvard University triggers her depression again. Elizabeth does not want to get support because of her psychotherapy experiences that she has not benefited from in the past. On the other hand, she decides to get support and starts psychotherapy due to the cognitive and behavioral processes that she presents in the face of the events she experiences due to her emotional state. Throughout this process, it is seen that Elizabeth tries to cope with depression in different ways in family, friendship, and close relationships. Elizabeth's personality and past experiences that caused her depression, her mother's parental attitudes, and cognitive and behavioral responses to the events she experienced while on treatment because of depression are discussed within the scope of the helicopter parenting, Erikson’s psychosocial development stages, and Beck’s depression model.

Kaynakça

  • Arkar, H. (1992). Beck'in Depresyon Modeli ve Bilişsel Terapisi. Düşünen Adam: Psikiyatri ve Nörolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 5(1-3), 37-40.
  • Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects. New York: Harper and Row.
  • Beck, A. (1970). Cognitive therapy nature and relation to behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 1(2), 184- 200.
  • Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York, NY: International Universities Press.
  • Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. E. ve Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G. ve Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6), 893–897. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.56.6.893
  • Bristow, J. (2014). The double bind of parenting culture: Helicopter parents and cotton wool kids. Lee, E., Bristow, J., Faircloth, C. ve Macvanish, J. (Ed.) içinde Parenting Culture Studies (ss. 200– 215). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Burns, D. D. (1980). Feeling good: The new mood therapy. New York: William Morrow and Co. Burns, D. D. (1989). The feeling good handbook. New York: William Morrow and Co.
  • Burns, D. D. (1999). The feeling good handbook. Plume/Penguin Books. Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the life cycle: Selected papers. International Universities Press.
  • Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society (2nd Ed.). New York: Norton. Feist, J. ve Feist, G. J. (2006) Theories of personality. (6th Edition). New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Givertz, M. ve Segrin, C. (2012). The association between overinvolved parenting and young adults’ self- efficacy, psychological entitlement, and family communication. Communication Research, 41(8), 1111–1136. doi:10.1177/0093650212456392
  • Haaga, D. A., Dyck, M. J. ve Ernst, D. (1991). Empirical status of cognitive theory of depression. Psychological Bulletin, 110(2), 215–236. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.110.2.215
  • Hesse, C., Mikkelson, A. C. ve Saracco, S. (2017). Parent–child affection and helicopter parenting: Exploring the concept of excessive affection. Western Journal of Communication, 82(4), 457– 474. doi:10.1080/10570314.2017.1362705
  • Lee, J. ve Kang, S. (2018). Perceived helicopter parenting and Korean emerging adults’ psychological adjustment: The mediational role of parent–child affection and pressure from parental career expectations. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 27, 3672-3686. doi:10.1007/s10826-018-1193-2
  • LeMoyne, T. ve Buchanan, T. (2011). Does “hovering” matter? Helicopter parenting and its effect on well-being. Sociological Spectrum, 31(4), 399–418. doi:10.1080/02732173.2011.574038
  • Odenweller, K. G., Booth-Butterfield, M. ve Weber, K. (2014). Investigating helicopter parenting, family environments, and relational outcomes for millennials. Communication Studies, 65(4), 407– 425. doi:10.1080/10510974.2013.811434
  • Riskind, J. H. ve Alloy, L. B. (2006). Cognitive vulnerability to psychological disorders: overview of theory, design, and methods. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25(7), 705–725. doi:10.1521/jscp.2006.25.7.705
  • Schiffrin, H. H., Liss, M., Miles-McLean, H., Geary, K. A., Erchull, M. J. ve Tashner, T. (2013). Helping or hovering? The effects of helicopter parenting on college students’ well-being. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(3), 548–557. doi:10.1007/s10826-013-9716-3
  • Young, J. E. (1999). Cognitive therapy for personality disorders: A schema–focused approach. Sarasota, FL. Professional Resource Press.
  • Young, J. E., Klosko, J. S. ve Weishaar, M. E. (2003). Schema therapy: A practitioner’s guide. New York. The Guilford Press.

“Prozac Toplumu” Filminin Helikopter Ebeveynlik, Erikson’un Psikososyal Gelişim Dönemleri ve Beck’in Depresyon Modeli Çerçevesinde İncelenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, 111 - 125, 23.02.2021
https://doi.org/10.31682/ayna.782194

Öz

Prozac Toplumu filmi gazetecilik bölümü öğrencisi olan Elizabeth Wurtzel’in depresyon sürecini, bu süreçte aşk, aile, okul, arkadaşlık gibi farklı bağlamlarda deneyimlediği olayları ve tedavi sürecini ele alır. Henüz iki yaşına gelmeden anne ve babası boşanan Elizabeth, uzun yıllardır psikoterapi süreci içerisindedir. Harvard Üniversitesi’nde yaşadığı olaylar depresyonunun yeniden tetiklenmesine yol açar. Elizabeth, geçmişte fayda görmediği psikoterapi deneyimleri nedeniyle destek almak istemez. Öte yandan içinde bulunduğu duygu durum nedeniyle yaşadığı olaylar karşısında ortaya koyduğu bilişsel ve davranışsal süreçler sonucunda destek almaya karar verir ve psikoterapiye başlar. Film, Elizabeth’in depresyonun ortaya çıkmasına neden olan yaşantıları, kişiliği ve annesinin ebeveynlik tutumları, tedavisi devam ederken deneyimlediği olaylara karşı verdiği bilişsel ve davranışsal tepkiler üzerinden ele alınır. Bu süreçte Elizabeth’in aile, arkadaşlık ve yakın ilişkilerde depresyonla farklı şekillerde baş etmeye çalıştığı görülür. Elizabeth'in kişiliği, depresyonuna neden olan geçmiş deneyimleri, annesinin ebeveyn tutumları ve depresyon nedeniyle tedavi sırasında karşılaştığı olaylara bilişsel ve davranışsal tepkileri helikopter ebeveynlik, Erikson’un psikososyal gelişim dönemleri ve Beck’in depreson modeli çerçevesinde tartışılmaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • Arkar, H. (1992). Beck'in Depresyon Modeli ve Bilişsel Terapisi. Düşünen Adam: Psikiyatri ve Nörolojik Bilimler Dergisi, 5(1-3), 37-40.
  • Beck, A. T. (1967). Depression: Clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects. New York: Harper and Row.
  • Beck, A. (1970). Cognitive therapy nature and relation to behavior therapy. Behavior Therapy, 1(2), 184- 200.
  • Beck, A. T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York, NY: International Universities Press.
  • Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. E. ve Emery, G. (1979). Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford Press.
  • Beck, A. T., Epstein, N., Brown, G. ve Steer, R. A. (1988). An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: Psychometric properties. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 56(6), 893–897. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.56.6.893
  • Bristow, J. (2014). The double bind of parenting culture: Helicopter parents and cotton wool kids. Lee, E., Bristow, J., Faircloth, C. ve Macvanish, J. (Ed.) içinde Parenting Culture Studies (ss. 200– 215). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Burns, D. D. (1980). Feeling good: The new mood therapy. New York: William Morrow and Co. Burns, D. D. (1989). The feeling good handbook. New York: William Morrow and Co.
  • Burns, D. D. (1999). The feeling good handbook. Plume/Penguin Books. Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the life cycle: Selected papers. International Universities Press.
  • Erikson, E. H. (1963). Childhood and society (2nd Ed.). New York: Norton. Feist, J. ve Feist, G. J. (2006) Theories of personality. (6th Edition). New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Givertz, M. ve Segrin, C. (2012). The association between overinvolved parenting and young adults’ self- efficacy, psychological entitlement, and family communication. Communication Research, 41(8), 1111–1136. doi:10.1177/0093650212456392
  • Haaga, D. A., Dyck, M. J. ve Ernst, D. (1991). Empirical status of cognitive theory of depression. Psychological Bulletin, 110(2), 215–236. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.110.2.215
  • Hesse, C., Mikkelson, A. C. ve Saracco, S. (2017). Parent–child affection and helicopter parenting: Exploring the concept of excessive affection. Western Journal of Communication, 82(4), 457– 474. doi:10.1080/10570314.2017.1362705
  • Lee, J. ve Kang, S. (2018). Perceived helicopter parenting and Korean emerging adults’ psychological adjustment: The mediational role of parent–child affection and pressure from parental career expectations. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 27, 3672-3686. doi:10.1007/s10826-018-1193-2
  • LeMoyne, T. ve Buchanan, T. (2011). Does “hovering” matter? Helicopter parenting and its effect on well-being. Sociological Spectrum, 31(4), 399–418. doi:10.1080/02732173.2011.574038
  • Odenweller, K. G., Booth-Butterfield, M. ve Weber, K. (2014). Investigating helicopter parenting, family environments, and relational outcomes for millennials. Communication Studies, 65(4), 407– 425. doi:10.1080/10510974.2013.811434
  • Riskind, J. H. ve Alloy, L. B. (2006). Cognitive vulnerability to psychological disorders: overview of theory, design, and methods. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25(7), 705–725. doi:10.1521/jscp.2006.25.7.705
  • Schiffrin, H. H., Liss, M., Miles-McLean, H., Geary, K. A., Erchull, M. J. ve Tashner, T. (2013). Helping or hovering? The effects of helicopter parenting on college students’ well-being. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(3), 548–557. doi:10.1007/s10826-013-9716-3
  • Young, J. E. (1999). Cognitive therapy for personality disorders: A schema–focused approach. Sarasota, FL. Professional Resource Press.
  • Young, J. E., Klosko, J. S. ve Weishaar, M. E. (2003). Schema therapy: A practitioner’s guide. New York. The Guilford Press.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Psikoloji
Bölüm Eser İncelemesi
Yazarlar

Oğuz TARHAN
UFUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-1872-423X
Türkiye


Ece TATHAN BEKAROĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi
0000-0002-8039-9116
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 23 Şubat 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 18 Ağustos 2020
Kabul Tarihi 18 Kasım 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Tarhan, O. & Tathan Bekaroğlu, E. (2021). “Prozac Toplumu” Filminin Helikopter Ebeveynlik, Erikson’un Psikososyal Gelişim Dönemleri ve Beck’in Depresyon Modeli Çerçevesinde İncelenmesi . AYNA Klinik Psikoloji Dergisi , 8 (1) , 111-125 . DOI: 10.31682/ayna.782194