Araştırma Makalesi
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Bıldırcın (Coturnix coturnix japonica) yetiştiriciliğinde yem katkı maddesi olarak bazı Ulva türlerinin kullanımı ve bağırsak mikrobiyal florasına etkisinin incelenmesi

Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 63 - 72, 01.06.2017

Öz

Bu araştırma, bıldırcın rasyonlarına ilave edilen deniz yosunlarının (Ulva spp.) büyüme performansı ve karkas özellikleri ve bağırsak bakteriyel florası üzerine etkilerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Çalışmada toplam 81 Japon bıldırcını (Coturnix coturnix japonica) kullanılmıştır. Her grupta 27 civciv bulunan bir kontrol ve iki deneme grubu oluşturularak, her grup kendi arasında 9 civciv içeren üçerli alt gruba ayrılmıştır. Deneme 42 gün sürdürülmüştür. Kontrol grubu (A), temel rasyonla beslenmiştir. Deneme grupları rasyonlarına sırasıyla %4 ve %6 düzeylerinde Ulva türleri ilave edilmiştir. Araştırma sonunda, canlı ağırlık artışı, yem tüketimi, yemden yararlanma oranı ve karkas verimi açısından istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir farklılık görülmemiştir (P>0.05). Yosunların bıldırcın bağırsak bakteriyal florası üzerine etkilerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılan çalışmada ise, bakteri florasının VITEK® 2 ve kültürel yöntem ile izolat ve tanımlanması yapılmıştır. Basiller, kok ve basilleri çubuk şekilli olmak üzere toplamda on beş farklı tür bakteri Japon bıldırcın bağırsak jejunumundan izole edilmiştir. Acinetobacter baumannii complex, Aeromonas hydrophila/caviae, Enterobacter cloacae ssp. cloacae, Enterococcus casseliflavus, Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus gallinarum, Granulicatella adiacens, Rhizobium radiobacter, Serratia odorifera, Serratia plymuthica, Staphylococcus equorum, Staphylococcus gallinarum, Staphylococcus lentus, Staphylococcus sciuri ve Staphylococcus xylosus olmak üzere izole edilen bakterilerin genelde kanatlı hayvanlarda mevcut olan bakteriler olduğu tespit edilmiştir.
Sonuç olarak, Japon bıldırcını rasyonlarında farklı oranlarda kullanılan deniz yosununun büyüme performansı ve karkas özellikleri üzerine etkisi saptanmamıştır. Bunun yanında deniz yosunu katkılı rasyonlarla beslenen bıldırcınların bakteri florası Enterococcus cinsi yönünden desteklenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Abudabos, A.M., Okab, A.B., Aljumaah, R.S., Samara, E.M., Abdoun, K.A., Al-Haidary, A.A, 2013. Nutritional value of green seaweed (Ulva lactuca) for broiler chickens. Italian J. Anim. Sci., 12 (12): 177-181.
  • Asar, M., 1972. The use of some weeds in poultry nutrition. Degree Diss., University of Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Axelsson, L., 2004. Lactic Acid Bacteria: Classification and Physicology. Food Science and Technology-New York-Marcel Dekker-, 139, 1-66.
  • Balboa, E.M., Gallego-Fábrega, C., Moure, A., Domínguez, H., 2015. Study of the seasonal variation on proximate composition of oven-dried Sargassum muticum biomass collected in Vigo Ria, Spain. Journal of Applied Phycology, 1-11.
  • Benson, H.J., 1985. Microbiological Applications: A Laboratory Manual in General Microbiology, 4th ed. W. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Burt, S., Reniders, R.D., 2003. Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157.H7. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 36: 162-167.
  • Burtin, P. 2003., Nutritional value of seaweeds. Electronic journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food chemistry, 2(4): 498–503.
  • Cabrita A.R.J., Maia, M.R.G., Oliveira, H.M., Sousa-Pinto, I.0., Almeida, A.A., Pinto, E., Fonseca, A.J.M.,2016. Tracing seaweeds as mineral sources for farm-animals. Journal of Applied Phycology, 1-16.
  • Carillo, D.S., Casas, V.M.M., Castro, G.M.I., Perez, G.I., Garcia, V.R. 1990. The use of Macrocystis pyrifera seaweed in broiler diets. Investigation Agrarian Production Sanidad Animal, 5: 137-142.
  • Chojnacka, K. 2008. Using biosorption to enrich the biomass of seaweeds from the Baltic Sea with microelements to produce mineral feed supplement for livestock. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 39(2): 246–257.
  • Couto, I., Sanches, I.S., Sa-Leao, R., de Lencastre, H., 2000. Molecular characterization of Staphylococcus sciuri Bıldırcın (Coturnix coturnix japonica) yetiştiriciliğinde yem katkı maddesi olarak bazı Ulva türlerinin kullanımı ve… 71 strains isolated from humans. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 38(3): 1136-1143.
  • Çimrin, T., Tunca, R.İ., 2012 Bıldırcın beslemede alternatif yem ve katkıların kullanımı. Iğdır Univ. J. Inst. Sci. Tech., 2(3): 109-116.
  • Denli, M., Okan, F., Uluocak, A.N., 2004. Effect of dietary supplementation of herb essential oils on the growth performance, carcass and intestinal characteristics of quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). South African Journal of Animal Science, 34: 174-179.
  • El Deek, A.A., Asar, M.A., Safaa, M.A., Kosba, M.A., 1987. Nutritional value of marine seaweed in broiler diets. J.Agric. Sci,. Mansoura Univ. Egypt 12: 707-717.
  • El Gamal, A.A., 2012. Biological importance of marine algae. In, Se-Kwon Kim (Ed.), Handbook of marine macroalgae: biotechnology and applied phycology. John Wiley & Sons, 567.
  • Ertürk, Ö., Taş, B., 2011. Antibacterial and Antifungal Eff ects of Some Marine Algae. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 17 (Suppl A): S121-S124.
  • Evans, F.D., Critchley, A.T.,2014. Seaweeds for animal production use. Journal of Applied Phycology, 26: 891–899.
  • Franz, C.M.A.P., Holzapfel, W.H., Stiles, M.E., 1999. Enterococci at the Crossroads of Food Safety. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 47: 1-24.
  • Griffiths, D.W., 1986. The inhibition of digestive enzymes by polyphenolic compounds. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 199: 509-516.
  • Gu, H.Y., Liu, Y.G., Shu, Z.Z., 1988. Nutrient composition of marine algae and their feeding on broilers. Chinese J. Anim. Sci., 3:12-14.
  • Koçoğlu, E., Karabay, O., 2006. Akut Myelositik Lösemili Bir Olguda Kateter İle İlişkili Staphylococcus sciuri Sepsisi. Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni, 40: 397-400.
  • Maurice, D.V., Jones, J.E., Dillon, C.R., Weber, J.M.,1984. Chemical composition and nutritional value of Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa) for the chick. Poultry Sci., 63:317-323.
  • Minsaas, J., 1985. Markedsforhoid og utviklingsmulighefer tangmelindustirien. Trondheim Selskapet for Industriell og Teknisk Forskning Rapport STF21 A85010 (In Norwegian).
  • Pfyffer, G.E., Brown-Elliott, B.A., Wallace, R.J. 2003. Mycobacterium: general characteristics, isolation and staining procedures, in Manual of Clinical Microbiology, P. R. Murray, Ed., pp. 532–559, ASM Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Pyzik, E., Marek, A., 2012. Characterization of bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus isolated from the eggs of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 15(4): 767–772.
  • Rupérez, P., 2002. Mineral content of edible marine seaweeds. Food Chemistry, 79: 23–26.
  • Schiener, P., Black, K.D., Stanley, M.S., Green, D.H., 2015. The seasonal variation in the chemical composition of the kelp species Laminaria digitata, Laminaria hyperborea, Saccharina latissima and Alaria esculenta. Journal of Applied Phycology, 27: 363–373.
  • Taş, B., Ertürk, Ö., Yılmaz, Ö., Çol Ayvaz, M., Yurdakul Ertürk., E., 2015. Chemical components and biological activities of two freshwater green algae from Ordu, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Biochemistry, 40(6): 508–517.
  • Teixeira, R.S.C., Cardoso, W.M., Lopes, E.S., Rocha-e-Silva, R.C., Albuquerque, A.H., Horn, R., Salles, R.P.R., 2015. Bacteriological investigation of microorganisms (Salmonella sp. and other Enterobacteriaceae) in common quails (Coturnix coturnix) submitted to different forced-molting procedures. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 15: 47-52.
  • Toyomizu, M., Sato, K., Taroda, H., Kato, T., Akiba, Y., 2001. Effects of dietary Spirulina on meat colour in muscle of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 42, 197–202.
  • Urbano, M.G., Goñi, I., 2002. Bioavailability of nutrients in rats fed on edible seaweeds, Nori (Porphyra tenera) and Wakame (Undaria pinnatifida), as a source of dietary fibre. Food Chemistry, 76: 281–286.
  • Venkataraman, L.V., Somasekaran, T., Becker, E.W., 1994. Replacement value of blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis) for fishmeal and a vitamin-mineral premix for broiler chicks. British Poultry Science, 35, 373–381.
  • Ventura MR, Castanon JIR, McNab JM (1994) Nutritional value of seaweed (Ulva rigida) for poultry. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 49 (1/2): 87-92.
  • Verweij PE, Breuker IM, Rijs AJ (1999) Comparative study of seven commercial yeast identification systems. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 52: 271- 273.
  • Viveros A, Chamorro S, Pizarro M, Arija I, Centeno C, Brenes A (2011) Effects of dietary polyphenol-rich grape
  • products on intestinal microflora and gut morphology in broiler chicks. Poultry Science, 90: 566-578.
  • Vuyst LD, Moreno MR, Revets H (2003) Screening for Enterocins and Detection of Hemolysin and Vancomycin Resistance in Enterococci of Different origins. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 84: 299-318
  • Wang SB, Shi XP, Zhou CF, Lin YT (2013) Entermorpha prolifera: effects on performance, carcass quality and small intestinal digestive enzyme activities of broilers. Chinese J. Anim. Nutr., 25 (6): 1332-1337.

Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 63 - 72, 01.06.2017

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Abudabos, A.M., Okab, A.B., Aljumaah, R.S., Samara, E.M., Abdoun, K.A., Al-Haidary, A.A, 2013. Nutritional value of green seaweed (Ulva lactuca) for broiler chickens. Italian J. Anim. Sci., 12 (12): 177-181.
  • Asar, M., 1972. The use of some weeds in poultry nutrition. Degree Diss., University of Alexandria, Egypt.
  • Axelsson, L., 2004. Lactic Acid Bacteria: Classification and Physicology. Food Science and Technology-New York-Marcel Dekker-, 139, 1-66.
  • Balboa, E.M., Gallego-Fábrega, C., Moure, A., Domínguez, H., 2015. Study of the seasonal variation on proximate composition of oven-dried Sargassum muticum biomass collected in Vigo Ria, Spain. Journal of Applied Phycology, 1-11.
  • Benson, H.J., 1985. Microbiological Applications: A Laboratory Manual in General Microbiology, 4th ed. W. C. Brown Publishers, Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Burt, S., Reniders, R.D., 2003. Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157.H7. Letters in Applied Microbiology, 36: 162-167.
  • Burtin, P. 2003., Nutritional value of seaweeds. Electronic journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food chemistry, 2(4): 498–503.
  • Cabrita A.R.J., Maia, M.R.G., Oliveira, H.M., Sousa-Pinto, I.0., Almeida, A.A., Pinto, E., Fonseca, A.J.M.,2016. Tracing seaweeds as mineral sources for farm-animals. Journal of Applied Phycology, 1-16.
  • Carillo, D.S., Casas, V.M.M., Castro, G.M.I., Perez, G.I., Garcia, V.R. 1990. The use of Macrocystis pyrifera seaweed in broiler diets. Investigation Agrarian Production Sanidad Animal, 5: 137-142.
  • Chojnacka, K. 2008. Using biosorption to enrich the biomass of seaweeds from the Baltic Sea with microelements to produce mineral feed supplement for livestock. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 39(2): 246–257.
  • Couto, I., Sanches, I.S., Sa-Leao, R., de Lencastre, H., 2000. Molecular characterization of Staphylococcus sciuri Bıldırcın (Coturnix coturnix japonica) yetiştiriciliğinde yem katkı maddesi olarak bazı Ulva türlerinin kullanımı ve… 71 strains isolated from humans. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 38(3): 1136-1143.
  • Çimrin, T., Tunca, R.İ., 2012 Bıldırcın beslemede alternatif yem ve katkıların kullanımı. Iğdır Univ. J. Inst. Sci. Tech., 2(3): 109-116.
  • Denli, M., Okan, F., Uluocak, A.N., 2004. Effect of dietary supplementation of herb essential oils on the growth performance, carcass and intestinal characteristics of quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). South African Journal of Animal Science, 34: 174-179.
  • El Deek, A.A., Asar, M.A., Safaa, M.A., Kosba, M.A., 1987. Nutritional value of marine seaweed in broiler diets. J.Agric. Sci,. Mansoura Univ. Egypt 12: 707-717.
  • El Gamal, A.A., 2012. Biological importance of marine algae. In, Se-Kwon Kim (Ed.), Handbook of marine macroalgae: biotechnology and applied phycology. John Wiley & Sons, 567.
  • Ertürk, Ö., Taş, B., 2011. Antibacterial and Antifungal Eff ects of Some Marine Algae. Kafkas Univ Vet Fak Derg, 17 (Suppl A): S121-S124.
  • Evans, F.D., Critchley, A.T.,2014. Seaweeds for animal production use. Journal of Applied Phycology, 26: 891–899.
  • Franz, C.M.A.P., Holzapfel, W.H., Stiles, M.E., 1999. Enterococci at the Crossroads of Food Safety. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 47: 1-24.
  • Griffiths, D.W., 1986. The inhibition of digestive enzymes by polyphenolic compounds. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 199: 509-516.
  • Gu, H.Y., Liu, Y.G., Shu, Z.Z., 1988. Nutrient composition of marine algae and their feeding on broilers. Chinese J. Anim. Sci., 3:12-14.
  • Koçoğlu, E., Karabay, O., 2006. Akut Myelositik Lösemili Bir Olguda Kateter İle İlişkili Staphylococcus sciuri Sepsisi. Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni, 40: 397-400.
  • Maurice, D.V., Jones, J.E., Dillon, C.R., Weber, J.M.,1984. Chemical composition and nutritional value of Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa) for the chick. Poultry Sci., 63:317-323.
  • Minsaas, J., 1985. Markedsforhoid og utviklingsmulighefer tangmelindustirien. Trondheim Selskapet for Industriell og Teknisk Forskning Rapport STF21 A85010 (In Norwegian).
  • Pfyffer, G.E., Brown-Elliott, B.A., Wallace, R.J. 2003. Mycobacterium: general characteristics, isolation and staining procedures, in Manual of Clinical Microbiology, P. R. Murray, Ed., pp. 532–559, ASM Press, Washington, DC, USA.
  • Pyzik, E., Marek, A., 2012. Characterization of bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus isolated from the eggs of Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 15(4): 767–772.
  • Rupérez, P., 2002. Mineral content of edible marine seaweeds. Food Chemistry, 79: 23–26.
  • Schiener, P., Black, K.D., Stanley, M.S., Green, D.H., 2015. The seasonal variation in the chemical composition of the kelp species Laminaria digitata, Laminaria hyperborea, Saccharina latissima and Alaria esculenta. Journal of Applied Phycology, 27: 363–373.
  • Taş, B., Ertürk, Ö., Yılmaz, Ö., Çol Ayvaz, M., Yurdakul Ertürk., E., 2015. Chemical components and biological activities of two freshwater green algae from Ordu, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Biochemistry, 40(6): 508–517.
  • Teixeira, R.S.C., Cardoso, W.M., Lopes, E.S., Rocha-e-Silva, R.C., Albuquerque, A.H., Horn, R., Salles, R.P.R., 2015. Bacteriological investigation of microorganisms (Salmonella sp. and other Enterobacteriaceae) in common quails (Coturnix coturnix) submitted to different forced-molting procedures. Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola, 15: 47-52.
  • Toyomizu, M., Sato, K., Taroda, H., Kato, T., Akiba, Y., 2001. Effects of dietary Spirulina on meat colour in muscle of broiler chickens. British Poultry Science, 42, 197–202.
  • Urbano, M.G., Goñi, I., 2002. Bioavailability of nutrients in rats fed on edible seaweeds, Nori (Porphyra tenera) and Wakame (Undaria pinnatifida), as a source of dietary fibre. Food Chemistry, 76: 281–286.
  • Venkataraman, L.V., Somasekaran, T., Becker, E.W., 1994. Replacement value of blue-green alga (Spirulina platensis) for fishmeal and a vitamin-mineral premix for broiler chicks. British Poultry Science, 35, 373–381.
  • Ventura MR, Castanon JIR, McNab JM (1994) Nutritional value of seaweed (Ulva rigida) for poultry. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 49 (1/2): 87-92.
  • Verweij PE, Breuker IM, Rijs AJ (1999) Comparative study of seven commercial yeast identification systems. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 52: 271- 273.
  • Viveros A, Chamorro S, Pizarro M, Arija I, Centeno C, Brenes A (2011) Effects of dietary polyphenol-rich grape
  • products on intestinal microflora and gut morphology in broiler chicks. Poultry Science, 90: 566-578.
  • Vuyst LD, Moreno MR, Revets H (2003) Screening for Enterocins and Detection of Hemolysin and Vancomycin Resistance in Enterococci of Different origins. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 84: 299-318
  • Wang SB, Shi XP, Zhou CF, Lin YT (2013) Entermorpha prolifera: effects on performance, carcass quality and small intestinal digestive enzyme activities of broilers. Chinese J. Anim. Nutr., 25 (6): 1332-1337.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Işıl KURT Bu kişi benim


Ömer ERTÜRK (Sorumlu Yazar)
0000-0001-5837-6893


Mehmet Akif ÖZCAN Bu kişi benim


Beyhan TAŞ Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Haziran 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 6, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Kurt, I. , Ertürk, Ö. , Özcan, M. A. & Taş, B. (2017). Bıldırcın (Coturnix coturnix japonica) yetiştiriciliğinde yem katkı maddesi olarak bazı Ulva türlerinin kullanımı ve bağırsak mikrobiyal florasına etkisinin incelenmesi . Akademik Ziraat Dergisi , 6 (1) , 63-72 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/azd/issue/32198/357602