Yıl 2019, Cilt 21 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 466 - 476 2019-08-15

Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria
Nijerya'da Kauçuk Arazilerin Kenar Topluluklarına Etkilerinin Geliştirilmesi

Felix ACHOJA [1] , Rosecollet Chisom ESUMAI [2]


Economic development is the core objective for establishing rubber industry in Nigeria. The objective that was set for this study was to find out whether or not the establishment of rubber estates in some parts of Nigeria has contributed to social and economic development of the host(fringe) communities. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample size of 210 respondents. Well structured questionnaires and interview schedule were used to collect primary data. Descriptive statistics (mean, mode, frequency, percentage and tables) and inferential statistics (Logit regression model) were used to analyze the information that were collected on the opinion of the people with respect to the social and economic impact of rubber estates in the communities. We found out that the major social impact of rubber estate on fringe communities were identified to be mass migration (influx) of people into the communities (p<0.01) and provision of education facilities (p<0.05). Economic impact of rubber estate on fringe communities were, establishment of auxiliary industries (p<0.01) and provision of employment (p<0.05). The employment and income multiplier index of the rubber estate on fringe communities were computed to be 30.53% and 45.84% respectively. We recommend that Government and development agencies should establish more rubber estates for community and national development. Measures should be put in place to ensure that rubber estates provide due benefits to fringe communities as a form of social responsibility.

Ekonomik gelişme Nijerya'da kauçuk endüstrisi kurmanın temel amacıdır. Bu çalışma için belirlenen amaç, Nijerya'nın bazı bölgelerinde kauçuk sitelerin kurulmasının, ev sahibi (saçak) topluluklarının sosyal ve ekonomik gelişimine katkıda bulunup bulunmadığını bulmaktı. 210 kişiden oluşan örneklem büyüklüğünü seçmek için basit bir rastgele örnekleme tekniği kullanılmıştır. Birincil verileri toplamak için iyi yapılandırılmış anketler ve görüşme programı kullanılmıştır. Tanımlayıcı istatistikler (ortalama, mod, sıklık, yüzde ve tablolar) ve çıkarımsal istatistikler (Logit regresyon modeli), topluluklardaki lastik sitelerin sosyal ve ekonomik etkilerine ilişkin olarak halkın görüşü üzerine toplanan bilgileri analiz etmek için kullanılmıştır. Kauçuk sitenin, saçak topluluklar üzerindeki ana sosyal etkisinin, insanların topluluklara toplu göç (akınım) (p <0.01) ve eğitim tesislerinin sağlanması (p <0.05) olduğunu tespit ettik. Kauçuk sitelerinin saçak toplulukları üzerindeki ekonomik etkisi, yardımcı sanayilerin kurulması (p <0.01) ve istihdam sağlanmasıdır (p <0.05). Saçak topluluklardaki kauçuk mülkün istihdam ve gelir çarpanı endeksi sırasıyla% 30,53 ve% 45,84 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Hükümet ve kalkınma ajanslarının, toplum ve ulusal kalkınma için daha fazla kauçuk alan oluşturmasını tavsiye ediyoruz. Kauçuk sitelerin, sosyal sorumluluk alanı olarak saçaklı topluluklara gerekli yararlar sağladığından emin olmak için önlemler alınmalıdır.


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Birincil Dil en
Konular Orman Mühendisliği
Bölüm Biodiversity, Environmental Management and Policy, Sustainable Forestry
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-9705-4923
Yazar: Felix ACHOJA (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY,ASABA CAMPUS, NIGERIA
Ülke: Nigeria


Yazar: Rosecollet Chisom ESUMAI

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { barofd481608, journal = {Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {1302-0943}, eissn = {1308-5875}, address = {}, publisher = {Bartın Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {21}, pages = {466 - 476}, doi = {}, title = {Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria}, key = {cite}, author = {ACHOJA, Felix and ESUMAI, Rosecollet Chisom} }
APA ACHOJA, F , ESUMAI, R . (2019). Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi , 21 (2) , 466-476 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/barofd/issue/43738/481608
MLA ACHOJA, F , ESUMAI, R . "Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria". Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2019 ): 466-476 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/barofd/issue/43738/481608>
Chicago ACHOJA, F , ESUMAI, R . "Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria". Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 (2019 ): 466-476
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria AU - Felix ACHOJA , Rosecollet Chisom ESUMAI Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 466 EP - 476 VL - 21 IS - 2 SN - 1302-0943-1308-5875 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria %A Felix ACHOJA , Rosecollet Chisom ESUMAI %T Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria %D 2019 %J Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi %P 1302-0943-1308-5875 %V 21 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD ACHOJA, Felix , ESUMAI, Rosecollet Chisom . "Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria". Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi 21 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 466-476 .
AMA ACHOJA F , ESUMAI R . Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 21(2): 466-476.
Vancouver ACHOJA F , ESUMAI R . Development Impact of Rubber Estate on Fringe Communities in Nigeria. Bartın Orman Fakültesi Dergisi. 2019; 21(2): 476-466.