Yıl 2020, Cilt 2020 , Sayı 43, Sayfalar 95 - 128 2020-11-30

Ümmetten örgüte adalet: Kur’ân-ı Kerîm ve sünnet çözümlemesi
Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah

Berrin GÜZEL [1] , Recep Emin GÜL [2]


Adalet kavramı ve adalet ile ilgili diğer kavramlar insan yaşamının temel özelliklerini içerir. Ancak adalet sadece erdemli bir davranışı değil, toplumları da yönlendiren bir kavramdır. Toplumlara yol gösteren kutsal kitaplar da adaleti vurgulamış ve bu yönde ilkeleri gerek metinlerde yazılı gerekse peygamberler aracılığı ile sözlü olarak belirtmiştir. Adalet, sadece toplum yaşamı gerekliliği ile değil, aynı zamanda iş hayatında işveren-çalışan arasındaki ilişkide de önemlidir. Örgütsel adalet çalışanları örgüte bağlılıklarını sağladığı gibi, performanslarını da arttırır. Ancak örgütsel adaletin geniş perspektifte ele alınması, farklı boyutlarda değerlendirilmesine neden olur. Bu ayrım, Kur’an’ı Kerîm ve Sünnette de görülür. Kaynakların dağıtımı konusunu vurgulayan dağıtım adaleti, herkesin yaptıklarının karşılığının verilmesi ve hakkı kadar verileceği konusu Ahkâf, 46/19 ve Şu’arâ, 26/183 ayetlerinde açık şekilde belirtilir. Dağıtım adaletinde haksızlığın toplumların yok olmasına neden olacağı konusunda da sünnet yer alır. İşlem adaleti kararların nasıl alındığına yöneliktir. Bu adalet boyutu Hûd, 11/85, A’râf, 7/85, İsrâ, 35, Şu’arâ, 182 ve Rahmân, 9. Ayetlerinde açık şekilde belirtilir. Etkileşim adaleti işveren-işçi arasındaki ilişkiye yöneliktir ve karar sürecinde adil davranılmasını açıklar. Özellikle Hz. Peygamber’in (sas) çalışanlara davranışlarda ve kararlarda adil olunmasına yönelik Sünneti önemlidir. Bilgi adaleti, kararlar ile ilgili olarak çalışanların bilgilendirilmesine yöneliktir. Bu anlamda Hz. Peygamber (sas) Sünnetinde iş akdinin önemini belirtmiş, çalışanların haklarını bilmeleri ve bunların da ayrıca yazılı olması gerektiğini belirtir. Gerek Kur’an’ı Kerîm gerek Sünnette adalet konusu özellikle dağıtım ve etkileşim boyutlarında vurgulanır. Bu anlamda Kur’an’ı Kerîm ve Sünneti kendine rehber edinen kişilerin iş hayatlarında da adil olmaları ve adaleti boyutlarına dikkat ederek yönetmeleri dünyevî ve uhrevî anlamda önemlidir.
The concept of justice and other concepts related to justice include the basic features of human life. However, justice is not only a virtuous behavior, but also a concept that guides societies. The scriptures that guide the societies also emphasized justice and stated the principles in this direction both verbally in the texts and verbally through the prophets. Justice is important not only with the necessity of community life, but also in the relationship between employer and employee in business life. Organizational justice not only increases the performance of the employees but also increase their commitment to the organization. However, considering organizational justice in a wide perspective causes it to be evaluated in different dimensions. This distinction is also seen in the Qur’an and Sunnah. The distributive justice, which emphasizes the distribution of resources, is clearly stated in the verses of al-Ahqaf, 46/19 and al-Shu’ara, 26/183, where the value of every employee is given and the right to be paid. There is also Sunnah in distributive justice that injustice will cause the destruction of societies. Procedural justice is about how decisions are made. This justice dimension is clearly stated in verses Hud, 11/85, al-A'raf, 7/85, al-Isra, 35, al-Shu’ara, 182 and al-Rahman, 9. Interactional justice is about the relationship between employer and employee and explains fair treatment in the decision process. Especially. The Sunnah of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) to be fair to the employees in behavior and decisions is important. Information justice is for informing employees about decisions. In this sense, Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) indicated the importance of the employment contract in his sunnah and states that the employees should know their rights and that they should also be written. In both Qur'an and Sunnah, the issue of justice is emphasized especially in terms of distributive and interactional. In this sense, it is important in the worldly and in the spiritual sense that people who adopt the Qur’an and the Sunnah to guide themselves to be fair in their business life and to take care of their justice dimensions.
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Orcid: 0000-0002-9507-3434
Yazar: Berrin GÜZEL
Kurum: ADNAN MENDERES ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TURİZM FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-0976-650X
Yazar: Recep Emin GÜL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: BALIKESİR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, İLAHİYAT FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 18 Haziran 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 14 Ekim 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Kasım 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { bilimname754487, journal = {Bilimname}, issn = {1304-1878}, eissn = {2148-5860}, address = {}, publisher = {Erciyes Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {2020}, pages = {95 - 128}, doi = {10.28949/bilimname.754487}, title = {Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah}, key = {cite}, author = {Güzel, Berrin and Gül, Recep Emin} }
APA Güzel, B , Gül, R . (2020). Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah . Bilimname , 2020 (43) , 95-128 . DOI: 10.28949/bilimname.754487
MLA Güzel, B , Gül, R . "Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah" . Bilimname 2020 (2020 ): 95-128 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/bilimname/issue/57637/754487>
Chicago Güzel, B , Gül, R . "Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah". Bilimname 2020 (2020 ): 95-128
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah AU - Berrin Güzel , Recep Emin Gül Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.28949/bilimname.754487 DO - 10.28949/bilimname.754487 T2 - Bilimname JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 95 EP - 128 VL - 2020 IS - 43 SN - 1304-1878-2148-5860 M3 - doi: 10.28949/bilimname.754487 UR - https://doi.org/10.28949/bilimname.754487 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Bilimname Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah %A Berrin Güzel , Recep Emin Gül %T Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah %D 2020 %J Bilimname %P 1304-1878-2148-5860 %V 2020 %N 43 %R doi: 10.28949/bilimname.754487 %U 10.28949/bilimname.754487
ISNAD Güzel, Berrin , Gül, Recep Emin . "Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah". Bilimname 2020 / 43 (Kasım 2020): 95-128 . https://doi.org/10.28949/bilimname.754487
AMA Güzel B , Gül R . Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah. Bilimname. 2020; 2020(43): 95-128.
Vancouver Güzel B , Gül R . Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah. Bilimname. 2020; 2020(43): 95-128.
IEEE B. Güzel ve R. Gül , "Justice from the ummah to the organization: the analysis of the qur’an and sunnah", Bilimname, c. 2020, sayı. 43, ss. 95-128, Kas. 2020, doi:10.28949/bilimname.754487