Hanafi sect was born in Iraq as a result of the evolution of the Ra'y tradition as a law school and spread over a very wide geography. The penetration of Hanafi thought into distant cities and its spreading in these regions was in the early periods through Abu Hanifa's students. Generally, new Muslims came to the capital of the state, Kufa and Baghdad, to learn their religion and to study science, and joined the lecture circles there. The racist attitude of the Umayyads towards non-Arab Muslims (mawali) was influential on the students who come to Baghdad to learn fiqh to choose Abu Hanifa, who was a mawâl. Students who completed their education in hadith and fiqh returned to their homeland and formed lecture circles in these places and narrated Abu Hanifa's both fiqh and theological ideas. Abu Hanifa must have asked this from his students. He sent Yusuf b. Hâlid al-Semtî to Basra with various recommendations, but he failed because he did not heed these recommendations. Later Abu Hanifa sent Zufer b. Huzeyl to Basra and he succeeded by following the recommendations of Abu Hanifa. In Basra, where Mu‘tezile was strong, Abu Hanifa's both of fiqh and theological ideas were accepted. This situation shows that Abu Hanifa entered into a planned study at least for Basra. The same may be the case for other regions. The activities of the students returning to their hometowns increased Abu Hanifa's reputation and increased the number of those coming to Abu Hanifa's lecture circles to study fiqh from distant cities. Those who wanted to learn Hanafi thought from its source came to Baghdad and attended the lessons of Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad. They took the founding texts to the regions where they lived, both by copying and memorizing, and they contributed to the establishment of Hanafi thought there. This dynamism, which continued intensely in the second century of Hijri, started to decrease in the third century. Especially after the middle of the third century of Hijri, this dynamism increased between the cities of Khorasan and Transoxiana. The death of Abu Hanifa's students and the distribution of the students in the next generation to different cities were influential in this situation.
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||31 Ekim 2021|
|Başvuru Tarihi||30 Aralık 2020|
|Kabul Tarihi||24 Mart 2021|
|Yayınlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2021, Cilt , Sayı 45|