Araştırma Makalesi
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Thermomechanical Investigation of the Effect of Maleic Anhydride Containing Copolymer on Polystyrene/Polyvinylchloride Blends

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 42 - 49, 30.06.2022

Öz

Polystyrene (PS) and Polyvinylchloride (PVC) are two widely used polymers that do not form compatible mixtures with each other. By adding Maleic anhydride/Styrene (MAS) copolymer to the two polymers, the effect on miscibility was investigated thermomechanically. Stress-strain analysis of the mixtures was performed. Thermomechanical processes were completed by creating temperature-strain and temperature-logE curves from the stress-strain curves obtained under increasing load and temperature. By processing these data, Modulus of Elasticity (E), coefficient of thermal elongation (CTE) and Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of the mixtures were calculated. It was observed that MAS copolymer added to PS/PVC mixtures as a compatibilizer increased the thermomechanical strength and was a good compatibilizer as the mixtures had a single glass transition temperature.

Kaynakça

  • Imren D. Boztug A., Yilmaz E., Zengin H.B, Viscometric investigation of compatibilization of the poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) blends by terpolymer of maleic anhydride-styrene-vinyl acetate, Journal of Molecular Structure, 891 (2008) 329-332.
  • Unuabonah E.I., Taubert A., Clay–polymer nanocomposites (CPNs): Adsorbents of the future for water treatment, Applied Clay Science, 2014, 99, 83–92.
  • Boztug A., Yilmaz E., Effects of reactive terpolymer containing maleic anhydride on thermomechanical properties of poly(vinyl chloride) based multicomponent blends, Materials Research Innovations, 11(3) (2007) 158-160.
  • Imren D., Compatibilization of immiscible poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)/polystyrene (PS) blends with maleic anhydride-styrene-vinyl acetate terpolymer (MAStVA), Journal of Molecular Structure , 963 (2010) 245-249.
  • Wool R. P. Polymer Interfaces, Structure and Strength; Hanser: Munich, 1995.
  • Esumi, K. Polymer Interfaces and Emulsion; Marcel Dekker: New York, 1999.
  • Chen, C.C., and White, J. L (1993). Compatibilization agents in polymer blends: Interfacial tension, phase morphology, and mechanical properties. Polym. Eng. Sci., 33, 923-930.
  • Pawda A. R. XI NRCC/IMI Symposium Polyblends 91, Boucherville, Que´bec, Canada, 1991.
  • Bolayir G., Soygun K., Simsek S, Yilmaz E., Dogan A., Boztug A., Dogan O.M., Effects of the Different Methacrylate Monomers on Bond Strength Between Soft Liner and Acrylic Resin, Asian Journal of Chemistry, 25(14) (2013) 8079-80819.
  • Aseeri, J., Alandis, N., Mekhamer, W. & Alam, M. (2019). Miscibility studies of polystyrene/polyvinyl chloride blend in presence of organoclay. Open Chemistry, 17(1), 927-935.
  • Boztug, A., Zengin H.B., Basan S., Thermomechanical and thermogravimetric analysis of blends of poly (vinyl chloride)(PVC) with maleic anhydride–allyl propionate copolymer, Journal of Molecular Structure, 697 (1-3) 2004 61-64.
  • Boztug, A., Preparation and thermomechanical characterization of poly (vinyl chloride) blends compatible with terpolymer‐containing maleic anhydride, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 94 (2004) 1586–1589.
  • Caneba, G. T., Kandiraju, S., PS–PMMA Block copolymer system as compatibilizer for PS–PVC blends. Adv Polym Technol (1990) 10(3), 237-242.
  • Boztug A., Basan S., The modification and characterization of maleic anhydride-styrene-methyl metacrylate terpolymer by poly(ethylene adipate), J. Mol. Struct., 830 (2007) 126-130.
  • Gelfer M.Y., Song H.H., Liu L., Hsiao B.S., Chu B., Rafailovich M., Si M., Zaitsev V., Effects of organoclays on morphology and thermal and rheological properties of polystyyrene and poly ( methyl methacrylate) blends, J. Polym. Sc. Part B: Polym. Phy., 2003, 41(1), 44-54.
  • Das G., Banerjee A.N., Rheological Studies of the Poly(styreneco-acrylonitrile) and Poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) Blends, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1998, 69, 2577–2583.
  • Yoo, T., Yoon, H., Choi, S. J., Kim, M., Kim, Y., Kim, W., Effects of compatibilizers on the mechanical properties and interfacial tension of polypropylene and poly(lactic acid) blends. Macromolecular Research,2010, 18. 583-588.
  • Inuwa, I., Hassan, A., Samsudin, S., Effect of Compatibilizer Content on the Mechanical and Morphological Properties of PET/PP (70/30) Blends. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2015, 735. 70-74.
  • Halimatudahliana, H. I., Nasir, M., The effect of various compatibilizers on mechanical properties of polystyrene/polypropylene blend. Polymer Testing, 2002, 21(2), 163-170.
  • Askadskii, A.A., Matseevich, T.A., Popova, M.N., Kondrashchenko V.I., Prediction of the compatibility of polymers and analysis of the microphase compositions and some properties of blends. Polym. Sci. Ser. A., 2015, 57, 186–199.

Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 42 - 49, 30.06.2022

Öz

Polistiren (PS) ve Polivinilklorür (PVC) birbirleri ile uyumlu karışım oluşturmayan yaygın kullanıma sahip iki önemli polimerdir. İki polimere Maleik anhidrit/Stiren (MAS) kopolimeri eklenerek karışabilirliğe olan etkisi termomekanik olarak incelendi. Karışımların gerilim-gerinim analizi yapıldı. Artan yük ve sıcaklık altında elde edilen gerilim-gerinim eğrilerinden, sıcaklık-gerinim, ve sıcaklık-logE eğrileri de oluşturularak termomekanik işlemler tamamlandı. Bu verilerin işlenmesiyle karışımlara ait Elastisite Modülü (E), Isısal uzama katsayısı (IUKS) ve Camsı geçiş sıcaklıkları (Tg) hesaplandı. PS/PVC karışımlarına uyumlaştırıcı olarak eklenen MAS kopolimerinin termomekanik dayanımı arttırdığı ve karışımların tek bir camsı geçiş sıcaklığına sahip olmasıyla iyi bir uyumlaştırıcı olduğu görüldü.

Kaynakça

  • Imren D. Boztug A., Yilmaz E., Zengin H.B, Viscometric investigation of compatibilization of the poly(vinyl chloride)/poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) blends by terpolymer of maleic anhydride-styrene-vinyl acetate, Journal of Molecular Structure, 891 (2008) 329-332.
  • Unuabonah E.I., Taubert A., Clay–polymer nanocomposites (CPNs): Adsorbents of the future for water treatment, Applied Clay Science, 2014, 99, 83–92.
  • Boztug A., Yilmaz E., Effects of reactive terpolymer containing maleic anhydride on thermomechanical properties of poly(vinyl chloride) based multicomponent blends, Materials Research Innovations, 11(3) (2007) 158-160.
  • Imren D., Compatibilization of immiscible poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC)/polystyrene (PS) blends with maleic anhydride-styrene-vinyl acetate terpolymer (MAStVA), Journal of Molecular Structure , 963 (2010) 245-249.
  • Wool R. P. Polymer Interfaces, Structure and Strength; Hanser: Munich, 1995.
  • Esumi, K. Polymer Interfaces and Emulsion; Marcel Dekker: New York, 1999.
  • Chen, C.C., and White, J. L (1993). Compatibilization agents in polymer blends: Interfacial tension, phase morphology, and mechanical properties. Polym. Eng. Sci., 33, 923-930.
  • Pawda A. R. XI NRCC/IMI Symposium Polyblends 91, Boucherville, Que´bec, Canada, 1991.
  • Bolayir G., Soygun K., Simsek S, Yilmaz E., Dogan A., Boztug A., Dogan O.M., Effects of the Different Methacrylate Monomers on Bond Strength Between Soft Liner and Acrylic Resin, Asian Journal of Chemistry, 25(14) (2013) 8079-80819.
  • Aseeri, J., Alandis, N., Mekhamer, W. & Alam, M. (2019). Miscibility studies of polystyrene/polyvinyl chloride blend in presence of organoclay. Open Chemistry, 17(1), 927-935.
  • Boztug, A., Zengin H.B., Basan S., Thermomechanical and thermogravimetric analysis of blends of poly (vinyl chloride)(PVC) with maleic anhydride–allyl propionate copolymer, Journal of Molecular Structure, 697 (1-3) 2004 61-64.
  • Boztug, A., Preparation and thermomechanical characterization of poly (vinyl chloride) blends compatible with terpolymer‐containing maleic anhydride, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 94 (2004) 1586–1589.
  • Caneba, G. T., Kandiraju, S., PS–PMMA Block copolymer system as compatibilizer for PS–PVC blends. Adv Polym Technol (1990) 10(3), 237-242.
  • Boztug A., Basan S., The modification and characterization of maleic anhydride-styrene-methyl metacrylate terpolymer by poly(ethylene adipate), J. Mol. Struct., 830 (2007) 126-130.
  • Gelfer M.Y., Song H.H., Liu L., Hsiao B.S., Chu B., Rafailovich M., Si M., Zaitsev V., Effects of organoclays on morphology and thermal and rheological properties of polystyyrene and poly ( methyl methacrylate) blends, J. Polym. Sc. Part B: Polym. Phy., 2003, 41(1), 44-54.
  • Das G., Banerjee A.N., Rheological Studies of the Poly(styreneco-acrylonitrile) and Poly(vinyl chloride-co-vinyl acetate) Blends, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 1998, 69, 2577–2583.
  • Yoo, T., Yoon, H., Choi, S. J., Kim, M., Kim, Y., Kim, W., Effects of compatibilizers on the mechanical properties and interfacial tension of polypropylene and poly(lactic acid) blends. Macromolecular Research,2010, 18. 583-588.
  • Inuwa, I., Hassan, A., Samsudin, S., Effect of Compatibilizer Content on the Mechanical and Morphological Properties of PET/PP (70/30) Blends. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 2015, 735. 70-74.
  • Halimatudahliana, H. I., Nasir, M., The effect of various compatibilizers on mechanical properties of polystyrene/polypropylene blend. Polymer Testing, 2002, 21(2), 163-170.
  • Askadskii, A.A., Matseevich, T.A., Popova, M.N., Kondrashchenko V.I., Prediction of the compatibility of polymers and analysis of the microphase compositions and some properties of blends. Polym. Sci. Ser. A., 2015, 57, 186–199.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Ersen YILMAZ> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Tunceli Munzur Üniversitesi
0000-0002-8567-1668
Türkiye


Ali BOZTUĞ>
SİVAS CUMHURİYET ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-2922-4481
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum Cumhuriyet Üniveritesi Bilimsel Ararştırmalar Proje Birimi (CÜBAP)
Proje Numarası F-184
Erken Görünüm Tarihi 25 Haziran 2022
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 8 Mayıs 2022
Kabul Tarihi 15 Haziran 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { buts1113844, journal = {Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi}, eissn = {2757-6884}, address = {Selahaddin-i Eyyübi Mah. Ayhan Çiftçi Caddesi, Sokak No:1502, Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler MYO/BİNGÖL/TÜRKİYE}, publisher = {Bingöl Üniversitesi}, year = {2022}, volume = {3}, number = {1}, pages = {42 - 49}, title = {Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi}, key = {cite}, author = {Yılmaz, Ersen and Boztuğ, Ali} }
APA Yılmaz, E. & Boztuğ, A. (2022). Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi . Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi , 3 (1) , 42-49 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buts/issue/70532/1113844
MLA Yılmaz, E. , Boztuğ, A. "Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi" . Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi 3 (2022 ): 42-49 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buts/issue/70532/1113844>
Chicago Yılmaz, E. , Boztuğ, A. "Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi". Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi 3 (2022 ): 42-49
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi AU - ErsenYılmaz, AliBoztuğ Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - DO - T2 - Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 42 EP - 49 VL - 3 IS - 1 SN - -2757-6884 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi %A Ersen Yılmaz , Ali Boztuğ %T Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi %D 2022 %J Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi %P -2757-6884 %V 3 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Yılmaz, Ersen , Boztuğ, Ali . "Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi". Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi 3 / 1 (Haziran 2022): 42-49 .
AMA Yılmaz E. , Boztuğ A. Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi. BUTS. 2022; 3(1): 42-49.
Vancouver Yılmaz E. , Boztuğ A. Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi. Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi. 2022; 3(1): 42-49.
IEEE E. Yılmaz ve A. Boztuğ , "Polistiren/Polivinilklorür Karışımlarına Maleik Anhidrit İçeren Kopolimer Etkisinin Termomekanik İncelenmesi", Bingöl Üniversitesi Teknik Bilimler Dergisi, c. 3, sayı. 1, ss. 42-49, Haz. 2022
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