Yıl 2020, Cilt 18 , Sayı Özel Sayı, Sayfalar 85 - 98 2020-04-28

NATO ve EURO Bölgesindeki Savunma Sanayilerinin İktisadi Etkinliği ve Toplam Faktör Verimliliği
Economic Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity of Defense Industries in NATO and EUROZONE

Riza BAYRAK [1]


Bu çalışmanın amacı, NATO ve EURO bölgesindeki toplam 12 ülkenin savunma sanayinin karşılaştırmalı etkinlik ve toplam faktör verimliliğini 2013-2017 yıllarına ait verilerle analiz etmektir. Çalışmada, Dünya Bankası ve SIPRI kaynaklarından istifade ile girdi değişkeni olarak GSYİH, savunma sanayi harcamaları, savunma sanayi ithalatı, lojistik faktör endeksi; çıktı değişkeni olarak da savunma sanayi toplam satışları, savunma sanayi ihracatı kullanılmıştır. Analiz yöntemi olarak, Statik Veri Zarflama Analizi (VZA) ve Toplam Faktör Verimliliği Analizi (MTFA) kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen bulgulara göre; CCR modelinde bu beş yıllık dönemde ABD, İngiltere, Fransa, Almanya, İspanya ve Hollanda’nın tam etkinlik düzeyinde olduğu, diğer altı ülkenin ise tüm yıllarda etkin sınırının altında kaldığı gözlenmiştir. BCC model sonuçlarına göre ise Türkiye ve Kanada haricindeki tüm ülkelerin etkinlik sınırını yakaladığı gözlenmiştir. MTFA bulgularına göre, sadece Almanya ve Türkiye’nin bu beş yılı kapsayan dönemde pozitif yönde etkinlik artışı sağladığı gözlenmiştir.

The main purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency and total factor productivity (MTFP) of the 12 defense industries in NATO and the EUROZONE with the data of the 2013-2017 period. GDP, defense expenditures, import for the defense industry and logistics performance index were used as input variables; while total sales and export values of defense industry were used as output variables in accordance with the data acquired from World Bank (WB) and SIPRI. Static DEA and MTFP were applied to data. According to findings of the CCR models; the USA, UK, France, Germany, Spain, and Netherland were observed as efficient DMUs in all years; whereas the other six countries were inefficient ones. Additionally, according to BCC model, only Turkey and Canada were observed as inefficient ones for five years. MTFP analysis revealed that Turkey and Germany were the two countries experiencing TFP in all periods.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-7397-2295
Yazar: Riza BAYRAK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: MİLLİ SAVUNMA BAKANLIĞI
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 28 Nisan 2020

APA BAYRAK, R . (2020). Economic Efficiency and Total Factor Productivity of Defense Industries in NATO and EUROZONE. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 18 (Özel Sayı) , 85-98 . DOI: 10.18026/cbayarsos.525794