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Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, 241 - 249, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.34087/cbusbed.796470

Öz

Giriş ve Amaç: Hemşirelik öğrencilerinin Covid-19 pandemi sürecinde sağlık bilişleri ile depresyon, anksiyete ve stres düzeyleri arasındaki ilişkiyi saptamak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı ve kesitsel nitelikte olan bu çalışmanın evrenini hemşirelik birinci, ikinci, üçüncü ve dördüncü sınıfta okuyan toplam 245 öğrenci, örneklemini ise 20.06.2020-20.07.2020 tarihleri arasında araştırmaya katılmayı kabul eden 175 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Veriler araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan veri toplama formu, Depresyon Anksiyete Stres (DASS-21) ve Sağlık Bilişleri Ölçeği ile toplanmıştır. Verilerin tanımlayıcı istatistikleri hesaplanmış ve Mann-Whitney U testi, Kruskal-Wallis testi, Post Hoc testlerden Dunn Bonferroni, Spearman Korelasyon analizi uygulanmıştır. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Ölçeği (DASS-21) toplam puan ortalamasının 15.58±11.78, Sağlık Bilişleri Ölçeği puan ortalamasının 62.41±9.91 ve orta düzeyde olduğu saptanmıştır. DASS-21 Ölçeği alt boyutları ile Sağlık Bilişleri Ölçeği alt boyutları arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmuştur (p<0,05). Sonuç: Bu çalışma hemşirelik öğrencilerinin depresyon, anksiyete, stres ve sağlık bilişi arasında bir ilişkisi olduğunu göstermiştir. Hemşirelik öğrencilerine hemşirelik eğitmenleri tarafından eğitim verilmesi ve psikolojik destek sağlanması önerilmektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Zhu, N, Zhang, D, Wang, W, Li, X, Yang, B, Song, J, et al., A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China 2019, The New England Journal Medicine, 2020, 382(8),727-733.
  • Habibzadeh, P, Stoneman, E.K, The Novel Coronavirus: A Bird’s Eye View, International Journal of Occupatioanl and Environmental Medicine, 2020, 11(2), 65-71.
  • Gorbalenya, A.E, Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus–The species and its viruses, a statement of the Coronavirus Study Group, BioRxiv, 2020.
  • Covid-19 rehberi. https.sağlıkbakanlıgı.gov.tr. Erişim:16.09.2020.
  • Lai, C.C, Shih, TP, Ko, W.C, Tang, H.J, Hsueh, P.R, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19): the epidemic and the challenges, Internal Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2020, 55(3),105924.
  • Huang, C, Wang, Y, Li, X, Ren, L, Zhao, J, Hu, Y, et al, Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, Lancet, 2020, 395(10223),497-506.
  • Bai, Y, Yao, L, Wei, T, Tian, F, Jin, D.Y, Chen, L, et al., Presumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020 Feb 21. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.2565.
  • Biscayart, C, Angeleri, P, Lloveras, S, Chaves, T, Schlagenhauf , P, Rodríguez-Morales, A.J, The next big threat to global health? 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): What advice can we give to travellers? Interim recommendations January 2020, from the Latin-American society for Travel Medicine (SLAMVI). Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 2020, 33, 101567.
  • Taghrir, M.H, Borazjani, R, Shiraly, R, COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception, Arch Iran Med March, 2020, 23(4),249-254.
  • Hadjistavropoulos, H.D, Janzen, J.A, Kehler, M.D, Leclerc, J.A, Sharpe, D, Bourgault-Fagnou, M.D, Core cognitions related to health anxiety in self-reported medical and non-medical samples. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2012, 35(2),167–178.
  • Lai, J, Ma, S, Wang, Y, Cai, Z, Hu, J, Wei, N, et al., Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020, 3(3), e203976-e203976.
  • Altay, D, Yuksel, M, Sağlık Bilişleri Ölçeği: Geçerlilik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. V. Turkcess Uluslararası Eğitim ve Sosyal Bilimler Kongresi'nde Sunulan Tam Metin Kitapçığı, 2019, 286-295, İstanbul, Türkiye.
  • Yılmaz, Ö, Boz, H, Arslan, A, Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Ölçeğinin (Dass 21) Türkçe Kısa Formunun Geçerlilik-Güvenilirlik Çalışması, Finasn Ekonomi ve Sosyal Araştrımalar Dergisi, 2017,2(2), 78-91.
  • Lovibond, P.F. & Lovibond, S.H, The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1995, 33(3), 335-343.
  • Udhayakumar, P, Illango, P, Psychological wellbeing among college students, Journal of Social Work Education and Practice, 2018, 3, 79-89.
  • Ramkisson, S, Pillay, B.J, Sartorius, B, Anxiety, depression and psychological well‐being in a cohort of South African adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, South African Journal of Psychiatry, 2016, 22, 935.
  • Huang, L, Xu, F, Liu, H, Yu, L, Emotional responses and coping strategies of nurses and nursing college students during COVID-19 outbreak: A comparative study. Plos One, 2020, 15(8),e02237303
  • Anbumalar, C, Agines, D, Jaswanti, V.P, Priya, D, Reniangelin, D, Gender differences in perceived stress levels and coping strategies among college students, The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2017, 4(4),22-33.
  • Torres-Montiel, S, Pelaez-Hernandez, V, Robles-Uribe, B, Perez-Caba-As, E, Figueroa-Herrera, F, Orea-Tejeda, A. ve ark., Gender differences in perceived stress, psychological well-being and therapeutic compliance, European Respiratory Journal, 2017, 50, PA3897.
  • Lai, J, Ma Simeng, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, et al., Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health CareWorkers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020,3(3),e203976.
  • Chew, N.W, Lee, G.K, Tan, B.Y, Jing, M, Goh, Y, Ngiam, N. J, et al., Multinational, multicentre study on the psychological outcomes and associated physical symptoms amongst healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020, 88, 559-565.
  • Smith, G.D, Yang, F, Stress, resilience and psychological well being in Chinese undergraduate nursing students, Nurse Education Today, 2017, 49, 90-95.
  • Chan, A.O, Huak, C.Y, Psychological impact of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on health care workers in a medium size regional general hospital in Singapore, Occupational Medicine, 2004, 54(3), 190-196.
  • Adams, J.G, Walls, R.M, Supporting the Health Care Workforce During the COVID-19 Global Epidemic The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020, 323(15), 1439-1440.
  • Sim Malcolm, R, The COVID-19 pandemic: major risks to healthcare and other workers on the front line, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2020, 281-282.
  • Yüksel, A, Bahadir-Yilmaz, E, Relationship between Depression, Anxiety, Cognitive Distortions, and Psychological Well‐Being among Nursing Students, Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 2019, 55(4),690–696. Kang, L, Ma, S, Chen M, Yang, J, Wang, Y, Li, R, et al., Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: A cross-sectional study, Brain, Behavior, and İmmunity, 2020, 87, 11-17.
  • Yavuzer, Y, Karataş, Z, Investigating the relationship between depression, negative automatic thoughts, life satisfaction and symptom interpretation in Turkish young adults, In: D , Breznoscakova,eds, Depression, Croatia, Rijeka: Intech Open; 2018, pp 71-89.
  • Dirzyte, A, Patapas, A, Determinants of subjective wellbeing: Lithuanian case, European Scientific Journal, 2015, 11,138.
  • Singh, A.K, Singh, S, Singh, A.P, Srivastava A, Hope and well being among students of Professional courses, Indian Journal Community Psychology, 2013, 9,109-119.

The Relationship among Nursing Students' Health Cognitions for Covid-19 Pandemia and Depression Anxiety Stress Levels

Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, 241 - 249, 30.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.34087/cbusbed.796470

Öz

Objective It was conducted to determine the relationship between the health cognition and depression, anxiety and stress levels of the nursing students during the Covid-19 pandemic process. Material and Methods The population of this descriptive and cross-sectional study consisted of 245 students studying in the first, second, third and fourth years of nursing and the sample of 175 students who agreed to participate in the study between 20.06.2020-20.07.2020. The data were collected by the data collection form created by the researchers, Depression Anxiety Stress (DASS-21) and Health Cognition Scale. Descriptive statistics of the data were calculated and in the statistical analysis and Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Dunn Bonferroni, Post Hoc tests, Spearman Correlation analysis were applied. Results: It was determined that the total score average of the students' Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) was 15.58 ± 11.78, and the Health Cognition Scale (HCS) average score was 62.41 ± 9.91. A significant relation was found between the DASS-21 Scale subscales and the Health Cognition Scale subscales (p <0.05). Conclusion: This study showed that there is a relationship between nursing students' depression, anxiety, stress and health cognition. It is recommended that nursing students be trained by nursing instructors and provide psychological support

Kaynakça

  • Zhu, N, Zhang, D, Wang, W, Li, X, Yang, B, Song, J, et al., A novel coronavirus from patients with pneumonia in China 2019, The New England Journal Medicine, 2020, 382(8),727-733.
  • Habibzadeh, P, Stoneman, E.K, The Novel Coronavirus: A Bird’s Eye View, International Journal of Occupatioanl and Environmental Medicine, 2020, 11(2), 65-71.
  • Gorbalenya, A.E, Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus–The species and its viruses, a statement of the Coronavirus Study Group, BioRxiv, 2020.
  • Covid-19 rehberi. https.sağlıkbakanlıgı.gov.tr. Erişim:16.09.2020.
  • Lai, C.C, Shih, TP, Ko, W.C, Tang, H.J, Hsueh, P.R, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19): the epidemic and the challenges, Internal Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 2020, 55(3),105924.
  • Huang, C, Wang, Y, Li, X, Ren, L, Zhao, J, Hu, Y, et al, Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, Lancet, 2020, 395(10223),497-506.
  • Bai, Y, Yao, L, Wei, T, Tian, F, Jin, D.Y, Chen, L, et al., Presumed Asymptomatic Carrier Transmission of COVID-19, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020 Feb 21. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.2565.
  • Biscayart, C, Angeleri, P, Lloveras, S, Chaves, T, Schlagenhauf , P, Rodríguez-Morales, A.J, The next big threat to global health? 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV): What advice can we give to travellers? Interim recommendations January 2020, from the Latin-American society for Travel Medicine (SLAMVI). Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 2020, 33, 101567.
  • Taghrir, M.H, Borazjani, R, Shiraly, R, COVID-19 and Iranian Medical Students; A Survey on Their Related-Knowledge, Preventive Behaviors and Risk Perception, Arch Iran Med March, 2020, 23(4),249-254.
  • Hadjistavropoulos, H.D, Janzen, J.A, Kehler, M.D, Leclerc, J.A, Sharpe, D, Bourgault-Fagnou, M.D, Core cognitions related to health anxiety in self-reported medical and non-medical samples. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2012, 35(2),167–178.
  • Lai, J, Ma, S, Wang, Y, Cai, Z, Hu, J, Wei, N, et al., Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020, 3(3), e203976-e203976.
  • Altay, D, Yuksel, M, Sağlık Bilişleri Ölçeği: Geçerlilik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. V. Turkcess Uluslararası Eğitim ve Sosyal Bilimler Kongresi'nde Sunulan Tam Metin Kitapçığı, 2019, 286-295, İstanbul, Türkiye.
  • Yılmaz, Ö, Boz, H, Arslan, A, Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Ölçeğinin (Dass 21) Türkçe Kısa Formunun Geçerlilik-Güvenilirlik Çalışması, Finasn Ekonomi ve Sosyal Araştrımalar Dergisi, 2017,2(2), 78-91.
  • Lovibond, P.F. & Lovibond, S.H, The structure of negative emotional states: Comparison of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) with the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1995, 33(3), 335-343.
  • Udhayakumar, P, Illango, P, Psychological wellbeing among college students, Journal of Social Work Education and Practice, 2018, 3, 79-89.
  • Ramkisson, S, Pillay, B.J, Sartorius, B, Anxiety, depression and psychological well‐being in a cohort of South African adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus, South African Journal of Psychiatry, 2016, 22, 935.
  • Huang, L, Xu, F, Liu, H, Yu, L, Emotional responses and coping strategies of nurses and nursing college students during COVID-19 outbreak: A comparative study. Plos One, 2020, 15(8),e02237303
  • Anbumalar, C, Agines, D, Jaswanti, V.P, Priya, D, Reniangelin, D, Gender differences in perceived stress levels and coping strategies among college students, The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 2017, 4(4),22-33.
  • Torres-Montiel, S, Pelaez-Hernandez, V, Robles-Uribe, B, Perez-Caba-As, E, Figueroa-Herrera, F, Orea-Tejeda, A. ve ark., Gender differences in perceived stress, psychological well-being and therapeutic compliance, European Respiratory Journal, 2017, 50, PA3897.
  • Lai, J, Ma Simeng, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, et al., Factors Associated With Mental Health Outcomes Among Health CareWorkers Exposed to Coronavirus Disease 2019. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020,3(3),e203976.
  • Chew, N.W, Lee, G.K, Tan, B.Y, Jing, M, Goh, Y, Ngiam, N. J, et al., Multinational, multicentre study on the psychological outcomes and associated physical symptoms amongst healthcare workers during COVID-19 outbreak, Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2020, 88, 559-565.
  • Smith, G.D, Yang, F, Stress, resilience and psychological well being in Chinese undergraduate nursing students, Nurse Education Today, 2017, 49, 90-95.
  • Chan, A.O, Huak, C.Y, Psychological impact of the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak on health care workers in a medium size regional general hospital in Singapore, Occupational Medicine, 2004, 54(3), 190-196.
  • Adams, J.G, Walls, R.M, Supporting the Health Care Workforce During the COVID-19 Global Epidemic The Journal of the American Medical Association, 2020, 323(15), 1439-1440.
  • Sim Malcolm, R, The COVID-19 pandemic: major risks to healthcare and other workers on the front line, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 2020, 281-282.
  • Yüksel, A, Bahadir-Yilmaz, E, Relationship between Depression, Anxiety, Cognitive Distortions, and Psychological Well‐Being among Nursing Students, Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 2019, 55(4),690–696. Kang, L, Ma, S, Chen M, Yang, J, Wang, Y, Li, R, et al., Impact on mental health and perceptions of psychological care among medical and nursing staff in Wuhan during the 2019 novel coronavirus disease outbreak: A cross-sectional study, Brain, Behavior, and İmmunity, 2020, 87, 11-17.
  • Yavuzer, Y, Karataş, Z, Investigating the relationship between depression, negative automatic thoughts, life satisfaction and symptom interpretation in Turkish young adults, In: D , Breznoscakova,eds, Depression, Croatia, Rijeka: Intech Open; 2018, pp 71-89.
  • Dirzyte, A, Patapas, A, Determinants of subjective wellbeing: Lithuanian case, European Scientific Journal, 2015, 11,138.
  • Singh, A.K, Singh, S, Singh, A.P, Srivastava A, Hope and well being among students of Professional courses, Indian Journal Community Psychology, 2013, 9,109-119.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Hemşirelik
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Alev YILDIRIM KESKİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
SELCUK UNIVERSITY
0000-0003-0981-5364
Türkiye


Birsel MOLU
SELÇUK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, AKŞEHİR KADİR YALLAGÖZ SAĞLIK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0001-5144-286X
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum yok
Proje Numarası yok
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { cbusbed796470, journal = {Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2147-9607}, address = {Celal Bayar Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Uncubozköy Kampüsü, 45080 Manisa, Türkiye}, publisher = {Celal Bayar Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {8}, pages = {241 - 249}, doi = {10.34087/cbusbed.796470}, title = {Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi}, key = {cite}, author = {Yıldırım Keskin, Alev and Molu, Birsel} }
APA Yıldırım Keskin, A. & Molu, B. (2021). Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi . Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi , 8 (2) , 241-249 . DOI: 10.34087/cbusbed.796470
MLA Yıldırım Keskin, A. , Molu, B. "Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi" . Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 (2021 ): 241-249 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cbusbed/issue/62804/796470>
Chicago Yıldırım Keskin, A. , Molu, B. "Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi". Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 (2021 ): 241-249
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi AU - Alev Yıldırım Keskin , Birsel Molu Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.34087/cbusbed.796470 DO - 10.34087/cbusbed.796470 T2 - Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 249 VL - 8 IS - 2 SN - -2147-9607 M3 - doi: 10.34087/cbusbed.796470 UR - https://doi.org/10.34087/cbusbed.796470 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi %A Alev Yıldırım Keskin , Birsel Molu %T Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi %D 2021 %J Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi %P -2147-9607 %V 8 %N 2 %R doi: 10.34087/cbusbed.796470 %U 10.34087/cbusbed.796470
ISNAD Yıldırım Keskin, Alev , Molu, Birsel . "Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi". Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 8 / 2 (Haziran 2021): 241-249 . https://doi.org/10.34087/cbusbed.796470
AMA Yıldırım Keskin A. , Molu B. Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi. CBU-SBED. 2021; 8(2): 241-249.
Vancouver Yıldırım Keskin A. , Molu B. Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi. Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2021; 8(2): 241-249.
IEEE A. Yıldırım Keskin ve B. Molu , "Hemşirelik Öğrencilerinin Covid-19 Pandemi Sürecinde Sağlık Bilişleri ile Depresyon Anksiyete Stres Düzeyleri Arasındaki İlişkisi", Celal Bayar Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 8, sayı. 2, ss. 241-249, Haz. 2021, doi:10.34087/cbusbed.796470