Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 4, Sayfalar 399 - 415 2019-10-17

Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes

Ferit Karakoyun [1]


Facilities provided by social network sites allow individuals to use social networks for various purposes such as communication, entertainment and information sharing. These purposes vary depending on the social networks individuals use and on their personality traits. The present study examined preservice teachers’ social network use purposes with respect to their personality traits. The participants of the study were 660 preservice teachers attending a Turkish university. For data collection in the study “Scale of Social Network Use Purposes” and “Basic Personality Traits Inventory” were used. The research data were analyzed using Pearson Correlation Analysis and Multi-Linear Regression Analysis. The findings revealed that among the personality traits, conscientiousness, openness to experience and negative valence were predictors of the sub-factors of social network use purposes. As for other personality factors, neuroticism and extraversion were not significant predictors of the total social network use purpose score or its sub-factors.

Social media, Social networking sites, Personality, Five-Factor Model, Preservice teachers
  • Alan, A.K. & Kabadayı, E.T. (2016). The effect of personal factors on social media usage of young consumers. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 235, 595-602.
  • Amichai-Hamburger, Y. & Ben-Artzi, E. (2003). Loneliness and Internet use. Computers in Human Behavior, 19(1), 71-80.
  • Amichai-Hamburger, Y. & Vinitzky, G. (2010). Social network use and personality. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1289-1295.
  • Atabek, O. (2012). Preservice teachers’ personality, motives, motivation, and attitudes associated with the use of social network services: Facebook case. In C.D. Maddux & D. Gibson (Eds.), Research highlights in technology and teacher education 2012 (pp. 109-116). SITE.
  • Avcilar, M. Y., & Demirgunes, B. K. (2016). Analyzing the effects of personality traits on motivations for using social media. Journal of Management Marketing and Logistics, 3(3), 251-271.
  • Boyd, D.M., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), 210-230.
  • Butt, S. & Phillips, J. G. (2008). Personality and self-reported mobile phone use. Computers in Human Behavior, 24(2), 346-360.
  • Buyukozturk, S., Cakmak, E. K., Akgun, Ö. A., Karadeniz, S. & Demirel, F. (2010). Bilimsel arastirma yontemleri. Ankara: PegemA.
  • Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Reviews of Psychology, 56, 453-484.
  • Correa, T., Hinsley, A. W., & De Zuniga, H. G. (2010). Who interacts on the Web?: The intersection of users’ personality and social media use. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(2), 247-253.
  • Costa, P. T. & McCrae, R. R. (1992). NEO PI-R. Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.
  • Cetin, E. (2009). Sosyal iletisim aglari ve genclik: Facebook ornegi. Uluslararasi Davraz Kongresi Bildiri Kitabi (ss. 1094–1105). Isparta: Suleyman Demirel Universitesi.
  • Dal, N.E., & Dal, V. (2014). Kisilik ozellikleri ve sosyal ag sitesi kullanim aliskanliklari: Universite ogrencileri uzerine bir arastirma. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi, 6(11), 144-162.
  • De Raad, B. & Schouwenburg, H.C. (1996). Personality in learning and education: A review. European Journal of Personality, 10, 303-336.
  • Dunaetz, D. (2008). A meta-analysis of the relationship between personality and preferred conflict style. Retrieved on 15 May 2019 from SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3227529 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3227529.
  • Durrett, C. & Trull, T.J. (2005). An evaluation of evaluative personality terms: a comparison of the big seven and five-factor model in predicting psychopathology. Psychological Assessment, 17(3), 359-368.
  • Ehrenberg, A., Juckes, S., White, K. M., & Walsh, S. P. (2008). Personality and self-esteem as predictors of young people’s technology use. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 739-741.
  • Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook "friends:" Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(4), 1143-1168.
  • Funder, D. C. (2001). Personality. Annual Reviews of Psychology. 52, 197¬-221.
  • Gencoz, T. & Oncul, O. (2012). Examination of personality characteristics in a Turkish sample: Development of basic personality traits inventory. The Journal of General Psychology. 139(3), 194-216.
  • Goldberg, L.R. (1990). An alternative description of personality: the big-five factor structure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59(6), 1216-1229.
  • Gosling, S. D., Augustine, A. A., Vazire, S., Holtzman, N., & Gaddis, S. (2011). Manifestations of personality in online social networks: Self-reported Facebook-related behaviors and observable profile information. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(9), 483-488.
  • Hamburger, Y. A. & Ben-Artzi, E. (2000). The relationship between extraversion and neuroticism and the different uses of the Internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 16(4), 441-449.
  • Hughes, D. J., Rowe, M., Batey, M., & Lee, A. (2012). A tale of two sites: Twitter vs. Facebook and the personality predictors of social media usage. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(2), 561-569.
  • Isbulan, O. (2011). Opinions of university graduates about social networks according to their personal characteristics. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(2), 184-189.
  • Jan, M.A., Soomro, S., & Ahmad, N. (2017). Impact of social media on self-esteem. European Scientific Journal, 13, 329-341.
  • Jones, S. & Fox, S. (2009). Generations online in 2009. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved on 15 May 2019 form http://www.pewinternet.org/2009/01/28/generations-online-in-2009/
  • Karasar, N. (2005). Bilimsel arastirma yontemi. (15. baski). Ankara: Nobel.
  • Kemp, S. (2018). Digital in 2018: World’s internet users pass the 4 billion mark. Retrieved on 15 May 2019 from https://wearesocial.com/sg/blog/2018/01/globaldigital-report-2018.
  • Kim, W., Jeong, O. R., & Lee, S. W. (2010). On social Web sites. Information Systems, 35(2), 215-236.
  • Kumar, S. & Vigil, K. (2011). The net generation as preservice teachers: Transferring familiarity with new technologies to educational environments. Journal of Digital Learning in Teacher Education, 27(4), 144-153.
  • Lee, C.C., Chou, S.T.H., & Huang, Y.R. (2014). A study on personality traits and social media fatigue-example of Facebook users. Lecture Notes on Information Theory, 2(3), 249-253.
  • Lin, M.F.G., Hoffman, E.S., & Borengasser, C. (2013). Is social media too social for class? A case study of Twitter use. TechTrends, 57(2), 39-45.
  • Liu, L. & Velasquez-Bryanyt, N. (2003). An information technology integration system and its life cycle: What is missing? Computers in the Schools, 20(1-2), 93-106.
  • Mazman, S. G. & Usluel, Y. K. (2010). Modeling educational usage of Facebook. Computers & Education, 55(2), 444-453.
  • Mccrea, R. R. & Costa, P. T. (2003). Facts and theories of adult development. Personality in adulthood a five–factor theory perspective. (pp. 1-19). New York: The Guilford Press.
  • McElroy, J., Hendrickson, A., Townsend, A., & DeMarie, S. (2007). Dispositional factors in Internet use: Personality versus cognitive style. MIS Quarterly, 31(4), 809-820.
  • Mehdizadeh, S. (2010). Self-presentation 2.0: Narcissism and self-esteem on Facebook. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13(4), 357-64.
  • Muscanell, N. L. & Guadagno, R. E. (2012). Make new friends or keep the old: Gender and personality differences in social networking use. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 107-112.
  • O’Reilly, T., & Milstein, S. (2009). The Twitter book. Sebastopol: O’Reilly Media.
  • Pagani, M., Hofacker, C.F., & Goldsmith, R.E. (2011). The influence of personality on active and passive use of social networking sites. Psychology and Marketing, 28, 441-456.
  • Perkmen, S. (2014). The role of personality and school climate on pre-service teachers’ motivation towards technology integration in education. E-journal of New World Sciences Academy- Education Sciences, 9(4), 380-393.
  • Ranieri, M., Manca, S., & Fini, A. (2012). Why (and how) do teachers engage in social networks? An exploratory study of professional use of Facebook and its implications for lifelong learning. British Journal of Educational Technology, 43(5), 754-769.
  • Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., & Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(2), 578-586.
  • Ryan, T. & Xenos, S. (2011). Who uses Facebook? An investigation into the relationship between the Big Five, shyness, narcissism, loneliness, and Facebook usage. Computers in Human Behaviors, 27, 1658-1664.
  • Seghal, P (2015). Exploring the relationship between teacher self-efficacy and teacher effectiveness: role of personality, collaboration and principal leadership (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Indian Institute of Management Indore, India.
  • Seidman, G. (2013). Self-presentation and belonging on Facebook: How personality influences social media use and motivations. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 402-407.
  • Sendurur, P., Sendurur, E., & Yilmaz, R. (2015). Examination of the social network sites usage patterns of pre-service teachers. Computers in Human Behavior, 51, 188-194.
  • Staines, Z. & Lauchs, M. (2013). Students’ engagement with Facebook in a university undergraduate policing unit. Australian Journal of Educational Technology, 29(6), 792-805.
  • Usluel, Y. K., Demir, O., & Cinar, M. (2014). Sosyal aglarin kullanim amaclari olcegi. Egitim Teknolojileri Arastirma Dergisi, 5(2), 1-18.
  • Wang J.-L., Jackson, L.A., Zhang, D.-J., & Su, Z.-Q. (2012). The relationships among the Big Five Personality factors, self-esteem, narcissism, and sensation-seeking to Chinese University students’ uses of social networking sites (SNSs). Computers in Human Behavior, 28 (6), 2313-2319.
  • Wehrli, S. (2008). Personality on social network sites: An application of the five factor model. Zurich: ETH Sociology (Working Paper No. 7).
  • Wilson, K., Fornasier, S., & White, K. M. (2010). Psychological predictors of young adults’ use of social networking sites. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 13(2), 173-177.
  • Wolfradt, U. & Doll, J. (2001). Motives of adolescents to use the Internet as a function of personality traits, personal and social factors. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 24(1), 13-27.
  • Yilmaz, A. & Bilgin, M. (2017). The relationship between social network usage and some personality traits. International Journal of Human Sciences. 14(3), 2219-2243.
  • Yildirim, A. & Simsek, H. (2006). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel arastirma yontemleri. Ankara: Seckin.
  • Zywica, J. & Danowski, J. (2008). The faces of Facebookers: Investigating social enhancement and social compensation hypotheses. Journal of Computer- Mediated Communication, 14(1), 1-34.
Birincil Dil en
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-1110-4035
Yazar: Ferit Karakoyun (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 17 Ekim 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { cet634190, journal = {Contemporary Educational Technology}, issn = {}, eissn = {1309-517X}, address = {Prof. Dr. Ali Şimşek, Başeditör, Anadolu Üniversitesi İletişim Bilimleri Fakültesi İletişim Tasarımı ve Yönetimi Bölümü, Yunus Emre Yerleşkesi, Eskişehir}, publisher = {Ali ŞİMŞEK}, year = {2019}, volume = {10}, pages = {399 - 415}, doi = {10.30935/cet.634190}, title = {Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes}, key = {cite}, author = {Karakoyun, Ferit} }
APA Karakoyun, F . (2019). Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes. Contemporary Educational Technology , 10 (4) , 399-415 . DOI: 10.30935/cet.634190
MLA Karakoyun, F . "Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes". Contemporary Educational Technology 10 (2019 ): 399-415 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cet/issue/49530/634190>
Chicago Karakoyun, F . "Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes". Contemporary Educational Technology 10 (2019 ): 399-415
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes AU - Ferit Karakoyun Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.30935/cet.634190 DO - 10.30935/cet.634190 T2 - Contemporary Educational Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 399 EP - 415 VL - 10 IS - 4 SN - -1309-517X M3 - doi: 10.30935/cet.634190 UR - https://doi.org/10.30935/cet.634190 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Contemporary Educational Technology Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes %A Ferit Karakoyun %T Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes %D 2019 %J Contemporary Educational Technology %P -1309-517X %V 10 %N 4 %R doi: 10.30935/cet.634190 %U 10.30935/cet.634190
ISNAD Karakoyun, Ferit . "Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes". Contemporary Educational Technology 10 / 4 (Ekim 2019): 399-415 . https://doi.org/10.30935/cet.634190
AMA Karakoyun F . Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes. Contemporary Educational Technology. 2019; 10(4): 399-415.
Vancouver Karakoyun F . Preservice Teachers’ Personality Traits and Social Network Use Purposes. Contemporary Educational Technology. 2019; 10(4): 415-399.