Yıl 2020, Cilt 20 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 1373 - 1401 2020-09-30

MEVLÂNÂ CELÂLEDDÎN-İ RÛMÎ VE HÂFIZ-I ŞÎRÂZÎ’NİN ŞİİRLERİNDE İNSAN-I KÂMİL TASAVVURUNUN İNCELENMESİ
AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ

Ahmet YEŞİL [1]


Tasavvufi dünya görüşünde insan için önemli bir makam göz önünde bulundurulur ve İnsan-ı kâmil mertebesine ulaşan kimse Allah’ın temsilcisi ve halifesi olarak nitelendirilir. Tabii, Allah’ın halifesi olmak ve kâmil insan mertebesine ulaşabilmek için insanın bazı haslet ve özelliklere sahip olması gerekmektedir. İslam dünyasında insana ve insanın sahip olduğu makam ve role teveccüh eden yaklaşımlardan biri de İslami İrfan ve tasavvuf geleneğidir. Müslüman mutasavvıf ve âlimlerin çoğu İslami öğretiler çerçevesinde bu konuya dikkat çekmişlerdir. Bu çalışmada düşüncelerini manzum şekilde ifade eden Şark-İslam edebiyatının iki önemli siması olan Mevlânâ Celâleddîn-i Rûmî ve Hâfız-ı Şîrâzî’nin İnsan-ı Kâmil için betimlediği değer ve mevki incelenecektir. İslami öğretiler ve ariflerin beyanlarından faydalanılarak hazırlanan bu çalışmada insanın manevi gelişimine katkı sağlayan unsurların açıklanmasıyla beraber insanın sahip olduğu sırlar ve nitelikler de izah edilecektir. Keza bu çalışmada Mevlânâ ve Hâfız’ın şiirlerinde insanın varlık âlemindeki konumu, sahip olduğu erdemler ve niteliklerin neler olduğu, betimleme ve analitik yöntemle incelenecektir.
In the Islamic worldview, the human has a prominent position such that perfect man (al-Insan al-Kāmil) is introduced as successor and vicegerent of Allah on earth. But, this succession to the God and attainment of sublime status depends on characteristics and conditions taken into account in various respects. Islamic mysticism is one of the most important approaches in addressing the human and his/her role in the cosmos emphasized by various philosophers and scholars based on Islamic teachings. Position of perfect human and his dignity and esteem are investigated from perspective of two famous mystics and geniuses, Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Rūmī and Hāfiz-e Shīrāzī; that both of them were also influential and prominent in Persian poetry and literature, and have expressed their viewpoints in form of elegant and evocative poems. Thus, this study was conducted to unravelmany of the secrets and mysteries of humanity and providing a context for human spiritual development using religious teachings and intuition of discoveries, and experiences of Muslim mystics. Finally, transcendent values of the human's base and position were investigated in order of creation, as well as some human's characteristics and attributes and the purpose of human creation by examining a few poems of Mawlānā and Hāfiz using a descriptive analytical method.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-0606-5177
Yazar: Ahmet YEŞİL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Sakarya Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Eylül 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { daad668448, journal = {Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi}, issn = {1303-9199}, eissn = {1303-9199}, address = {}, publisher = {Yavuz ÜNAL}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {1373 - 1401}, doi = {10.33415/daad.668448}, title = {AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ}, key = {cite}, author = {Yeşil, Ahmet} }
APA Yeşil, A . (2020). AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ . Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi , 20 (2) , 1373-1401 . DOI: 10.33415/daad.668448
MLA Yeşil, A . "AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ" . Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 1373-1401 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/daad/issue/56989/668448>
Chicago Yeşil, A . "AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ". Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi 20 (2020 ): 1373-1401
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ AU - Ahmet Yeşil Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.33415/daad.668448 DO - 10.33415/daad.668448 T2 - Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1373 EP - 1401 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1303-9199-1303-9199 M3 - doi: 10.33415/daad.668448 UR - https://doi.org/10.33415/daad.668448 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ %A Ahmet Yeşil %T AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ %D 2020 %J Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi %P 1303-9199-1303-9199 %V 20 %N 2 %R doi: 10.33415/daad.668448 %U 10.33415/daad.668448
ISNAD Yeşil, Ahmet . "AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ". Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi 20 / 2 (Eylül 2020): 1373-1401 . https://doi.org/10.33415/daad.668448
AMA Yeşil A . AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ. Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi. 2020; 20(2): 1373-1401.
Vancouver Yeşil A . AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ. Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi. 2020; 20(2): 1373-1401.
IEEE A. Yeşil , "AN INVESTIGATION ON PERFECT HUMAN (AL-INSAN AL-KĀMIL) IN THE POEMS OF MAWLĀNĀ JALĀL AD-DIN RŪMĪ AND HĀFIZ-E SHĪRĀZĪ", Dinbilimleri Akademik Araştırma Dergisi, c. 20, sayı. 2, ss. 1373-1401, Eyl. 2020, doi:10.33415/daad.668448