Yıl 2020, Cilt 8 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 839 - 868 2020-01-31

Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri
Microplastics, Environmental and Human Health Effects and Analysis Methods

Ertuğrul ESMERAY [1] , Cevat ARMUTCU [2]


Plastikler, günlük yaşantımızda birçok alanda kullanılmaktadır. İnsanlar şimdiye kadar 9 milyar tonun üzerinde plastik üretmişlerdir. 2050 yılına kadar neredeyse 38 milyar ton plastik üretilecek ve bunun 13 milyar tonu atık olacaktır. Atık plastikler zamanla bozunarak mikroplastikleri (ikincil mikroplastikleri) oluşturacak, ayrıca kozmetik, ilaç gibi sektörlerde kullanılmak üzere kasıtlı üretilen mikroplastiklerde (birincil mikroplastikler) çevreye salınmış olacaktır. Mikroplastiklerin dağılımı 1 metreküpte 1 milyondan fazla parçada bulunabilmekte 100 metreküpte 1 parçadan daha az da bulunabilmektedir. Çevre mikroplastik birikimine ve taşınımına katkıda bulunmakta, ayrıca mikroplastikler absorpsiyon nedeniyle ortamda bulunan mikro kirleticileri ve bazı ağır metalleri bünyesinde tutarak yayılmasına neden olmaktadır. Bu da mikroplastiklerin katlanarak tehlike oluşturduğu anlamına gelmektedir.

Mikroplastikler, hem suda yaşayan canlılar için hem de insanlar için tehdit oluşturduklarından dolayı gittikçe artan endişelere neden olmaktadır. Mikroplastiklerin çeşitli yollarla insan bünyesine alınmasının, insan sağlığı üzerinde oluşturabileceği olumsuz etkiler hakkında bilgiler çok sınırlıdır. Dolayısıyla insanların nedenli bir tehlike ile karşı karşıya kaldığını kestirmek zor olaktadır. Mikroplastiklerin insan ve çevre sağlığı üzerindeki risklerinin acil olarak araştırılmaya ihtiyacı vardır. Bu makalenin amacı, mikroplastiklerin, çevre ve insan sağlığına olan potansiyel etkilerini, analiz yöntemlerini incelemektir.

Plastics are used in many areas in our daily lives. So far, humans have produced over 9 billion tons of plastics. By 2050, almost 38 billion tons of plastics will be produced, of which 13 billion tons will be waste. Waste plastics will decompose over time to form microplastics (secondary microplastics), and will also be released to the environment in intentionally produced microplastics (primary microplastics) for use in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industries. The distribution of microplastics can be found in more than 1 million parts per 1 cubic meter. The environment contributes to the accumulation and transport of microplasts, as well as the absorption of microplastics due to the absorption of micro-pollutants and some heavy metals in the environment causes the spread. This means that microplastics are exponentially dangerous. Microplastics have caused increasing concern as they pose a threat to both aquatic organisms and humans. Information about the negative effects of the introduction of microplasts into human beings on human health is very limited. Therefore, it is difficult to predict what kind of danger people face. The risks of micro plastics on human and environmental health needs urgent investigation. The aim of this article is to examine the potential effects of microplasts on environment and human health and analysis methods

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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-0460-447X
Yazar: Ertuğrul ESMERAY (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KARABÜK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0000-0000-1234
Yazar: Cevat ARMUTCU
Kurum: KARABÜK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, MÜHENDİSLİK FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ocak 2020

Bibtex @derleme { dubited586453, journal = {Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2148-2446}, address = {}, publisher = {Düzce Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {8}, pages = {839 - 868}, doi = {10.29130/dubited.586453}, title = {Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri}, key = {cite}, author = {Esmeray, Ertuğrul and Armutcu, Cevat} }
APA Esmeray, E , Armutcu, C . (2020). Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi , 8 (1) , 839-868 . DOI: 10.29130/dubited.586453
MLA Esmeray, E , Armutcu, C . "Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri" . Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 839-868 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/dubited/issue/49725/586453>
Chicago Esmeray, E , Armutcu, C . "Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 (2020 ): 839-868
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri AU - Ertuğrul Esmeray , Cevat Armutcu Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.586453 DO - 10.29130/dubited.586453 T2 - Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 839 EP - 868 VL - 8 IS - 1 SN - -2148-2446 M3 - doi: 10.29130/dubited.586453 UR - https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.586453 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri %A Ertuğrul Esmeray , Cevat Armutcu %T Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri %D 2020 %J Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi %P -2148-2446 %V 8 %N 1 %R doi: 10.29130/dubited.586453 %U 10.29130/dubited.586453
ISNAD Esmeray, Ertuğrul , Armutcu, Cevat . "Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri". Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi 8 / 1 (Ocak 2020): 839-868 . https://doi.org/10.29130/dubited.586453
AMA Esmeray E , Armutcu C . Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri. DÜBİTED. 2020; 8(1): 839-868.
Vancouver Esmeray E , Armutcu C . Mikroplastikler, Çevre Ve İnsan Sağlığı Üzerine Etkileri Ve Analiz Yöntemleri. Düzce Üniversitesi Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi. 2020; 8(1): 839-868.