Araştırma Makalesi
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Yıl 2019, Cilt 19, Sayı 4, 457 - 467, 26.10.2019
https://doi.org/10.21121/eab.476531

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ahayalimudin, N., & Osman, N. N. S. (2016). Disaster management: Emergency nursing and medical personnel’s knowledge, attitude and practices of the East Coast region hospitals of Malaysia. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 19(4), 203-209.
  • Baytiyeh, H., & Öcal, A. (2016). High school students’ perceptions of earthquake disaster: A comparative study of Lebanon and Turkey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18, 56-63.
  • Blackmon, B. J., Lee, J., Cochran Jr., D. M., Kar, B., Rehner, T. A., & Baker Jr., A. M. (2017). Adapting to life after Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: An examination of psychological resilience and depression on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Social Work in Public Health, 32(1), 65-76.
  • Croson, R., & Gneezy, U. (2009). Gender differences in preferences. Journal of Economic Literature, 47(2), 448-474.
  • Dooley, D., Catalano, R., Mishra, S., & Serxner, S. (1992). Earthquake preparedness: predictors in a community survey. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22(6), 451-470.
  • Edwards, A. L. (1983). Techniques of attitude scale construction. Ardent Media.
  • Grimm, A., Hulse, L., Preiss, M., & Schmidt, S. (2014). Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews. Disasters, 38(1), 62-83.
  • Honda, A., Wiwattanapantuwong, J., & Abe, T. (2014). Japanese university students’ attitudes toward the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 40, 147-156.
  • IFRC (2015). World Disasters Report 2015. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from https://ifrc-media.org/interactive/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/1293600-World-Disasters-Report-2015_en.pdf
  • Junn, E. N., & Guerin, D. (1996). Factors related to earthquake preparedness among child care professionals: Theory and policy implications. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 14(3), 343-359.
  • Keim, M. E. (2008). Building human resilience: the role of public health preparedness and response as an adaptation to climate change. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 35(5), 508-516.
  • Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology, 22, 5-55.
  • Lindell, M. K., & Perry, R. W. (2003). Communicating environmental risk in multiethnic communities. Sage Publications.
  • Lindholm, J., Carlson, T., Djupsund, G., Gögvӓg, J., & Strandberg, K. (2015). Citizens’ emotional and cognitive responses to focusing events--an Experimental study. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 33(3), 407-427.
  • Lovekamp, W. E. (2006). Gender, race/ethnicity and social class differences in disaster preparedness, risk and recovery in three earthquake-stricken communities (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University Carbondale, United States – Illinois.
  • Maltby, J., Day, L., & Macaskill, A. (2010). Personality, individual differences and intelligence. Harlow: Pearson Education.NEA (National Education Association of the United States) (1961). NEA handbook. National Education Association.
  • Neumayer, E., & Plümper, T. (2007). The gendered nature of natural disasters: The impact of catastrophic events on the gender gap in life expectancy, 1981–2002. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(3), 551-566.
  • Olson, J. M., & Zanna, M. P. (1993). Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 44(1), 117-154.
  • Ozkazanc, S., & Yuksel, U. D. (2015). Evaluation of disaster awareness and sensitivity level of higher education students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 745-753.
  • Rosenberg, M. J., & Hovland, C. I. (1960). Cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of attitudes. Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components, 3, 1-14.
  • Rottach, P. (n.d.) Background and Components of Disaster Risk Reduction. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/24122_24122backgroundcomponentsofdrractdi.pdf
  • Schermelleh-Engel, K., Moosbrugger, H., & Müller, H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 23-74.
  • Smith, M. B. (1968). Attitude change. International encyclopedia of the social sciences. Crowell Collierand Mac Millan.Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
  • Terpstra, T. (2011). Emotions, trust, and perceived risk: Affective and cognitive routes to flood preparedness behavior. Risk Analysis, 31(10), 1658-1675.
  • Tierney, K. J., Lindell, M. K., & Perry, R. W. (2001). Facing the unexpected: Disaster preparedness and response in the United States. Joseph Henry Press.
  • Winslow, C. E. A. (1923). The evolution and significance of the modern public health campaign. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Zanna, M. P., & Rempel, J. K. (1988). Attitudes: A new look at an old concept. The Social Psychology of Knowledge, 8, 315-334.

Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters

Yıl 2019, Cilt 19, Sayı 4, 457 - 467, 26.10.2019
https://doi.org/10.21121/eab.476531

Öz

Humanity is exposed to numerous disasters all around the world. Both natural and man-made disasters might lead to very important economic and social consequences and might pose a significant threat to public health and its future. This study aims to develop a scale to measure attitudes towards disasters by considering three dimensions of attitude: cognitive, affective and behavioural. A survey-based study was carried out on a sample of 787 undergraduates at Afyon Kocatepe University in Turkey. A five-point Likert scale including 23 items was used to quantify students’ attitudes. The results obtained from the survey revealed a high level of affective attitudes and a low level of behavioural attitudes among the university students. Moreover, affective and behavioural attitudes differed based on the students’ genders and their study programme. Attitudes towards disasters are not at the required level according to these measurements made at the local level. It is necessary to produce and implement policies in the scope of preparation for a possible crisis.

Kaynakça

  • Ahayalimudin, N., & Osman, N. N. S. (2016). Disaster management: Emergency nursing and medical personnel’s knowledge, attitude and practices of the East Coast region hospitals of Malaysia. Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal, 19(4), 203-209.
  • Baytiyeh, H., & Öcal, A. (2016). High school students’ perceptions of earthquake disaster: A comparative study of Lebanon and Turkey. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 18, 56-63.
  • Blackmon, B. J., Lee, J., Cochran Jr., D. M., Kar, B., Rehner, T. A., & Baker Jr., A. M. (2017). Adapting to life after Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill: An examination of psychological resilience and depression on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Social Work in Public Health, 32(1), 65-76.
  • Croson, R., & Gneezy, U. (2009). Gender differences in preferences. Journal of Economic Literature, 47(2), 448-474.
  • Dooley, D., Catalano, R., Mishra, S., & Serxner, S. (1992). Earthquake preparedness: predictors in a community survey. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 22(6), 451-470.
  • Edwards, A. L. (1983). Techniques of attitude scale construction. Ardent Media.
  • Grimm, A., Hulse, L., Preiss, M., & Schmidt, S. (2014). Behavioural, emotional, and cognitive responses in European disasters: results of survivor interviews. Disasters, 38(1), 62-83.
  • Honda, A., Wiwattanapantuwong, J., & Abe, T. (2014). Japanese university students’ attitudes toward the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 40, 147-156.
  • IFRC (2015). World Disasters Report 2015. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Geneva, Switzerland. Retrieved from https://ifrc-media.org/interactive/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/1293600-World-Disasters-Report-2015_en.pdf
  • Junn, E. N., & Guerin, D. (1996). Factors related to earthquake preparedness among child care professionals: Theory and policy implications. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 14(3), 343-359.
  • Keim, M. E. (2008). Building human resilience: the role of public health preparedness and response as an adaptation to climate change. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 35(5), 508-516.
  • Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology, 22, 5-55.
  • Lindell, M. K., & Perry, R. W. (2003). Communicating environmental risk in multiethnic communities. Sage Publications.
  • Lindholm, J., Carlson, T., Djupsund, G., Gögvӓg, J., & Strandberg, K. (2015). Citizens’ emotional and cognitive responses to focusing events--an Experimental study. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 33(3), 407-427.
  • Lovekamp, W. E. (2006). Gender, race/ethnicity and social class differences in disaster preparedness, risk and recovery in three earthquake-stricken communities (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University Carbondale, United States – Illinois.
  • Maltby, J., Day, L., & Macaskill, A. (2010). Personality, individual differences and intelligence. Harlow: Pearson Education.NEA (National Education Association of the United States) (1961). NEA handbook. National Education Association.
  • Neumayer, E., & Plümper, T. (2007). The gendered nature of natural disasters: The impact of catastrophic events on the gender gap in life expectancy, 1981–2002. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(3), 551-566.
  • Olson, J. M., & Zanna, M. P. (1993). Attitudes and attitude change. Annual Review of Psychology, 44(1), 117-154.
  • Ozkazanc, S., & Yuksel, U. D. (2015). Evaluation of disaster awareness and sensitivity level of higher education students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 745-753.
  • Rosenberg, M. J., & Hovland, C. I. (1960). Cognitive, affective, and behavioral components of attitudes. Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components, 3, 1-14.
  • Rottach, P. (n.d.) Background and Components of Disaster Risk Reduction. Retrieved from http://www.preventionweb.net/files/24122_24122backgroundcomponentsofdrractdi.pdf
  • Schermelleh-Engel, K., Moosbrugger, H., & Müller, H. (2003). Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 23-74.
  • Smith, M. B. (1968). Attitude change. International encyclopedia of the social sciences. Crowell Collierand Mac Millan.Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics. Boston: Pearson/Allyn & Bacon.
  • Terpstra, T. (2011). Emotions, trust, and perceived risk: Affective and cognitive routes to flood preparedness behavior. Risk Analysis, 31(10), 1658-1675.
  • Tierney, K. J., Lindell, M. K., & Perry, R. W. (2001). Facing the unexpected: Disaster preparedness and response in the United States. Joseph Henry Press.
  • Winslow, C. E. A. (1923). The evolution and significance of the modern public health campaign. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Zanna, M. P., & Rempel, J. K. (1988). Attitudes: A new look at an old concept. The Social Psychology of Knowledge, 8, 315-334.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular İktisat
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Ayça Hatice TÜRKAN> (Sorumlu Yazar)
AFYON KOCATEPE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-4375-9733
Türkiye


İbrahim KILIÇ>
AFYON KOCATEPE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1874-0678
Türkiye


Murad TİRYAKİOĞLU>
AFYON KOCATEPE UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-1874-0678
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Ekim 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 19, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { eab476531, journal = {Ege Academic Review}, issn = {1303-099X}, address = {EGE AKADEMİK BAKIŞ DERGİSİ EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ İKTİSADİ VE İDARİ BİLİMLER FAKÜLTESİ BORNOVA İZMİR}, publisher = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {19}, number = {4}, pages = {457 - 467}, doi = {10.21121/eab.476531}, title = {Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters}, key = {cite}, author = {Türkan, Ayça Hatice and Kılıç, İbrahim and Tiryakioğlu, Murad} }
APA Türkan, A. H. , Kılıç, İ. & Tiryakioğlu, M. (2019). Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters . Ege Academic Review , 19 (4) , 457-467 . DOI: 10.21121/eab.476531
MLA Türkan, A. H. , Kılıç, İ. , Tiryakioğlu, M. "Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters" . Ege Academic Review 19 (2019 ): 457-467 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/eab/issue/49778/476531>
Chicago Türkan, A. H. , Kılıç, İ. , Tiryakioğlu, M. "Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters". Ege Academic Review 19 (2019 ): 457-467
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters AU - Ayça HaticeTürkan, İbrahimKılıç, MuradTiryakioğlu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.21121/eab.476531 DO - 10.21121/eab.476531 T2 - Ege Academic Review JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 457 EP - 467 VL - 19 IS - 4 SN - 1303-099X- M3 - doi: 10.21121/eab.476531 UR - https://doi.org/10.21121/eab.476531 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Ege Akademik Bakış Dergisi Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters %A Ayça Hatice Türkan , İbrahim Kılıç , Murad Tiryakioğlu %T Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters %D 2019 %J Ege Academic Review %P 1303-099X- %V 19 %N 4 %R doi: 10.21121/eab.476531 %U 10.21121/eab.476531
ISNAD Türkan, Ayça Hatice , Kılıç, İbrahim , Tiryakioğlu, Murad . "Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters". Ege Academic Review 19 / 4 (Ekim 2019): 457-467 . https://doi.org/10.21121/eab.476531
AMA Türkan A. H. , Kılıç İ. , Tiryakioğlu M. Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters. eab. 2019; 19(4): 457-467.
Vancouver Türkan A. H. , Kılıç İ. , Tiryakioğlu M. Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters. Ege Academic Review. 2019; 19(4): 457-467.
IEEE A. H. Türkan , İ. Kılıç ve M. Tiryakioğlu , "Development of a Disaster Attitude Scale and Assessment of University Students' Attitudes Towards Disasters", Ege Academic Review, c. 19, sayı. 4, ss. 457-467, Eki. 2019, doi:10.21121/eab.476531