Yıl 2019, Cilt 34 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 609 - 628 2019-12-30

Alexander the Great’s Use of Mythology in His Sovereignty Diplomacy
Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı

Sultan Deniz KÜÇÜKER [1]


Alexander the Great, as the new king of Macedonian state, began his reign by strengthening his dominance over the geography of Greek poleis, which always held their own independence above all and then with his advancing expeditions he dominated the nations under the rule of the eastern monarchs. From Macedonia to Indos, he came into contact with completely different geographies, societies and traditions and he used his knowledge of traditional Greek mythology and mythical genealogies as a diplomatic tool of propaganda in the process of assimilating to Greek thoughts, customs and interests, those of the different nations he had taken under his own sovereignty in order to achieve social reconciliation and thus to unite the peoples under his own ideology. So, he began to pave the way to Hellenization and the Hellenistic period. The purpose of this study, which employs the document analysis method, is to examine the ancient sources related to the subject in order to find out how Alexander the Great used Greek beliefs and particularly myths in his sovereignty diplomacy and to determine the effects and achievements of his policy. Since Alexander the Great’s method of using mythology which he followed especially in the early years of his rule parallels with the methods applied by Archaic and Classical Greek societies, the introduction of this article will briefly deal with the traditional use of mythology in Greek interstate politics.
Makedonya kralı II. Philippos oğlu III. Aleksandros, göreve gelmesiyle birlikte öncelikle bağımsızlık ideali güden Hellen polis’lerinin bulunduğu coğrafyada hakimiyetini güçlendirmiş ve ardından, ilerleyen seferleri ile Doğu’da monarşi sistemiyle yöneltilen uyruklara egemen olmuştur. Makedonya’dan Indos’a dek bambaşka coğrafyalar, toplumlar ve gelenekler ile temasa geçen Makedon kralı, farklı toplumlarla kendi ideolojisi arasındaki düşünce ve çıkar ayrılıklarını uyuşturma, toplumsal uzlaşıyı sağlama aşamasında, Hellen inanç geleneğine özgü kimi mitolojik unsurları bir tür birleştirici propaganda ve diplomasi aracı olarak kullanmış ve böylelikle Hellenizasyon döneminin temelini atmıştır. Doküman analizi yöntemiyle ele alınan bu çalışmanın amacı; III. Aleksandros’un egemenlik diplomasisinde hangi mitosları ne amaçla ve nasıl kullandığının, mitolojik gelenekler ve soy bağları göz önünde bulundurularak irdelenmesi ve bu yönde izlediği diplomasinin, seferlerine etkileri ve sonuçlarının belirlenmesidir. Bu kapsamda; Aleksandros’un özellikle egemenliğinin ilk yıllarında izlediği mitolojiyi kullanma yöntemi, Arkaik ve Klasik Hellen toplumlarının devletler arası diplomaside uyguladığı yöntemlerle paralellik gösterdiğinden, çalışmanın Giriş bölümünde kısaca Hellen devletler arası diplomaside mitolojinin kullanım geleneğine de örneklerle değinilecektir.
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Bölüm MAKALELER
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Orcid: 0000-0002-9949-6805
Yazar: Sultan Deniz KÜÇÜKER
Kurum: ANKARA ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


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Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egetid661613, journal = {Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi}, issn = {0257-4152}, eissn = {2687-2072}, address = {}, publisher = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {34}, pages = {609 - 628}, doi = {10.18513/egetid.661613}, title = {Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı}, key = {cite}, author = {KÜÇÜKER, Sultan Deniz} }
APA KÜÇÜKER, S . (2019). Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı. Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi , 34 (2) , 609-628 . DOI: 10.18513/egetid.661613
MLA KÜÇÜKER, S . "Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 (2019 ): 609-628 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/egetid/issue/50768/661613>
Chicago KÜÇÜKER, S . "Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 (2019 ): 609-628
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı AU - Sultan Deniz KÜÇÜKER Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18513/egetid.661613 DO - 10.18513/egetid.661613 T2 - Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 609 EP - 628 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 0257-4152-2687-2072 M3 - doi: 10.18513/egetid.661613 UR - https://doi.org/10.18513/egetid.661613 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı %A Sultan Deniz KÜÇÜKER %T Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı %D 2019 %J Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi %P 0257-4152-2687-2072 %V 34 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18513/egetid.661613 %U 10.18513/egetid.661613
ISNAD KÜÇÜKER, Sultan Deniz . "Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 609-628 . https://doi.org/10.18513/egetid.661613
AMA KÜÇÜKER S . Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı. TID. 2019; 34(2): 609-628.
Vancouver KÜÇÜKER S . Makedon Kral III. Aleksandros’un Egemenlik Diplomasisinde Mitolojinin Kullanımı. Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi. 2019; 34(2): 628-609.