Yıl 2019, Cilt 34 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 687 - 712 2019-12-30

William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment
William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment

Pervin YİĞİT [1]


English Enlightenment was a form of enlightenment in the eighteenth century Europe and it has a peculiar character like other forms. It was trying to preserve the existing order and at the same time it was to support rationalism, individual free will and the advance of natural science by means of its attitude toward religion. However, 18th century Britain was a period in which religious controversies were regarded as direct perils both to the authority of church and state. Although English Enlightenment was emerged as a movement against the sole authority of religion like other places in Europe, it also witnessed the attempts of reconciling the civil authority and the ecclesiastical authority and the re-establishment of the Anglican Church as the established church by means of the influential Anglicans. English Enlightenment that gained a character under these conditions was affected by the intellectuals’ attempts to make an alliance between rationalism and religious enthusiasm and state and church. In this paper, these attempts are investigated through the works of one of the most influential character of the period; William Warburton. I aim to explore the reasons why an alliance between church and state emerged for maintaining the political and social order in the long eighteenth century. For this end, Warburton’s Christian interpretation of the English Enlightenment was examined and finally his reformation plan, which was introduced to support Enlightenment ideas and to preserve the power of the church and the state all at once were studied.
English Enlightenment was a form of enlightenment in the eighteenth century Europe and it has a peculiar character like other forms. It was trying to preserve the existing order and at the same time it was to support rationalism, individual free will and the advance of natural science by means of its attitude toward religion. However, 18th century Britain was a period in which religious controversies were regarded as direct perils both to the authority of church and state. Although English Enlightenment was emerged as a movement against the sole authority of religion like other places in Europe, it also witnessed the attempts of reconciling the civil authority and the ecclesiastical authority and the re-establishment of the Anglican Church as the established church by means of the influential Anglicans. English Enlightenment that gained a character under these conditions was affected by the intellectuals’ attempts to make an alliance between rationalism and religious enthusiasm and state and church. In this paper, these attempts are investigated through the works of one of the most influential character of the period; William Warburton. I aim to explore the reasons why an alliance between church and state emerged for maintaining the political and social order in the long eighteenth century. For this end, Warburton’s Christian interpretation of the English Enlightenment was examined and finally his reformation plan, which was introduced to support Enlightenment ideas and to preserve the power of the church and the state all at once were studied.
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Yazar: Pervin YİĞİT
Kurum: Arkın University of Creative Arts and Design
Ülke: Turkey


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Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egetid661643, journal = {Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi}, issn = {0257-4152}, eissn = {2687-2072}, address = {}, publisher = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {34}, pages = {687 - 712}, doi = {10.18513/egetid.661643}, title = {William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment}, key = {cite}, author = {YİĞİT, Pervin} }
APA YİĞİT, P . (2019). William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment. Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi , 34 (2) , 687-712 . DOI: 10.18513/egetid.661643
MLA YİĞİT, P . "William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 (2019 ): 687-712 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/egetid/issue/50768/661643>
Chicago YİĞİT, P . "William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 (2019 ): 687-712
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment AU - Pervin YİĞİT Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.18513/egetid.661643 DO - 10.18513/egetid.661643 T2 - Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 687 EP - 712 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 0257-4152-2687-2072 M3 - doi: 10.18513/egetid.661643 UR - https://doi.org/10.18513/egetid.661643 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment %A Pervin YİĞİT %T William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment %D 2019 %J Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi %P 0257-4152-2687-2072 %V 34 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18513/egetid.661643 %U 10.18513/egetid.661643
ISNAD YİĞİT, Pervin . "William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment". Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi 34 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 687-712 . https://doi.org/10.18513/egetid.661643
AMA YİĞİT P . William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment. TID. 2019; 34(2): 687-712.
Vancouver YİĞİT P . William Warburton and The Eighteenth Century English Enlightenment. Tarih İncelemeleri Dergisi. 2019; 34(2): 712-687.