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COVID-19’DA MASKE KULLANIMINA İLİŞKİN HIZLI SİSTEMATİK İNCELEME

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 1 - 9, 31.12.2020

Öz

Bu çalışmada, COVID-19’da maske kullanımına ilişkin hızlı sistematik tarama yapılarak COVID-19 pandemisinde maske kullanımına ve koruyuculuğuna ilişkin bilimsel yaklaşımı ortaya koymak amaçlanmıştır. Oluşturulan tarama stratejisi çerçevesinde, belirlenen zaman aralığında ve anahtar kelimeler ile tarama yapılmış ve 27 makale çalışmaya dâhil edilmiştir. Dâhil edilen çalışmalara göre maskelerin, kullanım ortamları ve kullanması öngörülen kişiler farklı olmakla birlikte, koruyuculuk düzeylerinin sırasıyla; N95 ve benzeri (FFP2, FFP 3 gibi) maskeler, cerrahi/tıbbi maskeler ve tıbbi olmayan (polipropilen, pamuklu, polyester, selüloz, ipek gibi) maskeler olduğu görülmektedir. Maskenin, fiziksel mesafe ve hijyen ile birlikte öngörülen korumayı sağladığı; maske kullanımına yönelik bulgu, tartışma ve önerilerin, mevcut bilimsel kanıtlar, potansiyel kaynaklar ve maske türlerine göre değiştiği, maske kullanımına yönelik güncel bilgilerin ve yayınlanan önerilerin süreç içinde gelen yeni kanıtlara bağlı olarak periyodik güncellemeye devam edilmesi gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Asadi S, Cappa CD, Barreda S, Wexler AS, Bouvier NM, Ristenpart WD, Efficacy of masks and face coverings in controlling outward aerosol particle emission from expiratory activities, Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 24;10(1):15665. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72798-7.
  • Bhattacharjee S, Bahl P, Chughtai AA, MacIntyre CR, Last-resort strategies during mask shortages: optimal design features of cloth masks and decontamination of disposable masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, BMJ Open Respir Res. 2020 Sep;7(1):e000698. doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2020-000698.
  • Boškoski I, Gallo C, Wallace MB, Costamagna G. COVID-19 pandemic and personal protective equipment shortage: protective efficacy comparing masks and scientific methods for respirator reuse, Gastrointest Endosc. 2020 Sep; 92(3): 519–523. Published online 2020 Apr 27. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2020.04.048
  • Carnino JM., Ryu S, Ni K, Jin Yang, Pretreated household materials carry similar filtration protection against pathogens when compared with surgical masks, American Journal of Infection Control, Volume 48, Issue 8, 2020,p. 883-889.
  • Chu, D.K., Akl, E.A., Duda, S., Solo, K., Yaacoub, S., Schünemann, et al., 2020. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet S0140673620311429. (https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9)
  • Dünya Sağlık Örgütü, COVID-19 hastalığında maske kullanımına ilişkin öneriler, Dünya Sağlık Örgütü, 5 Haziran 2020.
  • Fennelly KP, Particle sizes of infectious aerosols: implications for infection control, Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Sep;8(9):914-924. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30323-4. Epub 2020 Jul 24.
  • Fischer EP, Fischer MC, Grass D, Henrion I, Warren WS, Westman E, Low-cost measurement of face mask efficacy for filtering expelled droplets during speech, Sci Adv. 2020 Sep 2;6(36):eabd3083. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abd3083. Print 2020 Sep.
  • Garcia Godoy L. R., Jones A. E., Anderson T. N., Fisher C. L., Seeley K., Beeson E. A., Zane H. K., Peterson J. W., & Sullivan P. D. (2020). Facial protection for healthcare workers during pandemics: a scoping review. BMJ global health, 5(5), e002553. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002553
  • Laestadius L, Wang Y, Ben Taleb Z, Kalan M E, Cho Y, Manganello J, (2020).Online National Health Agency Mask Guidance for the Public in Light of COVID-19: Content Analysis. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2020 Apr-Jun; 6(2): e19501. Published online 2020 May 26. doi: 10.2196/19501
  • Long Y, Hu T, Liu L, Chen R, Guo Q, Yang L, Cheng Y, Huang J, Du L. Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks against influenza: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Evid Based Med. 2020 May;13(2):93-101. doi: 10.1111/jebm.12381. Epub 2020 Mar 13. PMID: 32167245; PMCID: PMC7228345.
  • Parlin AF, Stratton SM, Culley TM, Guerra PA, A laboratory-based study examining the properties of silk fabric to evaluate its potential as a protective barrier for personal protective equipment and as a functional material for face coverings during the COVID-19 pandemic, PLoS One. 2020 Sep 18;15(9):e0239531. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239531.eCollection 2020.
  • Pereira-Ávila FMV, Lam SC, Góes FGB, Gir E, Pereira-Caldeira NMV, Teles SA, Caetano KAA, Factors associated with the use and reuse of face masks among Brazilian individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2020 Sep 7;28:e3360. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.4604.3360.
  • Roberge RJ, Roberge MR. (2020). Cloth face coverings for use as facemasks during the coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) pandemic: what scıence and experıence have taught us. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020 Sep 14;1-8. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.354.
  • Santarsiero A, Ciambelli P, Donsì G, Quadrini F, Briancesco R, D'Alessandro D, Fara GM, Face masks. Technical, technological and functional characteristics and hygienic-sanitary aspects related to the use of filtering mask in the community, Ann Ig. 2020 Sep-Oct;32(5):472-520. doi: 10.7416/ai.2020.2371.
  • Sağlık Bakanlığı COVİD-19 Bilgilendirme Sayfası, https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/covid19/arama_Dil=1&p=maske%20kullan%C4%B1m%C4%B1, 15.12.2020.
  • Sickbert-Bennett E E, Samet JM, Clapp PW , Chen H, Berntsen J, Zeman KL, Tong H, Weber DJ, Bennett WD. (2020). Filtration Efficiency of Hospital Face Mask Alternatives Available for Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  • Sommerstein R, Fux CA, Vuichard-Gysin D, Abbas M, Marschall J, Balmelli C, Troillet N, Risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by aerosols, the rational use of masks, and protection of healthcare workers from COVID-19, Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2020 Jul 6;9(1):100. doi: 10.1186/s13756-020-00763-0.
  • Stewart CL, Thornblade LW, Diamond DJ, Fong Y, Melstrom LG, Personal Protective Equipment and COVID-19: A Review for Surgeons, Ann Surg. 2020 Aug;272(2):e132-e138. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003991.
  • Sy Duong-Quy, Xuan Ngo-Minh, Trinh Tang-Le-Quynh, Tram Tang-Thi-Thao, Bao Nguyen-Quoc, Khiet Le-Quang, Dinh Tran-Thanh, Nhu Doan-Thi-Quynh, Ethan Canty, Toan Do, Timothy Craig. (2020). The use of exhaled nitric oxide and peak expiratory flow to demonstrate improved breathability and antimicrobial properties of novel face mask made with sustainable filter paper and Folium Plectranthii amboinicii oil: additional option for mask shortage during COVID-19 pandemic. Multidiscip Respir Med. 2020 Jun 1;15(1):664.
  • Tirupathi R, Bharathidasan K, Palabindala V, Abdul Salim S, Al-Tawfiq JA. (2020). Comprehensive review of mask utility and challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Infez Med . 2020 Jun 1;28(suppl 1):57-63
  • Toomey E, Conway Y, Burton C, Smith S, Smalle M, Chan Xhs, Adisesh A, Tanveer S, Ross L, Thomson I, Devane D, Greenhalgh T. (2020). Extended use or re-use of single-use surgical masks and filtering facepiece respirators during COVID-19: A rapid systematic review. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2020 Oct 8;1-9. doi: 10.1017/ice.2020.1243
  • Udwadia Z F, Raju R S. (2020). The N-95 mask: invaluable ally in the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic, Lung India 2020;37:323-8.
  • Wierzbicki J, Nowacki M, Chrzanowska M, Matkowski R, Ziętek M, Nowacka K, Maciejczyk A, Pawlak-Adamska E, Additive manufacturing technologies enabling rapid and interventional production of protective face shields and masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, Adv Clin Exp Med. 2020 Sep;29(9):1021-1028. doi: 10.17219/acem/126296.
  • Xiao LI, Sakagami H, Miwa N. (2020). A New Method for Testing Filtration Efficiency of Mask Materials Under Sneeze-like Pressure, In Vivo. 2020 Jun;34 (3Suppl):1637-1644. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11955.
  • Zangmeister CD, Radney JG, Vicenzi EP, Weaver JL, Filtration Efficiencies of Nanoscale Aerosol by Cloth Mask Materials Used to Slow the Spread of SARS-CoV-2, ACS Nano. 2020 Jul 28;14(7):9188-9200. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.0c05025. Epub 2020 Jul 7.
  • Zhang R, Xu Qi, Bai S, Hai J, Cheng L, Qin Y(2020), Enhancing the filtration efficiency and wearing time of disposable surgical masks using TENG technology. Nano Energy,Volume 79,2021,105434,ISSN 2211-2855, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105434.

RAPID REVIEW OF MASK USE IN COVID-19

Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 1 - 9, 31.12.2020

Öz

In this study, it is aimed to reveal the scientific approach to mask use and protection in COVID-19 pandemic by rapid systematic review of mask use in COVID-19 pandemic. Within the framework of the search strategy created, a search was made with keywords and in the specified time, period and 27 articles were included in the study. According to the studies included, although the usage environments of the masks and the people they are expected to use are different, the protection levels are; N95 and similar (such as FFP2, FFP 3) masks, surgical / medical masks and non-medical (such as polypropylene, cotton, polyester, cellulose, silk) masks are seen. The mask provides the prescribed protection together with physical distance and hygiene; It was concluded that the findings, discussions and suggestions regarding the use of masks vary according to the existing scientific evidence, potential sources and mask types, and the current information and published suggestions regarding the use of masks should be continued periodically, depending on the new evidence in the process.

Kaynakça

  • Asadi S, Cappa CD, Barreda S, Wexler AS, Bouvier NM, Ristenpart WD, Efficacy of masks and face coverings in controlling outward aerosol particle emission from expiratory activities, Sci Rep. 2020 Sep 24;10(1):15665. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72798-7.
  • Bhattacharjee S, Bahl P, Chughtai AA, MacIntyre CR, Last-resort strategies during mask shortages: optimal design features of cloth masks and decontamination of disposable masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, BMJ Open Respir Res. 2020 Sep;7(1):e000698. doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2020-000698.
  • Boškoski I, Gallo C, Wallace MB, Costamagna G. COVID-19 pandemic and personal protective equipment shortage: protective efficacy comparing masks and scientific methods for respirator reuse, Gastrointest Endosc. 2020 Sep; 92(3): 519–523. Published online 2020 Apr 27. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2020.04.048
  • Carnino JM., Ryu S, Ni K, Jin Yang, Pretreated household materials carry similar filtration protection against pathogens when compared with surgical masks, American Journal of Infection Control, Volume 48, Issue 8, 2020,p. 883-889.
  • Chu, D.K., Akl, E.A., Duda, S., Solo, K., Yaacoub, S., Schünemann, et al., 2020. Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet S0140673620311429. (https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9)
  • Dünya Sağlık Örgütü, COVID-19 hastalığında maske kullanımına ilişkin öneriler, Dünya Sağlık Örgütü, 5 Haziran 2020.
  • Fennelly KP, Particle sizes of infectious aerosols: implications for infection control, Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Sep;8(9):914-924. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30323-4. Epub 2020 Jul 24.
  • Fischer EP, Fischer MC, Grass D, Henrion I, Warren WS, Westman E, Low-cost measurement of face mask efficacy for filtering expelled droplets during speech, Sci Adv. 2020 Sep 2;6(36):eabd3083. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abd3083. Print 2020 Sep.
  • Garcia Godoy L. R., Jones A. E., Anderson T. N., Fisher C. L., Seeley K., Beeson E. A., Zane H. K., Peterson J. W., & Sullivan P. D. (2020). Facial protection for healthcare workers during pandemics: a scoping review. BMJ global health, 5(5), e002553. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2020-002553
  • Laestadius L, Wang Y, Ben Taleb Z, Kalan M E, Cho Y, Manganello J, (2020).Online National Health Agency Mask Guidance for the Public in Light of COVID-19: Content Analysis. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2020 Apr-Jun; 6(2): e19501. Published online 2020 May 26. doi: 10.2196/19501
  • Long Y, Hu T, Liu L, Chen R, Guo Q, Yang L, Cheng Y, Huang J, Du L. Effectiveness of N95 respirators versus surgical masks against influenza: A systematic review and meta-analysis. J Evid Based Med. 2020 May;13(2):93-101. doi: 10.1111/jebm.12381. Epub 2020 Mar 13. PMID: 32167245; PMCID: PMC7228345.
  • Parlin AF, Stratton SM, Culley TM, Guerra PA, A laboratory-based study examining the properties of silk fabric to evaluate its potential as a protective barrier for personal protective equipment and as a functional material for face coverings during the COVID-19 pandemic, PLoS One. 2020 Sep 18;15(9):e0239531. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239531.eCollection 2020.
  • Pereira-Ávila FMV, Lam SC, Góes FGB, Gir E, Pereira-Caldeira NMV, Teles SA, Caetano KAA, Factors associated with the use and reuse of face masks among Brazilian individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic, Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2020 Sep 7;28:e3360. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.4604.3360.
  • Roberge RJ, Roberge MR. (2020). Cloth face coverings for use as facemasks during the coronavirus (SARS-COV-2) pandemic: what scıence and experıence have taught us. Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2020 Sep 14;1-8. doi: 10.1017/dmp.2020.354.
  • Santarsiero A, Ciambelli P, Donsì G, Quadrini F, Briancesco R, D'Alessandro D, Fara GM, Face masks. Technical, technological and functional characteristics and hygienic-sanitary aspects related to the use of filtering mask in the community, Ann Ig. 2020 Sep-Oct;32(5):472-520. doi: 10.7416/ai.2020.2371.
  • Sağlık Bakanlığı COVİD-19 Bilgilendirme Sayfası, https://covid19.saglik.gov.tr/covid19/arama_Dil=1&p=maske%20kullan%C4%B1m%C4%B1, 15.12.2020.
  • Sickbert-Bennett E E, Samet JM, Clapp PW , Chen H, Berntsen J, Zeman KL, Tong H, Weber DJ, Bennett WD. (2020). Filtration Efficiency of Hospital Face Mask Alternatives Available for Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
  • Sommerstein R, Fux CA, Vuichard-Gysin D, Abbas M, Marschall J, Balmelli C, Troillet N, Risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by aerosols, the rational use of masks, and protection of healthcare workers from COVID-19, Antimicrob Resist Infect Control. 2020 Jul 6;9(1):100. doi: 10.1186/s13756-020-00763-0.
  • Stewart CL, Thornblade LW, Diamond DJ, Fong Y, Melstrom LG, Personal Protective Equipment and COVID-19: A Review for Surgeons, Ann Surg. 2020 Aug;272(2):e132-e138. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003991.
  • Sy Duong-Quy, Xuan Ngo-Minh, Trinh Tang-Le-Quynh, Tram Tang-Thi-Thao, Bao Nguyen-Quoc, Khiet Le-Quang, Dinh Tran-Thanh, Nhu Doan-Thi-Quynh, Ethan Canty, Toan Do, Timothy Craig. (2020). The use of exhaled nitric oxide and peak expiratory flow to demonstrate improved breathability and antimicrobial properties of novel face mask made with sustainable filter paper and Folium Plectranthii amboinicii oil: additional option for mask shortage during COVID-19 pandemic. Multidiscip Respir Med. 2020 Jun 1;15(1):664.
  • Tirupathi R, Bharathidasan K, Palabindala V, Abdul Salim S, Al-Tawfiq JA. (2020). Comprehensive review of mask utility and challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Infez Med . 2020 Jun 1;28(suppl 1):57-63
  • Toomey E, Conway Y, Burton C, Smith S, Smalle M, Chan Xhs, Adisesh A, Tanveer S, Ross L, Thomson I, Devane D, Greenhalgh T. (2020). Extended use or re-use of single-use surgical masks and filtering facepiece respirators during COVID-19: A rapid systematic review. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2020 Oct 8;1-9. doi: 10.1017/ice.2020.1243
  • Udwadia Z F, Raju R S. (2020). The N-95 mask: invaluable ally in the battle against the COVID-19 pandemic, Lung India 2020;37:323-8.
  • Wierzbicki J, Nowacki M, Chrzanowska M, Matkowski R, Ziętek M, Nowacka K, Maciejczyk A, Pawlak-Adamska E, Additive manufacturing technologies enabling rapid and interventional production of protective face shields and masks during the COVID-19 pandemic, Adv Clin Exp Med. 2020 Sep;29(9):1021-1028. doi: 10.17219/acem/126296.
  • Xiao LI, Sakagami H, Miwa N. (2020). A New Method for Testing Filtration Efficiency of Mask Materials Under Sneeze-like Pressure, In Vivo. 2020 Jun;34 (3Suppl):1637-1644. doi: 10.21873/invivo.11955.
  • Zangmeister CD, Radney JG, Vicenzi EP, Weaver JL, Filtration Efficiencies of Nanoscale Aerosol by Cloth Mask Materials Used to Slow the Spread of SARS-CoV-2, ACS Nano. 2020 Jul 28;14(7):9188-9200. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.0c05025. Epub 2020 Jul 7.
  • Zhang R, Xu Qi, Bai S, Hai J, Cheng L, Qin Y(2020), Enhancing the filtration efficiency and wearing time of disposable surgical masks using TENG technology. Nano Energy,Volume 79,2021,105434,ISSN 2211-2855, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.105434.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Olgun SENER>
T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
0000-0003-3477-3311
Türkiye


Mustafa KİLİC> (Sorumlu Yazar)
T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
0000-0003-2762-7279
Türkiye


Banu AYAR>
T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
Türkiye


Elife DİLMAÇ ARTUN>
T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
0000-0003-2572-442X
Türkiye


İlker SABUNCUOĞLU>
T.C. Sağlık Bakanlığı
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum yok
Proje Numarası yok
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Sener, O. , Kilic, M. , Ayar, B. , Dilmaç Artun, E. & Sabuncuoğlu, İ. (2020). COVID-19’DA MASKE KULLANIMINA İLİŞKİN HIZLI SİSTEMATİK İNCELEME . Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment , 4 (2) , 1-9 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ehta/issue/59458/850137

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