Yıl 2019, Cilt 10 , Sayı 20, Sayfalar 166 - 192 2019-12-31

Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023
Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023

Mahmut ÖZER [1] , Hayri Eren SUNA [2]


Future of vocational education and training (VET) becomes a controversial topic due to its important role in national economic- and social policies. Questions of how to increase the quality of VET and structure VET in era of advancing technology are responded by countries according to their labor markets. Ministry of National Education (MoNE) announced the Education Vision 2023 of Turkey in 2018 and VET is one of the most emphasized topics in vision report. Present study considers the concrete steps to strengthen VET in seven themes, in one-year period after release of Education Vision 2023 in Turkey. Strengthening cooperation with stakeholders, professional and pedagogical development of teachers, supporting diversity in VET, increasing the positive perception of VET, establishment of quality assurance system for VET, improving applied training and qualifications, and social integration through VET are themes related with improvements towards VET. Suggestions are provided for sustaining of improvements towards VET in Turkey.
Vocational education and training, education vision 2023, ministry of national education, solid steps
  • Adamu, I. (2016). The role of teacher training ınstitutions in technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Research in Social and Behavioural Sciences, 3(1), 46-51.
  • Agodini, R., Uhl, S., & Novak, T. (2004). Factors that influence participation in secondary vocational education. Mathematica Policy Research. Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/5e2b/84ad68beb069d52656cd2a56591c12e3216d.pdf
  • Ainsworth, J., & Roscigno, V. (2005). Stratification, schoolwork linkages and vocational education. Social Forces - Social Forces, 84(1), 257-284.
  • Aktaşlı, İ., & Tüzün, I. (2012). Mesleki ve teknik eğitimde kalite strateji belgesi [Quality strategy certificate in vocational and technical education]. İstanbul, Turkey: Eğitim Reformu Girişimi.
  • Aktaşlı, İ., Kafadar, S., & Tüzün, I. (2012). Meslek eğitiminde kalite için işbirliği: Meslekî ve teknik eğitimde güncellenmiş durum analizi [Collaboration for quality in vocational education: Updated situation analysis in vocational and technical education]. İstanbul, Turkey: Eğitim Reformu Girişimi.
  • Altınok, N. (2012). General versus vocational education: Some new evidence from PISA 2009. Background paper for EFA Global Monitoring Report. Available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000217873
  • Aytas, S. (2014). Avrupa Birliği ve Türkiye’de beceri uyuşmazlığı. Avrupa Birliği uzmanlık tezi. Available at: https://www.csgb.gov.tr/media-/2004/selinaytas.pdf.
  • Bagale, S. (2015). Technical education and vocational training for sustainable development. Journal of Training and Development, 1, 15-20.
  • Beduwe, C., & Giret, J. F. (2011). Mismatch of vocational graduates: What penalty on French labor market. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 78(1), 68-79.
  • Boateng, C. (2012). Restructuring vocational and technical education in Ghana: The role of leadership development. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 2(4),108-114.
  • Bozgeyikli. H. (2019). Mesleki ve teknik eğitimin geleceği (Analiz Raporu: 2019/02). İstanbul: İLKE İlim Kültür Eğitim Vakfı.
  • CEDEFOP (2009). Modernizing vocational education and training. Volume 2: Fourth report on vocational training research in Europe: Background report. Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop reference series; No 70.
  • CEDEFOP (2010). The skill matching challenge: Analyzing skill mismatch and policy implications. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  • CEDEFOP (2011). Vocational education and training is good for you: The social benefits of VET for individuals. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.
  • CEDEFOP (2015). Work-based learning in continuing vocational education and training: Policies and practices in Europe. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Cedefop research paper; No 49.
  • CEDEFOP (2018). The changing nature and role of vocational education and training in Europe. Volume 3: the responsiveness of European VET systems to external change (1995-2015). Luxembourg: Publications Office. Cedefop research paper; No 67.
  • COMCEC (2018). Skills development: Vocational education in the Islamic countries. Available at: http://www.sbb.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Skills-Development- in-the-OIC-Member-Countries-Vocational-Education.pdf
  • Cong S., & Wang X. (2012). A perspective on technical and vocational education and training. In: Zeng D. (eds) Advances in computer science and engineering. Advances in intelligent and soft computing, vol 141. Berlin: Heidelberg.
  • Çelik, Z., Yurdakul, S., Bozgeyikli, H., & Gümüş, S. (2017). Eğitime bakış 2017: İzleme ve değerlendirme raporu [Education overview 2017: Monitoring and evaluation report]. Ankara, Turkey: Eğitim Bir-Sen Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi.
  • Darling-Hammond, L. (2000). Teacher quality and student achievement: A review of state policy evidence. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 8(1), 1-44.
  • EPF (2017). The role of the private sector in vocational and educational training: Developments and success factors in selected countries. EPF Working Paper. Available at:https://www.bibb.de/dokumente/pdf/epf_the_role_of_the_private_sector_in_vet_official.pdf
  • ERG (2019). Eğitimin içeriği: Eğitim izleme raporu 2019. İstanbul, Türkiye: Eğitim Reformu Girişimi Yayınları.
  • Evans, K., & Rainbird, H. (2002). The significance of workplace learning for the ‘learning society’. In: Evans, K. et al. (ed.). Working to learn: transforming learning in the workplace. London: Routledge, 7-28.
  • Eymann, A., & Schweri, J. (2015). Horizontal skills mismatch and vocational education (Working Paper). Retrieved from the Swiss Federal Institute for Vocational Education and training.
  • Foley, P. (2007). The socio-economic status of vocational education and training students in Australia. Australia: NCVER Publications.
  • Grollmann, P. (2008). Quality of vocational teachers: Teacher education, institutional roles and professional reality. European Educational Research Journal, 7(4), 535-547.
  • Grubb, N. W., & Lazerson, M. (2004). The education gospel: The economic power of schooling. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Günay, D., & Özer, M. (2014). Türkiye’de meslek yüksekokulları, mevcut durum, sorunlar ve çözüm önerileri [Vocational schools in Turkey, the current situation, problems and solutions]. Ankara, Turkey: Yükseköğretim Kurulu.
  • Gür, B. S., Özoğlu, M., Akgeyik, T., Çetinkaya, E., Karagöl, E. T., Öztürk, M., & Çelik, Z. (2012). Türkiye’nin insan kaynağının belirlenmesi [Determination of Turkey’s human resources]. Ankara, Turkey: Siyaset, Ekonomi ve Toplum Araştırmaları Vakfı.
  • Hanushek, E. A., & Rivkin, S. G. (2010). Generalizations about using value-added measures of teacher quality. American Economic Review, 100(2), 267-271.
  • Hodkinson, P., & Bloomer, M. (2002). Learning careers: conceptualizing lifelong work-based learning. In: Evans, K. et al. (eds). Working to learn: transforming learning in the workplace. London: Routledge, 29-43.
  • Jagannathan, S., & Geronimo, D. (2013). Skills for competitiveness, jobs, and employability in developing Asia-Pacific. Manila: Asian Development Bank.
  • Kim, S. Y. (2015). The effect of teacher quality on student achievement in urban schools: A multilevel analysis. (Published Doctoral Dissertation). University of Texas.
  • Lovsin, M. (2014). The (un)attractiveness of vocational and technical education: Theoretical background. CEPS Journal 4(1), 101-120.
  • Lumby, J. (2000), Restructuring vocational education in Hong Kong. International Journal of Educational Management, 14(1), 16-23.
  • NCVER (2016). Costs and benefits of education and training for the economy, business and individuals. Australia: NCVER Publications.
  • Odo J.U., Okafor W.C., Odo A.L., Ejikeugwu L.N., & Ugwuoke C.N. (2017). Technical education – The key to sustainable technological development. Universal Journal of Educational Research 5(11): 1878-1884.
  • Okolie, U. C., & Yasin, A. M. (2017). Technical education and vocational training in developing nations. USA: IGI Global Publications.
  • Oral, I. (2012). Mesleki eğitimde ne çalışıyor, neden çalışıyor: Okul işletme iş birliklerine dair politika önerileri [What works and why does it work in vocational education: Policy recommendations for school business partnerships]. İstanbul, Turkey: Eğitim Reformu Girişimi.
  • McIntosh, S. (2013). Hollowing-out and the future of the labor market. BIS research paper; No 134.
  • MoNE (2018a). Outlook of vocational and technical education in Turkey. Education, Analysis and Evaluation Report Series No:1. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • MoNE (2018b). Education vision 2023. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • MoNE (2018c). Institutional external evaluation report for vocational and technical secondary education. Education, Analysis and Evaluation Report Series No: 2. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • MoNE (2019a). Vocational and technical education with photos: from past to present. Education, Analysis and Evaluation Report Series No: 5. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • MoNE (2019b). Placement Result of 2019 LGS. Education, Analysis and Evaluation Report Series No: 8. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • MoNE (2019c). Vocational and technical education in organized industrial zones. Education, Analysis and Evaluation Report Series No: 6. Ankara: MoNE Publications.
  • Neuman, S., & Ziderman, A. (1991). Vocational schooling, occupational matching, and labor market earnings in Israel. The Journal of Human Resources, 26(2), 256-281.
  • Nielsen, S. (2010). Vocational education and training teacher training. International Encyclopedia of Education, 503-512.
  • Ntallima, T.M. (2014). The contribution of vocational education to youth employment: A case study of VETA and non VETA graduates in Morogoro region. ( Unpublished MA Thesis). Sokoine University of agriculture. Morogoro, Tanzania.
  • Özer M, Çavuşoğlu A, & Gür B. S. (2011) Restoration and recovery period: 2000s in vocational and technical education (In Turkish). In: Gür BS (ed), 2000s: Education in Turkey. Meydan, İstanbul, p 163–192.
  • Özer, M. (2018). The 2023 Education Vision and new goals in vocational and technical education. Journal of Higher Education and Science, 8(3), 425-435.
  • Özer, M. (2019a). Background of problems in vocational education and training and its road map to solution in Turkey’s Education Vision 2023. Journal of Higher Education and Science, 9(1), 1-11.
  • Özer, M. (2019b). Reconsidering the Fundamental Problems of Vocational Education and Training in Turkey and Proposed Solutions for Restructuring. İstanbul Üniversitesi Sosyoloji , 39(2), 1–19.
  • Petrolongo, B., & Pissarides, C. (2001). Looking into the black box: A survey of the matching function. Journal of Economic Literature, 39, 390-431.
  • Pillay, H., Watters, J., & Hoff, L. (2013). Critical attributes of public-private partnerships. International Journal of Adult Vocational Education and Technology, 4(1), 31-45.
  • Sahlberg, P. (2007). Secondary education in OECD countries: Common challenges, differing solutions. Torino, Italy: European Training Foundation.
  • Salleh, N.N., & Puteh, S. (2017). A review of the 21st century skills in technical vocational education and training (TVET). Advanced Science Letters, 23(2), 1225-1228.
  • SETA (2018). Mesleki Eğitimin Geleceği. https://www.setav.org/mesleki-egitimin-gelecegi/ adresinden 12.12.2019 tarihinde erişildi.
  • SETA (2019). Eğitim zirvesi ve meslek eğitimi I. https://www.setav.org/egitim-zirvesi-ve-meslek-egitimi-i/ adresinden 12.12.2019 tarihinde erişildi.
  • Stratton, L. S., Reimer, D., Gupta, N. D., & Holm, A. (2017). Modeling enrollment in and completion of vocational education: The role of cognitive and non-cognitive skills by program type. IZA Institute of Labor Economics, Discussion Paper Series No: 10741.
  • Şencan, H. (2008). Türkiye’de meslekî ve teknik eğitim: Sorunlar ve öneriler [Vocational and technical education in Turkey: Problems and suggestions]. İstanbul, Turkey: Tavaslı Matbaacılık.
  • Taşlı, V. (2018). National skill systems: A comparative analysis of vocational education and training in Germany, Japan and Turkey. International Journal of Society Researches, 8(9), 1660-1698.
  • TEDMEM (2018). 2018 eğitim değerlendirme raporu (TEDMEM Değerlendirme Dizisi 5). Ankara: Türk Eğitim Derneği. Türk Eğitim Derneği. (1983). Türkiye’de meslek eğitimi ve sorunları. VI. Eğitim toplantısı [Vocational training and problems in Turkey. VI. Training meeting]. Ankara, Turkey: Türk Eğitim Derneği.
  • UNEVOC (1998). School enterprises: Combining vocational learning with production. Berlin: UNESCO-UNEVOC Publications.
  • Wang, A. (2017). Technical and vocational education in China: The characteristics of participants and their labor market returns. (Published Doctoral Dissertation). Colombia University.
  • Yurdakul, S. (2019, Ekim). Mesleki ve teknik eğitime bakış (Odak Analiz No. 4). Ankara: EBSAM.
  • Zhou, Z. (2008). Exploring the effects of family factors on participation in vocational education–from a social stratification’s perspective. Chinese Vocational and Technical Education, 33, 38-41.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0001-8722-8670
Yazar: Mahmut ÖZER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-6874-7472
Yazar: Hayri Eren SUNA
Kurum: T.C. MİLLİ EĞİTİM BAKANLIĞI
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @derleme { eibd668405, journal = {Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama}, issn = {1309-8659}, eissn = {2667-4645}, address = {EĞİTİM-BİR-SEN}, publisher = {Eğitim-Bir-Sen}, year = {2019}, volume = {10}, pages = {166 - 192}, doi = {}, title = {Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023}, key = {cite}, author = {ÖZER, Mahmut and SUNA, Hayri Eren} }
APA ÖZER, M , SUNA, H . (2019). Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023. Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama , 10 (20) , 166-192 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/eibd/issue/51497/668405
MLA ÖZER, M , SUNA, H . "Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023". Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama 10 (2019 ): 166-192 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/eibd/issue/51497/668405>
Chicago ÖZER, M , SUNA, H . "Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023". Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama 10 (2019 ): 166-192
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023 AU - Mahmut ÖZER , Hayri Eren SUNA Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 166 EP - 192 VL - 10 IS - 20 SN - 1309-8659-2667-4645 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023 %A Mahmut ÖZER , Hayri Eren SUNA %T Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023 %D 2019 %J Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama %P 1309-8659-2667-4645 %V 10 %N 20 %R %U
ISNAD ÖZER, Mahmut , SUNA, Hayri Eren . "Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023". Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama 10 / 20 (Aralık 2020): 166-192 .
AMA ÖZER M , SUNA H . Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023. Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama. 2019; 10(20): 166-192.
Vancouver ÖZER M , SUNA H . Future of Vocational and Technical Education in Turkey: Solid Steps Taken After Education Vision 2023. Eğitim Ve İnsani Bilimler Dergisi: Teori Ve Uygulama. 2019; 10(20): 192-166.