Yıl 2019, Cilt 7 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 145 - 156 2019-08-20

Investigation of natural resilience capacity of soil features affected by low severity ground wildfire after three years in Mediterranean forest ecosystem

Turgay DİNDAROĞLU [1] , Fatma TURAN [2]

Wildfires are one of the succession dynamics in the ecosystem, however forest ecosystems have natural resilience capacity to combat with natural disturbance regimes depend on local ecologic properties. This study was conducted to evaluate natural resilience capacity status of the soil’s physical, chemical and hydrological features exposed to low severity ground wildfire after three years in the Bulutoglu village, Kahramanmaras. Particle size distribution, soil reaction (pH), electrical conductivity (EC), organic matter content (OM), dispersion ratio (DR), moisture content (MC), field capacity (FC), colloid/moisture equivalent (CM), particle density (PD), bulk density (BD) and porosity ratio (PR) analysis were performed on two groups of soils (burned and unburned counterpart). The environmental sensitivity index (ESI) include soil, vegetation, climate, and management quality of the study area was determined by MEDALUS methodology.

According to the results, there is no environmental sensitivity in the study area. It was determined that the negative effects of soil properties improved significantly after three years from the wildfire except for the PR and BD values. There was no statistically significant difference between the analyzed two soil samples groups. It was concluded that the difference between the bulk density and porosity ratios is not only due to the effects of the fire but also with grazing pressure, especially on the unburned area. According to the results, the burned area suffered from low severity ground wildfire has substantially been naturally rehabilitated itself within three years. Environmentally sensitivity (ESI) of the study area was a play an important role in the recovery of soil features. Additionally recommended avoiding some activities that will compress the soil for increasing natural resilience capacity after a wildfire.

Ground wildfire, Soil ecology, Resilience capacity, Fire ecology
  • Ampoorter, E., Goris, R., Cornelis, W.M., Verheyen, K. (2007). Impact of Mechanized logging on compaction status of sandy forest soils. Forest Ecology and Management, 241: 162-174.
  • Balcı, A.N. (1996). Forest Protection Course Notes, I.U. Fac. Of Forestry, Istanbul.
  • Bilgili E. (2014). Forest Protection Course Notes http://www.ktu.edu.tr/dosyalar/15_01_02_83653.pdf
  • Bradstock, R.A., Keith, D.A., Auld, T.D. (1995). Fire and conservation: imperatives and constraints on managing for diversity. In: Bradstock, R.A., Auld, T.D., Keith, D.A., Kingsford, R.T., Lunney, D., Sivertsen, D.P. (Eds.), Conserving Biodiversity: Threats and Solutions. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton.
  • Cepel, N. (1988). Forest Ecology 3. Press. İ.U. Pub. No. 3518, Fac. of For. Pub. No. 399 Istanbul.
  • Cerda, A and Doerr S.H. (2008). The effect of ash and needle cover on surface runoff and erosion in the immediate post-fire period. CATENA, Volume 74, Issue 3, 15 August 2008, Pages 256-263
  • Cerdà, A., Lasanta, T. (2005). Long-term erosional responses after fire in the Central Spanish Pyrenees 1. Water and sediment yield. Catena 60, 59–80.
  • Certini, G. (2005). Effects of fire on properties of forest soils: a review. Oecologia 143, 1–10.
  • Christensen, N.L. (1994). The Effects of Fire on Physical and Chemical Properties of Soils in Mediterranean-Climate Shrublands, in MORENO, J.M., OECHEL, W.C. (eds) The Role of Fire in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems, Springer-Verlag, New York. pp. 79-95.
  • DESERTLINK. (2004). Desertification Indicators System for Mediterranean Europe,336pp
  • DMİ. (2018). Meteorology General Director, K.Maraş Provincial Directorate of Meteorology, https://mgm.gov.tr/tahmin/il-ve-ilceler.aspx?il=Kahramanmaras, Accesses date: 21.04.2018
  • Doerr, S.H., Shakesby, R.A., Blake, W.H., Chafer, C.J., Humphreys, G.S., Wallbrink, P.J. (2006). Effects of differing wildfire severities on soil wettability and implications for hydrological responses. Journal of Hydrology 319, 295–311.
  • Dunne, T., Leopold, L.B. (1978). Water in Environmental Planning. W.H. Freeman and Company, New York.
  • Eiten, G. (1992). Natural Brazilian vegetation types and their causes. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias 64, 35–65.
  • Eymen, U. E. (2007). SPSS User Guide Publication.
  • Ferreira, A.J.D., Coelho, C.O.A., Boulet, A.K., Leighton-Boyce, G., Keizer, J.J., Ritsema, C.J. (2005). Influence of burning intensity on water repellence and hydrological processes at forest sites in Portugal. Australian Journal of Soil Research 43, 327–336.
  • Fisher, R.F., Binkley, D. (2000). Ecology and Management of Forest Soils. Wiley, New York.
  • Flannigan, M.D., Stocks, B.J., Wotton, B.M. (2000). Climate change and forest fires. The Science of the Total Environment 262, 221–229.
  • Google Earth. (2018). Google Earth V 7.3.1 (September 26, 2018). Kahramanmaras, Turkey. DigitalGlobe 2018. http://www.earth.google.com [September 26, 2018].Gulcur, F. (1974). Physical and Chemical Analysis Methods of Soil. I. Univ. Forestry Faculty Publications. No: 201, Istanbul
  • Hollander,M., ve Wolfe,D.A. (1973). Nonparametric Statistics, New York: J. Wiley.
  • Hyde, K., Woods, S.W., Donahue, J. (2007). Predicting gully rejuvenation after wildfire using remotely sensed burn severity data. Geomorphology 86, 496–511.
  • Irmak, A. (1972). Soil Science, I.Univ. Forestry Faculty Publications. No: 184, Istanbul.
  • Kalabokidis, K.D. (1999). Wild land fire management: art or science? in Eftichidis, G., Balabanis, P., Ghazi, A. (eds) Wildfire Management (Proceedings of the Advanced Study Course held in Marathon, Greece, 6-14 October 1997), Algosystems SA & European Commission DGXII, Athens, pp. 3-8, 1999.
  • Keesstra, S.D., Maroulis, J., Argaman, E., Voogt, A., Wittenberg, L (2014) Effects of controlled fire on hydrology and erosion under simulated rainfall. Cuadernos de Investigación Geográfica 40, 269-293.
  • Knicker, H., Almendros, G.H., González-Vila, F.J., González-Pérez, J.A., Polvillo, O. (2006). Characteristic alterations of quantity and quality of soil organic matter caused by forest fires in continental Mediterranean ecosystems: a solid-state 13 CNMR study. European Journal of Soil Science 57, 558–569.
  • Knicker, H., González-Vila, F.J., Polvillo, O., González, J.A., Almendros, G. (2005). Fire induced transformation of C- and N- forms in different organic soil fractions from a Dystric Cambisol under a Mediterranean pine forest (Pinus pinaster). Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37, 701–718.
  • Kosmas C, Kirkby M and Geeson N. (1999). The MEDALUS project. Mediterranean Desertification and Land Use. Manual on key indicators of desertification and mapping environmentally sensitive areas to desertification. European Commission, Brussels.
  • Lasanta, T., Cerdà, A. (2005). Long-term erosional responses after fire in the Central Spanish Pyrenees: 2. Solute reléase. Catena, 60 (1), 81-100.
  • Martin, D.A., Moody, J.A. (2001). Comparison of soil infiltration rates in burned and unburned mountainous watersheds. Hydrological Processes 15, 2893–2903.
  • Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., Arcenegui, V., Jordán, A., Zavala, L.M. (2011). Fire effects on soil aggregation: A review. Earth-Science Reviews, 109 (1-2), 44-60.
  • Neary, D.G., Klopatek, C.C., DeBano, L.F., Ffolliott, P.F. (1999). Fire effects on belowground sustainability: a review and synthesis. Forest Ecology and Management 122, 51–71.
  • Nelson, D.W. and Sommer, L.E. (1982). Total Carbon, Organic Carbon and Organic Matter. Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 2nd Edition. ASA-SSSA, Madison, 595-579.
  • Neyisci, T. (1988). Ecological approach to forest fires, Forest Engineering Journal, 1, 26-29.
  • Özyuvaci, N. (1971). Some Significant Indexes Used in Determination of Erosion Tendency in Soil Journal of Faculty of Forestry. B, 21, 1 190-207
  • Özyuvaci, N. (1975). Some Evaluations on Estimation of Erosion Tendency in Soils. TUBITAK V. Science Congress, Agriculture and Forestry Research Group Communiqués Forestry Section, 29 September-2 October, p.123-134. Izmir.
  • Pausas, J.G., Vallejo, R. (1999). The role of fire in European Mediterranean ecosystems, in CHUVIECO, E. (ed.) Remote sensing of large wildfires in the European Mediterranean basis, pp. 3-16, Springer, Berlin.
  • Pereira, P., Jordán, A., Cerdà, A., Martin, D. (2015). The role of ash in fire-affected ecosystem. Catena, 135, 337-339
  • Rhoades, J. D. and Corwin, D. L. (1981). Determining soil electrical conductivity-depth relations using inductive electromagnetic soil conductivity meter. Soil Sci. SOC. Am. J. 45: 255-260.
  • Robichaud, P. R. (2000). Fire effects on infiltration rates after prescribed fire in Northern Rocky Mountain forests, USA. Journal of Hydrology, 231, 220-229.Rumpel, C., Chaplot, V., Planchon, O., Bernadou, J., Valentin, C., Mariotti, A. (2006). Preferential erosion of black carbon on steep slopes with slash and burn agriculture. Catena 65, 30–40.
  • SPSS. (2012). IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.
  • Tavsanoglu, Ç. (2009). Post-fire autosuccession in Mediterranean Basin forests. Symposium on Combating Forest Fires, 7-10 January, Antalya, Turkey, pp. 310-317.
  • Thomas, G.W. (1996). Soil pH and Soil Acidity. In: Sparks, D.L., Ed., Methods of Soil Analysis Part 3: Chemical Methods, SSSA Book Series 5, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, Wisconsin, 475-490.
  • Ulery, A. L., Graham, R. C., Goforth, B. R., & Hubbert, K. R. (2017). Fire effects on cation exchange capacity of California forest and woodland soils. Geoderma, 286, 125-130.
  • Ulery, A.L., Graham, R.C., Amrhein, C. (1993). Wood-ash composition and soil-pH following intense burning. Soil Science 156, 358–364.Verma, S., & Jayakumar, S. (2012). Impact of forest fire on physical, chemical and biological properties of soil: A review. Proceedings of the International Academy of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 2(3), 168.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Fen
Bölüm Articles

Orcid: 0000-0003-2165-8138
Yazar: Turgay DİNDAROĞLU (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey

Orcid: 0000-0002-9982-4792
Yazar: Fatma TURAN


Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Ağustos 2019

APA Di̇ndaroğlu, T , Turan, F . (2019). Investigation of natural resilience capacity of soil features affected by low severity ground wildfire after three years in Mediterranean forest ecosystem . Eurasian Journal of Forest Science , 7 (2) , 145-156 . DOI: 10.31195/ejejfs.568734