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UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION

Yıl 2018, Cilt: 2 Sayı: 1, 1 - 7, 10.07.2018

Öz

Utilization of activated carbon cloth (ACC) as
cigarette filter for the removal efficiencies of cigarette smoke constituents
was studied. Cigarette smoke contains thousands of chemicals which are
hazardous to human health. When the cigarette burns, thousands of chemical
substances are generated, and these are emitted to gas phase. Some of these
chemicals have already proven to be carcinogenic. In
this work, the removal of the chemicals in cigarette smoke was studied in
dynamic phase using a new product of activated carbon cloth (GDSEL 651) by
proposing a new strategy. The reduction of chemicals in cigarette smoke using
cigarette filters that are built manually having non-filter, mono-layer and
double-layer of ACC filter was monitored by GC-MS.
The flow
rate of cigarette smoke was 2.48 LPM. It was found that in all filters that were used the concentration of
chemicals in the smoke decreased, some of them decreased to zero. As a
result, activated carbon cloth has proven to filter harmful substances
effectively in cigarette smoke before entering the body during smoking. Such
filter media has the ability to remove many chemicals in the air and has
potential for many other air purification applications. 

Kaynakça

  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2004a. Adsorption of bentazon and propanil from aqueous solutions at the high area activated carbon-cloth. Chemosphere, 57(8), 755–762.
  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2004b. Studies on removal of metribuzin, bromacil, 2,4-d and atrazine from water by adsorption on high area carbon cloth. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 112(1–2), 163–168.
  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2005. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms of pesticides onto activated carbon-cloth. Chemosphere 60(11): 1600–1607.
  • Branton P., Lu A.H. & Schüth F. 2009. The effect of carbon pore structure on the adsorption of cigarette smoke vapour phase compounds. Carbon, 47(4), 1005–1011.
  • Cal M.P., Rood M.J. & Larson S.M. 1996. Removal of VOCs from humidified gas streams using activated carbon cloth. Gas Separation & Purification, 10(2), 117–121.
  • Cashmore M. & Case P.D. 2006. The Influence of Particulate Matter on the Activity of Activated Charcoal in Cigarette Filters. Presented at the CORESTA Congress, British American Tobacco.
  • Dey N., Das A., Ghosh A. & Chatterjee I.B. 2010. Activated charcoal filter effectively reduces p-benzosemiquinone from the mainstream cigarette smoke and prevents emphysema. Journal of Biosciences, 35(2), 217–230.
  • Fowles J. & Dybing E. 2003. Application of toxicological risk assessment principles to the chemical constituents of cigarette smoke. Tobacco Control, 12(4), 424–430.
  • Gao L., Cao Y., Zhou S.L., Zhuang T.T., Wang Y. & Zhu J.H. 2009. Eliminating carcinogenic pollutants in environment: Reducing the tobacco specific nitrosamines level of smoke by zeolite-like calcosilicate. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 169(1–3), 1034–1039.
  • Gómez V., Larrechi M.S. & Callao M.P. 2007. Kinetic and adsorption study of acid dye removal using activated carbon. Chemosphere, 69(7), 1151–1158.
  • Hoda N., Bayram E. & Ayranci E. 2006. Kinetic and equilibrium studies on the removal of acid dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto activated carbon cloth. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137(1), 344–351.
  • Hoda N., Topuz A., Mert F., Akpolat L.B. & Eroğlu E. Adsorption of dimethyl disulfide on activated carbon cloth. Submitted.
  • Hoffmann D., & Hoffmann I. 1997. The changing cigarette, 1950-1995. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 50(4), 307–364.
  • Lin T.K., Ma R.H., Chen I.T., Chiang C.H. & Chen J.L. 2013. Silver Nanoparticle-loaded Activated Carbon Cloth for Antimicrobial Applications. Journal of Medical Sciences, 33(6), 327–332.
  • Mccormack A.D. & Taylor M.J. 2010. The effect of position of carbon granules within a cigarette filter on vapour phase retention. CORESTA Congress.
  • Mola M., Hallum M. & Branton P. 2008. The characterisation and evaluation of activated carbon in a cigarette filter. Adsorption, 14(2–3), 335–341.
  • Peters G., Mueller C., Joanne W. & Taylor M.J. 2007. The influence of cigarette design on the ageing of carbon filters. Presented at the CORESTA Smoke Science & Product Technology Meeting, Jeju Island, South Korea.
  • Rodgman A. & Green C. 2014. Toxic Chemicals in Cigarette Mainstream Smoke - Hazard and Hoopla. Contributions to Tobacco Research, 20(8).
Yıl 2018, Cilt: 2 Sayı: 1, 1 - 7, 10.07.2018

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2004a. Adsorption of bentazon and propanil from aqueous solutions at the high area activated carbon-cloth. Chemosphere, 57(8), 755–762.
  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2004b. Studies on removal of metribuzin, bromacil, 2,4-d and atrazine from water by adsorption on high area carbon cloth. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 112(1–2), 163–168.
  • Ayranci E. & Hoda N. 2005. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms of pesticides onto activated carbon-cloth. Chemosphere 60(11): 1600–1607.
  • Branton P., Lu A.H. & Schüth F. 2009. The effect of carbon pore structure on the adsorption of cigarette smoke vapour phase compounds. Carbon, 47(4), 1005–1011.
  • Cal M.P., Rood M.J. & Larson S.M. 1996. Removal of VOCs from humidified gas streams using activated carbon cloth. Gas Separation & Purification, 10(2), 117–121.
  • Cashmore M. & Case P.D. 2006. The Influence of Particulate Matter on the Activity of Activated Charcoal in Cigarette Filters. Presented at the CORESTA Congress, British American Tobacco.
  • Dey N., Das A., Ghosh A. & Chatterjee I.B. 2010. Activated charcoal filter effectively reduces p-benzosemiquinone from the mainstream cigarette smoke and prevents emphysema. Journal of Biosciences, 35(2), 217–230.
  • Fowles J. & Dybing E. 2003. Application of toxicological risk assessment principles to the chemical constituents of cigarette smoke. Tobacco Control, 12(4), 424–430.
  • Gao L., Cao Y., Zhou S.L., Zhuang T.T., Wang Y. & Zhu J.H. 2009. Eliminating carcinogenic pollutants in environment: Reducing the tobacco specific nitrosamines level of smoke by zeolite-like calcosilicate. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 169(1–3), 1034–1039.
  • Gómez V., Larrechi M.S. & Callao M.P. 2007. Kinetic and adsorption study of acid dye removal using activated carbon. Chemosphere, 69(7), 1151–1158.
  • Hoda N., Bayram E. & Ayranci E. 2006. Kinetic and equilibrium studies on the removal of acid dyes from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto activated carbon cloth. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 137(1), 344–351.
  • Hoda N., Topuz A., Mert F., Akpolat L.B. & Eroğlu E. Adsorption of dimethyl disulfide on activated carbon cloth. Submitted.
  • Hoffmann D., & Hoffmann I. 1997. The changing cigarette, 1950-1995. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, 50(4), 307–364.
  • Lin T.K., Ma R.H., Chen I.T., Chiang C.H. & Chen J.L. 2013. Silver Nanoparticle-loaded Activated Carbon Cloth for Antimicrobial Applications. Journal of Medical Sciences, 33(6), 327–332.
  • Mccormack A.D. & Taylor M.J. 2010. The effect of position of carbon granules within a cigarette filter on vapour phase retention. CORESTA Congress.
  • Mola M., Hallum M. & Branton P. 2008. The characterisation and evaluation of activated carbon in a cigarette filter. Adsorption, 14(2–3), 335–341.
  • Peters G., Mueller C., Joanne W. & Taylor M.J. 2007. The influence of cigarette design on the ageing of carbon filters. Presented at the CORESTA Smoke Science & Product Technology Meeting, Jeju Island, South Korea.
  • Rodgman A. & Green C. 2014. Toxic Chemicals in Cigarette Mainstream Smoke - Hazard and Hoopla. Contributions to Tobacco Research, 20(8).

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Çevre Bilimleri
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Firdevs MERT

Numan HODA

Ayhan TOPUZ

İsmail TONTUL

Yayımlanma Tarihi 10 Temmuz 2018
Gönderilme Tarihi 22 Mart 2018
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2018 Cilt: 2 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA MERT, F., HODA, N., TOPUZ, A., TONTUL, İ. (2018). UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION. Eurasian Journal of Environmental Research, 2(1), 1-7.
AMA MERT F, HODA N, TOPUZ A, TONTUL İ. UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION. EJERE. Temmuz 2018;2(1):1-7.
Chicago MERT, Firdevs, Numan HODA, Ayhan TOPUZ, ve İsmail TONTUL. “UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION”. Eurasian Journal of Environmental Research 2, sy. 1 (Temmuz 2018): 1-7.
EndNote MERT F, HODA N, TOPUZ A, TONTUL İ (01 Temmuz 2018) UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION. Eurasian Journal of Environmental Research 2 1 1–7.
IEEE F. MERT, N. HODA, A. TOPUZ, ve İ. TONTUL, “UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION”, EJERE, c. 2, sy. 1, ss. 1–7, 2018.
ISNAD MERT, Firdevs vd. “UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION”. Eurasian Journal of Environmental Research 2/1 (Temmuz 2018), 1-7.
JAMA MERT F, HODA N, TOPUZ A, TONTUL İ. UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION. EJERE. 2018;2:1–7.
MLA MERT, Firdevs vd. “UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION”. Eurasian Journal of Environmental Research, c. 2, sy. 1, 2018, ss. 1-7.
Vancouver MERT F, HODA N, TOPUZ A, TONTUL İ. UTILIZATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON CLOTH FOR CIGARATTE SMOKE FILTRATION. EJERE. 2018;2(1):1-7.

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